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The Problem of Infertility

Infertility is a serious problem with common aspects in several species. For example only about 25% of humans, 35% of dairy cows and 35% of mares produce live offspring after each insemination, natural or artificial.

In cattle, infertility has a major detrimental effect on the efficiency and economics of food production. In humans, assisted reproductive technologies have been developed but the success rates are disappointly low with a live birth rate percycle of less than 25% and with the confounding problem of multiple births.

Furthermore, these technologies are invasive, expensive and often traumatic.