Research Publications


Aisling Geraghty

  • Top Scoring Medical Student Prize (for oral presentation): British Maternal and Fetal Medicine Society 19th Annual Conference, Netherlands 2017
  • UCD Seeding Funding 2017 Recipient: European Congress of Obesity, Portugal 2017
  • New Investigator Award: Power of Programming Conference, Germany 2016
  • Sponsored Student Traineeship in the Cancer and Disease Epigenetics Research Group in the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia 2016
  • EASO Travel Grant Recipient: European Association for the Study of Obesity, Sweden 2016
  • UCD Seeding Funding 2016 Recipient: European Obesity Summit, 2016

Ellen Greene

  • ASOI Best Poster Award 2018
  • Awarded Trainee Travel Grant at the 19th Vitamin D Workshop, Boston, March 2016

Eileen O’Brien

  • Awarded European Congress on Obesity Travel grant at the European Congress on Obesity, Portugal, June 2017
  • Awarded funding under the Health Research Board Knowledge Exchange and Dissemination Scheme (HRB KEDS) to visit to the Human Science Research Group, University of Limerick, August 2016
  • Awarded UCD Seed Funding and European Obesity Summit Travel grant at the European Obesity Summit, Gothenburg, Sweden, June 2016
  • INDI best poster award at the INDI Research Symposium, January 2018
  • The Food Safety Authority of Ireland (FSAI) Prize for top scoring original communication at the Nutrition Society Irish Section Conference, Belfast, June 2017
  • Best Maternal Medicine Oral Presentation at the British Maternal & Fetal Medicine Society (BMFMS) 18th Annual Conference, Birmingham, April 2016


Explore our recent publications from the team

  1. McGowan CA, McAuliffe FM. The influence of maternal glycaemia and dietary glycaemic index on pregnancy outcome in healthy mothers. Br J Nutr. 2010;104(2):153–9.
  2. Levis SP, McGowan CA, McAuliffe FM. Methodology for adding and amending glycaemic index values to a nutrition analysis package. Br J Nutr. 2011;105(8):1117–32.
  3. McGowan CA, Byrne J, Walsh J, McAuliffe FM. Insufficient vitamin D intakes among pregnant women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2011;65(9):1076–8.
  4. Walsh JM, Mahony R, Byrne J, Foley M, McAuliffe FM. The association of maternal and fetal glucose homeostasis with fetal adiposity and birth weight. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2011;159(2):338–41.
  5. Walsh JM, McGowan C, Byrne J, McAuliffe FM. Prevalence of physical activity among healthy pregnant women in Ireland. Int J Gynecol Obstet [Internet]. International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics; 2011;114(2):154–5. Available from:
  6. Lindsay KL, Gibney ER, McAuliffe FM. Maternal nutrition among women from Sub-Saharan Africa, with a focus on Nigeria, and potential implications for pregnancy outcomes among immigrant populations in developed countries. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2012;25(6):534–46.
  7. McGowan CA, McAuliffe FM. Maternal dietary patterns and associated nutrient intakes during each trimester of pregnancy. Public Health Nutr. 2012;(April):1–11.
  8. McGowan CA, McAuliffe FM. Maternal nutrient intakes and levels of energy underreporting during early pregnancy. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2012;66(8):906–13.
  9. Walsh JM, McAuliffe FM. Prediction and prevention of the macrosomic fetus. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol [Internet]. Elsevier Ireland Ltd; 2012;162(2):125–30. Available from:
  10. Walsh JM, McGowan CA, Kilbane M, McKenna MJ, McAuliffe FM. The Relationship between Maternal and Fetal Vitamin D, Insulin Resistance, and Fetal Growth. Reprod Sci. 2012;(September).
  11. Walsh JM, McGowan CA, Mahony R, Foley ME, McAuliffe FM. Low glycaemic index diet in pregnancy to prevent macrosomia (ROLO study): randomised control trial. Br Med J. 2012;345(aug30 1):e5605–e5605.
  12. Lindsay KL, Walsh CA, Brennan L, McAuliffe FM. Probiotics in pregnancy and maternal outcomes: a systematic review. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med [Internet]. 2013;26(8):772–8. Available from:
  13. McGowan CA, Walsh JM, Byrne J, Curran S, McAuliffe FM. The influence of a low glycemic index dietary intervention on maternal dietary intake, glycemic index and gestational weight gain during pregnancy: a randomized controlled trial. Nutr J. 2013;12(1):140.
  14. Walsh JM, Kilbane M, McGowan CA, McKenna MJ, McAuliffe FM. Pregnancy in dark winters: Implications for fetal bone growth? Fertil Steril [Internet]. Elsevier Inc.; 2013;99(1):206–11. Available from:
  15. Walsh JM, McGowan CA, Byrne JA, Rath A, McAuliffe FM. The association between TNF-α and insulin resistance in euglycemic women. Cytokine [Internet]. Elsevier Ltd; 2013;64(1):208–12. Available from:
  16. Donnelly JM, Walsh JM, Byrne J, Molloy EJ, McAuliffe FM. Impact of maternal diet on neonatal anthropometry: a randomized controlled trial. Pediatr Obes [Internet]. 2014;1–5. Available from:
  17. Horan M, Gibney E, Molloy E, McAuliffe F. Methodologies to assess paediatric adiposity. Ir J Med Sci. 2014;53–68.
  18. Horan MK, McGowan CA, Doyle O, McAuliffe FM. Well-being in pregnancy: an examination of the effect of socioeconomic, dietary and lifestyle factors including impact of a low glycaemic index dietary intervention. Eur J Clin Nutr [Internet]. 2013;68(1):19–24. Available from:
  19. Horan MK, McGowan CA, Gibney ER, Donnelly JM, McAuliffe FM. Maternal low glycaemic index diet, fat intake and postprandial glucose influences neonatal adiposity – secondary analysis from the ROLO study. Nutr J [Internet]. 2014;13(1):78. Available from:
  20. Horan MK, McGowan CA, Gibney ER, Donnelly JM, McAuliffe FM. Maternal diet and weight at 3 months postpartum following a pregnancy intervention with a low glycaemic index diet: Results from the ROLO randomised control trial. Nutrients. 2014;6(7):2946–55.
  21. Lindsay KL, Brennan L, McAuliffe FM. Acceptability of and compliance with a probiotic capsule intervention in pregnancy. Int J Gynecol Obstet. 2014;125(3):279–80.
  22. Lindsay KL, Heneghan C, McNulty B, Brennan L, McAuliffe FM. Lifestyle and Dietary Habits of an Obese Pregnant Cohort. Matern Child Health J. 2014;
  23. Lindsay KL, Kennelly M, Culliton M, Smith T, Maguire OC, Shanahan F, et al. Probiotics in obese pregnancy do not reduce maternal fasting glucose: A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial (Probiotics in Pregnancy Study). Am J Clin Nutr. 2014;99(6):1432–9.
  24. Lindsay KL, Gibney ER, McNulty BA, McAuliffe FM. Pregnant immigrant Nigerian women : an exploration of dietary intakes. Public Health. 2014;
  25. O’Brien O, McCarthy M, Gibney, E. R., McAuliffe FM. Technology supported lifestyle interventions in pregnancy review.pdf. EJCN. 2014.
  26. Walsh JM, Byrne J, Mahony RM, Foley ME, McAuliffe FM. Leptin , fetal growth and insulin resistance in non-diabetic pregnancies. Early Hum Dev. 2014;
  27. Walsh JM, Mahony RM, Culliton M, Foley ME, McAuliffe FM. Impact of a Low Glycemic Index Diet in Pregnancy on Markers of Maternal and Fetal Metabolism and Inflammation. Reprod Sci. 2014;
  28. Walsh JM, McGowan C a., Mahony RM, Foley ME, McAuliffe FM. Obstetric and metabolic implications of excessive gestational weight gain in pregnancy. Obesity. 2014;22(7):1594–600.
  29. Walsh J, Mahony RM, Canty G, Foley ME, McAuliffe F, Walsh JM, et al. Identification of those most likely to benefit from a low-glycaemic index dietary intervention in pregnancy. Br J Nutr [Internet]. 2014;1–7. [link]
  30. Walsh JM, Wallace M, Brennan L, McAuliffe FM. Early pregnancy maternal urinary metabolomic profile and later insulin resistance and fetal adiposity. J Matern Neonatal Med [Internet]. 2014;7058:1–4. Available from:
  31. Toher C, Lindsay K, McKenna M, Kilbane M, Curran S, Harrington L, et al. Relationship between vitamin D knowledge and 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels amongst pregnant women. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2014;261–9.
  32. McGowan CA, Curran S, McAuliffe FM. Relative validity of a food frequency questionnaire to assess nutrient intake in pregnant women. J Hum Nutr Diet [Internet]. 2014;27 Suppl 2:167–74. Available from:
  33. Walsh CA, MacTiernan A, Farrell S, Mulcahy C, McMahon CJ, Franklin O, et al. Mode of delivery in pregnancies complicated by major fetal congenital heart disease: a retrospective cohort study. J Perinatol [Internet]. Nature Publishing Group; 2014;34(12):901–5. Available from:
  34. Lindsay KL, Brennan L, Kennelly MA, Maguire OC, Smith T, Curran S, et al. Impact of probiotics in women with gestational diabetes mellitus on metabolic health: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol [Internet]. Elsevier Inc.; 2015;212(4):496.e1–496.e11. Available from:
  35. Horan MK, McGowan C a, Gibney ER, Donnelly JM, McAuliffe FM. The association between maternal dietary micronutrient intake and neonatal anthropometry - secondary analysis from the ROLO study. Nutr J [Internet]. Nutrition Journal; 2015;14(1):105. Available from:
  36. Geraghty A, Lindsay K, Alberdi G, McAuliffe F, Gibney E. Nutrition During Pregnancy Impacts Offspring’s Epigenetic Status—Evidence from Human and Animal Studies. Nutr Metab Insights. 2015;8:41. Available from:
  37. Horan MK, McGowan CA, Gibney ER, Byrne J, Donnelly JM, McAuliffe FM. Maternal nutrition and glycaemic index during pregnancy impacts on offspring adiposity at 6 months of age-analysis from the ROLO randomised controlled trial. Nutrients. 2016;8(1).
  38. Kennelly M a., Ainscough K, Lindsay K, Gibney E, Mc Carthy M, McAuliffe FM. Pregnancy, exercise and nutrition research study with smart phone app support (Pears): Study protocol of a randomized controlled trial. Contemp Clin Trials [Internet]. Elsevier B.V.; 2015;46:92–9. Available from:
  39. Donnelly JM, Lindsay KL, Walsh JM, Horan M, Molloy EJ, McAuliffe FM. Fetal metabolic influences of neonatal anthropometry and adiposity. BMC Pediatr [Internet]. BMC Pediatrics; 2015;15(1):175. Available from:
  40. Walsh JM, Segurado R, Mahony RM, Foley ME, McAuliffe FM. The Effects of Fetal Gender on Maternal and Fetal Insulin Resistance. PLoS One [Internet]. 2015;10(9):e0137215. Available from:
  41. Horan MK, Donnelly JM, McGowan CA, Gibney ER, McAuliffe FM. The association between maternal nutrition and lifestyle during pregnancy and 2-year-old offspring adiposity: analysis from the ROLO study. J Public Health [Internet]. 2016;1–10. Available from:
  42. Geraghty, A.A., Alberdi, G., O’Sullivan, E.J., O’Brien, E.C., Crosbie, B., Twomey, P.J., McAuliffe, F.M., 2016. Maternal Blood Lipid Profile during Pregnancy and Associations with Child Adiposity: Findings from the ROLO Study. PLoS One 11, e0161206.
  43. Alberdi, G., McNamara, A.E., Lindsay, K.L., Scully, H.A., Horan, M.H., Gibney, E.R., McAuliffe, F.M., 2016. The association between childcare and risk of childhood overweight and obesity in children aged 5 years and under: a systematic review. Eur. J. Pediatr. 175, 1277–1294. doi:10.1007/s00431-016-2768-9
  44. Scully, H.; Alberdi, G.; Segurado, R.; McNamara, A.; Lindsay, K.; Horan, M.; Hennessy, E.; Gibney, E.; McAuliffe, F. Child Care Exposure Influences Childhood Adiposity at 2 Years: Analysis from the ROLO Study. Child. Obes. 2016.
  45. O’Brien EC, Kilbane MT, McKenna MJ, Segurado R, Geraghty AA, McAuliffe FM. Calcium intake in winter pregnancy attenuates impact of vitamin D inadequacy on urine NTX, a marker of bone resorption. Eur. J. Nutr. 2017; : 1–9. Available from
  46. O’Brien EC, Geraghty AA, McAuliffe FM. Successful strategies to improve follow-up for longitudinal birth cohort studies. Contemporary Clinical Trials 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2017.03.003
  47. Ainscough KM, Lindsay KL, O’Sullivan EJ, Gibney ER, McAuliffe FM. Behaviour change in overweight and obese pregnancy: a decision tree to support the development of antenatal lifestyle interventions. Public health Nutrition. 2017. doi: 10.1017/S136898001700129X
  48. Kennelly MA, McAuliffe FM. Prediction and Prevention of Gestational Diabetes. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology. 2016. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2016.03.032
  49. O’Brien OA, Lindsay KL, McCarthy M, McGloin AF, Kennelly MA, McAuliffe FM. Influences on the food choices and physical activity behaviours of overweight and obese pregnant women: a qualitative study. Midwifery. 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2017.02.003.
  50. Horan MK, Donnelly JM, McKenna M, Kilbane M, Crosbie B, McAuliffe FM. The association between maternal and fetal 25OHD and infant size and adiposity at birth, 6 months and 2 years of age. BMC Nutrition. 2017.
  51. O’Brien EC, Alberti G, McAuliffe FM. The influence of socioeconomic status on gestational weight gain: A Systematic Review. Journal of Public Health. 2017. doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdx038
  52. O’Brien EC, Alberti G, Geraghty, A, McAuliffe FM. Low education predicts poor response to dietary intervention in pregnancy regardless of neighbourhood affluence- secondary analysis from the ROLO randomised control trial. Public Health Nutrition. 2017. doi: 10.1017/S136898001700195
  53. O’Brien EC, O’Sullivan EJ, Kilbane M, Geraghty A, McKenna M, McAuliffe FM. Season and vitamin D status are independently associated with glucose homeostasis in pregnancy. Nutrition and Metabolism. 2017. doi:  10.1186/s12986-017-0203-5
  54. Geraghty A, Alberti G, O’Sullivan E, O’Brien EC, Crosbie B, Twomey PJ, McAuliffe FM. Maternal and fetal blood lipid concentrations during pregnancy differ by maternal body mass index: Findings from the ROLO study. BMC pregnancy and Childbirth. 2017.
  55. Crosby D, Walsh J, Segurado R, McAuliffe FM. Interpregnancy weight changes and impact on pregnancy outcome in a cohort of women with a macrosomic first delivery. BMC Open. 2017. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016193.
  56. Lindsay KL, Brennan L, Rath A, Fagan D, Maguire OM, Smith T, McAuliffe FM. Gestational weight gain in obese pregnancy: impact on maternal and fetal metabolic parameters and birth weight. Journal of obstetrics and gynecology. 2017. doi: 10.1080/01443615.2017.1328670.
  57. Lindsay KL, Brennan L, Kennelly MA, Curran S, Coffey M, Smith T, Foley ME, Hatunic M, McAuliffe FM et al.,. Maternal metabolic response to dietary treatment for impaired glucose tolerance and gestational diabetes mellitus. Irish Journal of Medical Science.  2018. doi: 10.1007/s11845-018-1744-y
  58. Alberdi, G., O'Sullivan, E. J., Scully, H., et. al. A feasibility study of a multidimensional breastfeeding-support intervention in Ireland. Midwifery. 2017. 58, 86-92. doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2017.12.018

  59. Geraghty AA, Sexton-Oates A, O’Brien EC, Alberdi G, Fransquet P, Saffery R, McAuliffe FM. A Low Glycaemic Index Diet in Pregnancy Induces DNA Methylation Variation in Blood of Newborns: Results from the ROLO Randomised Controlled Trial. Nutrients 2018, 10, 455; doi:10.3390/nu10040455

  60. Kennelly, Maria, A.; Ainscough, Kate; Lindsay, Karen, et. al. Pregnancy Exercise and Nutrition With Smartphone Application Support: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Obstetrics & Gynecology 2018 May 2018 - Volume 131 - Issue 5 - p 818–826. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000002582

  61. O’Sullivan EJ, Alberdi G, Scully H, et al. Antenatal breastfeeding self-efficacy and breastfeeding outcomes among mothers participating in a feasibility breastfeeding-support intervention. Irish Journal of Medical Science 2018

  62. Hehir MP, Breathnach FM, Hogan JL, McAuliffe FM, Geary MP, Daly S, Higgins J, Hunter A, Morrison JJ, Burke G, Mahony R, Dicker P, Tully E, Malone FD (2017) 'Prenatal prediction of significant intertwin birth weight discordance using standard second and third trimester sonographic parameters'. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica  2017 Apr;96(4):472-478

  63. Levine, TA; Grunau, RE; Segurado, R; Daly, S; Geary, MP; Kennelly, MM; O'Donoghue, K; Hunter, A; Morrison, JJ; Burke, G; Dicker, P; Tully, EC; Malone, FD; Alderdice, FA; McAuliffe, FM (2017) 'Pregnancy-specific stress, fetoplacental haemodynamics, and neonatal outcomes in women with small for gestational age pregnancies: a secondary analysis of the multicentre Prospective Observational Trial to Optimise Paediatric Health in Intrauterine Growth Restriction'. BMJ Open 2017 Jun 21;7(6):e015326. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015326

  64. O'Farrell AC, Evans R;Silvola JM;Miller IS;Conroy E;Hector S;Cary M;Murray DW;Jarzabek MA;Maratha A;Alamanou M;Udupi GM;Shiels L;Pallaud C;Saraste A;Liljenback H;Jauhiainen M;Oikonen V;Ducret A;Cutler P;McAuliffe FM;Rousseau JA;Lecomte R;Gascon S;Arany Z;Ky B;Force T;Knuuti J;Gallagher WM;Roivainen A;Byrne AT (2017) 'A Novel Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Approach to Monitor Cardiac Metabolic Pathway Remodeling in Response to Sunitinib Malate'. PLoS ONE 2017; 12(1): e0169964

  65. Burke N, Burke G, Breathnach F, McAuliffe F, Morrison JJ, Turner MJ, Dornan S, Higgins JR, Cotter A, Geary M, McParland P, Daly S, Cody F, Dicker P, Tully E, Malone FD, Perinatal Ireland Research Consortium (2017) 'Prediction of Cesarean Delivery in the Term Nulliparous Woman: Results from the Prospective Multi-center Genesis Study'. Am Journal Obstet Gynecol 2017 Jun;216(6):598.e1-598.e11.

  66. Fee N, Hartigan L, McAuliffe FM, Higgins MF (2017) 'Education in Sepsis: a review for the clinician of what works, when and how'. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2017 Sep;39(9):772-780.

  67. Cotter D, Turner M, McAuliffe FM, Higgins MF (2017) 'Medical Students Learning Experience of the labour ward: A qualitative research study'. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2016 Nov;206:204-207.

  68. Levine TA, Grunau RE;Segurado R;Daly S;Geary MP;Kennelly MM;O'Donoghue K;Hunter A;Morrison JJ;Burke G;Dicker P;Tully EC;Malone FD;Alderdice FA;McAuliffe FM (2017) 'Pregnancy-specific stress, fetoplacental haemodynamics, and neonatal outcomes in women with small for gestational age pregnancies: a secondary analysis of the multicentre Prospective Observational Trial to Optimise Paediatric Health in Intrauterine Growth Restriction'. BMJ Open. 2017 Jun 21;7(6):e015326.

  69. Donnelly JM, Lindsay K, Walsh JM, Horan MK, O'Shea D, Molloy EJ, McAuliffe FM. (2018) Perinatal inflammation and childhood adiposity - a gender effect? J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2018 Sep 27:1-8. doi: 10.1080/14767058.2018.1517315. [Epub ahead of print]

  70. EC O'Brien, AA Geraghty, EJ O'Sullivan, JA Riordan, MK Horan, E Larkin, J Donnelly, J Mehegan, PJ Twomey, FM McAuliffe. (2018) Five Year Follow‐Up of a Low GI Dietary Randomised Controlled Trial in Pregnancy‐No Long‐Term Maternal Effects of a Dietary Intervention. BJOG 2018 Oct 10. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.15500
  71. Christian Milani, Eoghan Casey, Gabriele Andrea Lugli, Rebecca Moore, Joanna Kaczorowska, Conor Feehily, Marta Mangifesta, Leonardo Mancabelli, Sabrina Duranti, Francesca Turroni, Francesca Bottacini, Jennifer Mahony, Paul D Cotter, Fionnuala M McAuliffe, Douwe van Sinderen, Marco Ventura. (2018) Tracing mother-infant transmission of bacteriophages by means of a novel analytical tool for shotgun metagenomic datasets: METAnnotatorX.

    Microbiome. 2018 Aug 20;6(1):145. doi: 10.1186/s40168-018-0527-z.
  72. Lindsay KL, Brennan L, Kennelly MA, Curran S, Coffey M, Smith TP, Foley ME, Hatunic M, McAuliffe FM. (2018) Maternal metabolic response to dietary treatment for impaired glucose tolerance and gestational diabetes mellitus. Ir J Med Sci. 2018 Aug;187(3):701-708. doi: 10.1007/s11845-018-1744-y.

  73. Geraghty AA, O’Brien EC, Alberdi G, Horan MK, Donnelly J, Larkin E, Segurado R, Mehegan J, Molloy EJ, McAuliffe FM. (2018) Maternal protein intake during pregnancy is associated with child growth up to 5 years of age, but not through insulin-like growth factor-1: findings from the ROLO study. British Journal Nutrition. 2018 Dec;120(11):1252-1261

  74. O'Brien EC. Tsoi KY, Ma RCW, Hanson MA, Hod M, McAuliffe FM. Nutrition Through the Life Cycle: Pregnancy. In: Encyclopedia Of Food Security And Sustainability. 1st ed. Elsevier; 2018:49 - 74.

  75. McVey MK, Geraghty AA, O’Brien EC, Kilbane MT, Crowley RK, J.Twomey PJ, McKenna MJ, McAuliffe FM. An exploratory analysis of associations of diet, sun exposure, and body composition with 25OHD at five years of age: Findings from the ROLO Kids Study. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2018 Dec 31. pii: S0960-0760(18)30492-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2018.12.014. [Epub ahead of print]

  76. Bartels HC, O'Connor C, Segurado R, Mason O, Mehegan J, Geraghty AA, O'Brien E, Walsh J, McAuliffe F. Fetal growth trajectories and their association with maternal and child characteristics. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2019 Jan 6:1-7. doi: 10.1080/14767058.2018.1554041. [Epub ahead of print]