Researchers at UCD


Eoin O'Neill

Lecturer/Asst. Professor In Environmental Policy

Earth Institute
University College Dublin
Dublin 4

Tel: +353 1 716 2674


Dr. Eoin O'Neill is a tenured Lecturer in Environmental Policy at UCD Planning and Environmental Policy, serves on the executive management team of the UCD Earth Institute and is a member of UCD Geary Institute for Public Policy. He holds BA (Hons) and MRUP degrees, and a PhD in planning and economics. He is a chartered planner with the Royal Town Planning Institute (MRTPI). He also completed the mini-MBA program at Loyola University Chicago. Prior to being appointed at UCD he worked as a Technical Specialist in Flood Risk Management in the UK Environment Agency.

Eoin is an active researcher and seeks to advance research findings to inform policy. His research interests concern the interface of human relations with the natural and built environments, under the broad themes of risk (perception and behaviour), and policy design (incentives and regulation of externalities). He is involved in a number of funded research projects across these areas and has published widely in such international journals as Risk Analysis, Environmental Pollution, Journal of Hydrology, Journal of the American Planning Association, and Urban Studies.

In addition to acting as an expert reviewer for funding bodies and publications, Eoin has held visiting positions and delivered lectures at Peking University Beijing,
DePaul University Chicago and the University of Indiana at Bloomington (The Ostrom Workshop).  He has also delivered lectures at, inter alia, the University of Illinois at Chicago, University of Surrey (Environmental Psychology Research Centre), and the University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee. In 2016 he was a MOC Affiliate Network participant at the Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness, Harvard Business School.




Association: Royal Town Planning Institute, Function/Role: Chartered Member
Association: Geographical Society of Ireland, Function/Role: Member
Association: The International Academic Association on Planning, Law, and Property Rights (PLPR), Function/Role: Member


Committee : School of Architecture, Planning and Environmental Policy - Executive Committee (Oct 2017 - present)
Committee : School of Architecture, Planning and Environmental Policy - Finance Planning Group (Oct 2017 - present)
Committee : College of Engineering and Architecture - Athena Swan Steering Group (Dec 2017 - present)
Committee : Dublin Chamber - NPF/Infrastructure Policy Taskforce (Mar 2017 - present)
Committee : UCD Earth Institute - Executive Committee (Nov 2014 - present)
Committee : ALPEP Programme Board, College of Eng & Architecture (Jan 2016 - Aug 2017)
Committee : Co-ordinator of Planning Futures series (May 2016 - May 2017)
Committee : Earth and Natural Science PhD Management Executive (Sept 2013 - Feb 2016)
Committee : University Selection Committee Universitas 21 Undergraduate Summer Scholarships Competitions 2014 (Mar 2014)
Committee : College of Human Sciences - Internationalisation Committee (Sept 2013 - Aug 2015)
Committee : School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Policy - Graduate Studies Committee (Sept 2013 - Aug 2015)
Committee : School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Policy - Executive Committee (Sept 2013 - Aug 2015)
Committee : School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Policy - School Research Committee (Sept 2010 - Aug 2014)
Committee : Co-ordinator GPEP Annual School Seminar Series (Sept 2010 - Aug 2014)

Outreach Activities

General media coverage:
National Planning Framework in Fora, The Sunday Times
'FloodRisk2WellWater' in Green News,
Rural Water News
'FloodPAP' in Irish TimesBray People, Wicklow Times
'Relay Risk' in Irish Examiner, Rural Water News, UCD Today
'Boom to Bust' in Farmers Journal, Bray People, Dundalk Democrat, Western People, KCLR 96FM, Shannonside FM
'Planning Futures' in The Planner (Nov; Dec), UCD Today
Flooding in Ireland policy workshop in Irish Times

Recent media contributions:
Irish Times Op-Ed, Sept 2017
The Times Op-Ed, June 2017
Eolas Magazine opinion piece, March 2016
Irish Times Op-Ed, Jan 2016
Expert Witness: Houses of the Oireachtas Joint Committee on European Union Affairs meeting on 'Engagement on the Future of Europe'. Leinster House, 29 November 2017.  
Invited Speaker: Policy and Society Workshop organised by Geological Survey of Ireland. GSI Dublin, September 2017.
Invited Expert Contributor: Workshop for stakeholders concerning Domestic Waste Water Treatment Systems in Ireland. Trinity College Dublin, May 2017.
Invited Speaker: Behavioural Economics and Environmental Policy workshop organised by UCD Behavioural Science and Public Policy Group. UCD Geary Institute, March 2017.
Co-ordinator: Planning Futures programme of events celebrating 50 years of planning education at UCD. This programme (2016-17) comprised five planning-themed events with Irish and international speakers and panellists.

The series attracted c. 500 attendees, comprising planners, allied professionals, academics and general public. The event themed
'Reflections: the past, present and future of planning' included a keynote address by Minister Damien English TD, Minister of State for Housing and Urban Renewal. The four other event themes were: Urban Design, Mobile Futures, Future Cities, and Green Cities.
Invited speaker and panellist: EPA National Water Event 2016 Working Together from Source to Sea, Science to Action.  Galway, June 2016.

Invited speaker and panellist: Geological Survey of Ireland Social Acceptance and Public Understanding of GeoSciences Workshop. GSI Dublin, May 2016.

Invited speaker and panellist: Flooding and Climate Change event by Green Foundation Ireland, Apr 2016: 

Event chaired by former Minister for the Environment John Gormley and with panelists Dr. Cara Augustenborg and Duncan Stewart.  Also included contributions from Eamon Ryan TD (former Minister for Energy, Communications & Natural Resources) and former MEP Nuala Ahern.

Invited speaker and panellist: Barrogstown/Kilmacredock rural wastewater workshop, Carton House, Jan 2016.

Organiser and speaker: RelayRisk workshop - communicating risk-based enforcement, Jun 2015.

Participant in Royal Irish Academy Scientist and Oireachtas pairing scheme, May 2015.

Invited Speaker: Planning for flooding CPD event at Fingal County Council, April 2015.

Organising committee: Science and Solutions for a Sustainable Environment Conference, UCD Earth Institute, Dec 2014.

Invited speaker: Flood Commission launch by Dublin City Council & Geographical Society of Ireland, Feb 2013.

Invited speaker: Social acceptability concerns about onshore wind energy organised by Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland. SEAI, July 2012.

Organiser and speaker: Flooding in Ireland - Perceptions, Preparedness and Policy, March 2012:

This one-day seminar was about sharing knowledge and research findings concerning socio-economic policy issues associated with flood risk management, with a focus on Ireland. Minister Brian Hayes TD (Minister responsible for flood risk management) opened the event.  Keynote addresses were delivered by Dr. Iain White of University of Manchester and Dr. Christian Kuhlicke of Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig. The event was attended by c. 100 attendees from emergency services providers, engineers and planners from local authorities, OPW, insurance companies, as well as academics from multiple discipline.

Invited speaker: UCD Planning with IPI & RTPI - Professional Planning Interface Workshop, May 2011.

Organiser and speaker: Research dissemination seminars (nine) hosted at regional locations, 2011/12:

This knowledge exchange project included a series of public seminars, hosted at regional locations around Ireland, with the findings of recent research projects presented to local communities that were subjects of the research and impacted by new patterns of development and environmental change.  Seminars speakers and location included: Dr Karen Foley (UCD) in Killarney; Dr. Simon McDonnell (CUNY) in Dublin; Dr. Mirko Moro (University of Stirling) in Bray; Dr. Menelaos Gkartzios (Newcastle University) in Naas; Dr. Fearghal King (TransLink, Vancouver) in Carlow; Dr. Craig Bullock and Dr. Finbarr Brereton (both UCD) in Carrick-on-Shannon; Dr. Marcus Collier (UCD) in Athlone; Dr. Terence McFadden (UCD) in Castlebar; Dr Eoin O'Neill (UCD) in Dublin.

Journals Edited

Geoforum: Reviewer.
Risk Analysis : An Official Publication Of The Society For Risk Analysis: Reviewer.
Risks: Reviewer.
International Journal Of Disaster Risk Reduction: Reviewer.
Disasters: Reviewer.
International Journal Of Environmental Research And Public Health: Reviewer.
Geosciences: Reviewer.
Water Science And Technology: Water Supply: Reviewer.
Environmental Communication: Reviewer.
Public Understanding Of Science: Reviewer.
Habitat International: Reviewer.
Ethics, Place And Environment: Reviewer.
Professional Geographer: Reviewer.
Planning Theory: Reviewer.
Journal Of Environmental Policy And Planning: Reviewer.
Environment And Planning A: Reviewer.
Journal Of The American Planning Association: Reviewer.
Planning Theory And Practice: Reviewer.
European Journal Of Bioethics: Reviewer.

Other Activities

Project Reviewer: European Research Council
External Examiner (PhD): University of Manchester
Project Reviewer: Czech Science Foundation



Book Chapters

Lennon M, Scott M, O'Neill E (2018) 'Urban Design and Adapting to Flood Risk: The Role of Green Infrastructure' In: E Hamin, Y Abunnasr, RL Ryan (eds). Planning for Climate Change: A Reader in Green Infrastructure and Sustainable Design for Resilient Cities. New York: Routledge Press. [Details]
Scott M, Lennon M, O'Neill E. (2015) 'Reframing urban design in an era of environmental risk: ecosystem services, urban resilience and flood management' In: Murray M. et al (eds). A Sense of Place: Multidisciplinary Essays in Honour of Malachy McEldowney. Belfast: Queen's University of Belfast. [Details]
Russell P, O'Neill E. (2007) 'Dublin Docklands Reference Case' In: Haccou HA, Deelstra T, Krosnicka K, Dol M, Kramer M (eds). MILUnet Guide: Practitioners' Handbook for Multifunctional Intensive Land Use. AK Gouda, Netherlands: Habiforum. [Details]

Peer Reviewed Journals

Shahab S, Clinch JP, O'Neill E. (2018) 'Title: An Analysis of the Factors Influencing Transaction Costs in Transferable Development Rights Programmes'. Ecological Economics, . [Details]
O'Neill E, Devitt C, Lennon M, Duvall P, Astori L, Ford R, Hughes C. (2018) 'The dynamics of justification in policy reform: insights from water policy debates in Ireland'. Environmental Communication, 12 (4):451-461. Available Online [Details]
Andrada L, O'Dwyer J, O'Neill E, Hynds P. (2018) 'Surface water flooding, groundwater contamination, and enteric disease in developed countries: A scoping review of connections and consequences'. Environmental Pollution, 236 :540-549. Available Online [Details]
Shahab S, Clinch JP, O'Neill E. (2018) 'Estimates of Transaction Costs in Transfer of Development Rights Programs'. Journal of the American Planning Association, 84 (1):61-75. Available Online [Details]
O'Neill E. (2018) 'Expanding the horizons of integrated flood risk management: A critical analysis from an Irish Perspective'. International Journal of River Basin Management, 16 (1):71-77. Available Online [Details]
Shahab S, Clinch JP, O'Neill E. (2018) 'Accounting for Transaction Costs in Planning Policy Evaluation'. Land Use Policy, 70 :263-272. Available Online [Details]
Hynds P, Naughton O, O'Neill E, Mooney S. (2018) 'Efficacy of a National Hydrological Risk Communication Strategy: Domestic Wastewater Treatment Systems in the Republic of Ireland'. Journal of Hydrology, 558 :205-213. Available Online [Details]
Shahab S, Clinch JP, O'Neill E. (2018) 'Timing and Distributional Aspects of Transaction Costs in TDR Programs'. Habitat International, . Available Online [Details]
Devitt C, O'Neill E. (2017) 'The framing of two major flood episodes in the Irish print news media; implications for societal adaptation to living with flood risk'. Public Understanding of Science, 26 (7):872-888. Available Online [Details]
Brereton F, O'Neill E, Dunne L. (2017) 'Towards measuring societal impact of research: Insights from an Irish case study'. Irish Journal of Sociology, 25 (2):150-173. Available Online [Details]
Shahab S, Clinch JP, O'Neill E. (2017) 'Impact-based Planning Evaluation: Advancing Normative Criteria for Policy Analysis'. Environment & Planning B, . Available Online [Details]
O'Neill E, Brereton F, Shahumyan H, Clinch JP. (2016) 'The impact of perceived flood exposure on flood-risk perception: the role of distance'. Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis, 36 (11):2158-2186. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Fox-Rogers L, Devitt C, O'Neill E, Brereton F, Clinch JP. (2016) 'Is there really nothing you can do? Pathways to enhanced flood-risk preparedness'. Journal of Hydrology, 543 (Part B):330-343. Available Online [Details]
O'Neill E. (2016) 'The Precautionary Principle: a Preferred Approach for the Unknown'. Ethics, Place and Environment, 19 (2):153-156. Available Online [Details]
Brennan M, O'Neill E, Brereton F, Dreoni I, Shahumyan H. (2016) 'Exploring the spatial dimension of community-level flood risk perception: a cognitive mapping approach'. Environmental Hazards, 15 (4):279-310. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
O'Neill E. (2016) 'The Pope and the Environment: Towards an Integral Ecology?'. Environmental Politics, 25 (4):749-754. Available Online [Details]
Devitt C, O'Neill E, Waldron R. (2016) 'Drivers and barriers among householders to managing domestic wastewater treatment systems in the Republic of Ireland; Implications for risk prevention behaviour'. Journal of Hydrology, 535 :534-546. Available Online [Details]
O'Neill E, Brennan M, Brereton F, Shahumyan H. (2015) 'Exploring a spatial statistical approach to quantify flood risk perception using cognitive maps'. Natural Hazards, 76 (3):1573-1601. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Lennon M, Scott M, O'Neill E. (2014) 'Urban design and adapting to flood risk: the role of green infrastructure'. Journal of Urban Design, 19 (5):745-758. Available Online [Details]
Kelly-Quinn M, Blacklock S, Bruen M, Earle R, O'Neill E, O'Sullivan J, Purcell P. (2014) 'Dublin Ireland - a city addressing challenging water supply, management and governance issues'. Ecology and Society, 19 (4):10. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Scott M, O'Neill, E. (2013) 'Displacing wind power across national boundaries or eco-innovation? Spatial planning implications of UK-Ireland renewable energy trading'. Planning Theory and Practice, 14 (3):418-424. Available Online [Details]
Scott M, White I, Kuhlicke C, Steinführer A, Sultana P, Thompson P, Minnery J, O'Neill E, Cooper J, Adamson M, Russell E. (2013) 'Living with flood risk/The more we know, the more we know we don't know: Reflections on a decade of planning, flood risk management and false precision/Searching for resilience or building social capacities for flood risks?/Participatory floodplain management: Lessons from Bangladesh/Planning and retrofitting for floods: Insights from Australia/Neighbourhood design considerations in flood risk management/Flood risk management - Challenges to the effective implementation of a paradigm shift'. Planning Theory and Practice, 14 (1):129-133. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
O'Neill, E. and Scott, M. (2011) 'Adapting to climate change - a European Union policy agenda'. Planning Theory and Practice, 12 (2):311-316. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Clinch JP, O'Neill E. (2010) 'Designing Development Planning Charges: Settlement Patterns, Costs Recovery and Public Facilities'. Urban Studies, 47 (10):2149-2171. Available Online [Details]
Clinch JP, O'Neill E. (2010) 'Assessing the Relative Merits of Development Charges and Transferable Development Rights in an Uncertain World'. Urban Studies, 47 (4):891-911. Available Online [Details]
Clinch JP, O'Neill E. (2009) 'Applying Spatial Economics to National Spatial Planning'. Regional Studies, 43 (2):157-178. Available Online [Details]
Clinch JP, O'Neill E, Russell P. (2008) ''Pure' and 'Impure' Coasian Solutions in Planning'. Town Planning Review, 79 (6):623-650. Available Online [Details]

Conference Publications

O'Neill E, Brereton F, Shahumyan H (2017) Hotspots of Vulnerability: Insights from an Irish Case Study 'Transcending Boundaries: Global Flows and Spatial Justice' Planning Research Conference Belfast, [Details]
O'Neill E. (2016) Effective Communication of Risk to the Public Public Understanding and Acceptance of Geoscience Activities Dublin, [Details]
Brennan M, O'Neill E, Brereton F, Shahumyan H. (2014) Flood risk perception at the community level: concordance and divergence from reality Conference of Irish Geographers 2014 Dublin, [Details]
Brennan M, O'Neill E, Brereton F, Shahumyan H. (2014) Quantifying Flood Risk Perception: A case study using cognitive maps and spatial statistics Conference of Irish Geographers 2014 Dublin, [Details]
O'Neill E, Brereton F, Shahumyan H, Clinch JP. (2014) The impact of perceived distance on flood risk perception EUROGEO Annual Conference 2014 16-­17 May 2014 Valletta, Malta, [Details]
Brereton F, Bullock C, Douglas O, O'Neill E. (2013) Rural Quality of Life in an Age of Austerity: A case study of Ireland 9th European Urban and Regional Studies Conference Brighton, [Details]
O'Neill E, Brereton F, Brennan M, Dreoni I, Shahumyan H. (2013) Mapping Hazard Perception to assess Flood Preparedness, Awareness and Risk Conference of Irish Geographers 2013 Galway, , 16-MAY-13 - 18-MAY-13 [Details]
O'Neill E, Scott M, Bullock C. (2012) Wind energy and environmental management: Evaluating and mitigating spatial planning and social barriers to onshore wind energy deployment Wind Energy in Ireland: Developing research capacity for evaluating impacts and understanding social acceptability, SEAI Conference Dublin, [Details]
O'Neill E, Brereton F. (2012) Flood Risk Awareness, Preparedness and Perceptions: An Irish Case Study Flooding in Ireland: Perceptions, Preparedness and Policy Dublin, [Details]
O'Neill E, Brereton F, Bullock C. (2011) Regional Development in an Age of Austerity 3rd Global Conference on Economic Geography Seoul, [Details]
Gallagher L, O'Neill E. (2006) Economic Theory and Compensation: Lessons for Community Gain 'Global Places, Local Spaces' UK-Ireland Planning Research Conference London, [Details]
O'Neill E, Clinch JP, Russell P. (2005) Towards Greater Understanding of Welfare Economics in Planning Theory 'The Power of Planning: The Reform Agenda' UK-Ireland Planning Research Conference Manchester, [Details]
O'Neill E, Clinch JP. (2004) Spatial Economic Theory - Lessons for Regional Policy in a Small Open Economy 'Europe at the Margins' Regional Studies Conference Angers, France, [Details]
O'Neill E, Clinch JP. (2004) Towards Balanced Spatial Development within Peripheral Regions: A Case Study of Ireland 'Europe at the Margins' Regional Studies Conference Angers, France, [Details]
O'Neill E, Clinch JP. (2004) Spatial Economic Analysis: Lessons for Regional Policy and Planning 'Planning and Development Research Conference' UK-Ireland Planning Research Conference Aberdeen, [Details]

Published Reports

O'Neill E, Devitt C, Waldron R, Bullock C. (2016) Relay Risk: Examining the communication of environmental risk through a case study of domestic wastewater treatment sytems in the Republic of Ireland. EPA Research Report 167. Environmental Protection Agency, Wexford, Ireland. Available Online [Details]
O'Neill E, Devitt C, Waldron R, Bullock C. (2016) Relay Risk: Guidelines for effective risk communication. Environmental Protection Agency, Wexford, Ireland. Available Online [Details]
Bullock C, Brereton F, O'Neill E, Clinch JP, Russell P. (2008) Quality of Life and the Environment: ERTDI Report Series No. 74. Environmental Protection Agency, Wexford, Ireland. Available Online [Details]


Research Interests

Dr. Eoin O'Neill's research interests concern the interface of human relations with the natural and built environments, under the broad themes of risk (perception and behaviour), and policy design (incentives and regulation of externalities). He is currently involved in a number of research projects, including: assessing flood risk perceptions, preparedness and policy (FloodPAP Project); exploring perceptions and behaviours related to human health effects of flood-related waterborne disease outbreaks (FloodRisk2WellWater); and another project assessing the policy effectiveness of transferable development rights programmes in urban planning. He has recently commenced a project concerned with public policy and the bioeconomy as part of the SFI-funded Beacon research centre, in which he is a SFI-Funded Investigator.

Eoin is an active researcher and seeks to advance research findings to inform policy, in Ireland and internationally.  For example,
the risk communication guidelines generated from RelayRisk are helping to inform EPA engagement activities, as outlined in its National Inspection Plan(s) (DWWTS) 2015-17 and 2018-21. His research is cited in the Irish National Adaptation Framework (2018), the Australian Government Productivity Commission report examining Australia's planning and zoning systems and their impact on competitiveness and functioning of cities; and in REGI News, the European Parliament Committee on Regional Development newsletter. He has also given evidence as an environmental policy expert witness to a meeting of the Irish Houses of the Oireachtas (Parliament) Joint Committee on European Union Affairs.

Eoin has particular knowledge of, and interest in, the following research areas:

  • Risk Perception, Risk Communication and Behaviour;
  • Policy Design and Evaluation;
  • Incentives and Regulation of Land-Use Externalities;
  • Environmental Policy;
  • Climate Change Adaptation;
  • Flood Risk Management.

Potential MSc and PhD students interested in such research areas should contact Eoin.

Research Projects

Sponsor : Irish Research Council (IRC)
Title : Risks, Awareness, Perceptions, and Behaviours pertaining to the adverse human health effects of previous and future flood events in Ireland
Start Date / End Date : 09-JAN-17 / 08-JAN-19
Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : OBRSS Research Support Scheme
Start Date / End Date : 01-NOV-16 / 31-OCT-20
Sponsor : Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Title : Communicating Risk Based Enforcement (Relay_Risk)
Start Date / End Date : 01-MAR-14 / 02-NOV-15
Sponsor : Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences (IRCHSS)
Title : Workshop on Flooding in Ireland
Start Date / End Date : 19-DEC-11 / 31-MAR-12
Sponsor : Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences (IRCHSS)
Title : Boom to Bust: Tracking Changes in Ireland's Environment
Start Date / End Date : 17-DEC-10 / 30-JUN-12

Recent Postgraduates

Peereya Waraponglikid MSc in Environmental Policy (2011). 
The title of Peereya's thesis was Soil Contamination in Mae Sot District, Tak Province, Thailand: Economic Damages.

Sabrina Dekker PhD in Planning and Environmental Policy (2016).
The title of Sabrina's thesis was Collaborating for Resilience to Climate Change.

Sina Shahab PhD in Planning and Environental Policy (2017).
The title of Sina's thesis was A Transaction Cost Analysis of Transferable Development Rights Programmes.

Current Postgraduate Students

Aklilu Kabiso, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)   -   Thesis Supervisor


Teaching Philosophy

I view the principal teaching responsibility of an academic to be the dissemination of the most relevant and up-to-date knowledge to students, and enhancement of their professional skills. I advance this by embedding research-informed and internationally relevant content into an interactive student-learning experience through class discussions, presentations, and peer learning.

Review and Enhancement of Curriculum

As Director of the MSc Environmental Policy programme, Dr. Eoin O'Neill sought to continuously refine the programme to ensure it provides a comprehensive curriculum, and that students develop a professional skillset. Additionally, whilst a faculty member of the College of Human Sciences, he oversaw the development and finalisation of a student and staff exchange agreement between UCD and the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM) to foster academic collaboration and wider opportunities for student exchange.


Internal Collaborators

Dr. Finbarr Brereton, Prof. Michael Bruen, Dr. Craig Bullock, Prof. Peter Clinch, Dr. Louise Dunne, Prof. Nick Holden, Dr. Mary Kelly-Quinn, Prof. Kevin O'Connor, Dr. John O'Sullivan, Dr. Paula Russell, Prof. Mark Scott, Dr. Harutyun Shahumyan.

External Collaborators

Prof. Frank Convery (Environmental Defense Fund), Dr. Marcus Collier (TCD), Dr. Linda Fox-Rogers (Queens University Belfast), Dr. Maeve Henchion (Teagasc), Dr. Paul Hynds (DIT), Dr. Christian Kuhlicke (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig), Dr. Paula Duarte Lopes (University of Coimbra), Dr. Mirko Moro (University of Stirling), Dr. Owen Naughton (TCD), Dr. Jean O'Dwyer (University of Limerick), Dr. Liz Sharpe (University of Sheffield), Dr. Richard Waldron (Queens University Belfast).