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Morning Panels (09:00-11:00)

 Irish Migration, Past and Present
 1. Gráinne O'Keeffe-Vigneron (Université Rennes 2)
 Au revoir Ireland, Hello France: An analysis of Irish Emigration to France

Contemporary Irish emigration to France has remained a relatively under-researched part of the Irish diaspora. Irish emigration to France has always been on a vastly smaller scale to that of Irish migration to America, Britain and Australia with an estimate of about 16,000 Irish people settled there (Harvey Report 1999). The Task Force report on Ireland and the Irish abroad, published by the Irish Minister of Foreign Affairs in August 2002, included just one paragraph on the Irish in France (93). 

Through the analysis of responses collected from Irish people in France via an on-line questionnaire, this paper proposes to shed some light on the background and profile of Irish people who decided to move to France in the post-Celtic Tiger period.

 

 2. Melanie Neumann (Humboldt Universität zu Berlin)
 Recent Irish (and British) migration to Berlin - a case of lifestyle migration?

 Irish migration to Berlin, while still relatively small-scale, is becoming increasingly visible and relevant to the make-up of the city: between 2006 and 2013 Irish net migration to the German capital rose by 261%. The events on and around Saint Patrick’s Day are becoming more and more distinct and numerous by the year; since 2014 we have an official GAA Club in the capital and there was an amazing turnout for the Berlin-Ireland Pro-Choice Solidarity March on September, 24th 2016. Yet, not much is known about who the Irish in Berlin actually are, why they came here and what they are doing in Berlin.

In my PhD I am looking at recent Irish and British migration to Berlin and want to test whether these migration flows can be considered as lifestyle migration. The main focus of my thesis is on the causes and effects of this special kind of migration: What motivates the Irish and British to come to Berlin? How do they contribute to the city’s cultural life and labour market? To what extent have they integrated into the host society? In this regard and when thinking of the current “refugee crisis” it is inevitable to additionally look at the privileges these often white middle-class migrants bring with them in terms of social, economic and cultural capital. In how far do these migrants enforce inequality and exclusion and to what extent are they themselves caught up in it? What role does language play – can it be seen as a form of cultural capital or does it lead to discrimination in terms of job-search, flat-hunting and cultural life?

In my talk I will present some of the findings from my survey and interviews and thus introduce the Irish community in Berlin.

 

 3. Íde B. O'Carroll (Glucksman Ireland House, NYU)
 Irish transatlantics, 1980-2015: transnational pioneers from the 1980s Irish-US Migration

This paper explores the emergence of extensive transnationalism in Irish-US migration among the original "New Irish" 1980s migrant cohort. It draws on interviews conducted by the author with Irish men and women resident now in America or Ireland to demonstrate the extent and nature of their transnational lives. During a time of major structural change, when Ireland's economy improved, and return became possible, advances in information technology and cheap air fares facilitated these migrants to create, maintain and sustain connections on both sides of the Atlantic. As transnational pioneers their experiences are valuable to Irish migrants navigating other migration circuits in the twenty-first century. The paper will discuss migrants' capacity to connect "here and there," the impact of transnationalism on perceptions of belonging and identity, and the privileges afforded those with dual citizenship. This paper is drawn from Irish Transatlantics, 1980s-2015, (Cork University Press/Atrium, Autumn 2017), a compaion to Models for Movers: Irish Women's Emigration to America (revised and reissued by Cork Uni. Press, 2015). 

 

 4. Frances Carter (NUIG)
 Ambivalent or hybridised Irishness? How the Dubai-Irish construct Irishness in a new immigrant destination

The aim of this paper is to interpret how Irishness emerges in a new immigrant destination that is situated within an exclusionary framework of migration and within an Islamic cultural context. This paper further re-defines “new Irishness” by exploring how historic and contemporary modes of the representation of Irishness combine in a non-traditional migrant destination such as Dubai to create migrant capital. Drawing on empirical data, this paper also explains how migrant capital can be negotiated and accumulated through the intersections of ethnicity, social class and gender and how these constructs impact on Irish migrant professionals’ opportunities to build networks and generate other forms of capital, mediated by their Irishness and constructed in place, without the historical and political legacies associated with other more “traditional” city destinations, such as London or Boston. There is evidence of an Irish community emerging in Dubai, a key city in the United Arab Emirates, since the 1970s with a surge in Irish citizens moving there during the Great Recession (2008-2014). Currently, 8,500 documented Irish citizens live and work in the UAE, which is characterised by the low numerical minority status of its local population (90% of the population are non-nationals), a gender imbalance (70% of the population are male), and an ambiguous tiered system of economic, political and social rights among “permanent” residents linked to the legal framework of migration which prohibits citizenship except under strict conditions. Notwithstanding, the Dubai-Irish have become known as a well-educated group, enjoying certain privileges afforded by their high-skill and nationality within this ethnically defined migrant hierarchy.

 

 5. Declan Downey (UCD)
 'Reviewing the term 'Jacobite Exiles': the case of Irish Emigre Nobles in Spain and Austria
 
 Religion, Ethnicity and the Irish Abroad
 1. Brian Hughes (NUIM)
 Refugees? Southern Irish loyalists in Britain, 1922-32
 
 2. Patrick Coleman (University of Otago)
 The Orange diaspora: loyalist communities abroad
 
 3. Elizabeth Malcolm (University of Melbourne)
 Catholics, Britons, Anglo-Celts and Whites: searching for the Irish in histories of Australia
 
 4. Sandren Gopal Naidoo (Irish South African Association)
 The scourge of apartheid: Archbishop Denis Eugene Hurley O.M.I. - the South African Irish anti-apartheid activist (1915-2004)
 
 5. Christopher C. Fennell (University of Illinois)
 Next parish America: tradition and modernity on the Great Blasket Island
 
 The McHugh Archaeological Site (Part One)
 1. John D. Richards (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee)
 The Irish diaspora and the Wisconsin frontier: a view from the McHugh Site
 
 2. Robert J. Jeske (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee)
 Comparative review of the archaeology of rural Irish settlement in the midwestern U.S.
 
 3. Jennifer L. Picard (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee)
 McHugh family history in the context of Irish immigrant settlement in the rural American Midwest
 
 4. Alexander W. Anthony (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee)
 The materiality of ethnic identity: a study of the ceramic assemblage at the McHugh site
 
 The Irish and the Pacific World
 1. Barry McCarron (NYU)
 The Irish and Chinese in the Pacific World

This paper examines the nature and significance of relations between the Irish and Chinese in the Pacific world during the second half of the nineteenth century. The mid-nineteenth-century gold rushes in California, New South Wales, Victoria, Otago, and British Columbia brought thousands of Irish and Chinese into close proximity and over the next half century the labor and ingenuity of both groups helped expand Britain’s Anglophone empire and paved the way for the rise of the United States to world-power status. At the same time, this paper argues that the Irish diaspora was also a significant force behind anti-Chinese movements that gave rise to Chinese immigration restriction laws in Australia, Canada, and the United States, caused major friction in U.S.-Chinese and Anglo-Chinese relations, and threatened to undermine the interests of the British Empire and the United States in China and the broader Pacific world. There is a sizeable body of literature on the Irish diaspora and extensive scholarship on the Chinese diaspora, but no study has thoroughly examined the combined experience of, and interactions between, both groups in comparative and transnational contexts. This paper demonstrates that although the dominant pattern in relations between the Pacific Irish and Chinese was racial conflict and economic competition, there were cases of intergroup cooperation and solidarity.

 

 2. Dianne Hall (Victoria University)
 Gender, Irishness and the Chinese in Australian popular culture 1880-1930
 
 3. Simone O'Malley-Sutton (UCC)
 The Global Reach of 1916 – patriotic poetry heard as far away as China: a postcolonial study
 
 4. Malcolm Campbell (University of Auckland)
 Ireland, religion and the making of the Pacific world
 
 Tracing Clans of Ireland
 1. Máire Ní Chearbhaill (Independent Historian)
 The O'Gara brothers in 18th century Europe
 
 2. Michael Egan (UCD)
 Ireland to Germany: Case study of Egan Clan Diaspora 
 
 3. Joe Mannion (NUIG)
 From Ireland to Argentina: a case study from the Mannion Clan Diaspora
 
4. Jane Gabriels (Concordia University)

 How do stories move?: A poetic journey through family history

 

 

Late Morning Panels (11:30-13:00)

 Biographies of the Irish in the Americas and Australia

 1. Stephanie James (Flinders University) 

 "I felt the Celt in me rise up": Dr Artie Hanrahan, an emerging Irish radical in Australia 1910-1919
 
 2. Sophie Cooper (University of Edinburgh)
 Moments of convergence: Irish lives in Melbourne and Chicago, 1850-1890
 
 3. Muiris MacGiollabhuí (University of California, Santa Cruz)
 The Curious Cases of Harman Blennerhassett and John Devereux: The United Irishmen and Latin America, 1806-1820
  
 The Irish Overseas: Commemoration, Engagement and Connection
 1. Rodney Sullivan & Robin Sullivan (University of Queensland)
 Monuments and Diasporic Memory in Southeast Queensland, an Australian case study
 
 2. James M. Farrell (University of New Hampshire)
 Commemorative traditions: St. Patrick's Day oratory in America
 
 3. Cathy Murphy (Irish Canadian Immigration Centre)
 Digital and Social Strategies for Engaging the Next Generation of Irish Diaspora in Canada: Lessons and Failures from the Front Lines. 
 
 4. Ellen O'Brien Kelly (NYU)
 From Ballinakill to Boonton: Irish Traditional Music in New Jersey; a documentary short.
 
 The McHugh Archaeological Site (Part Two)
 1. Eric E. Burant (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee)
 That "most earnest necessity": buttons from the McHugh site
 
 2. Robert W. Vander Heiden (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee)
 Material culture at the McHugh site: glass bottles, immigrant health, and the emergence of American popular culture
 
 3. Patricia B. Richards (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee)
 Irish-American cemeteries and the McHugh family burials
 
 4. Katherine Hull (ASI Cultural Heritage Services)
 Discussant
 
 Protestant, Professional, Progressive? Unsettling Narratives of the Irish in Modern Britain
 1. Mo Moulton (University of Birmingham)
 The Irish in Britain, decolonization, and the international co-operative movement
 
 2. Jennifer Redmond (NUIM)
 The Irish in 20th century Britain: professionals hiding in plain sight
 
 3. Sarah Roddy (University of Manchester)
 Irish Catholic fundraising in late 19th century Britain
 
 Case Studies in Transnationalism
 1. Katherine Hull (ASI Cultural Heritage Services)
 The materiality of Irishness: retaining and expressing connections across the Atlantic
 
 2. Fidelma Breen (University of Adelaide)
 The Irish Diaspora in Australia
 
 3. Alanna Warner Smith (Syracuse University)
 Embedded Lives and Commingled Stories: An Introduction to the Huntington Irish
 
 4. Kevin Murphy (State University of New York)
 Translatlantic Brothers: The Origins of the Ancient Lodge of Freemasons in Ireland and Colonial America
 

 

Afternoon Panels (14:00-15:30)

 I dTreo Siollabais Ghaeilge do Mheiriceá Thuaidh?
 1. Lisa Nic an Bhreithimh (Irish Fulbright Alumni Association)
 2. Siobhra Aiken (NUIG)
 3. Síle Dolan (UCD)
 4. Claire Dunne (Marino Institute of Education)
 5. Eoin McEvoy (UCD)

Cuireann Coimisiún Fulbright agus Fondúireacht Ollscoile na hÉireann agus Cheanada teagascóirí Gaeilge ó Éirinn go Meiriceá Thuaidh gach bliain le tacú leis na hollscoileanna sin a chuireann an Ghaeilge ar fáil mar ábhar. Múineann na teagascóirí seo an teanga do thosaitheoirí agus do mhic léinn a bhfuil taithí acu ar an teanga cheana féin agus múineann siad ranganna ar chultúr na hÉireann freisin. Bíonn baint ag cuid mhór de na mic léinn a dhéanann staidéar ar an nGaeilge leis an diaspóra agus bíonn an teagascóir FLTA/ICUF an-pháirteach i gcur chun cinn chultúr na hÉireann i Meiriceá Thuaidh. Bíonn teagascóirí FLTA agus ICUF ag obair leis na heagraíochtaí Gaeilge a chuireann cúrsaí tumoideachais ar fáil d’fhoghlaimeoirí ar fud Cheanada agus na Stát freisin. Is minic teagascóir FLTA/ICUF bheith i measc na dteagascóirí ar na cúrsaí seo agus cumann siad a gcuid ábhar féin do na cúrsaí seo de ghnáth.

Sa seisiún seo, pléifidh grúpa iartheagascóirí an cur chuige teagaisc a ghlac siad chucu féin le linn dóibh bheith ag múineadh i gCeanada agus sna Stáit Aontaithe. Beidh béim ar leith ar mhodhanna deartha siollabas, ar mhodhanna ginte ábhar teagaisc, ar leagan amach an mheasúnaithe agus ar ulllmhú an chláir chultúrtha. Féachfaimid leis na difríochtaí ó institiúid go chéile a shonrú ó thaobh an tsiollabais de, pléifimid leanúnachas an chur chuige sin ó bhliain go chéile sna hinstitiúidí éagsúla agus déanfaimid iniúchadh ar na laigí a bhaineann le córas ina mbíonn athrú ó bhonn sa teagasc ó bhliain go chéile.

I ndiaidh do na rannpháirtithe cur i láthair a dhéanamh ar an taithí a bhí acu féin i mbun teagaisc, déanfar plé ar ghréasán iartheagascóirí a bhunú a fheidhmeos mar chomhlacht comhairleach do na teagascóirí nua a bheas ag ullmhú le dul amach go Meiriceá Thuaidh. Socrófar thairis sin an bealach is éifeachtaí le bunachar a chruthú agus a leagan amach ina gcruinneofar ábhar teagaisc, scrúduithe, míreanna éisteachta agus cluichí ó bhaill an chomhlachta seo sa gcaoi is go mbeidh fáil ag teagascóirí nua de chuid Fulbright agus ICUF air. Sábhálfaidh a leithéid de bhunachar uaireanta an chloig den obair ullmhúcháin ar na teagascóirí nua ach beidh an deis ag na teagascóirí sin an t-ábhar atá ann a fhorbairt agus cur leis chomh maith. Cuirfidh sé go mór leis na grúpaí pobail agus na heagraíochtaí Gaeilge i Meiriceá Thuaidh freisin. Tá géarghá leis an bplé seo le gur féidir linn dlús a chur le comhar na dteagascóirí, an leanúnachas ó bhliain go chéile a threisiú agus an chéad chéim a ghlacadh i dtreo siollabais Ghaeilge do Mheiriceá Thuaidh.

 

 Diaspora, Politics and Conflict
 1. David Brundage (University of California, Santa Cruz)
 The hyphen swats back: Irish diasporic politics, anti-colonialism, and the U.S. Rejection of the Versailles Treaty, 1918-1920
 
 2. Elaine Callinane (TCD)
 Let them use the ballot wisely: The Irish diaspora and election campaigns in Ireland, 1917-1920
 
 3. Ciaran McDonnell (UCD)
 From the Wild Geese to Waterloo: the Irish military diaspora in the late 18th century
 
 4. Robin Adams (Oxford University)
 Diaspora Finance in the Irish War of Independence (1919-21)
 
 Revelations: How a 19th Century Bank is transforming 21st Century Historical Research
1. Nicholas Wolf (NYU)
 Unpacking the Family Networks of the Emigrant Industrial Savings Bank Ledgers
 
2. Marion R. Casey (NYU)
 Irish New York under the Microscope
 
3. Patricia Feighery Padian (NYU)
 Resurrecting the Ethnic Village: from Roscommon to New York's Cherry Street
 
 Rethinking Ireland's Diaspora North and South
 1. Johanne Devlin Trew (University of Ulster)
 In the shadow of Brexit
 
 2. Patrick Fitzgerald (Mellon Centre for Migration Studies)
 Local diasporas, letters and social media
 
 3. Brian Lambkin (Mellon Centre for Migration Studies)
 The need for one or two 'national' diaspora centres on the island of Ireland
 
 4. Éamon Ó Ciosáin (NUIM)
 Irish migration in early globalisation, 16th-17th centuries, Europe and the Americas
 
 Archaeology and Anthropology: Material Culture
 1. Deb Rotman (Notre Dame University)
  Catholic community and the Irish diaspora: historical archaeology and the 'Fighting Irish' of Notre Dame, Indiana, 1865-1914
 
 2. Andrew Webster (University of Maryland)
 Those who remained: material culture, landscape, and consumption in the Irish homeland
 
 3. John Porter (TCD)
 The American Parcel: material exchange amongst the Irish diaspora and home communities
 
 4. Therese Roney (Independent Scholar)
 Hiding in Plain Sight: Unearthing Irish History in Nineteenth Century Germantown, Philadelphia
 

 

Late Afternoon Panels (16:00-17:30)

 Between Memory and Postmemory: Micro Histories of the Irish in Canada
 1. Gearóid Ó hAllmhuráin (Concordia University, Montreal)
 Conteur de la Grande Famine: Francophone Memories of the Great Famine on Quebec's Gaspé Peninsula
 
 2. Raymond Jess (Concordia University, Montreal)
 The Life Geography of Charles Ramsey Devlin
 
 3. Linda Fitzgibbon (Concordia University, Montreal)
 In the Cross Hairs of the Ottawa Men: Backroom Strategies and Irish Immigration to Canada in the Post-War Years
 
 4. William Jenkins (York University, Canada)
 Vicious engagements; the Famine generation in Toronto
 
 Far from Home: The Irish in Florida, Cuba, Brazil and Western Cape
 1. Sarah Miller (Flagler College) & William B. Lees (University of West Florida)
 Thinking about the Irish Diaspora in Florida's Colonial Era
 
 2. Kevin John McEvoy (Irish South African Association)
 The forgotten Irish diaspora of the Western Cape 1800 to 2000
 
 3. Peter O'Neill (Links Brasil Irlanda)
 An overview of links between Ireland and Brazil since 1577
 
 Performing Irishness in Popular Culture: The Celtic Tiger and Beyond
 1. Eleanor O'Leary (IT Carlow)
 Irish migrants on British television since 2009
 
 2. Anthony P. McIntyre (UCD)
 Always working, always winning: Conor McGregor's transnational self-branding and the fantasy of hyper-masculine post-recession swagger
 
 3. Aoife Monks (University of London)
 
 
 4. Carlton Brick (University of the West of Scotland)
  Like it Never Happened? Imelda May, ambiguous amnesia and the gendering of post-Tiger narrative
 
 The Global Irish Land War and Nationalist Thinking
 1. Mary S. O'Connell (UNSW Sydney)
 The global Irish land war 1879-1882: new perspectives
 
 2. Rían McLaughlin Holland (Northumbria University)
 Liberty and land: America's impact on Irish nationalism 1870-1900
 
 3. Mary C. Kelly (Franklin Pierce University)
 What were they thinking? Irish-American intellectual culture 1919-1922
 
 4. Owen McGee (UCC)
 World Conference of the Irish Race in Paris in January 1922
 
 Plural Identities: Comparative Case Studies
 1. Gessica Cosi (UCD)
 Ireland's case for Independence and the discovery of 'Irish Americas': plural identities, regionalisms and global diasporic networks in the aftermath of the First World War
 
 2. Laura J. Smith (University of Toronto)
 Roman Catholic loyalty, Irish violence, and the British connection: Irish Catholics and the Upper Canadian rebellion, 1837-8
 
 3. Aedan Alderson (York University)
 Allies in a familiar struggle: comparatively examining Irish and Mi'kmaq history
 
 4. Ronan McLoughlin (Independent Scholar)
 Irish Travellers and Australian Aboriginals, common History and current challenges
 

 

Morning Panels (09:00-11:00)

 Mo Thuras go h-Americe: Douglas Hyde in America
 1. Liam Mac Mathúna (UCD)
 Douglas Hyde's American tour 1905/06: logistics, organisation, teamwork and tensions

Douglas Hyde’s 1905/06 fundraising tour of North America on behalf of the Gaelic League was one of the highlights of his career as its President. During this highly successful whirlwind tour he visited some fifty cities and twelve university campuses, and was twice invited to lunch in the White House by President Theodore Roosevelt. He succeeded in collecting $50,000 dollars, the equivalent of $1.25 million today. The visit was meticulously planned and choreographed by John Quinn, a wealthy New York-based lawyer, and spear-headed by Tomás Ó Concheanainn, the League’s chief organiser, who had previously lived in the States for many years. This paper will examine the practical arrangements which had to be made, as well as the impact of the interpersonal tensions between Quinn and Ó Concheanainn and the need to navigate the labyrinthine and often fraught relationships between Clan na Gael, the AOH and the Irish-American Catholic hierarchy. It will draw on Hyde’s detailed, published account of his experiences in Mo Thurus go hAmerice (1937), as well as the English-language diary he kept during the tour and contemporary newspaper coverage on both sides of the Atlantic. These sources will be complemented by a wide range of private correspondence and other documentation. The paper will illustrate how the tactful diplomacy and political adroitness displayed by Hyde and Quinn kept most of the strains and stresses well hidden from the public gaze.

 

 2. Máire Nic an Bhaird (Froebel, NUIM)
 Sharing news and views across the Atlantic: correspondence between Douglas Hyde, Lucy Kurtz, Nellie O'Brien and Ethel Chance during Hyde's American Tour 1905/1906

 

 3. Cuan Ó Seireadáin (Conradh na Gaeilge)
 "An té is fearr": Douglas Hyde - an apolitical politician?
 
 4. Fiona Lyons (UCD)
 Hyde's Correspondence with America as seen in his Memoirs and Postcards - an ongoing study
 
 Transnational Radicalism between Ireland and the Americas from the 1850s to 1920 
 1. Niall Whelehan (University of Strathclyde)
 John Creaghe, Henry George and the Reception of the Land League in Argentina

In the 1880s debates about the merits of Irish Land League, land nationalization and Henry George’s theories extended to Argentina’s Irish community. John Creaghe, a Limerick-born doctor, was a keen promoter of George’s influential work Progress and Poverty. The book appealed to Creaghe for its potential to transform land ownership in Ireland, yet equally, if not more, important for him were the positive benefits that the application of George’s theories could bring to his new home in Argentina, to break up large monopolies of land, some of which were in the hands of first- and second-generation Irish emigrants. Influential voices in the Irish community disagreed, and the debate around George’s work was revealing of divergent political tendencies in the small Irish community. This paper seeks to reveal how the Irish diaspora in Argentina was connected to the world of Irish radicalism in the era of the Land League, with a focus on the fascinating life of John Creaghe, who later became a key figure in the Argentinian anarchist movement. Often a neglected part of the Irish Atlantic world, Argentina, and the mixed reception of the land reform movement there, offers us valuable insights into webs of transnational exchange in the late-nineteenth century world.

  

 2. Miriam Nyhan Grey (NYU)
 From Transatlantic Moderate to Radical: Dr. Gertrude B. Kelly and the founding of Cumann na mBan in New York in 1914

During 1914 a flurry of nationalist activity can be plotted in Irish New York as new organizations sprung up, mostly taking their lead from similar developments in Ireland. One such example is the formation of a branch of Cumann na mBan in Manhattan in December of 1914. An accomplished Irish-born physician, Dr. Gertrude B. Kelly, was a founder of this organization and played a significant role in socio-political landscape of New York for many decades. The trajectory of Dr. Kelly in 1914 allows us to unpack the ways in which New York became a hub of invigorated fervor around the issue of Irish independence in this important period. From an Irish perspective, Kelly provides an illustrative example of how agitation in Ireland could, and indeed did, reverberate in the diaspora. From an American perspective Kelly is significant as she demonstrates the legacy of the radical, social-reform bloc of Irish America and a counterpoint to the more prominent and more conservative profile of the Irish in the United States. The changes in her worldview on Ireland during 1914 offer a fascinating lens through which the wider shifts in Irish New York can be mapped and contextualized. 

 

 3. Andrew Phemister (University of Edinburgh)
 A foreign institution: Irish boycotting and Anglo-American liberalism

For Yale’s William Graham Sumner, writing in 1886, the practice of boycotting was ‘the severest trial to which our institutions have yet been put’. Although similar incarnations of the practice had previously been evident in the United States, this form of social ostracism was widely perceived to be an importation from Ireland, and as ‘inhuman as it is un-American’. As evinced by Charles Stewart Parnell, such social excommunication relied on notions of shame and cultural conformity to operate. This paper will explore the problems these non-economic impositions on individual freedom posed for American liberalism. In exploiting ethnic and class-based loyalties, those engaged in boycotting were able to utilise tactics such as public shaming by widely circulating the names of transgressors. By refraining from physical violence, these forms of protest made it ‘practically impossible to frame a legal indictment against them’. More than merely a practical problem however, these activities were conceptual irritants for opponents.
The paper seeks to highlight how this form of collective action, dependent on its particular ethno-cultural associations and with roots in a complex web of agrarian social practices, was reconstituted by the diasporic population. Consequently, this ‘modern and popular crime’ destabilized prevailing conceptions of individualism, autonomy and property, and forced liberal critics to reshape the legal and rhetorical boundaries of citizenship.
 

 4. Leah Hunnewell (TCD)
 Identity in the working-class movement: Irish-American socialism 1900-1910

At the height of American socialism, Irish-American involvement in socialist circles remained low. Many leading socialists argued this was because American socialist propaganda failed to address the distinct nature of Irish identity. The formation of the Irish Socialist Federation along with the increase in Catholic socialist propaganda in the early twentieth century were attempts to address this failure. Opponents, however, argued these developments validated an unjustified sense of difference among Irish workers and threatened to cause further fragmentation within the American socialist movement. This paper will use American socialist print culture from the period from 1900 to 1910 to explore how socialists attempted to reach the Irish working-class. It will interrogate the aims and methods used by socialist leaders to outline the characteristics some believed were unique to the Irish. The purpose is to assess the arguments surrounding Irish identity within the American working-class movement.

 

 5. Brian Sayers (Mejiro Universty, Tokyo)
 Mid-Ninetenth Century Irish-American Nationalism

This paper will outline the ideological and cultural components of Mid Nineteenth Century Irish-American Nationalism. Foremost among the Irish revolutionary organizations at that time were the Emmet Monument and its successor the Fenian Brotherhood which was gradually built into a mass movement for Irish Independence. The involvement of its members in the state militias and subsequently in the Irish regiments of the Union Army during the American Civil War will be discussed. This paper will also explain the crucial relationship between and the Fenian Brotherhood and the United States government and outline the commitment of the Fenian leader John O’Mahony to the promotion of the Irish Language in America.

 

 Representations of Irishness: Art, Literature, Poetry, Screen and Song
1. Fintan Cullen (University of Nottingham)
 Representing the Irish migrant: humour or pathos?

This paper will focus on one oil painting, An Irish Immigrant landing at Liverpool (1871, Scottish National Gallery of Scotland) by Erskine Nicol (1825-1904) which has been much reproduced to illustrate the Irish diaspora of the second half of the nineteenth century. In this close focus on just one large painting, the issues raised will include the physical setting of Liverpool as a place of embarkation for Irish immigants and more importantly the retitling of the picture from a depiction of a specific person to a generic image of Irish migration. The main source used to structure this argument is a published account by a former Irish servant of the artist of a visit to London which was illustrated by Nicol. The paper traces the details of this published account of 1867 through to the creation of the 1871 painting and its eventual bequest to Edinburgh in 1905. Other issues raised include the attempt by Nicol, a popular Victorian artist of humorous and often condescending paintings of the Irish to produce more serious works on a big theme (emigration). All of this is framed by an awareness of the visualisation of emigration in nineteenth century art and concludes by arguing that Nicol’s painting is a work that needs to be seen within an imperial context as represented by Liverpool docks as well as one of emigration.

 

2. Loretta Goff (UCC)
 (Inter)national celebrity identity: the Irish-American performances of Saoirse Ronan and Aidan Quinn

This paper looks at the diasporic Irish-American identity as performed by Saoirse Ronan and Aidan Quinn in the media, particularly surrounding the promotion of their respective films with strong Irish-American themes, Brooklyn (2015) and This Is My Father (1998). Celebrity identity is carefully constructed, economically rooted and highly performative, and, as such, overtly illustrates our own identity construction, and the influences on it, making it perfect for an examination of the performance of hyphenated and national identities. As the levels of identification with various nationalities in a hyphenated identity shift, in line with the concept of identity salience, heightened performance of one side over another can occur in a given context, often resulting in a division between each side of an individual’s identity, rather than a cohesive singular performance. Following this, both Ronan and Quinn, who hold dual citizenship from Ireland and America and have resided in each country, enact each side of their hyphenated identity as needed. By looking at how each actor frames his/her relationship with Ireland and America, I will interrogate the various connections of the contemporary Irish-American (with direct experience living in both countries) and ultimately argue that the two sides of the hyphenated identity are kept separate, resulting in multiple identity performances, rather than forming a cohesive, singular identity.

 

3. Deirdre Ní Chonghaile (NUIG)
 Emotion and song among the Irish-speaking diaspora in America, 1870-1939

 Acknowledging the inseparability of music and emotion, this presentation asks: what happens to the emotional expression of a language community when its song practice shifts contexts? Specifically, what happened to Irish-language songs when their traditional linguistic and cultural contexts incorporated an American diasporic context? Did they survive? And, if so, how and why? Focusing on music-collectors who gathered Irish-language songs among emigrants in urban and rural America in the aftermath of An Gorta Mór, the discussion highlights the challenges then faced by minority language communities in majority language contexts, including the emotional impact of such fundamental changes to how people express themselves. Their experience speaks to that of minority language communities today that face similar challenges.

 

4. Rosaleen Crowley (Independent Poet)
 Point of connection: exploring cultural identity through Irish art and poetry

Rosaleen Crowley shares language and imagery from her Irish culture and poetic heritage. She will showcase paintings, poetry and stories from her new book, "Point of Connection” and other new material. “Home”, “Distance”, “Culture” are recurring themes throughout the collection. Rosaleen uses her experience as a teacher to share and draw from the audience their interpretation of her art, poems and experiences. This poetry reading takes on an interactive life of its own as Rosaleen tailors each program to meet the needs of her audience.

 

5. Caroline B. Heafey (NYU)
 “Lace Curtain”: Class and Cultural Mapping in Mary Curran’s The Parish and the Hill

Mary Curran’s The Parish and the Hill explores class dynamics in an Irish immigrant community in Massachusetts during the early to mid-twentieth century. Specifically, Curran gives due attention to the geographical mapping of the landscape, and how socioeconomic relations are dictated by it. The more affluent Irish members of, “The Hill,” and the mill workers of “The Parish,” are divided socio-economically as well as geographically. Curran maps the community for the reader by using particular streets, shops, and churches to mark this division, and construct local identity. The significance of animosity between Curran’s “lace curtain” and “shanty” Irish-Americans becomes a greater metaphor for the complexities woven into the socio-economic landscape of the Massachusetts city. This paper will explore the class relations depicted in the novel that are reinforced by the city’s geography, as well as how women specifically navigate it. Women within this narrative are often the agents of social and fiscal exchanges. The protagonist’s matriarch in particular maneuvers physical space, caring for different neighbors, and in doing so, signifies different cultural distinctions, indicated by where she is located physically. In this way, social identity becomes tied to economy. Purchasing fish from a shop on “The Hill” suggests affluence, but buying meat from “The Parish” signifies loyalty. By positioning women as authorities, Curran also presents their economic, social, and political agency. The image of the lace curtain becomes a greater metaphor for the intricacies and nuances for life in these Irish immigrant communities.

 

 Displacement and Relocation
1. Michael Mulvey (NUIM)
 Paddy in the smoke: Irish builders and entrepreneurs and the Post-War reconstruction of London
 
2. John McColgan (Boston City Archives)
 Boston and the Famine 1847: city government and the immigrant crisis
 
3. Beth O'Leary Anish (University of Rhode Island)
 The second migration: Irish Americans and the move to the suburbs Post-World War II
 
4. Maeve O'Leary (Independent Scholar)
 Migratory grief: the silent grief of voluntary migration
 
5. Daphne Wolf (Drew University)
 The Unlanded: Irish Aristocrats in the Diaspora
 

 

Late Morning Panels (11:30-13:00)

 

 Memory and Diaspora
 1. Luke J. Pecoraro (George Washington's Mount Vernon)
 To 'bear his memory to the latest ages': George Washington's legacy in Ireland's built environment
 
 2. John J. Masterson (Independent Scholar)
 The campaign (1992-96) for the creation of "Grosse Ile and the Irish Memorial" Canadian National Historic Site in Quebec 
 
 3. Janine McEgan (Flinders University)
 Irish memorialisation in the mid-North of South Australia
 
 4. Nicole Pepinster Greene (Xavier University of New Orleans)
 Reclaiming New Orleans' Irish past and its relation to contemporary Ireland
 
 The Irish and War in a Global Context
 1. Peter Burke (Independent Scholar): peterb@ruralnews.co.nz
 Irish resistance to conscription in New Zealand in WWII - the untold story

When New Zealand introduced conscription in 1940 a large group of young Irishmen living in New Zealand refused to be drafted into the armed forces. Technically they were British subjects and liable for service but they were determined not to fight for Britain under any circumstances . They formed an organisation called the Eire Nationals Association (ENA), hired a pro Irish lawyer and six of their members volunteered to appeal their conscription as a test case for their colleagues. One of these was my father, Mathias Burke. Their appeal was based on Eire’s neutrality in WWII, and that for them to fight for Britain would be a betrayal of their loyalty to Eire given the terror inflicted on their families which they had personally witnessed during the war of independence. The paper will reveal details of their trial before an Armed Forces Appeal Board and the interaction between the New Zealand, British and Irish governments and the ENA to deal with this situation and to overcome this impasse. It will also examine some of the close relationships between the Irish Prime Minister, Eamon de Valera and the New Zealand wartime Prime Minister, Peter Fraser. This is a unique and as yet untold piece of Irish/New Zealand social history which will form the basis of a book to be published in the next 12 months.

 

 2. Shane Lynn (University of Toronto)
 Greater Ireland and the Boer War: empire, diaspora and nationalism
 
 3. Elizabeth McKillen (University of Maine)
 The Irish revolution and U.S. Labor internationalism: 1916 - 1923
 
 4. Michael Tveter (University of Cambridge)
 The call to arms: British ethnocentrism in Irish recruitment during the Great War
 
 Folklore and Emigration
 1. Críostóir Mac Cárthaigh (National Folklore Colletion, UCD)
 Oral accounts of emigration in the 19th and 20th centuries
 
 2. Anna Bale (National Folklore Collection, UCD)
 "And that is how my aunt ended up in America..." first-hand accounts of emigration and displacement in the archives of the National Folklore Collection UCD
 
 3. Kelly Fitzgerald (UCD)
 Voices in Chicago: Recreating Tradition
 
 4. P.J. Gaynor (UNE Armidale NSW)
 Australian bushranger folklore and its Irish connections
 
 Irish Children Abroad
 1. Laura E. Gage (Western Oregon University)
 Born American, becoming Irish
 
 2. Ríona Nic Congáil (DCU)
 A tale of two classes: Irish teachers and Irish children in late 19th-century York
 
 3. Dianne Snowden (University of Tasmania)
 Children on board: the forgotten children of Irish convicts transported to Van Diemen's Land
 
 4. Neisha Wratten (Flinders University)
 De-bunking the Myths: A Re-examination of the Obstetric Outcomes of the Earl Grey Famine Orphans
 

 

Afternoon Panels (14:00-15:30)

 The Irish (language): at home and abroad

 1. Meidhbhín Ní Úrdail (UCD)

 UCD’s Ferriter manuscripts: an Irish and global phenomenon 
 
 2. Bobbie Nolan (University of Edinburgh)
 The Irish language and identity in Philadelphia, 1850-1920
 
 3. Dymphna Lonergan (Flinders University)
 Global Irish Words
 
 Performative Identities of Irishness
 1. Dan Dwyer (NUIG)
 Media practices and Irishness in Britain
 
 2. Mairéid Sullivan (Independent Scholar)
 Cultural resilience: catastrophes as turning points in the arts
 
 3. Orla Donnelly (UCC)
 Representations of Irishness in stand-up comedy
 
 4. Liam Harte (University of Manchester)
 Recasting migration research findings as drama: a case-study
 
 Irish Family Histories
 1. Kevin E. Smith (Middle Tennessee State University)
 County Tyrone, Ireland to Sumner County, Tennessee and back again: Rogans on both sides of the Atlantic
 
 2. John Herson (Liverpool John Moores University)
 Divergent paths: a family history approach to Irish migration and settlement
 
 3. Mark Sebastian Coghlan (KwaZulu-Natal Museum Service)
 A long odyssey from rural Ireland to rural South Africa: a Coughlan/Coghlan story from county Wicklow to East Griqualand via Yorkshire
 
 4. Úna Bhreathnach (DCU)
 The Schools' Folklore Collection as a resource for local history and genealogical research
 
 The Irish in the Americas
 1. Margaret Brehony (Society for Irish Latin American Studies / NUIG)
 Colonos Blancos and the wages of whiteness: Irish Immigrants in Colonial Cuba
 
 2. Guillermo MacLoughlin (Universidad Nacional de la Plata)
 The Differences between the Irish migration to Argentina and the United States
 
 3. Nora Murphy (Independent Author)
 Colonized and Colonizer: Exploring Paradox in Irish-American Identity
 
 4. Marcie Rendon (Independent Author)
 A Native American Perspective on the Impact of Irish Immigration
 

 

Late Afternoon Panels (16:00-17:30)

 Contemporary Exchanges: Ireland and its Diaspora
 1. Siobhán Carney (CUNY, Institute for State and Local Governance)
 Connecting Mayo Diaspora, living in the U.S., with non-profit organizations in Mayo. Case study: County Mayo Foundation
 
 2. Irial Glynn (Universiteit Leiden)
 The Inbetweeners? Return Migration to Ireland since 1960
 
 3. Patrick Rivera (University of Maryland)
 Material Culture and Diasporic Memory: An Archaeology of the Irish Theme Pub
 
 Irish Traditional Music: Discussion and Demonstration
 Hosts: Síle Dolan (UCD) & Deirdre Ní Chonghaile (NUIG)
 
 The Development of Irish-American Identity
 1. Bryan P. McGovern (Kennesaw State University)
 Andrew Jackson and Irish identity
 
 2. Eileen McMahon (Lewis University)
 Irish Paddy confronts modernization on the Illinois Frontier 1836-1850
 
 3. Ted Smyth (NYU)
 Irish-American identity in the 21st century: decline or growth?
 
 4. Nick Harrington (Washington State University, Vancouver)
 Fenians in the Forest: the strange battle for Fenianism in the Oregon frontier
 
 Poster and Exhibition Presentations
 1. Priska Fronemann (Universität Leipzig)
 Post-Celtic Tiger Identities: global, national or glocal? – Construction of Identity between homeland and hostland 
 
 2. P.J. Gaynor (UNE Armidale NSW)
 Twenty one Australian Bushrangers and their Irish Connections
 
 3. Bróna Ní Mhuirí (Coordinator of the Embassy of Ireland’s “100 Years of the Irish in Kenya” Project)
 The Irish in Kenya Exhibition
 
 4. Margaret Brehony (Society for Irish Latin American Studies / NUIG)
 The Irish in Latin America Exhibition
 

 

 

Morning Panels (09:00-11:00)

 The Irish Diaspora in a Southern American City: 
 History, Anthropology, Archives and Engagement in Savannah, Georgia 
 1. David Gleeson (Northumbria University)
 The Irish in Confederate Savannah
 

 2. Howard Keeley (Georgia Southern University)

 Wexford migration to Savannah: renewing a diaspora narrative
 
 3. Barbara Hendry (Georgia Southern University)
 The "St. Patrick's Season" in Savannah, Georgia: perpetuating and contesting Irish identity through ritual in a southern city
 
 4. Luciana Spracher (City of Savannah Research Library and Municipal Archives)
 The power of archives: discovering, preserving and documenting Savannah's Irish history

 

Four speakers: Irish Americans are typically associated with urban communities and parishes of the Northeast and Midwest, while the South has often been thought about in terms of the Black-White divide that characterized much of the region for so long. However, ethnic diversity among whites in the South did exist, especially in cities—New Orleans, Charleston, Savannah, and others—where groups such as the Irish arrived in significant enough numbers to form distinctive communities, which have persisted through time. According to the 1860 Federal Census, over a fifth of the “free” (i.e. non-slave) residents of Savannah were Irish-born, and that city today hosts what is considered to be the second-largest St. Patrick’s Day Parade on the North American continent. In this session, by focusing on the Irish experience, past and present, in one Southern city, we hope to contribute to a more comprehensive and nuanced understanding of the Irish diaspora in the United States.

 

 Media, Diaspora and the Press
 1. Aoife Whelan (UCD)
 Press coverage of global Irish revival
 
 2. James O'Donnell (NUIG)
 News of home: international news agencies and the Irish diaspora
 
 3. Felix Larkin (Independent Scholar)
 Edmund Dwyer-Gray: an Irishman in Tasmania
 
 4. Niamh Kirk (DCU)
 The multiple identities of Ireland: homeland representations in the online Irish diaspora press.
 
 5. Tony King (NUIG)
 Duelling with the Dervish of Dutch Street: John O'Callaghan and the United Irish League Bulletin of America
 
 Irish America in the Civil War Era
 1. Cathal Smith (NUIG)
 Irish migration and the origins of the American Civil War
 
 2. Ian Delahanty (Springfield College)
 Crosscurrents of abolitionism and migration between Ireland and the United States
 
 3. James Zibro (Kent School)
 Neither hopeless nor hapless: Irish-born soldiers in the Union army
 
 4. Catherine Bateson (University of Edinburgh)
 "They poured out their life-blood like water, upholding the Red, White and Blue": Irish soldier articulation of American loyalty in Civil War songs
 
 5. Florry O'Driscoll (NUIG)
 Irish soldiers in Civil War America: transnational links and motivations
 
 Archaeology of the Irish in the US and Australia
 1. Stephen A. Brighton (University of Maryland)
 For those that remained behind: Ireland in the Irish diaspora
 
 2. Julie Richko Labate (UCD)
 Townscape, townspace: an archaeology and history of Irishness in San Patricio, Texas, 1825 to present
 
 3. Susan Arthure (Flinders University)
 A hidden Ireland: uncovering Australia's first clachan 
 

 

 Keynote lecture: Professor Donal McCracken (University of KwaZulu-Natal)

 Into Africa: 'Irish soldiers of the Queen; missionaries of God; the adventurous and the foolhardy' 

 

 Closing Roundtable Discussion

 Chair: Professor J. Joseph Lee, Glucksman Ireland House, NYU

 1. Dr Regina Uí Chollatáin, Head of UCD School of Irish, Celtic Studies and Folklore

 2. Professor Tadhg O'Keeffe, UCD School of Archaeology

 3. Dr Aoife Whelan, UCD School of Irish, Celtic Studies and Folklore

 4. Dr Darragh Gannon, UCD School of History

 5. Professor Liam Kennedy, Director of the Clinton Institute for American Studies UCD 

 Comments from floor