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Meriel McClatchie

Lecturer/Assistant Professor In Archaeology

School Of Archaeology
Newman Building
Belfield
Dublin 4

Tel: +353 1 7168314
Email: meriel.mcclatchie@ucd.ie

Biography

My research is focused on prehistoric and early medieval archaeology in Europe, with a particular interest in landscapes, settlement, food and archaeobotany (the study of past societies and landscapes through analysis of preserved non-wood plant macro-remains such as cereal grains, cereal chaff, seeds of other crops, weed seeds, fruit stone and nut shell).

I completed a BA joint honours degree in Archaeology and History at University College Cork (1995), followed by an MA degree in Methods and Techniques of Archaeological Practice at UCC (1997). My MA dissertation focused on analysis of archaeobotanical remains from rural medieval excavations in Ireland. Following completion of my MA degree, I began work as an archaeobotanist and archaeologist (licence-eligible) at the Archaeological Services Unit, UCC. I later began a PhD degree at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London, funded by an NUI Travelling Studentship in Archaeology. My PhD research explored archaeobotanical evidence for arable agriculture in Bronze Age Ireland. I also extended my research interests into the archaeology of east Africa, including fieldwork in Uganda with Dr Andrew Reid, Institute of Archaeology, University College London.

On completing my PhD thesis, I worked as a Research Fellow (2008-10) on a Heritage Council INSTAR-funded project at the School of Geography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology, Queen's University Belfast. This major research project, "Cultivating societies: assessing the evidence for agriculture in Neolithic Ireland" (http://www.chrono.qub.ac.uk/instar/), examined the nature, timing and extent of the introduction and development of agriculture in Neolithic Ireland.

In 2011, I joined the Early Medieval Archaeology Project (EMAP) team at UCD School of Archaeology (www.emap.ie), where I was responsible for collating and analysing archaeobotanical evidence from 60 early medieval excavations in Ireland. This research was funded by the Heritage Council under the INSTAR 2011 programme. Building upon my work with EMAP, I then worked as a Research Fellow (2012-14) at UCD School of Archaeology, funded by an NUI Dr Garret FitzGerald Post-doctoral Fellowship in the Humanities. This research project enabled me to explore in more detail the nature and scale of agricultural production in early medieval Ireland and beyond.

In 2015, I joined the team of a new research project investigating Late Bronze Age and Iron Age Ireland through integrated analyses of archaeological and palaeoenvironmental data. The project is based at UCC and is entitled "Seeing beyond the site: settlement and landscapes of later prehistoric Ireland" ( ucc.ie/en/archaeology/research/projects/seeingbeyondthesite/). Our project is ongoing and is funded by Heritage Council INSTAR grants (2014 and 2015). I am responsible for coordinating collation and analysis of archaeobotanical and zooarchaeological data from excavations around Ireland.

In 2016, I was appointed to a permanent lecturer (above the bar) post at UCD School of Archaeology, where I continue to develop my teaching and research into prehistoric and early medieval Europe, agricultural systems and food. 


I am strongly committed to promotion of best professional practice and have taken on a number of roles relating to management of professional bodies. 
I am a founding member of Environmental Archaeology in Ireland (2015) and the Irish Archaeobotany Discussion Group (2007). These groups were established to build professional relationships, discuss discoveries, tackle problems and establish strategies for development of the profession. I was a member of the Board of Directors at the Institute of Archaeologists of Ireland (IAI) from 2009 to 2014. I previously spent a number of years on the Managing Committee of the Association for Environmental Archaeology, which is the world's largest organisation of environmental archaeologists (Secretary, 2005-10; Ordinary member, 2004-05).

 

Professional

Honours and Awards

Year: 2013.
Title: UCD Seed Funding: participation in 16th conference of the International Work Group for Palaeoethnobotany, Thessaloniki, Greece
Year: 2012.
Title: NUI Dr Garret FitzGerald Post-Doctoral Fellowship in the Humanities: funding for two-year research project at UCD School of Archaeology
Year: 2001.
Title: NUI Travelling Studentship in Archaeology: funding for PhD research at Institute of Archaeology, University College London
       

Conference Contributions

McClatchie, M. (2016) Foodways in Neolithic Ireland. [Invited Oral Presentation], Archaeology: the discipline of things...and people, places, animals, and times, UCD, Dublin , 09-DEC-16 - 09-DEC-16.
McClatchie, M. et al. (2016) Our daily bread? Plant foods in Neolithic Ireland. [Oral Presentation], Food and farming Systems (Neolithic Studies Group), London , 28-NOV-16 - 28-NOV-16.
McClatchie, M. (2016) Do fields indicate agricultural intensification?. [Invited Oral Presentation], Field positions: approaches to understanding ancient fields, UCD, Dublin , 22-NOV-16 - 22-NOV-16.
McClatchie, M. (2016) Ancient Grains. [Invited Oral Presentation], Discovering the secrets of living in the past (Science Week), National Museum of Ireland, Dublin , 20-NOV-16 - 20-NOV-16.
McClatchie, M (2016) Changing perspectives of early medieval Irish farming. [Invited Oral Presentation], Living off the land: a study day on agriculture in Wales between c.400 and 1600 AD, Cardiff, Wales , 16-JUL-16 - 16-JUL-16.
McClatchie, M (2016) Tracking the spread of oat in Atlantic Europe. [Poster Presentation], 17th conference of the International Work Group for Palaeoethnobotany, Paris, France , 04-JUL-16 - 09-JUL-16.
McClatchie, M (2016) Conference organiser. [Conference Organising Committee Chairperson], Looking back, moving forward: 70 years of environmental archaeology in Ireland,, National Botanic Gardens, Dublin , 19-FEB-16 - 19-FEB-16.
McClatchie, M (2015) Archaeobotanical evidence for textile production in historic Ireland. [Invited Oral Presentation], Agricultural History Society of Ireland, Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, Dublin , 01-NOV-15 - 01-NOV-16.
McClatchie, M (2015) Food and identity in early medieval Atlantic Europe: the emergence of oat as a major crop. [Oral Presentation], European Association of Archaeologists, University of Glasgow , 01-SEP-15 - 01-SEP-15.
McClatchie, M (2015) Flax in prehistoric northern Europe: insights from archaeobotany. [Invited Oral Presentation], Agricultural History Society of Ireland, Armagh , 01-JUN-15 - 01-JUN-15.
McClatchie, M (2015) Developing collaboration in Irish archaeology. [Invited Oral Presentation], Collaboration and impact in environmental archaeology, Worcester , 01-FEB-15 - 01-FEB-15.
McClatchie, M (2014) Agriculture along the Atlantic coast in early medieval Europe. [Oral Presentation], Association for Environmental Archaeology: the big picture - archaeology, society and environment, Plymouth University, UK , 07-NOV-14 - 09-NOV-14.
McClatchie, M (2014) Overview: implementation and operation of the NRA Palaeoenvironmental Sampling Guidelines. [Invited Oral Presentation], Implementation and operation of the National Roads Authority Palaeoenvironmental Sampling Guidelines, National Roads Authority, Dublin , 04-JUN-14 - 04-JUN-14.
McClatchie, M (2014) Food in Viking Dublin. [Invited Oral Presentation], Viking Dublin lecture series, National Botanic Gardens, Dublin , 23-APR-14 - 23-APR-14.
McClatchie, M; Lyons, S (2013) New insights into legume production in early medieval and medieval Ireland. [Invited Oral Presentation], Revealing the past, Royal Irish Academy, Dublin, Republic of Ireland , 28-NOV-13 - 28-NOV-13.
McClatchie, M; Whitehouse, NJ; Schulting, RJ; Barratt, P; McLaughlin, TR; Bogaard, A; Colledge, S; Marchant, R, Gaffrey, J; Bunting, M.J (2013) From boom to bust? Agriculture in Neolithic Ireland. [Invited Oral Presentation], University College Cork Archaeology Society evening seminar series 2013/14, University College Cork, Republic of Ireland , 18-NOV-13 - 18-NOV-13.
McClatchie, M (2013) Crop cultivation - recent research on early medieval plant remains. [Invited Oral Presentation], The Early Medieval Archaeology Project: re-discovering the archaeology of early medieval Ireland 400-1100 AD, Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, Dublin, Republic of Ireland , 20-SEP-13 - 20-SEP-13.
McClatchie, M; McCormick, F; Kerr, T; O'Sullivan, A (2013) The early medieval agricultural revolution in Ireland: archaeobotanical evidence for food production and preparation, AD 500-1100. [Oral Presentation], 16th Conference of the International Work Group for Palaeoethnobotany, Thessaloniki, Greece , 17-JUN-13 - 22-JUN-13.
Zapata, L; Hardy, K; McClatchie, M; Out, WA (2013) Plant use during the Mesolithic on European coastlines. [Keynote Address], Muge 150th: 150th anniversary of the discovery of the Mesolithic shellmiddens, Salvaterra de Magos, Muge, Portugal , 21-MAR-13 - 23-MAR-13.
McClatchie, M. (2012) The early medieval agricultural revolution: new approaches towards investigating the archaeobotanical evidence. [Invited Oral Presentation], UCD School of Archaeology: new research in the human past, UCD School of Archaeology , 13-DEC-12 - 13-DEC-12.
McClatchie, M; Whitehouse, N; Bogaard, A; Colledge, S; Schulting, R; Barratt, P; McLaughlin, R (2012) The introduction of agriculture into Ireland: evidence from plant macro-remains. [Poster Presentation], Early farmers: the view from archaeology and science, University of Cardiff , 14-MAY-12 - 16-MAY-12.
McClatchie, M (2012) Tullahedy and Neolithic agriculture in Ireland. [Invited Oral Presentation], Tullahedy - Neolithic settlement in north Munster, University College Cork , 24-FEB-12 - 25-FEB-12.
McClatchie, M; Whitehouse, N; Bogaard, A; Colledge, S; Schulting, R; Barratt, P; McLaughlin, R (2011) The introduction of agriculture into Ireland: evidence from plant macro-remains. Hands across the water: the archaeology of the cross-channel Neolithic, University of Bournemouth , 06-MAY-11 - 08-MAY-11.
McClatchie, M; Eogan, J; Hardy, K; Berridge, D (2011) Detecting the use of tuberous food plants through starch grain analyses. [Oral Presentation], Institute of Archaeologists of Ireland: archaeology and science, Dublin , 31-MAR-11 - 02-APR-11.
McClatchie, M; Whitehouse, N; Bogaard, A; Colledge, S; Schulting, R; Barratt, P; McLaughlin, R (2010) Cultivating societies: evidence from plant macro-remains. [Invited Oral Presentation], Cultivating societies: assessing the evidence for agriculture in Neolithic Ireland, Queen's University Belfast , 18-OCT-10 - 19-OCT-10.
McClatchie, M; Whitehouse, N; Barratt, P; McLaughlin, R; Reimer, P; Schulting, R; Bogaard, A; Colledge, S; Marchant, R (2010) Cultivating societies: assessing the evidence for arable agriculture in Neolithic Ireland. [Invited Oral Presentation], Reframing the Neolithic, University College Dublin , 07-AUG-10 - 07-AUG-10.
McClatchie, M; Whitehouse, N; McLaughlin, R; Schulting, R; Bogaard, A; Barratt, P (2010) Early agriculture in Ireland: investigating the evidence for plant macro­remains. [Oral Presentation], 15th symposium of the International Work Group for Palaeoethnobotany, Wilhelmshaven , 31-MAY-10 - 05-JUN-10.
McClatchie, M; Whitehouse, N; Barratt, P; Schulting, R; Bogaard, A; McLaughlin, R; Colledge, S; Marchant, R; Reimer, P (2010) Cultivating societies: assessing the evidence for arable agriculture in Neolithic Ireland. [Invited Oral Presentation], Institute of Archaeologists of Ireland: INSTAR and archaeological research in Ireland, Galway , 16-APR-10 - 17-APR-10.
McClatchie, M; McLaughlin, R.; Whitehouse, N; Schulting, R; Colledge, S; Barratt, P; Bogaard, A (2010) Early agriculture in Ireland: investigating the evidence for plant macro­remains. [Oral Presentation], Association for Environmental Archaeology: The environmental archaeology of the North, University of Aberdeen , 30-MAR-10 - 01-APR-10.

Committees

Committee : Environmental Archaeology in Ireland (Committee; 2015-present)
Committee : Institute of Archaeologists of Ireland (Board of Directors; 2009-2014)
Committee : Journal of Irish Archaeology (Editorial Board; 2009-2014)
Committee : Association for Environmental Archaeology (Managing Committee, 2004-2010)
Committee : Papers from the Institute of Archaeology (Editorial Board; 2004-2005)
 

Education

Year 2009 Institution: University College London
Qualification: PhD Subject:
Year 1995 Institution: University College Cork
Qualification: BA Subject:
Year 1997 Institution: University College Cork
Qualification: MA Subject:
   

Outreach Activities

I have established a blog for a general audience to draw attention to and provide information about my research: http://ancientfoodandfarming.blogspot.ie/

Journals Edited

Environmental Archaeology: Editorial Board member.
Journal Of Archaeological Science: Reviewer.
Quaternary Science Reviews: Reviewer.
World Archaeology: Reviewer.
Vegetation History And Archaeobotany: Reviewer.
Environmental Archaeology: Reviewer.
Journal Of Wetland Archaeology: Reviewer.
The Journal Of Irish Archaeology : Editorial Board member.
Papers From The Institute Of Archaeology (Pia): Editorial Board member.
 

Publications

Books

McCormick, F; Kerr, TR; McClatchie, M; O'Sullivan, A (2014) Early medieval agriculture, livestock and cereal production in Ireland, AD 400-1100. Oxford: Archaeopress. [Details]

Book Chapters

McClatchie, M (2016) 'Cultivating societies: assessing the evidence for cereal remains in Neolithic Ireland' In: McClatchie, M; Schulting, R; Whitehouse, N (eds). Living landscapes: exploring Neolithic Ireland and its wider context (accepted). Oxford: Archaeopress. [Details]
Becker, K; Geary, B; Eogan, J; McClatchie, M; Nagle, C; Armit, I (2016) 'Seeing beyond the site -- an innovative approach to examining later prehistoric Ireland' In: Stanley, M (eds). Above and below: the archaeology of roads and light rail. Dublin: Transport Infrastructure Ireland. , pp.13-20 [Details]
McClatchie, M (2015) 'Archaeobotany and past landscapes' In: Chavarría Arnau, A; Reynolds, A (eds). Detecting and understanding historic landscapes. Mantova: SAP, Società archeologica s.r.l. , pp.297-324 [Details]
Eogan, J; Becker, K; McClatchie, M; Armit, I; Nagle, C; Gearey, B (2015) 'The prehistory of the southeast' In: McGlynn, G; Stefanini, B (eds). The quaternary of southeast Ireland: field guide. Dublin: Quaternary Research Association and Irish Quaternary Association. , pp.35-43 [Details]
McClatchie, M (2014) 'Archaeobotany of agricultural intensification in environmental archaeology' In: Smith, C (eds). Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology. New York: Springer. , pp.310-318 [DOI] [Details]
Fuller, DQ; Stevens, C; McClatchie, M (2014) 'Routine activities, tertiary refuse and labor organization: social inferences from everyday archaeobotany' In: Madella, M; Lancelotti, C; Savard, M (eds). Ancient Plants and People: Contemporary Trends in Archaeobotany. Tuscon: University of Arizona Press. , pp.174-217 [Details]
McClatchie, M, Fuller, DQ (2014) 'Leaving a lasting impression: arable economies and cereal impressions in Africa and Europe' In: Stevens, CJ; Nixon, S; Murray, MA; Fuller, DQ (eds). Archaeology of African plant use. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press. , pp.259-265 [Details]
McClatchie, M (2014) 'Association for Environmental Archaeology' In: Smith, C (eds). Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology. New York: Springer. , pp.555-556 [DOI] [Details]
McClatchie, M; Whitehouse, N; Schulting, R; Bogaard, A; Barratt, P (2009) 'Cultivating societies: new insights into agriculture in Neolithic Ireland' In: Danaher, E; Eogan, J; Stanley, M (eds). Dining and dwelling. Dublin: National Roads Authority. , pp.1-8 [Details]
McClatchie, M (2007) 'The study of plant macro-remains: investigating past societies and landscapes' In: Murphy, E; Whitehouse, N (eds). Environmental archaeology in Ireland. Oxford: Oxbow. , pp.194-220 [Details]
McClatchie, M (1998) 'Cereal killers and other plants in medieval and later medieval Ireland' In: Comber, M (eds). Association of Young Irish Archaeologists: Proceedings of Annual Conference 1998. Galway: AYIA. , pp.45-49 [Details]

Edited Books

McClatchie, M; Schulting, R; Whitehouse, N (Ed.). (2016) Living landscapes: exploring Neolithic Ireland and its wider context (forthcoming). Oxford: Archaeopress. [Details]

Peer Reviewed Journals

Schulting, R; McClatchie, M; Sheridan, A; McLaughlin, R; Barratt, P; Whitehouse, N (2017) 'Radiocarbon dates for a multi-phase passage tomb on Baltinglass Hill, Co. Wicklow (accepted)'. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society and Journal of Social Archaeology, . [Details]
McClatchie, M; Bogaard, A; Colledge, S; Whitehouse, N; Schulting, R; Barratt, P; McLaughlin, R (2016) 'Farming and foraging in Neolithic Ireland: an archaeobotanical perspective'. Antiquity, 350 :302-318. [DOI] [Details]
McLaughlin, TR; Whitehouse, NJ; Schulting, RJ, McClatchie, M; Barratt, P; Bogaard, A (2016) 'The changing face of Neolithic and Bronze Age Ireland: a big data approach to the settlement and burial records'. Journal of World Prehistory, . [DOI] [Details]
McClatchie, M. McCormick, F. Kerr, T.R., and O'Sullivan, A (2015) 'Early medieval farming and food production: a review of the archaeobotanical evidence from archaeological excavations in Ireland'. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 24 :179-186. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
McClatchie, M; Bogaard, A; Colledge, S; Whitehouse, N; Schulting, R; Barratt, P; McLaughlin, R (2014) 'Neolithic farming in north-western Europe: archaeobotanical evidence from Ireland'. JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE, 51 :206-215. [DOI] [Details]
McClatchie, M (2014) 'Food production in the Bronze Age: analysis of plant macro-remains from Haughey's Fort, Co. Armagh'. Emania, 22 :33-48. [Details]
Whitehouse, NJ; Schulting, RJ; McClatchie, M; Barratt, P; McLaughlin, TR; Bogaard, A; Colledge, S; Marchant, R; Gaffrey, J; Bunting, MJ (2014) 'Neolithic agriculture on the European western frontier: the boom and bust of early farming in Ireland'. JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE, 51 :181-205. [DOI] [Details]
Warren, G; Davis, S; McClatchie, M; Sands, R (2014) 'The potential role of humans in structuring the wooded landscapes of Mesolithic Ireland: a review of data and discussion of approaches'. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 23 (5):629-646. [DOI] [Details]
McClatchie, M (2011) 'A long tradition of cereal production'. Seanda, 6 :8-10. [Details]
Walsh, F; Lyons, S; McClatchie, M (2011) 'A post-built Early Neolithic house at Kilmainham, Co. Meath'. Archaeology Ireland, 25 (3):35-37. [Details]
Whitehouse, N; McClatchie, M; Barratt P; Schulting, R; McLaughlin, R; Bogaard, A (2010) 'INSTAR - Cultivating societies'. Archaeology Ireland, 24 (2):16-19. [Details]
McClatchie, M (2006) 'Review of Plants, People and Evolution: a Meeting in Honour of Barbara Pickersgill, Linnean Society and Society of Antiquaries'. Papers from the Institute of Archaeology (Pia), 17 :117-119. [DOI] [Details]
Fredengren, C; McClatchie, M; Stuijts, I (2004) 'Connections and distance: investigating social and agricultural systems relating to early medieval crannogs in Ireland'. Environmental Archaeology, 9 (2):173-178. [DOI] [Details]
   

Published Reports

McClatchie, M; O Carroll, E; Reilly, E (2015) National Roads Authority palaeoenvironmental sampling guidelines: retrieval, analysis and reporting of plant macro-remains, wood, charcoal, insects and pollen from archaeological excavations. National Roads Authority, Dublin. [Details]
Harney, L., O'Sullivan, A., McCormick, F., Kerr, T., Kinsella, J., McClatchie, M., Reilly, E., Keating, D., Seaver, M., and O'Hara, R. (2010) A Bibliography of Early Medieval Archaeology in Ireland: Version 3. The Early Medieval Archaeology Project (EMAP), University College Dublin/Queens University Belfast. Available Online [Details]
           

Reports

McClatchie, M. (2014) Non-wood plant macro-remains. (In G. Scally, High Island (Ardoileán), Co. Galway: excavation of an early medieval monastery). Dublin: Reports [Details]
McClatchie M (2014) Non-wood macrofossil analysis (In A. Lynch, Poulnabrone: an early Neolithic portal tomb in Ireland). Dublin: Reports [Details]
McClatchie, M (2014) Non-wood plant macro-remains (In M.F. Hurley, C. Brett, Archaeological excavations at South Main Street 2003-2005). Cork: Reports [Details]
McClatchie, M (2012) The plant remains from Iron Age deposits at Kerloge, Co. Wexford (02E0606) (In C. McLoughlin, Excavation of an Iron Age ring-ditch and associated features at Kerloge, Co. Wexford). Reports [Details]
McClatchie, M (2011) Analysis of non-wood plant macro-remains (In R.M. Cleary, H. Kelleher, Archaeological excavations at Tullahedy, County Tipperary: Neolithic settlement in North Munster). Cork: Reports [Details]
McClatchie, M (2010) Analysis of non-wood plant macro-remains from Gransha (In R.M. Chapple, The excavation of an enclosed Middle Bronze Age cemetery at Gransha, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland). Oxford: Reports [Details]
McClatchie, M (2008) Analysis on non-wood plant macro-remains (In J. Carroll, F. Ryan and K. Wiggins, Archaeological excavations at Glebe South and Darcystown, Balrothery, Co. Dublin, Volume 2: Balrothery excavations). Dublin: Reports [Details]
McClatchie, M (2008) The archaeobotanical material (In R.M. Cleary, Excavation of an early medieval settlement and other sites at Dromthacker, Tralee, Co. Kerry). Reports [Details]
McClatchie, M (2008) Analysis of non-wood plant macro-remains (In R.M. Chapple, The excavation of Early Neolithic and Early Bronze Age sites at Oakgrove, Gransha, County Londonderry). Reports [Details]
McClatchie, M (2008) Plant remains from site C; Plant remains from site A; Plant remains from Conva (In M. Doody, The Ballyhoura Hills Project). Bray: Reports [Details]
McClatchie, M (2007) The plant remains (In M Doody, Excavations at Curraghatoor, Co.Tipperary). Cork: Reports [Details]
McClatchie, M (2007) The plant remains (In R.M. Cleary, Excavation of medieval remains in Boherash townland, Glanworth, Co. Cork). Reports [Details]
McClatchie, M (2006) The plant remains (In R.M. Cleary, Excavations of an Early-Medieval period enclosure at Ballynagallagh, Lough Gur, Co. Limerick). Reports [Details]
McClatchie, M (2004) The archaeobotanical material (In M. McCarthy, Excavations at Castleview, Little Island, Co. Cork). Reports [Details]
McClatchie, M (2003) The plant remains (In RM Cleary, MF Hurley, Cork city excavations 1984-2000). Cork: Reports [Details]
McClatchie, M (2002) The plant remains (In C. Fredengren, Crannogs: a study of people's interaction with lakes, with particular reference to Lough Gara in the north-west of Ireland). Bray: Reports [Details]
McClatchie, M (2001) Archaeobotanical remains (In R.M. Cleary, Old Head, Kinsale, Co. Cork). Reports [Details]
McClatchie, M (2000) Charred plant remains (In R.M. Cleary, Labbamolaga, Co. Cork). Reports [Details]
                                                                                                 

Research

Research Interests

Late prehistoric farming in southern Britain: a comparative study of archaeobotanical data from five Iron Age sites. Funded by the Association for Environmental Archaeology Research Fund (2015), this project is investigating agricultural remains from several Iron Age excavations in Britain. Together with Dr Sue Colledge and Prof. Gordon Hillman (Institute of Archaeology, University College London),  I am completing work on plant remains assemblages that was begun by Hillman several decades ago.
 
Seeing beyond the site: settlement and landscapes of later prehistoric Ireland. Funded by Heritage Council INSTAR grants (2014 and 2015), this project is investigating Late Bronze Age and Iron Age Ireland through integrated analyses of archaeological and palaeoenvironmental data. I am responsible for co-ordinating collation and analysis of archaeobotanical and zooarchaeological data from excavations around Ireland. Further information on the project can be found at: ucc.ie/en/archaeology/research/projects/seeingbeyondthesite/.

Comparative pathways to agriculture. Funded by a European Research Council Advanced Grant, this five-year project began in 2013 under the direction of Prof. Dorian Fuller at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London. The project will produce the first global comparative synthesis of the convergent evolution of domesticated plants and early agricultural systems. I have worked with the project team since 2015 to provide expertise on the domestication of oat and other crops.

The early medieval agricultural revolution: archaeobotanical evidence for transformations in crop production in Ireland within its northwest European context, AD 500-1100. I recently completed a post-doctoral research fellowship at UCD School of Archaeology, funded by an NUI Dr Garret FitzGerald Post-doctoral Fellowship in the Humanities. I undertook a research project on agriculture in early medieval Ireland, exploiting one of the richest archaeological and environmental datasets in Europe in order to explore how people in early medieval Ireland transformed their environment and ultimately their society through large-scale production of cereal crops. Detailed and innovative analyses of newly available, high-quality plant-remains data from more than 80 excavated archaeological sites provided a new basis for re-interpreting the nature, scale and intensity of farming practices. Temporal and regional variation were explored, and the Irish evidence was examined in its wider context through comparison with data from elsewhere in north-west Europe.

New insights into legume production in early medieval and medieval Ireland. Archaeological research into cultivated plants is often focused upon cereals, resulting in a relatively poor understanding of the role of other crops. This project undertook the first ever comprehensive review of archaeological evidence for cultivated legumes in Ireland, tracing their early appearance in the record during the early medieval period through to their establishment as significant crops. Funded by the Royal Irish Academy Archaeology Research Grants scheme 2012.

Early Medieval Archaeology Project: the archaeology of livestock and cereal production. EMAP is an on-going research project based at UCD and Queen's University Belfast. I was a member of the EMAP project team at UCD in 2011, during which time I collated and analysed published and unpublished non-wood plant macro-remains evidence for agricultural activity from 60 excavations in early medieval Ireland. Funded by the Heritage Council INSTAR 2011 programme (www.emap.ie).

Cultivating societies: assessing the evidence for agriculture in Neolithic Ireland. This project was based at Queen's University Belfast and examined the extent, nature and timing of Neolithic farming in Ireland through the collation, integration and analysis of unpublished and published archaeological, archaeobotanical, zooarchaeological, palaeoecological and C14 data. I was employed as a Research Fellow and Co-investigator on this project, and was responsible for collation and analysis of archaeobotanical data from more than 50 Neolithic excavations. Research revealed that arable agriculture spread quickly throughout the island following its arrival. By contrast, evidence for arable farming was more difficult to detect during the later Neolithic period. Funded by the Heritage Council INSTAR 2008-2010 programmes (http://www.chrono.qub.ac.uk/instar/).

Food plants in the past: building a reference collection of microscopic food plant remains. This project established a reference collection of starch granules from native starchy tuberous plants, which it is hoped will enable researchers in Ireland to develop the technique of starch identification in the reconstruction of past dietary preferences. Funded by the Heritage Council Archaeology Grants Scheme 2008 and Heritage Research Grants Scheme 2010 (http://geneticresources.biodiversityireland.ie/crop-wild-relatives/what-are-cwrs/wild-plants-eaten-by-our-ancestors/).

(PhD) Arable agriculture and social organisation: a study of crops and farming systems in Bronze Age Ireland. Previous studies on this topic were based mainly upon evidence from plant impressions on ceramic vessels, which indicated that barley was the predominant crop of this period, with wheat playing a minor role in farming economies. Increasing intensification in agricultural production was assumed. My PhD research at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London explored an alternative dataset: charred plant macro-remains recovered from archaeological excavations. Collation and analysis of mainly unpublished data, as well as creation of new data through laboratory work, provided a strong contrast to evidence from the seed impressions record, demonstrating a greater range of crop types and agricultural strategies than previously suggested. Funded by NUI Travelling Studentship in Archaeology.

Research Projects

Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : Participation in major international archaeobotany conference, Greece, 2013
Start Date / End Date : 01-MAY-13 / 31-OCT-14
   

Collaborators

Internal Collaborators

Early Medieval Archaeology Project: EMAP  (funded by INSTAR)
Prof. Aidan O'Sullivan, UCD School of Archaeology
 

External Collaborators

Honorary Researcher
I am currently an Honorary Senior Research Associate at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London

Affiliated Researcher
I am currently as Affiliated Researcher on the Early Medieval Atlas project, UCL (
2015-date). This is a collaborative venture to analyse spatial evidence for early medieval societies in Europe.

RECENT COLLABORATIONS

Comparative pathways to agriculture
(University College London
)
Visiting Research Fellow (2015-current)
First ever global synthesis of evolution of domesticated plants and agricultural systems, including secondary domestication during the Bronze Age. Website. Funded by ERC Advanced Grant 2012.
PI: Prof. Dorian Fuller (Institute of Archaeology, UCL)
Co-Investigators: Chris Stevens, Charlene Murphy, Leilani Lucas, Eleanor Kingwell Banham (Institute of Archaeology, UCL)
 
Late prehistoric farming in southern Britain: a comparative study of archaeobotanical data from five Iron Age sites
Principal Investigator (2015-current)
Investigating agricultural remains from Iron Age excavations in Britain. Funded by Association for Environmental Archaeology Research Fund 2015.
Co-Investigators: Dr Sue Colledge and Prof. Gordon Hillman (Institute of Archaeology, UCL)
 
Seeing beyond the site: settlement and landscapes of later prehistoric Ireland 
(University College Cork)
Co-Investigator (2015-current)
Investigating Bronze Age and Iron Age Ireland through integrated analyses of archaeological and palaeoenvironmental data. Website. Funded by Heritage Council INSTAR programme 2014-15.
PIs: Dr Katharina Becker and Dr Ben Gearey (Department of Archaeology, UCC).

Reconstruction of Viking house and garden (National Botanic Gardens, Dublin)
Co-researcher (2013-14)
Funded by OPW and Dublin City Council
Project leader: Dr Matthew Jebb, Director, National Botanic Gardens, Dublin
Co-researchers: Prof. Aidan O'Sullivan, UCD School of Archaeology; Dr Ruth Johnson, City Archaeologist, Dublin City Council

EUROEVOL: Cultural evolution of Neolithic Europe, c. 6000-2000 cal BC
(University College London)
Research assistant (2012-13)
Examined demographic, economic, social and cultural patterns to see how farming transformed Neolithic and Early Bronze Age Europe. Website. Funded by ERC Advanced Grant 2009.
PI: Prof. Stephen Shennan, Institute of Archaeology, UCL
Co-Investigator: Dr Sue Colledge, Institute of Archaeology, UCL

Early Medieval Archaeology Project: EMAP (University College Dublin)
Research Environmental Archaeologist (2011)
Investigated history, character and results of early medieval excavations. Website. Funded by Heritage Council INSTAR programme 2011.
PIs: Prof. Finbar McCormick, School of Geography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology, Queens University Belfast
Co-I: Dr Thomas Kerr, School of Geography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology, QUB

Cultivating societies: assessing the evidence for agriculture in Neolithic Ireland (Queen's University Belfast)
Co-Investigator (2008-10)
Examined Neolithic farming through analysis of archaeological and environmental data. Website. Funded by Heritage Council INSTAR programme 2008-10.
PI: Dr Nicki Whitehouse, School of Geography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology, Queen's University Belfast
Co-Investigators: Prof. Amy Bogaard and Prof. Rick Schulting, School of Archaeology, University of Oxford
Research Fellows: Dr Phil Barratt and Dr Rowan McLaughlin, School of Geography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology, QUB

Food plants in the past: building a reference collection of microscopic food plant remains
Co-Investigator (2008-10)
Project established a reference collection of starch granules from native starchy tuberous plants in Ireland, enabling researchers to develop the technique of starch identification in the reconstruction of past dietary preferences. Website. Funded by Heritage Council Grants Scheme.
Co-Investigators: James Eogan, National Roads Authority, Ireland; Dr Karen Hardy, ICREA, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; Dominic Berridge, National Parks and Wildlife Service, Ireland