Title: Consensus Building in ESDP: Lessons of Operation Artemis (PDF 3.6MB)

Author(s): Simon Duke

Paper number and date: WP 08-07, July 2008

Abstract: This This paper considers how agreement is reached in the area of European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) and, just as importantly, how differences are resolved and priorities aligned. The case study, Operation Artemis conducted in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2003, is used to test the key explanatory hypotheses of normative institutionalism. It is argued that normative entrapment did play a significant role, although the cooperative bargaining aspects were significantly modified in this case by the awareness that one larger EU Member State was willing to assume the bulk of the burdens.

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