The Effect of Violent Conflict on the Quantity and Quality of Children: Evidence from Nepal’s Maoist People’s War

Tue, 23 May 2017 13:00:00 IST

Steven Stillman, Department of Economics and Management, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, Italy

Location: UCD Geary Institute for Public Policy Seminar Room

Professor Steven Stillman, Department of Economics and Management, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, Italy

 “The Effect of Violent Conflict on the Quantity and Quality of Children: Evidence from Nepal’s Maoist People’s War”


Abstract

We show that the exposure to war-related violence increases the quantity of children temporarily, with permanent negative consequences for the quality of the current and previous cohort of children. Our empirical evidence is based on Nepal, which experienced an intense 10 years long violent conflict. Our difference-in-differences analysis shows that households in affected villages increased their actual and desired fertility during the conflict by 22 percent. This translates to a reduction in children's height-for-age of about minus 13 percent.

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