Research Theme: Pregnancy, Birth and Early Infancy

 

 

Name: Patrick Moran

Institution: Trinity College Dublin

Contact: moranp6@tcd.ie

Completion: August 2020

Funder: N/A

 

Project: The Maternal health And Maternal Morbidity in Ireland (MAMMI) study group in the School of Nursing and Midwifery in Trinity College Dublin is currently carrying out a longitudinal cohort study examining the prevalence of health problems associated with pregnancy and childbirth in Ireland. This includes physical, mental and sexual health issues that women report in the antenatal and postnatal periods. In order to put these results in context we are gathering data on these issues in other, non-pregnant, population, in order to establish baseline prevalence rates, and compare our results to other studies that have

This project is also recorded under the theme Health

 

 

Description of project only

 

Project(2017): I am carrying out a project on the health behaviour of non-Irish nationals nationals during pregnancy.

This project is also recorded under the themes of Health

 

 

Name: Seaneen Sloan

Institution: University College Dublin

Contact:  seaneen.sloan@ucd.ie

Completion: 31/11/2017

Funder: N/A

 

Project:  To conduct an analysis on child outcomes at ages 5 years (including health, social, psychological and academic outcomes) associated with maternal consumption of alcohol during pregnancy. This would be written up as a journal article and submitted to a high quality, peer reviewed journal.

 

 

Description of Project Only

 

Project (2017): For research purposes, to investigate the impact of maternal depression on child well-being.  Areas of interest include socio-economic status, peer relationships, maternal mental health, gender differences and child resilience.

 

Name: Fearghal O’Brien

Institution: National College of Ireland

Contact: Fearghal.OBrien@ncirl.ie

Completion: 31/08/2018

Funder: N/A

 

Project: To understand whether being born preterm could be a risk factor in certain SES environments with regard to changes in cognitive ability during childhood and early adolescence.

 

 

Description of project only

 

Project (2016): The GUI datasets will be used to expand on the idea on the idea that early life attachment can predict relationship quality and attachment styles later in life. This will be done by examining the effect of different early life attachment styles on the physiological and psychological health outcomes of adults later in life.

 

 

Name: Patricia Conway
Institution: University College Dublin
Contact: Withheld
Completion: Withheld

 

Project: Study focusing on folic acid intake during pregnancy and its association with wheezing/asthma outcomes in infants in Ireland. The aim of the study is to assess folic acid use in pregnant women, to assess the level of wheeze/asthma in 9months olds in Ireland and measure any association between the two. 

This research project is also recorded under the theme: Health. 

 

 

Name: Orla Doyle
Institution: UCD
Contact: orla.doyle@ucd.ie
Completion: Withheld

 

Project: For use in several potential projects (data dependent): Parental investment and child outcomes: the impact of breastfeeding on test score; Impact of centre-based child care on children's cognitive and non-cognitive development; differential reporting of children's behaviour by teachers and parents; explaining socioeconomic inequalities in test scores; impact of parenting styles on children's internalising and externalising behaviours; impact of economic hardship on mental health and impact of handedness on school test scores and mental health.

This research project is also recorded under the theme: Child DevelopmentEducation and Health.

 

 

Name: John Kearney
Institution: DIT
Contact: john.kearney@dit.ie
Completion: Withheld

 

Project: My intention is to use the rich phenotypic data available in the GUI study to test initial hypotheses concerning the relationship between early life experience and social, emotional, and cognitive functioning, as well as aspects of physical health (such as obesity). I will use the relationships identified using the GUI study data to formulate specific hypotheses and predictions regarding relationships between early experience and brain strucutural and functional development that will form the basis of a large-scale grant proposal. These are some of the relationships I plan to examine using the GUI data: does quality of attachment in infancy (9 months) and/or parental attitudes toward infant behaviours (e.g., crying) predict social and emotional difficulties (as measured by Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) at 2 years and at 5 years? How is this relationship mediated or moderated by infant characterisitcs (e.g. fussiness), parent characterisitcs (e.g. depression symptoms, stress), and social support and environment? What about in older childhood and adolescence, do parental discipline practices at 9 years predict social and emotional difficulties (as measured by Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) at 9 and at 13 years? Are early infant experiences related to nutrition (e.g. breastfeeding) and sleep (e.g. absence of parent-identified 'sleep difficulties') associated with positove social, emotional, and physical (e.g. obesity) outcomes at 2/5/9/13/years?

 

 

Name: Clare Kelly
Institution: TCD
Contact: clare.kelly@tcd.ie
Completion: December 2017

 

Project: Prevalence of breastfeeding initiation and duration; determinants of breastfeeding initiation and duration; links between breastfeeding and early growth; links between breastfeeding and child's disease profile; breastfeeding patterns among non-nationals in terms of initiation and duration; prevalence of smoking and alcohol consumption in pregnancy by SES; links between smoking and/or alcohol consumption and early growth and extent to which is mediated by breastfeeding; timing of the introduction of first foods; links between the timing of solid food introduction and disease profile; links between timing of solid introduction and obesity risk; factors which influence the timing of weaning e.g. parent's education, SES and role of the father/secondary caregiver in infant feeding practices. 

This research project is also recorded under the themes: Health, Child Development and Weight and Dietary Issues. 

 

 

Name: Ali Khashan
Institution: UCC
Contact: a.khashan@ucc.ie
Completion: December 2014

 

Project: I plan to investigate the impact of mode of delivery, preterm birth, pre-eclampsia and birth weight on the behavioural and mental outcomes at 9 months and three years. This will also involve examining the mediating effect of 9 month outcomes on any associations between obstetric risk factors and 3 year behavioural and mental outcomes. The title of the project is: Perinatal risk factors for childhood developmental outcomes. 

This research project is also recorded under the theme: Child Development.

 

 

Name: Caitriona Logue
Institution: UCD
Contact: caitriona.logue@ucd.ie
Completion: Withheld

 

Project: I am currently a PhD student in UCD's School of Economics. My research involves the evaluation of 'Preparing for Life', an early childhood intervention that is currently taking place in Dublin. I plan to use the GUI data to place the Preparing for Life results in context and to generate additional control groups for analysis.

 

 

Name: Gwinyai Masukume
Institution: University College Cork
Contact: gwinyai.masukume@ucc.ie
Completion: 2019

 

Project: The caesarean section rate has been increasing to the extent that in Ireland it now approximates 30% which is substantially above that required for medical reasons. Association between caesarean delivery and adverse future health outcomes such as diabetes, asthma and cancer are emerging. My research seeks to determine if mode of delivery is an independent predictor of growth trajectories. Early growth trajectory is a key determinant of childhood and adult health. The GUI dataset will help answer the research questions around growth trajectory and subsequent health.

 

 

Name: Cathal McCrory
Institution: TCD
Contact: mccrorc@tcd.ie
Completion: June 2014

 

Project: The longitudinal data will be used to explore associations between exposures occurring during gestation and early infancy on developmental outcomes at three years of age such as cognitive development, socio-emotional adjustment and health. 

This research project is also recorded under the theme: Child Development

 

 

Name: Christabel Musonda Mukosha
Institution: UCC
Contact: 108809682@umail.ucc.ie
Completion: September 2013

 

Project: I intend to use the GUI dataset for my Masters in Public Health thesis. My research topic is: the effect of maternal and paternal smoking during pregnancy on early childhood growth characteristics and risks of overweight and obesity up to the age of 3 years. 

This research project is also recorded under the theme: Weight and Dietary Issues.

 

 

Name: Linda O'Keeffe
Institution: UCC
Contact: l.okeeffe@ucc.ie
Completion: Withheld

 

Project: Investigation of the prevalence, patterns, and health seeking behaviour of women engaging in substance misuse during pregnancy. 

 

 

Name: Ciara O'Toole, Fiona Gibbon and Amy Culloty
Institution: UCC
Contact: c.otoole@ucc.ie
Completion: September 2017

 

Project: Communication development in multiple births - a longitudinal study. The data will be analysed in order to investigate the communication development of Irish multiple births (twins and triplets). The communication abilities and social environments of Irish multiples and singletons will be compared. Potential factors associated with the communication development of Irish multiples will also be examined and the long-term social behavioural, emotional and educational outcomes of multiples will be investigated in relation to their early communication abilities. 

This research project is also recorded under the theme: Child Development

 

 

Name: Oliver Perra
Institution: QUB
Contact: o.perra@qub.ac.uk
Completion: February 2014

 

Project: This research is focused on analyses of social gradients in infants' temperament, maternal depression, parenting styles and infants' development.

 

 

Name: Tyannah Reed
Institution: University College Dublin
Contact: tyannah.reed@ucdconnect.ie
Completion: July 2016

 

Project: I intend to use this data for my Master's in Public Health dissertation on Caesarean sections and children's health.

 

This research project is also recorded under the theme: Health.

 

 

Name: Udo Reulbach
Institution: RCSI
Contact: udoreulbach@rcsi.ie/udo.reulbach@gmail.com
Completion: 2015

 

Project: My focus in on child health, well-being and development. More specifically I am interested in: Evaluation of the relationship between antenatal care, perinatal and postnatal factors and their impact on children's health and development; identification and description of trajectories for children's health, developmental status and weight status at age three and exploration of parental and child-associated factors related to childcare. 

This research project is also recorded under the themes: Child Well-being; Child Development and Health.

 

 

Name: Siobhan Scarlett
Institution: TCD
Contact: scarlets@tcd.ie
Completion: August 2013

 

Project: The data will be used for an M.Sc dissertation based on health consequences for children due to pre-natal and post-natal smoking within the family. A focus on asthmas is intended. 

This research project is also recorded under the theme: Health

 

 

Name: Thorsten Schenider
Institution: Leipzig University
Contact: thorsten.schneider@uni-leipzig.de
Completion: Withheld

Project: The project shall deal with the determinants and consequences of births resulting from unplanned pregnancies. First, I will specify, who is at risk of having an unplanned versus a planned pregnancy. Second, the consequences of an unplanned pregnancy for union stability and child's development shall be investigated. Research on divorce or union dissolution demonstrates, for example, that having children and especially the age of the youngest child is negatively correlated with the risk of breaking up. One line of argument is that partners being less satisfied with or obligated to their relationship are less prone to have children in the first place. In order to get new insight into this controversial topic of protection versus selection. I intend to investiagte the consequences of births resulting from unplanned pregnancies on the stability of unions. Further research shall focus on the emotional and cognitive development of children depending on the planning status of the pregnancy in the framework of Propensity Score Matching. 

 

This research project is also recorded under the theme: Family Structure, Family Well-being and Parenting and Child Development

 

 

Name: Withheld
Institution: Withheld
Contact: Withheld
Completion: December 2014

 

Project: Data will be used to examine the prenatal and birth factors associated with quality of maternal attachment and parental stress at 9 months post-partum. The main factors of interest are prenatal care, prenatal health practices and experience of delivery and birth outcomes. Maternal infant attachment can have potential psychological and physical benefits for mother and child; conversely parental stress can have a negative effect on maternal and infant well-being. It is therefore expected that the findings of this research will inform future research and practice with pregnant women. 

 

 

Name: Withheld
Institution: Withheld
Contact: Withheld
Completion: January 2015

 

Project: The title of my final year project is 'The Impact of Maternal Smoking during Pregnancy on Infant and Childhood Behavioural Outcomes'. I hope to investigate the risk of exposure to maternal smoking in utero and adverse behavioural outcomes at nine months and three years of age. I also wish to determine if this link does in fact exist is it does-dependent, is there an increased risk with greater number of cigarettes smoked? It will be necessary to analyse and calculate the scores from the Ages and Stages Questionnaire and the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire. 

 

 

Name: Withheld
Institution: Withheld
Contact: Withheld
Completion: Withheld

 

Project: A mother's environment and lifestyle during pregnancy has a major impact on the healthy growth and development of her child. Similarly, postnatal exposures, including early infant feeding practices impact growth, development and health through childhood and into adulthood. Prenatal and postnatal data was collected from mothers and infants as part of an early intervention programme. It is my intention to explore this data and examine how a mother's nutrition and health related behaviours during pregnancy relate to birth outcomes. In addition I will explore how early infant feeding practices, including the milk only and complementary feeding phases impact on child health and development. GUI data will provide a nationally comparative dataset.

 

 

Name: Withheld
Institution: Withheld
Contact: Withheld
Completion: Withheld

 

Project: To investigate the relationship between extreme prematurity (birth at less than 28 weeks gestation) and developmental problems, specifically to determine if there are mediating, moderating or confounding variables in the interaction between the two. 

 

 

Name: Withheld
Institution: Withheld
Contact: Withheld
Completion:Withheld

 

Project: Longitudinal analysis of children's social and cognitive outcomes with respect to parenting and being born pre- or full term. 

This research project is also recorded under the theme: Child Development.

 

 

Name: Withheld
Institution: Withheld
Contact: Withheld
Completion: January 2020

 

Project: The datasets will be used to examine the association between early adverse life events and adolescent psychopathology. In particular the data will be used to examine a). The association between specific early adverse events and both general and specific psychopathological outcomes at age 13; b). the association between cumulative early adverse life events and both general and specific psychopathological outcomes at age 13 and c). the association between persistent adverse life events and both general and specific psychopathological outcomes at age 13. We hope to determine whether or not specific types or models of early adverse life events are associated with different psychopathological outcomes by age 13. We will also look at the association between early adverse life events, psychopathology and social and educational functioning. Estimated end date: January 2020. 

This research project is also recorded under the theme: Health

 

 

Name: Withheld
Institution: Withheld
Contact: Withheld
Completion: Withheld

 

Project: Investigating associations of prenatal and birth events and health at 9 months for Irish infants. The aim of this research project is to identify factors that could influence health outcomes in early infancy and to report on their effects on the health of the 9 months old investigated in the GUI study. 

This research project is also recorded under the theme: Health

 

 

Name: Withheld
Institution: Withheld
Contact: Withheld
Completion: Withheld

 

Project: The aim of this research project is to identify pre- and perinatal factors that are associated with health in early infancy, and to describe their effects.

This research project is also recorded under the theme: Health

 

 

Name: Tamara Zigman
Institution: University Hospital Centre 'Sisters of Charity', Zagreb, Croatia
Contact: tzarkovic@gmail.com
Completion: 2015

 

Project: Data will be used to investigate the factors that influence a choice of preferred delivery setting (hospital/birth at home), for example social or economic status of the mother. The second theme of interest will be to compare the psychomotor development milestones of children depending on the type/place of delivery. Further on, I would like to explore the influence of nutritional factors on psychomotor development in this cohort of children. In this context, special attention will be set on breastfeeding.

This research project is also recorded under the theme: Infant Feeding.

 

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