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Peer Reviewed Journals:

Bacon, K.L., Belcher, C.M., Haworth, M., and McElwain, J.C., 2013. Increased atmospheric SO2 detected from changes in leaf physiognomy across the TriassicJurassic boundary interval of East Greenland. PLoS ONE. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.006061 (available April 10th, 9pm Irish time).

Haworth, M., Elliott-Kingston, C., McElwain, J.C., 2013. Co-ordination of physiological and morphological responses of stomata to elevated [CO2] in vascular plants. Oecologia 171(1):71-82

Haworth, M., Elliott-Kingston, C., McElwain, J.C., 2012. Sulphur dioxide fumigation effects on stomatal density and index of non-resistant plants: implications for the stomatal palaeo-[CO2] proxy method. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 182: 44-54

Steinthorsdottir, M., Woodward, F. I., Surlyk, F., McElwain, J. C. 2012. Deep-time evidence of a link between elevated CO2 concentrations and perturbations in the hydrological cycle via drop in plant transpiration. Geology, 40 (9):815-818.

Bacon, K.L., Belcher, C.M., Hesselbo, S.P. and McElwain, J.C. 2011. The Triassic-Jurassic boundary carbon-isotope excursions expressed in taxonomically identified leaf cuticles. Palaios, 26 (8):461-469.

Haworth, M., Elliott-Kingston, C., McElwain, J.C., 2011. The stomatal CO2 proxy does not saturate at high atmospheric CO2 concentrations: evidence from stomatal index responses of Araucariaceae conifers. Oecologia 167 (1):11-19 

Haworth, M., Elliott-Kingston, C., McElwain, J.C., 2011. Stomatal control as a driver of plant evolution.Journal of Experimental Botany 62 (8):2419-2423

Steinthorsdottir, M., Bacon, K.L., Pope, M., Bocher, L. and McElwain, J.C., 2011. Bennettitalean leaf cuticle fragments (here Anomozamites and Pterophyllum) can be used interchangeably in stomatal frequency-based palaeo-CO2 reconstructions. Palaeontology 54(4) 867–882

Haworth, M., Gallagher, A., Elliott-Kingston, C., Raschi, A., Marandola, D., McElwain, J.C., 2010. Stomatal index responses of Agrostis canina to CO2 and sulphur dioxide: implications for palaeo-[CO2] using the stomatal proxy. New Phytologist 188 (3):845-855

Mander, L. and Twitchett, R.J., 2008. Quality of the Triassic – Jurassic bivalve fossil record in northwest Europe. Palaeontology, 51, 1213-1223.

Radley, J.D., Twitchett, R.J., Mander, L. & Cope, J.C.W. (2008) Discussion on palaeoecology of the Late Triassic extinction event in the SW UK. Journal of the Geological Society, London,165, 988–992

Harvey , M.C., Brassell , S.C. , Belcher, C.M. and Montanari, A., 2008. Combustion of Fossil Organic Matter at the K-P Boundary. Geology 36: 355-358.

Haworth , M. and McElwain, J.C., 2008. Hot, Dry, Wet, Cold or Toxic? 2008. Revisiting the Ecological significance of Leaf and Cuticular Micromorphology. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Volume 262, Issues 1–2, Pages 79–90.

Mander, L., Twitchett, R.J. and Benton, M.J., 2008. Palaeoecology of the Late Triassic extinction event in the SW UK . Journal of the Geological Society of London , 165: 319-332.

Punyasena, S.W., Eshel, G. and McElwain, J.C., 2008. The influence of climate on the spatial patterning of Neotropical plant families'. Journal of Biogeography, 35 (1):117-130.

Punyasena, S.W., Mayle, F.E.., McElwain, J.C., 2008. Quantitative estimates of glacial-Holocene temperature and precipitation change in lowland Amazonian Bolivia. GEOLOGY.

Barclay, R., McElwain, J.C., Dilcher, D. and Sageman, B., 2007. The Cuticle Database: Developing an interactive tool for taxonomic and paleoenvironmental study of the fossil cuticle record. Courier Forschung Institut Senckenburg , 258 :35-59.

Kouwenberg, L.L.R., Hines, R., and McElwain, J.C., 2007. A new transfer technique to extract and process thin and fragmented cuticle using polyester overlays. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology , 145 (3-4):243-248.

Kouwenberg, L.R., Kurschner, W.M. and McElwain, J.C., 2007. Stomatal frequency change over altitudinal gradients: Prospects for paleoaltimetry. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry , 66 :215-241.

McElwain, J.C. and Punyasena, S., 2007. Mass extinction events and the plant fossil record. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 22 (10):548-557.

McElwain, J.C. Popa , M.E. , Hesselbo, S.P., Haworth , M. and Surlyk, F., 2007. Macroecological responses of terrestrial vegetation to climate and atmospheric change across the Triassic/Jurassic boundary in East Greenland . Paleobiology, 33: 547 – 573.

Morgan, J., Lana, C., Kearsley, A., Coles, B., Belcher, C.M., Montanari, S., Dias, E., Barbosa, E. and Neumann, V., 2006. Shocked Minerals in the Distal K-T Boundary Sites: Implications for their Distribution by the Chicxulub Ejecta Plume. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 251: 264-279.

Belcher, C.M., Collinson , M.E. and Scott, A.C., 2005. Constraints on the Thermal Power Released from the Chicxulub Impactor: New Evidence from Multi-Method Charcoal Analysis. Journal of the Geological Society of London , 162: 591-602.

Haworth , M., Hesselbo, S.P., McElwain, J.C., Robinson, S.A. and Brunt, J.W., 2005. Mid Cretaceous pCO2 based on stomata of the extinct conifer Pseudofrenelopsis (Cheirolepidiaceae). Geology 33: 749-752.

McElwain, J.C., Wade-Murphy, J. and Hesselbo, S. P., 2005. Changes in carbon dioxide during an oceanic anoxic event linked to intrusion into Gondwana coals. Nature: 479-482.

Steinthorsdottir, M., Lidgard, S. and Hakansson E., 2005. Fossils, sediments, tectonics - Reconstructing palaeoenvironments in a Pliocene–Pleistocene Mediterranean microbasin. Facies, 52: 361-380.

Belcher, C.M., Collinson , M.E. , Sweet, A.R., Hildebrand, A.R. and Scott, A.C., 2004. Reply to comment on “ Fireball Passes and Nothing Burns”- The Role of Thermal Radiation in the K-T Event: Evidence from the Charcoal Record of North America by Robertson et al., Geology online forum. Page e51. Published Online: March 2004.

McElwain, J.C., 2004. Climate-independent paleoaltimetry using stomatal density in fossil leaves as a proxy for CO2 partial pressure. Geology, 32: 1017-1021.

Belcher, C.M., Collinson , M.E. , Sweet, A.R, Hildebrand, A.R. and Scott, A.C., 2003. “ Fireball Passes and Nothing Burns”- The Role of Thermal Radiation in the K-T Event: Evidence from the Charcoal Record of North America . Geology, 31: 1061-1064

Hesselbo, S.P., Morgans-Bell, H.S., McElwain, J.C., McAllister Rees and  P., Robinson , S.A. , 2003. A carbon-cycle perturbation in the Middle Jurassic and accompanying changes in the terrestrial paleoenvironment. Journal of Geology , 111: 259-276.

McElwain, J.C., Beerling, D.J. and Woodward, F.I., 1999. Fossil plants and global warming at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary. Science, 285: 1386-1390.

Beerling, D.J., McElwain, J.C. and Osborne, C.P., 1998. Stomatal responses of the 'living fossil' Ginkgo biloba L. to changes in atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Journal of Experimental Botany, 49 (326):1603-1607.

McElwain, J.C. and Chaloner, W.G., 1995. Stomatal density and index of fossil plants track atmospheric carbon dioxide in the palaeozoic. Annals of Botany, 76 :389-395.

McElwain, J.C., Mitchell, F.J.G. and Jones, M.B., 1995. Relationship of stomatal density and index of Salix cinerea to atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations of the Holocene. The Holocene, 5: 216-219.


Willis, K.J. and McElwain, J.C. (2002) The Evolution of Plants . Oxford University Press : Oxford .

Book Chapters:

McElwain, J.C., Willis, K.J. and Niklas, K. 2011. 'Long term fluctuations in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration influence plant speciation rate' In: Hodkinson, T., Jones, M., Parnell, J. and Waldren, S (eds). Climate Change and Systematics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: Systematics Association Special Series.

Belcher, C.M., 2006. Impacts and Wildfires - An Analysis of the K-T Event. In, Koeberl C and Gilmour I (eds) “Biological Processes Associated with Impact Events” Springer Verlag; 221-243.

McElwain, J.C., Willis, K.J, Lupia, R., 2005. Cretaceous CO2 decline and the radiation and diversification of angiosperms. In, Ehleringer J.R., Cerling T.E., Dearing M.D (eds). “A history of atmospheric CO2 and its effect on plants, animals, and ecosystems” . New York : Springer.

McElwain, J.C. , 2001. Atmospheric CO2 - Stomata In, Briggs D.E.G. and Crowther P.R (eds). Palaeobiology II . Oxford : Blackwell Science.

McElwain, J.C., 2000. Evolution of the Atmosphere.  In, Singer R (eds). Encyclopedia of Paleontology . Chicago : Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers.








UCD Plant Palaeoecology and Palaeobiology Group Updated: July 2013
Professor J.C. McElwain