Researchers at UCD


Nick Holden


School Of Biosystems & Food Engineering
Agriculture and Food Science
Dublin 4

Tel: +353 1 7167460


My research is on the sustainability of agriculture and food chains, with a focus on: (i) Life Cycle Assessment; (ii) Soil Quality (Sensing and Visual methods); and (iii) Agricultural Systems Technology
I studied geographical and soil sciences to PhD level and then worked as an NERC research fellow (UK) and a Newman Scholar (Irl) researching water and nutrient transport process in soils and the controlling influence of soil structure. This work evolved towards studying the environmental impact of natural resource exploitation (peatlands, forests and agriculture) and over the last 8 years has become focused on the holistic assessment of the sustainability of food chains, specifically livestock production, dairy processing and waste valorization.
As a member of the Biosystems Engineering discipline since 1998, I teach life cycle assessment, green technology projects and research and teaching methods. I am head of subject for Agricultural Systems Technology, and have recently led the introduction of a new BAgrSc degree in this area. I am also school Head of Teaching and Learning.

I  supervises graduate and post-doctoral research as part of the activity of my research group. I am a Principal Investigator in the UCD Earth Institute and UCD Institute of Food and Health, where I am leader of the Food Chain Sustainability theme. I am an SFI-funded PI associated with two major projects, the Innovation Partnership CONSUS, where I lead a work package on nutrient use efficiency as part of the overall aim of developing intelligent support tools for agronomists, and the National Centre, BEACON, where I am Deputy Director and the Platform Leader for the Knowledge Hub. I am also a PI in 3 H2020 projects (AgroChemWhey, AgroCycle and Valumics), being a work package leader for two (AgroChemWhey and AgroCycle).


Honours and Awards

Year: 2017.
Title: Invited Speaker - Seeds and Chips
Year: 2017.
Title: Invited Expert - First Oxford Meeting on Impact Valuation of the Food System
Year: 2016.
Title: Invited Expert - Plenary Panel 4 -- Computational Modeling of Food Systems, Food, and Biomolecules
Year: 2010.
Title: Leader
Year: 2008.
Title: Douglas Bomford Trust Award
Year: 1995.
Title: Newman Scholarship
Year: 1993.
Title: Silver Jubilee Medal
Year: 1989.
Title: Ireland / Great Britain exchange scholarship


Association: International Soil Tillage Research Organization (since 2009), Function/Role: Incoming President (2015-2018); President (2018-2021); Past-President (2021-2024
Association: Soil Science Society of Ireland (since 1989), Function/Role: Secretary and Treasurer (since 2005)
Association: British Society of Soil Science (since 1991), Function/Role: Fellow Institute of Soil Science and Silver Jubilee Medal
Association: American Society of Agricultural Engineers (since 2003), Function/Role: Committee EDOP-206 Agricultural Technology and Management Curriculum Review and Program Recognition Committee
Association: 'Life Cycle Assessment of Food' conference, Function/Role: International Scientific Committee Member since 2014 (conference host LCAFood2016)
Association: Soil Science Society of America (since 1995), Function/Role: Member


Committee : Academic Council
Committee : Engineering Programme Board
Committee : Engineering Programme Board Student Application Committee
Committee : College Teaching and Learning Committee
Committee : Teaching and Learning Committee (Biosystems and Food Engineering)
Committee : COST ES1106: Assessment of EUROpean AGRIculture WATer use and trade under climate change (EURO-AGRIWAT)
Committee : COST 869 Mitigation options for nutrient reduction in surface water and groundwaters
Committee : COST 718 Meteorological Applications for Agriculture
Committee : Joint Working Group on Applied Agricultural Meteorology
Committee : College of Life Sciences, Graduate Taught Programme Board
Committee : University Graduate Programme Board
Committee : Irish committee of UN International Hydrology Programme and UN International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage
Committee : UN World Meteorological Organization Commission for Agricultural Meteorology
Committee : FEFAC Sustainability Committee


Year 1995 Institution: University College Dublin
Qualification: MEngSc Subject:
Year 1988 Institution: University of London
Qualification: BSc Subject:
Year 1989 Institution: University of Reading
Qualification: MSc Subject:
Year 1992 Institution: University College Dublin
Qualification: PhD Subject:


Client: Consulting is undertaken through Orbas CTR Ltd

Outreach Activities

PhD examination: Indian Institute of Technology, Indian School of Mines (environmental quality) (2016)
PhD examination: University of Copenhagen (LCA of pig production) (2015)
Master examination: University College Cork (LCA pig production) (2015)
PhD examination: University of Sydney (soil spectroscopy) (2014)
PhD examination: AgroParisTech (LCA of crop production) (2013)
Guest Editor: Animal (2013)
Guest Editor: Soil Use and Management (2010)
PhD examination: University of Reading (environmental quality) (2005)

Journals Edited

Scientific Reports: Editorial Board member.
Grass And Forage Science: Editorial Board member.



Book Chapters

I Simó, R Corstanje, R Fealy, S Hallett, J Hannam, N Holden, G Jahns, B Jones, P Massey, T Mayr, E McDonald, B Reidy, RPO Schulte, P Sills, O Spaargaren, J Zawadka, RE Creamer (2014) 'Mapping Soils in Ireland' In: Arrouays D., McKensue N., Hempel, J., Richer de Foreges, A and A McBratney (eds). GlobalSoilMap. Basis of the global spatial soil information system. London: CRC Press / Taylor and Francis. , pp.167-171 [DOI] [Details]
Munkholm, L. J., Holden, N. M. (2015) 'Visual evaluation of grassland and arable management impacts on soil quality' In: Ball, B. C., Munkholm, L. J (eds). Visual Soil Evaluation. Realizing potential crop production with minimum environmental impact. UK: CAB International. , pp.49-65 [DOI] [Details]
O'Rourke, S., Turner, J., Holden, N (2014) 'Estimating Fine Resolution Carbon Concentration in an Intact Soil Profile by X-Ray Fluorescence Scanning' In: Alfred E. Hartemink, Kevin McSweeney (eds). Soil Carbon. New York: Springer. , pp.179-187 [DOI] [Details]
Cui J., Askari, M. S., Holden, N. M. (2014) 'Relating Soil Carbon and Soil Structure to Land Use Management' In: Rapid Evaluation of Soil Quality based on Soil Carbon Reflectance (eds). Soil Carbon. Switzerland: Springer International. , pp.297-304 [DOI] [Details]
Askari, M. S., Holden, N. M. (2014) 'Rapid Evaluation of Soil Quality based on Soil Carbon Reflectance' In: Alfred E. Hartemink, Kevin McSweeney (eds). Soil Carbon. Switzerland: Springer International. , pp.117-126 [DOI] [Details]

Edited Books

B Tiwari, T. Norton and N. M. Holden (Ed.). (2013) Sustainable Food Processing. UK: Joh Wiley. Available Online [DOI] [Details]

Peer Reviewed Journals

Emmet-Booth, J.P., Forristal, P.D., Fenton, O., Ball, B.C., Holden, N.M. (2016) 'A review of visual soil evaluation techniques for soil structure'. Soil Use and Management, 32 (4):623-634. [DOI] [Details]
Qin, Y.Y., Qi, F., Holden, N.M., Cao, J.J. (2016) 'Changes in soil organic carbon in the upper heihe river basin, China [Cambios en el carbón orgánico del suelo en la cuenca superior del río Heihe, China]'. Phyton, 85 (1):149-154. Available Online [Details]
Kerebel, A., Holden, N.M. (2016) 'The relationship between farmer opinion of suitable conditions for nutrient application, soil moisture deficit and weather'. Soil Use and Management, 32 (4):613-622. [DOI] [Details]
Chen, W., Holden, N.M. (2016) 'Social life cycle assessment of average Irish dairy farm'. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, :1-14. [DOI] [Details]
Spiliotopoulos, M., Holden, N.M., Loukas, A. (2017) 'Mapping evapotranspiration coefficients in a temperate maritime climate using the metric model and landsat TM'. Water (Switzerland), 9 (1). [DOI] [Details]
Rodriguez, I., Fraga, M., Alfonso, A., Guillebault, D., Medlin, L., Baudart, J., Jacob, P., Helmi, K., Meyer, T., Breitenbach, U., Holden, N.M., Boots, B., Spurio, R., Cimarelli, L., Mancini, L., Marcheggiani, S., Albay, M., Akcaalan, R., Köker, L., Botana, L.M. (2017) 'Monitoring of freshwater toxins in European environmental waters by using novel multi-detection methods'. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 36 (3):645-654. [DOI] [Details]
Connolly, J., Holden, N.M. (2017) 'Detecting peatland drains with Object Based Image Analysis and Geoeye-1 imagery'. Carbon Balance and Management, 12 (1). [DOI] [Details]
Sharma, P., Humphreys, J. & Holden, N.M (2017) 'The effect of local climate and soil drainage on the environmental impact of grass-based milk production'. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, :1-15. [DOI] [Details]
Wenhao Chen, Eoin White, Nicholas M Holden (2016) 'The effect of lameness on the environmental performance of milk production by rotational grazing'. Journal of Environmental Management, 172 :143-150. [DOI] [Details]
SM O'Rourke, U Stockmann, NM Holden, AB McBratney, B Minasny (2016) 'An assessment of model averaging to improve predictive power of portable vis-NIR and XRF for the determination of agronomic soil properties'. Geoderma, 279 :31-44. [DOI] [Details]
Thomas L Oldfield, Yigal Achmon, Kristy M Perano, Ruth M Dahlquist-Willard, Jean S VanderGheynst, James J Stapleton, Christopher W Simmons, Nicholas M Holden (2016) 'A life cycle assessment of biosolarization as a valorization pathway for tomato pomace utilization in California'. Journal of Cleaner Production, . [DOI] [Details]
Thomas L Oldfield, Eoin White, Nicholas M Holden (2016) 'An environmental analysis of options for utilising wasted food and food residue'. Journal of Environmental Management, . [DOI] [Details]
P Tuohy, O Fenton, NM Holden, J Humphreys (2015) 'The effects of treading by two breeds of dairy cow with different live weights on soil physical properties, poaching damage and herbage production on a poorly drained clay-loam soil'. Thai Journal of Agricultural Science, 153 (8):1424-1436. [DOI] [Details]
Qin Y, Feng, N. M. Holden, J. Cao (2016) 'Variation in soil organic carbon by slope aspect in the middle of the Qilian Mountains in the upper Heihe River Basin, China'. Catena, 147 :308-314. [DOI] [Details]
Rogier PO Schulte, Iolanda Simo, Rachel E Creamer, Nicholas M Holden (2015) 'A note on the Hybrid Soil Moisture Deficit Model v2. 0'. Irish Journal of Agricultural and Food Research, 54 (2):126-131. [DOI] [Details]
SM O¿Rourke, B Minasny, NM Holden, AB McBratney (2016) 'Synergistic Use of Vis-NIR, MIR, and XRF Spectroscopy for the Determination of Soil Geochemistry'. Journal of the Soil Science Society of America, 80 (4):888-899. [DOI] [Details]
Murphy, E; De Boer, IJM; van Middelaar, CM; Holden, N; Shalloo, L; Curran, TP; Upton, J (2017) 'Water footprinting of dairy farming in Ireland'. Journal of Cleaner Production, 140 (2):547-555. Available Online [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
Askari, M.S. and Cui, J. and O'Rourke, S.M. and Holden, N.M. (2015) 'Evaluation of soil structural quality using VIS-NIR spectra'. Soil and Tillage Research, 146 (PA):108-117. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Tuohy P., O. Fenton, N. M. Holden, J. Humphreys (2015) 'The effects of treading by two breeds of dairy cow with different live-weights on soil physical properties, poaching damage and herbage production on a poorly drained clay-loam soi'. Journal of Agricultural Science, 153 :1424-1436. [DOI] [Details]
Askari, M.S. and O'Rourke, S.M. and Holden, N.M. (2015) 'Evaluation of soil quality for agricultural production using visible-near-infrared spectroscopy'. Geoderma, 243-244 :80-91. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Askari, M.S. and Cui, J. and O'Rourke, S.M. and Holden, N.M. (2015) 'Evaluation of soil structural quality using VIS-NIR spectra'. Soil and Tillage Research, 146 (PA):108-117. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Askari M.S., O'Rourke S.M., Holden N.M. (2015) 'Evaluation of soil quality for agricultural production using visible-near-infrared spectroscopy'. Geoderma, 80 (91):243-244. [DOI] [Details]


Research Interests

My research is focused on understanding the sustainability of food systems, with a particular interest in livestock production, dairy processing and agricultural waste valorization. Much of this work is centered around using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to understand impacts such as resource depletion (fossil fuels, nutrients soils), climate change (carbon footprint), water quality (water footprint and eutrophication), soil quality and most recently linking to social impacts (social LCA).

I work with the dairy, (through the EI Dairy Process Technology Centre and AgriChemWhey), cereal (through Irish Grain and Feed Association and Origin Enterprises PLC; CONSUS) beef (through VALUMICS and Bord Bia) and agri-waste (through AgroCycle, BEACON) sectors in Ireland and Europe.

Research Projects

Sponsor : Science Foundation Ireland (SFI)
Origin Enterprises plc
Title : Crop Optimisation through Sensing, Understanding & Visualisation (CONSUS)
Start Date / End Date : 01-FEB-17 / 01-FEB-22
Sponsor : Enterprise Ireland (EI)
Title : Radiometric Normalisation of Image Data for Vehicle or UAV Mounted Sensors (Geohub)
Start Date / End Date : 02-JAN-17 / 31-JAN-19
Sponsor : HORIZON 2020
Title : Understanding food value chains and network dynamics (VALUMICS)
Start Date / End Date : 01-JUN-17 / 31-MAY-21
Sponsor : Bio-Based Industries Joint Undertaking (BBI JU)
Title : An integrated biorefinery for the conversion of dairy side streams to high value bio-based chemicals (AGRICHEMWHEY)
Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-17 / 30-SEP-21
Sponsor : Dept. Agriculture, Food and the Marine (DAFM)
Title : Soil Quality Assessment and Research
Start Date / End Date : 01-DEC-13 / 30-NOV-17
Sponsor : Teagasc
Title : Evaluation of visual soil structure assessment methods for research and management deployment in temperate maritime grassland and arable soils
Start Date / End Date : 01-APR-16 / 31-MAR-18
Sponsor : Teagasc
Title : The application of infra-red diffuse reflectance techniques for the prediction of phosphorus sorption capacity and buffering in agricultural soils
Start Date / End Date : 01-JAN-15 / 31-DEC-18
Sponsor : Dept. Agriculture, Food and the Marine (DAFM)
Title : Improving the productivity of heavy wet grassland for delivery of Food Harvest 2020
Start Date / End Date : 01-NOV-12 / 31-OCT-17
Sponsor : Teagasc
Title : Life cycle modelling of greenhouse gas emissions and carbon footprint of dairy and beef production systems
Start Date / End Date : 10-APR-13 / 09-APR-17

Recent Postgraduates

Recent PhD graduates:
Mohammad Sadegh Askari (PhD) - spectroscopic methods for soil quality assessment
Junfang Cui - soil C and N stocks related to soil quality
Patrick Tuohy - soil drainage and grassland agricultural productivity
Eleanor Murphy (PhD) - water footprint of Irish livestock farming
Thomas Oldfield - environmental impact of agri-waste valorization options

PhD students due to complete within 12 months:
Wenhao Chen (submitted) - life cycle sustainability assessment of dairy production
Paul Rice - technical specification of the scope for dairy production LCA
Pooja Sharma - dairy system simulation modeling and LCA to evaluate poorly drained land for milk production
Jeremy Emmet-Booth - soil visual evaluation for grassland and tillage soils
Kathleen Dunne - vis-NIR spectroscopy for soil P dynamics

Current Postgraduate Students

Rui Liu, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)   -   Thesis Supervisor
Chen Wenhao, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)   -   Thesis Supervisor
Jeremy Emmet-Booth, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)   -   Thesis Supervisor
Pooja Sharma, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)   -   Thesis Supervisor
Tenzin Tashi, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)   -   Thesis Supervisor
Kathleen Dunne, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)   -   Thesis Supervisor


Teaching Philosophy

I foster life-long learning by encouraging my students to think and learn for themselves and by building new knowledge on what they already know, in a positive, constructive environment.

Modules Coordinated

201600   BSEN30360     Biosystems Engineering: Life Cycle Assessment
201600   BSEN40400     Biosystems Engineering: LCA Applications
201600   BSEN40210     Biosystems Engineering: Green Technologies Project
201600   BSEN40090     Biosystems Engineering: Biosystems Engineering Thesis

Enhancement of Teaching

I engage in ongoing personal training to improve my understanding of what is required for high quality university teaching. I have taken part in many training activities, workshops and courses, that have contributed to my understanding of how to teach and facilitate learning. I provide students with multiple views of a subject (lecture, tutorial, practical class, teaching assistants, notes, papers, books, websites, videos, worksheets, examples) to facilitate different types of learning. I also integrate assessment with learning in order to make experiencing the subject a part of the assessment. My assessment strategies focus on practical application of theory with a specific demand for critical analysis (appropriate to the module level) in order to encourage students to think, synthesize and react to the learning stimuli offered. I have taken student feedback and improved how I work to make engagement with my teaching a positive experience. The benefit can be seen in feedback. Overall, outcomes from my modules have been very good and encourage me to engage in a constant process of improvement. Key enhancement activities are: (1) quality review (UCD, DkIT) (2) external accreditation / recognition (reviewer and reviewee; ASABE, Engieers Ireland) (3) international teaching development (e.g. EU-US ATLANTIS project leader, (4) ASABE Innovation Fund support to lead and curate a biosystems engineering textbook and digital library (with Virginia Tech) (5) School and College level oversight of teaching and learning (Life Science, Eng & Arch)

Review and Enhancement of Curriculum

As School Head of Teaching and Learning, I guide the school through a continuous improvement process aimed at attracting more students, delivering content more efficiently and offering the best possible learning experience. All programmes managed by the School of Biosystems and Food Engineering have fully engaged with the university wide curriculum enhancement process and I have lead adaptation to implement identified improvements. I have guided the school to work beyond these requirements to ensure all module coordinators are familiar with each other's work to develop a strong, integrated and consistent expression of the subjects taught. I have been personally responsible for the introduction of the new BAgrSc Agricultural Systems Technology degree. I recognised the need to move on from a degree that was not serving the needs of students or employers so designed a new one using the 'spiral curriculum' method, starting with defining graduate abilities and attributes, then defining knowledge needed to enable the attributes, working back to scientific (and other) fundamentals that need to be understood. Consultation with colleagues, past graduates, school students and employers was then used to refine the curriculum. The degree integrates agricultural and data science and is a world first to address the needs of modern agriculture.

Developing as a Teacher

I maintain a reflective diary which I update after each lecture / practical / tutorial.This ensures I am always improving and making best use of the resources available to me. I combine this with student feedback (both formal and informal) to improve my teaching every year. I improve my knowledge by keeping a close link with research in my area (I am a very active research scientist) and attending workshops / conferences annually. I am always looking for new ideas and better ways to teach even when doing research as I believe I need both to be academically-whole. My membership of ASABE EDOP-206, leading the TABE.NET project and the ASABE supported Biosystems Engineering Digital Library (and textbook) and industry related research ensures that I am aware of how my subject is evolving.

Innovation & Leadership

I have a career long record of leadership in T&L (e.g. Chair of the Life Sciences Graduate Taught Programme Board; School Head of Teaching and Learning; Subject Head for Agricultural Systems Technology) focused on continuous quality enhancement of modules and programmes in Biosystems and Food Engineering.


Internal Collaborators

CONSUS centre:
  • School of Computer Science (G O'Hare, M. Kechandi, C. Bleakley, R. Collier)
  • School of Agriculture and Food Science (K McDonnell, J Burke, P. Murphy)
  • School of Biology and Environmental Science (F. Doohan)

BEACON centre:

  • School of Biomolecular and Biomedical Science (K O'Connor)
  • School of Chemistry (P Guiry)
  • School of Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering (E. Casey)
  • School of Business (D Marshall, A Prothero)
  • School of Architecture, Planning and Environmental Policy (E. O'Niell)

Valumics project:

  • School of Business (S. McGarraghy)
  • School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering (V Hargaden)

AgroCycle Project:

  • School of Biosystems and Food Engineering (P Murphy, T Curran, S. Ward)

AgriChemWhey Project:

  • School of Biosystems and Food Engineering (P Murphy)

External Collaborators

EI Dairy Process Technology Centre:
  • University of Limerick
  • NUI Galway (V O'Flaherty)
  • Teagasc (O. Fenton, K. Richards)
  • Eight Irish Dairy Companies

Square Project:

  • Teagasc (D. Forristal. O Fenton)
  • IT Sligo (C Coyle)
  • University of Limerick

Valumics project:

  • Haskoli Islands, Ieland
  • SINTEF Fiskeri Og Havbruk As, Norway
  • Luonnonvarakeskus, Finland
  • The University Of Hertfordshire Higher Education Corporation, United Kingdom
  • Collaborating Centre On Substainable Consumption And Production Ggmbh, Germany
  • Alma Materstudiorum - Universita Di Bologna, Italy
  • Ceska Zemedelska Univerzita V Praze, Czech Republic
  • Leibniz-Institut Fuer Agrarentwicklung In Transformationsoekonomien (Iamo), Germany
  • Fondation Institut De Recherche Pour Le Developpement Durable Et Les Relations Internationales, France
  • University Of Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom
  • European Aquaculture Society, Belgium
  • Markmar Ehf, Iceland
  • Chalmers Tekniska Hoegskola Ab, Sweden
  • Federacion Espanola De Industrias De La Alimentacion Y Bebidas, Spain
  • Ervet - Emilia-Romagna Valorizzazione Economica Territorio Spa, Italy
  • Lappeenrannan Teknillinen Yliopisto, Finland
  • Assist Software Srl, Romania
  • Truong Dai Hoc Kinh Te Thanh Pho Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam
  • China Agricultural University, China (People's Republic Of)
  • Reweinternational Dienstleistunggmbhaustria

AgroCycle Project:

  • Universiteit Gent, Belgium
  • Harper Adams University United Kingdom
  • Fraunhofer Gesellschaft Zur Foerderung Der Angewandten Forschung E.V. (Fhg) Ev, Germany
  • Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche (Cnr-Ipcf), Italy
  • Ethniko Kentro Erevnas Kai Technologikis Anaptyxis (Certh), Greece
  • Medunarodni Centar Za Odrzivi Razvoj Energetike Voda I Okolisa (Sdewes Centre), Croatia
  • Hellinikos Georgikos Organismos - Dimitra (Demeter), Greece
  • Consiglio Per La Ricerca In Agricoltura E L'analisi Dell'economia Agraria (Crea), Italy
  • The National Non-Food Crops Centre (Nnfcc ), United Kingdom
  • China Agricultural University, China (People's Republic Of)
  • Nanjing University Of Technology (Njut), China (People's Republic Of)
  • Innovacio I Recerca Industrial I Sostenible Sl (Iris) Sl, Spain
  • Tomsa Destil Sl (Tomsa Destil) Sl, Spain
  • Exergy Ltd (Exergy), United Kingdom
  • Axeb Biothech Sl (Axeb), Spain
  • Masstock Arable Uk Limited (Agrii) Ltd, United Kingdom
  • Reset Carbon Limited (Reset Carbon) Ltd, Hong Kong
  • Carton Bros (Carton Brothers), Ireland
  • National University Of Ireland Maynooth (Nium), Ireland
  • European Biomass Industry Association (Eubia) Aisbl, Belgium
  • The Royal Association Of British Dairy Farmers (Rabdf), United Kingdom
  • Comite Europeen Des Groupements De Constructeurs Du Machinisme Agricole (Cema Aisbl) Aisbl, Belgium
  • Confederation Internationale Des Betteraviers Europeens (Cibe) Asbl, Belgium,
  • Eko Kvarner Organization (Eko Kvarner), Croatia
  • Instituto Tecnologico Agrario De Castilla Y Leon (Itacyl), Spain

AgriChemWhey project:

  • Glanbia Ingredients Ireland Ltd., Ireland
  • Galactic Sa, Belgium
  • Trinity College  Dublin, Ireland
  • Commercial Mushroom Producers Cooperative Society Ltd, Ireland
  • Pno Consultants Limited, United Kingdom
  • Gig Karasek Gmbh, Austria
  • Tipperary County Council, Ireland
  • Teagasc - Agriculture And Food Development Authority, Ireland
  • Pole Greenwin, Belgium
  • Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium