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UCD Irish Centre for Nursing and Midwifery History

Ionad na hÉireann um Stair Altranais agus Cnáimhseachais UCD

Current Research

The Irish Nursing Journals Digitising Project

 

The Irish Nursing Journals Digitising Project is an Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Science (IRCHSS) SDI Targeted Co-fund project between the UCD Irish Centre for Nursing and Midwifery History (ICNMH), UCD Library, the Irish Nurses' and Midwives Organisation (INMO), the project Co-fund partner. An IRCHSS Co-fund Initiative project grant of €32,404, one third of which was contributed by the INMO, was awarded in December 2010. Completed in June 2012, the award enabled the full digital curation and cataloguing of the complete holdings of the only major early nursing journal in Ireland under its various titles.

The historical journals in question were published by the INMO itself and copyright for online publication was granted. The items were surveyed and underwent image processing, cataloguing, and progress through an IT workflow, before being made available in the online environment in a searchable format, maintained on the UCD Irish Virtual Research Library and Archive (IVRLA) platform. The project involved the digitising of the following journal titles, in their entirety, where possible:

  • Irish Nurses' Union Gazette 1925-1933
  • The Irish Nurses' Journal 1936-1939
  • The Irish Nurses' Magazine 1939-1961
  • Irish Nurses' Magazine 1961-1963
  • Irish Nurse 1963-1967
  • Irish Nurses' Journal 1968-1971 (inclusive).

The Irish Nursing Journals Digitisation Project has resulted the development of The Irish Nursing Journalism Collection, a small but critical online digital collection. The digitised content consists of text based material in the format of historic nursing journal. Maintained in this way ensures a greater visibility and increased access to this valuable historic resource. All of the pages of the targeted journals have now been scanned and processed, multiple copies created and stored and a preservation copy of the entire collection will b available in the UCD Digital Library. Digitisation has contributed to the conservation of physical resources, as the use of digital surrogates will reduce wear and tear on the originals, and in the majority of cases negate the requirement to access original materials.

The content is currently modelled to fit with existing IVRLA workflow processes; however once UCD Digital Library data models have fixed, the content can be re-modelled for inclusion. Expected date for migration to UCD Digital Library is end August 2012.

The initial Project Team Professor Gerard Fealy (PI), Dr Martin McNamara (Dean of Nursing), Ms Marie Burke (Associate Librarian) and Ms Susan McGann, RCN. The Project Team members were Ms Audrey Drohan, IVRLA Operational Project Manager, Ms Rioghnach Ahern, Project Metadata Librarian, Ms Julia Barrett, Research Services Manager, and Ms Ruth Geraghty, Research Assistant. Other members of the project included Mr Colm Talbot (Digitisation) and Ms Aileen Rohan (Repository liaison), Ms Susan McGann, RCN and Ms Annette Kennedy, INMO, were members of the Project Advisory Group.

The Sunbeam House Project


The Sunbeam House Project 

The UCD Irish Centre for Nursing & Midwifery History has been commissioned by Sunbeam House Services, Bray, Co Wicklow, to write a history of Sunbeam House Services. The aim of the project is to prepare a book that will emphasise the unique contribution of Sunbeam House to the services of people with intellectual disabilities in Ireland and will illustrate the wider contribution of the service to the local community and to society. The book will provide a case study in voluntary service and will be presented in two parts, as follows: Part 1 will examine and narrate the history of Sunbeam House from the period 1874–1977 and will serve as a companion history to Loughery’s (1997) earlier short edited history. Part 2 will examine the history of Sunbeam House Services after 1977 and up to the present. Based on available documentary materials contained in the archives of the Sunbeam House Services and complemented with oral testimonies, the narrative will examine major developments in the services since the time of its founding as the Cripples’ Home’ up to its reconstitution as the modern Sunbeam House Services in 1977 and into the 21st century.

A particular focus of Part 2 of the book will be the social and political contexts in which the major developments occurred and the manner in which Sunbeam House Services negotiated local and national factors as it continued the work of voluntary service begun by Lucinda Sullivan in 1874.This critical examination of the history of the Sunbeam House Services will result in an authoritative history of the service at a critical time when there are proposals to effect a reorientation of services from the current model of disability provision to one based on individualised supports and mainstream services, as outlined in the Report of the Disability Policy Review.

Principal investigator Professor Gerard Fealy and associate investigator Dr Martin McNamara are supported with Dr Sean Lucey, Research Assistant to the project.

Reference
F. Loughrey (1997) ‘Sunbeam House Bray, Dublin: The Trustees,

History of the Irish Nurses and Midwives Organisation


History of the Irish Nurses & Midwives Organisation  

Mark Loughrey entered the PhD programme in September 2011 as a full-time student, following his success in achieving the Irish Nurses’ and Midwives’ Organisation (INMO) Scholarship Award. Mark is writing his doctoral thesis on the history of the INMO. Founded originally in 1919 as The Irish Nurses’ Union, the Organisation was established at a time of great political and social upheaval in Ireland, a period characterised by the start of the Irish War of Independence and the re-emergence of the large Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union after its earlier suppression in the Dublin Lockout of 1913. Formed at a time when other nurses’ representative associations, notably the Irish Nurses’ Association and the Irish Matrons’ Association, were actively campaigning for registration legislation, the union was formed with the explicit remit to represent nurses in their pursuit of better conditions of employment. Its status as a trade union set it apart from the other nursing associations at the time.

In his thesis, Mark will examine aspects of the relationship between nursing and trade union activism, such as the inherent tension that existed between the nursing service ethic and the pursuit of material advancement, and the gender and class tensions that attended trade union activism in nursing. With a membership that now exceeds 40,000 nurses and midwives, the INMO is the largest trade union representing professionals in Ireland. The union will celebrate its centenary in 2019. Mark’s doctoral thesis will represent the most comprehensive study of a nursing organisation ever undertaken in the scholarship of nursing history in Ireland.

Area One: A History of Sanitation and Sanitary Reform in Ireland (two studies)


Image of Baggot Street Hospital, copywrite Irish Heritage Giftware 

This project examines aspects of the history of hospital sanitation in Ireland and comprises two distinct studies.
Principal Investigator: Professor Gerard Fealy
Co-Investigator:  Dr Martin McNamara
Assistant:   Ms Ruth Geraghty

Study One: The health of hospitals: Sanitary arrangements and sanitary reform in the Dublin hospitals, 1858 - 1898

Lead: Gerard Fealy
Completed: Summer 2009
This is an examination of hospital sanitary reform in the nineteenth century, based on the annual reports of the Board of Superintendence of Dublin Hospitals and on the archives of two Dublin hospitals

Papers published from this study to date

  • Fealy GM, McNamara MS, Geraghty R (2010) ‘The health of hospitals and lessons from history: Public health and sanitary reform in the Dublin hospitals, 1858–1898’. Journal of Clinical Nursing, Dec 2010, Vol. 19 Issue 23/24, p3468-3476

Conference presentations to date

  • Fealy GM, McNamara MS, Geraghty R (2010) Perfect ventilation, good sewerage and effective water closets: Urban factors in the development of modern nursing in Dublin, 1858-1898 European Association of Urban Historians: 10th International conference on Urban History City and Society in Urban History Ghent Belgium, 1-SEP-2010 to 4-SEP-2010. Presentation slides EAUH Ghent 2010 
  • Fealy GM (2010) ‘Pure air, pure water and good light: Sanitary reform in the Dublin hospitals, 1858–1898’. Irish Centre for Nursing & Midwifery History’s Spring-summer Seminar Series, 29-APR-2010. Presentation slides ICNMH April 2010  

Study Two: Cultures of control: A historical analysis of the role of the infection control nurse in Ireland

Lead: Martin McNamara
Completed: Spring 2010
This is an examination of developments in hospital infection control in the twentieth century following the introduction of the infection control nurse role in the 1970s. The study involves oral history interviews among the first cadre of infection control nurses in Ireland.

Conference presentations to date

  • McNamara M, Fealy GM, Geraghty R (2010) Cultures of control: A historical analysis of the role of the infection control nurse in Ireland International Perspectives in the History of Nursing Windsor, UK, 14-SEP-2010 to 16-SEP-2010. Presentation slides AAHN 2010
  • Geraghty R, Fealy, GM, McNamara M (2011) “A New Species of Nurse" A Historical Account of the Establishment of the Infection Control Nurse in Ireland  Infection Prevention Society & Control Joint North/South Professional Study Day. Dublin, 13-MAY-2010. Presentation slides IPS 2011

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Area Two: Health care disciplines in Ireland: Historical development, identity, and subject areas (two studies)

Nurses in class, copywrite St Vincent’s University Hospital 

This project examines the development of nursing in Ireland with particular reference to identity, inter-disciplinary relationships, and nursing's development as an academic subject area. It comprises two distinct studies.
Principal Investigator: Dr Martin McNamara
Co-Investigator:  Professor Gerard Fealy
Assistant:   Ms Ruth Geraghtystudy one

Study One: Where is nursing in academic nursing?: The visibility of the discipline on the websites of higher education institutions

Lead: Martin McNamara
Completed: Sring 2010
This study examines disciplinary identity through a critical discourse analysis of the websites of higher education institutions providing nursing education in Ireland.

Papers published from this study to date

  • McNamara MS, Fealy GM (2011) The visibility of the discipline on the websites of academic nursing schools. Nursing Outlook. Nursing Outlook, In Press, Available online 20 July 2011

Conference presentations

  • McNamara M.S., Fealy GM, Geraghty R. (2010) Where is nursing in academic nursing? The visibility of the discipline on the websites of higher education institutions NETNEP 2010 - 3rd International Nurse Education Conference Sydney, Australia, , 11-APR-2010 to 14-APR-2010. Presentation slides NETNEP 2010 

Study Two: Nursing an academic discipline? Tutors' tales of transition

Lead: Martin McNamara
Completed: Autumn 2010.
This study involves oral history interviews among a sample of new nursing academics who were appointed to Irish higher education institutions as part of the wholesale transfer of nursing education and training from the hospital to the higher education sector in 2002. The study is concerned with the emergence of academic identity and the place of nursing in the academy.

Papers published from this study to date
  • McNamara MS, Fealy GM (2011) 'Legitimation Code Theory: A new lens through which to view our academic practice (Guest editorial)'. Contemporary Nurse (in press)

Conference presentations to date

  • McNamara MS, Fealy GM, Geraghty R (2011) Social realist investigation of academic nursing: specialisation and semantics. Sigma Theta Tau International 22nd International Nursing Research Congress Cancun, Mexico, , 11-JUL-2011 to 14-JUL-2011. Presentation slides STT 2011
  • McNamara MS, Fealy GM, Geraghty R (2010) Nurse tutors' tales of transition: a clash of legitimation codes Society for Research in Higher Education (SRHE) Annual Research Conference Newport, Wales, 14-DEC-2010 to 16-NOV-2010. Presentation slides SRHE 2010 

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Area three: The General Nursing Council for Ireland: The first thirty years of professional self - regulation

 adelaide hospital staff 1946, copywrite The Board of Trinity College Dublin

This study will provide a history of the Council from its inception in 1920 to 1950, when it was replaced by a new regulatory authority, An Bord Altranais. It examines the early development of professional self-regulation of nursing in Ireland by describing the role and functions of the Council, the work and ideas of the Council's key members and the challenges faced by the new profession in establishing and consolidating professional self-regulation. The study is set against the background of the development of the fledgling new Irish Free State and its efforts to develop a modern health service for its people.
Principal Investigator: Professor Gerard Fealy
Co-Investigator: Dr Martin McNamara
Assistant:  Ms Ruth Geraghty

Conference presentations to date

  • Fealy GM, McNamara MS, Geraghty R (2011) Handicapped by an unfortunate alliance: Threats to the effective development of professional self-regulation of nursing in Ireland, 1920-1950 28th Annual Conference of the American Association for the History of Nursing Fort Worth, TX , 06-SEP-2011 to 09-SEP-2011
  • Fealy GM, McNamara M, Geraghty R (2011) A decided advantage to all: The first thirty years of state regulation in Ireland, 1920-1950 International Council of Nursing Conference, Malta, 04-MAY-2011 to 08-MAY-2011. Presentation slides ICN May 2011 

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Additional projects are planned, including institutional histories and histories of professional nursing organisations. These and other planned studies provide opportunities for graduate research training to Master's and PhD level.