Researchers at UCD


Paul Kenny

Lecturer/Assistant Professor

School Of Architecture, Plan & Env Pol
Richview Sch of Architecture
Dublin 4

Tel: +353 1 7162737


Paul is a lecturer in UCD School of Architecture and a Principal Investigator with the UCD Earth Institute. He is actively engaged in teaching, research and postgraduate supervision in the areas of daylight, sustainable design and building performance.

On completing his Degree in Mechanical Engineering he joined Ove Arup & Partners in London where he worked on a range of high profile projects. After developing an interest in sustainable buildings, he completed his MSc in 'Energy Conservation and the Environment' at Cranfield University, UK. From there he joined the UCD Energy Research Group where he was involved in a wide range of both EU supported research and specialist consultancy.

Paul's main research interest is in the relative relationship between the spectral and temporal properties of unaltered external daylight and that inside designed spaces as observed, or experienced, by the occupant. In addition to established daylight science, Paul is also interested in the role of weather (as opposed to climate) and of psychophysics in developing a fuller understanding of the observers experience of and response to natural light.




Association: Architects Register Admission Examination, Function/Role: Director

Conference Contributions

Kenny, P, Hourigan, N. and Brophy, V.; (2007) 'An Irish Building Environmental Assessment Method'. [International Refereed Conference], PLEA, Singapore , 01-NOV-07.
Scanlon, E., Kenny, P., Campbell, H. (2011) Presentation of Methodology of Research Scoping Study in Architecture. [Invited Oral Presentation], See the Light 2011 - Ireland's Built Environment Reaching for Zero, School of Architecture, Richview, University College Dublin , 13-OCT-11 - 13-OCT-11.
Paul Kenny; (2006) International Solar Energy Society - Europe. [Chaired Session], Eurosun 2006, Glasgow , 27-JUN-06 - 30-JUN-06.
Technical Committee Chair; (2008) 25th International conference with the theme of 'Towards Zero Energy Architecture'. [Conference Technical Committee Chairperson], Passive and Low Energy Architecture 2008, UCD Dublin , 22-OCT-08 - 24-OCT-08.


Committee : PhD Stage 1-2 Transfer Assessment Panel (2012-2014)
Committee : Principal Investigator for the Energy & Indoor Environment research team to 2007.


Employer: University College Dublin
Position: College Lecturer
Employer: Energy Research Group, University College Dublin
Position: Research Project Manager
Employer: Ove Arup & Partners
Position: Mechanical Building Services Engineer


Year 1992 Institution: Cranfield University, Bedford, UK
Qualification: MSc Subject:

Outreach Activities

Provision of Continual Professional Development courses to the Architectural Profession in the areas of daylight and natural ventilation.

Journals Edited

Energy And Buildings: Reviewer.
Buildings And Environment: Reviewer.
Building Research And Information: Reviewer.
Renewable Energy: Reviewer.
Solar Energy: Reviewer.



Edited Books

Kenny, P., Brophy, V. and Lewis, J. O (Ed.). (2008) Towards Zero Energy Building: Proceedings of the 2008 Passive and Low Energy Architecture Conference. Dublin: UCD. [Details]

Peer Reviewed Journals

Hernandez, P., Kenny, P.; (2012) 'Net energy analysis of domestic solar water heating installations in operation'. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16 (1):170-177. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Hernandez, P., Kenny, P.; (2011) 'Development of a methodology for life cycle building energy ratings'. Energy Policy, 39 (6):3779-3788. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Hernandez, P., Kenny, P.; (2010) 'Integrating occupant preference and life cycle energy evaluation: a simplified method'. Building Research & Information, 38 (6):625-637. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Hernandez, P., Kenny, P.; (2010) 'From net energy to zero energy buildings: Defining life cycle zero energy buildings (LC-ZEB)'. Energy and Buildings, 42 (6):815-821. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Finn D.P., Connolly D and Kenny P; (2007) 'Sensitivity studies on a maritime building subject to night cooling'. Solar Energy, 81 (6):697-710. Available Online [DOI] [Details]

Conference Publications

Pinheiro. S., Corry, E., Kenny, P., Donnelly, J. (2015) Development of a Model View Definition for Environmental and Energy Performance Assessment CitA BIM Gathering Conference [Details]
Alshehri, F., Kenny, P., Pinheiro, S., O¿Donnell, James. (2017) Model View Definition (MVD) for Thermal Comfort Simulation in Conventional BEPS tools PLEA 2017 [Details]
Al Awadh, S., Kenny, P. (2017) Reinterpreting Courtyards: Design for Occupant Health and Well-being PLEA 2017 [Details]
Alshehri, F., Kenny, P., O¿Donnell J. (2017) equirements for BIM-based Thermal Comfort Analysis SimAUD 2017 [Details]
Kenny, P., Brophy, V.; (2011) A Methodology to Develop Judgment Skills in Sustainable Architectural Education Sustainable Building 2011 Helsinki Helsinki, Finland, , 19-OCT-11 - 22-OCT-11 [Details]
Hernandez, P., Cavanagh, S., Brophy, V., Futcher, J., Szalay, Z., Kenny, P.; (2010) The challenge of energy refurbishment of recently built housing - A life cycle perspective Sustainable Building 2010 Madrid [Details]
Szalay, Z.; Kenny, P.; (2009) Throwing new light on historic windows ÖKOSAN 09 - The International Symposium on High-Quality Thermal Retrofit of Large-Volume Buildings Weiz, Austria, [Details]
Hernandez P. and Kenny P.; (2009) Optimising Life Cycle Energy Performance of Housing: The Value of Occupancy Control Passive and Low Energy Architecture (PLEA) 2009 Quebec, Canada, , 22-JUN-09 - 24-JUN-09 [Details]
Hernandez, P., Kenny, P.; (2008) Defining Zero Energy Buildings - A life cycle perspective Passive and Low Energy Architecture Dublin, Ireland, , 22-OCT-08 - 24-OCT-08 [Details]
Hernandez, P., Kenny, P.; (2008) Life Cycle Energy Performance: Exploring the limits of passive low energy buildings Sustainable Building 08 Melbourne, Australia, , 21-SEP-08 - 25-SEP-08 [Details]
Hernandez, P., Kenny, P.; (2008) Zero Energy Houses and Embodied Energy: Regulatory and Design Considerations ASME 2nd International Conference on Energy Sustainability Jacksonville, Florida, USA, , 10-AUG-08 - 14-AUG-08 [DOI] [Details]
Kenny, P., Horigan, N., Brophy, V.; (2007) An Irish Building Environmental Assessment Method Passive and Low Energy Architecture Singapore, , 22-NOV-07 - 24-NOV-07 [Details]
Burke, K., Kenny, P., Finn, D.; (2007) Sensitivity Analysis of the EPBD Energy Performance Grading of Buildings PALENC Crete, , 27-SEP-07 - 29-SEP-07 [Details]
Hernandez, P., Kenny, P., Cohen, R.; (2007) Energy ratings based on measured energy consumption Sustainable Building 07 Lisbon, Portugal, , 12-SEP-07 - 14-SEP-07 [Details]
Burke, K, Kenny, P., Finn, D.P. ; (2007) Analysis of the EPBD Energy Performance Grading of Buildings 2nd PALENC Conference Greece, [Details]
Kenny, P., Olley, J., Lewis, J. O.; (2006) Whole-Sky Luminance Maps from Calibrated Digital Photography EUROSUN 2006 Glasgow, Scotland, , 27-JUN-06 - 30-JUN-06 [Details]
Burke, K., Kenny, P., Finn, D.P.; (2005) The transparency and repeatability of building energy performance certification Int. Conf. on the Dynamic Analysis, Simulation and Testing applied to the Energy and Environmental Performance of Buildings Athens Greece, , 12-OCT-05 - 14-OCT-05 [Details]
Connolly, D., Finn, D., Kenny, P.; (2005) Sensitivity analysis of a maritime located night ventilated library building PALENC Santorini, Greece, , 19-MAY-05 - 21-MAY-05 [Details]


Walsh, R, Kenny, P and Brophy, V.; (2006) Thermal Mass and Sustainable Building - Improving Energy Performance and Occupant Comfort. Dublin: Reports [Details]


Hernandez, P,Kenny, P (2012) Net energy analysis of domestic solar water heating installations in operation. Reviews [DOI] [Details]

Policy Contribution

Scanlon, E., Kenny, P., Campbell, H. (2012) Research Scoping Study in Architecture - Government Policy on Architecture 2009-2015. Policy Contribution [Details]


Kenny, P.; (2001) Daylight in the City: well-being for the environment and citizens. Articles [Details]
Kenny, P.; (1997) Bio-climatic Architecture - CD-ROM. Articles [Details]
Kenny, P.; (1996) Green Design - Sustainable Design in Ireland. Articles [Details]
Kenny, P.; (1996) Design Tools and Energy Efficient Building Design. Articles [Details]
Kenny, P.; (1995) Green Credit - Environmental Assessment of Buildings in Ireland. Articles [Details]
Kenny, P.; (1995) Tools and Techniques for the Design and Evaluation of Energy Efficient Buildings. Articles [Details]
Kenny, P.; (1994) Passive cooling design guidelines. Articles [Details]


Research Interests

  • Dynamics of daylight
  • Simulated representation of the real daylit environment  
  • Visual comfort and human performance in architecture
  • Daylight, health and well-being 

Research Projects

Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : Spatial Arts and Visualisation
Start Date / End Date : 12-AUG-15 / 11-AUG-17
Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : OBRSS Research Support Scheme
Start Date / End Date : 01-NOV-16 / 31-OCT-19
Sponsor : Enterprise Ireland (EI)
Title : Innovation Voucher - Irish Eco Homes - Heat Transfer Effects
Start Date / End Date : 15-MAY-10 / 31-JUL-11
Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : Sustainable Architecture iBook and iTunes U
Start Date / End Date : 01-MAY-12 / 13-NOV-14
Sponsor : Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia
Title : Energy Efficiency and Comfort in Airport Buildings
Start Date / End Date : 07-MAR-14 / 31-MAY-16
Sponsor : EC Framework (FP7)
Title : PERFECTION - Performance Indicators for Health, Comfort and Safety of the Indoor Environment
Start Date / End Date : 15-MAY-09 / 31-DEC-11
Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : Validating Methodologies for Acoustic Testing in Ireland
Start Date / End Date : 03-AUG-09 / 31-JAN-11
Sponsor : Irish Research Council for Science Engineering and Technology (IRCSET)
Title : Energy performance evaluation of buildings
Start Date / End Date : 01-SEP-06 / 01-SEP-10
Sponsor : EC - DG Energy and Transport (DG TREN)
Title : Project New energy for old buildings - Promoting the integration of RES & RUE measures of historic buildings - New4Old
Start Date / End Date : 01-SEP-07 / 31-AUG-10
Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : Passive and Low Energy Architecture 2008: Towards Zero Energy Building
Start Date / End Date : 26-MAY-08 / 01-DEC-09
Sponsor : Enterprise Ireland (EI)
Title : Innovation Voucher - Irish Eco Homes
Start Date / End Date : 01-MAR-08 / 28-FEB-09
Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : UCD IDMP Monitoring Station
Start Date / End Date : 01-JUL-06 / 30-NOV-06
Sponsor : UCD Faculty of Engineering & Architecture
Title : Development of a Research Programme in Sustainable Design in the Built Environment
Start Date / End Date : 13-JUN-05 / 12-JUN-06
Sponsor : Higher Education Authority (HEA)
Title : Urban Institute I.T.
Start Date / End Date : 01-DEC-00 / 30-NOV-02

Recent Postgraduates

Darragh Clabby (MEngSc)
Control System for an Artificial Sky System 

Patxi Hernandez (PhD)
Life Cycle Energy Performance Evaluation - towards zero energy buildings

Adam Tilford (MArchSc)
Investigation into the Performance of the PassivHaus Standard in a Maritime Climate

Qiang Lu (MArchSc)
Analysis of passive buildings in a dynamic maritime climate.

Neasa Hourigan (MArchSc)
Development of an Irish Building Environmental Rating Methodology.

Rory Walsh (MEngSc)
Thermal Mass and its effects on Energy Performance and Occupant Comfort in Office Buildings

Kevin Burke (MEngSc)
Investigation into Building Energy Performance Calculation and Certification Methods in response to the EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive

Darragh Connolly (MEngSc)
Investigation of Night Ventilation and Predictive Control Methods in Buildings