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Gerardine Doyle

Head of Accountancy Subject Area

School of Business
Q210
UCD Quinn School of Business
UCD Belfield
Dublin 4

Tel: + 353 1 7164717
Email: gerardine.doyle@ucd.ie

Biography

Gerardine is an academic in the UCD School of Business and has been Head of the Accountancy Subject Area since 2011.

Gerardine's research interests span a number of disciplines including accounting, medicine, sociology and taxation. This is as a consequence of her qualifications as a pharmacologist (B.Sc. from UCD), and as a chartered accountant and chartered tax adviser with KPMG.

Gerardine has been actively engaged in the conduct of major funded comparative research projects that have addressed key areas of health policy and management. These projects have involved funding for doctoral students and post doctoral researchers.

Gerardine was the principal investigator for Ireland in the European Health Literacy Survey (Grant Agreement Number: 2007113 - HLS-EU), which has been awarded three societal impact awards. Most recently the study was awarded the European Health Award by the European Health Forum Gastein 2012. The study was judged as the best European research project for an 'outstanding contribution in meeting European health challenges by implementing a health policy initiative of European importance'. Related to this, Gerardine has been chairperson of the judging panel for the Crystal Clear MSD Health Literacy Awards 2008-date.

Gerardine is currently the Principal Investigator for Ireland for a Seventh Framework collaborative project (Grant Agreement Number: 306186) surrounding diabetes and health literacy entitled 'Enhancing the (cost-) effectiveness of diabetes self-management education: A comparative assessment of different educational approaches and conditions for successful implementation'.  

Gerardine is an expert evaluator for the European Commission for the Seventh Framework programme 2013.

Gerardine is also a member of a European research network surrounding the study of costing practices for health services and patient level costing. In addition Gerardine has recently been engaged in writing two work packages surrounding Health Care Economics and Health and Wellness Impact for the Enterprise Ireland/IDA funded Connected Health Technology Centre: Initial Research Programme 2012 with colleagues across numerous disciplines in UCD, University of Limerick and the Research Triangle Institute, North Carolina.

Gerardine teaches taxation at undergraduate and post graduate levels, having significantly expanded UCD's offerings of tax law modules in recently years. Gerardine has also taught financial control and financial accounting throughout her career in UCD.

In addition to her current role as Head of Accountancy, Gerardine has held a number of leadership roles within the School of Business, including academic director of the Executive MBA (Health Care Management) programme at the UCD Michael Smurfit Graduate Business School and Head of Teaching and Learning within the School of Business.

Professional

Honours and Awards

Year: 2012.
Title: Societal Impact Award
Year: 2012.
Title: The Crebolder Award
Year: 2012.
Title: The European Health Award
Year: 2006.
Title: Seed Funding Competition, UCD School of Business
Year: 2008.
Title: PhD Scholarship in Health Literacy
Year: 2007.
Title: Seed Funding Competition, UCD School of Business
Year: 1996.
Title: European Accounting Association Doctoral Colloquium
Year: 1996.
Title: President's Discretionary Conference/Travel Grant
Year: 1997.
Title: Research Award
Year: 1999.
Title: Research Award
Year: 2001.
Title: Research fellowship
Year: 2006.
Title: Health Information and Quality Authority Funded Research Project (formerly IHSAB)

Associations

Association: Institute of Chartered Accountants in Ireland, Function/Role: Examiner and Moderator, Porfessional III Taxation
Association: Irish Accounting and Finance Association, Function/Role: Council Member
Association: Irish Taxation Institute, Function/Role: Appointed as a member of the Education and Qualifications Committee
Association: Irish Taxation Institute, Function/Role: Lecturer of students awarded First and Third Prizes for the Fantasy Budget Competition 2007 and 2005
Association: Irish Taxation Institute - Third Level Scholarship Fund, Function/Role: Appointed to develop sponsorship for second level students, who because of economic circumstances are prevented from pursuing a Third Level Education
Association: Institute of Chartered Accountants in Ireland, Function/Role: Fellow
Association: Institute of Bankers in Ireland, Financial Reporting and Managerial Accounting , Function/Role: Lecturer
     

Conference Contributions

Doyle, G.A. and Halgand, N.; (2008) Innovative Accounting and Control Practices in French and Irish Public Hospitals: The Role of Government and Related Issues. [Published Abstract], 27th International Congress of CIRIEC, Innovation and Management: The responses of public, social and co-operative economy enterprises to major challenges, Seville, Spain , 22-SEP-08 - 24-SEP-08.
Doyle, G.A. and Grampp, C.; (2008) Accreditation as a Tool for Quality Improvement: A New Public Management Perspective. [National Refereed Conference Paper], 21st Annual Conference of the Irish Accounting and Finance Association , Athlone Institute of Technology , 08-MAY-08 - 09-MAY-08.
Doyle, G.A.; (2008) How to Manage the Real Innovation in Public Administration. [Invited Oral Presentation], 3rd Workshop Nationale di Azienda Publicca, University of Salerno, Italy , 05-JUN-08 - 06-JUN-08.
Doyle, G.A.; (2008) An Institutional Framework Analysis of Management Accounting Innovations: A Comparison of for-profit and not-for-profit health care settings. [Poster Presentation (Refereed)], American Accounting Association Annual Meeting , Anaheim, California, USA , 03-AUG-08 - 06-AUG-08.
Doyle, G.; (2005) Devolved Budgeting for Midwife/Nurse Managers: An Education Needs Assessment. [International Refereed Conference], 28th Annual Congress of the European Accounting Association, Gothenborg University, Sweden , 18-MAY-05 - 20-MAY-05.
Doyle, G.; (2002) Rethinking the Factory Cultural Values - Hosted Seminar. [Other], Prof Ted O'Leary, Manchester School of Accounting and Finance, University of Manchester, University of Manchester, Rethinking the Factory Cultural Values, February 2002 , 01-FEB-02.
Doyle, G.; (2004) Modernisation, Partnerships and The Regulation of Risk - Hosted Seminar. [Other], *, London School of Economics , 06-MAY-04.
Doyle, G.; (2006) Innovations in Accounting for Health Care: A Public/Private Comparison. [National Refereed Conference Paper], Irish Academy of Management 2006 Conference, University College Cork , 06-SEP-06 - 08-SEP-06.
Doyle, G.; (2007) An Institutional Framework Analysis of Management Accounting Innovations: Comparison of for-profit and not-for-profit health care settings. [International Refereed Conference], 30th Annual Congress of the European Accounting Association, Lisbon , 23-APR-07 - 27-APR-07.
Doyle, G., Duffy, L. & McCahey, M.; (2007) An Empirical Study of Adoption/Non-adoption of Activity Based Costing in Hospitals in Ireland. [National Refereed Conference Paper], 20th Annual Conference of the Irish Accounting and Finance Association, Tralee Institute of Technology , 10-MAY-07 - 11-MAY-07.
Doyle, G.; (2006) Organising Committee - 29th Annual Congress of the European Accounting Association. [Conference Organising Committee Member], 29th Annual Congress of the European Accounting Association, March 2006, UCD , 22-MAR-06 - 24-MAR-06.
Doyle, G.; (2006) Organising Committee - 19th Annual Conference of the Irish Accounting and Finance Association. [Conference Organising Committee Member], 19th Annual Conference of the Irish Accounting and Finance Association, May 2006, Dublin City University , 11-MAY-06 - 12-MAY-06.
Doyle, G.; (2006) 19th Annual Conference of the Irish Accounting and Finance Association. [Chaired Session], 19th Annual Conference of the Irish Accounting and Finance Association, May 2006, Dublin City University , 11-MAY-06 - 12-MAY-06.
Doyle, G.; (2006) 29th Annual Congress of the European Accounting Association,. [Chaired Session], 29th Annual Congress of the European Accounting Association, March 2006, UCD , 22-MAR-06 - 24-MAR-06.
Doyle, G.; (1996) Modern Costing Technologies in the Health Service within a Changing Environment. [International Refereed Conference], European Accounting Association Doctoral Colloquium, Bergen, Norway , 01-MAY-96.
Doyle, G.; (2003) ACCA sponsored IAFA seminar. [Conference Organising Committee Member], IAFA Seminar, University College Dublin , 01-MAR-03.
Doyle, G.; (2004) The Brennan Report its impact on the Irish Health Service. [National Refereed Conference Paper], The Academy of Medical Laboratory Science National Scientific Conference Biomedica 2004, Dublin , 05-MAY-04.
Doyle, G.; (2006) The 'fate' of activity based costing: A changing context within and beyond organisational boundaries. [International Refereed Conference], 29th Annual Congress of the European Accounting Association, UCD , 22-MAR-06 - 24-MAR-06.
Doyle, G., Eden, R. and Maingot, M.; (2006) Case studies of ABC adoption in hospitals: A comparison across Canada and Ireland. [International Refereed Conference], 19th Annual Conference of the Irish Accounting and Finance Association, Dublin City University , 11-MAY-06 - 12-MAY-06.
Doyle, G.; (2002) 'Budget Preparation and Interpretation' and 'Budget Responsibility'. [Invited Oral Presentation], 'Building Management Excellence for Clinicians: Insights and Applications from Leading-edge Business Practice', * , 27-FEB-02.
Doyle, G.; (2004) Clinicians as governable persons and calculable persons: The role of the state and the role of accounting innovations. [International Refereed Conference], 17th Annual Conference of the Irish Accounting & Finance Association, Queen's University of Belfast , 19-APR-04 - 20-APR-04.
Doyle, G.; (2003) Clinicians as Governable Persons and as Calculable Persons: The role of accounting innovations,. [International Refereed Conference], European Accounting Association, Seville , 01-APR-03 - 04-APR-03.
Doyle, G.; (2002) Innovative calculative practices in the health care industry: an Introduction . [International Refereed Conference], Final AREHCAS Symposium, Venice , 25-MAR-02 - 27-MAR-02.
Doyle, G.; (2002) A cross-cultural analysis of activity based costing in health care institutions: A comparison of France, Germany, Ireland and Italy. [International Refereed Conference], Final AREHCAS Symposium, 25-27 March 2002, Venice, Venice , 25-MAR-02 - 27-MAR-02.
Doyle, G. & Scarparo, S.; (2002) Clinicians in management: a comparative analysis of the Irish and Scottish cases a joint presentation with Simona Scarparo, Edinburgh University. [International Refereed Conference], Final AREHCAS Symposium, Venice , 25-MAR-02 - 27-MAR-02.
Doyle, G.; (2002) The organisational and interorganisational consequences of innovative calculative practices: A longitudinal field study. [International Refereed Conference], Final AREHCAS Symposium, Venice , 25-MAR-02 - 27-MAR-02.
Doyle, G.; (1999) The Emergence of Accounting Innovations: A Health Care Setting. [National Refereed Conference Paper], 12th Annual Conference of The Irish Accounting and Finance Association, University College Cork , 10-MAY-99 - 11-MAY-99.
Doyle, G.; (1999) Accounting and Health Care. [Conference Organising Committee Member], 2nd AREHCAS Workshop on Accounting and Health Care, * , 11-DEC-99 - 12-DEC-99.

Committees

Committee : UCD School of Business International Committee
Committee : Internationalisation Task Force (School of Business)
Committee : Strategy Steering Committee
Committee : Programmatic Review Panel for the School of Business and Humanities, Institute of Technology, Tallaght
Committee : Bachelor of Commerce International Committee
Committee : The University Teaching Committee
Committee : Staff/Student Consultative Forum
Committee : Task Force on the Quinn School Learning Environment
Committee : Undergraduate Curriculum Review Committee
Committee : Quality Assurance/Quality Improvement Co-ordinating Committee

Employment

Employer: University College Dublin
Position: Lecturer in Accounting
Employer: KPMG - Stokes Kennedy Crowley
Position: Audit trainee/audit senior
Employer: KPMG - Stokes Kennedy Crowley
Position: Taxation senior/ taxation assistant manager
Employer: KPMG - Stokes Kennedy Crowley
Position: Training manager

Education

Year 1986 Institution: Dublin City University (DCU), IRL
Qualification: PDA Subject:
Year Institution:
Qualification: ACA Subject:
Year Institution:
Qualification: AITI Subject:
Year 2000 Institution: University College Cork
Qualification: PhD Subject:
Year 1985 Institution: University College Dublin
Qualification: BSc Subject:
 

Consultancy

Client: Government
 

Journals Edited

Public Administration: Reviewer.
Health Promotion International: Reviewer.

Other Activities

1997-2002: Member of Management Committee and Scientist-in-Charge of ‘Accounting and Management in the Reform of European Health Care Systems' (AREHCAS) research project. University College Dublin is a joint partner with an industrial member (the accounting firm Oliver Freaney and Company). Five other universities participated in the contract:

University of Edinburgh
Universita Ca' Foscari di Venezia
Linkoping University
Univeristy of Nantes
Technische Universitat Munchen

Director of the MBA Health Service Management Programme 2005 - 2009.

National Representative for Ireland on the European Accounting Association Board 2004 for a three year term. Re-elected in 2007 for a second three year term.
Academic (External Examiner)

University Limerick, 2002/2003 - 2005/2006
BBS- Taxation theory and practice
BA Law and Accounting - Corporate taxation
BA Law and Accounting - Capital Taxation
Corporate MBA - Taxation Elective


External examining of Masters theses in taxation.

Dublin Institute of Technology, Certificate in Business Studies, Year 2, 2001 to 2004.

Waterford Institute of Technology/ Institute of Chartered Accountants in Ireland, Master in Accounting - Advanced Taxation, 2002/2003 to date.

Publications

 

Book Chapters

Doyle, G.A.; (2008) 'Irish Taxation - Principles and Policy' In: Doyle, G.A (eds). IrishTaxation Law and Practice 2008/2009. Dublin: Irish Taxation Institute. , pp.1-966 [Details]
Doyle, G.A.; (2008) 'Basic Principles of Capital Acquisitions Tax' In: Doyle, G.A (eds). Irish Taxation Law and Practice 2008/2009. Dublin: Irish Taxation Institute. , pp.1-966 [Details]
Doyle, G.; (2007) 'Irish Taxation - Principles and Policy' In: Gerardine Doyle (eds). Irish Taxation: Law and Practice 2007. Dublin: Irish Taxation Institute. , pp.51-75 [Details]
Doyle, G.; (2007) 'Basic Principles of Capital Acquisitions Tax' In: Gerardine Doyle (eds). Irish Taxation: Law and Practice 2007. Dublin: Irish Taxation Institute. , pp.815-850 [Details]
Doyle, G. ; (2001) 'Case Studies from Across the Public Services: Health Care The Mater Miscericordae Hospital' In: * (eds). What you can learn from ABC: Activity Based Costing and Activity Based Management in the Public Services. UK: Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy. , pp.18-36 [Details]

Edited Books

Gerardine Doyle (Ed.). (2008) Irish Taxation: Law and Practice 2008/2009. Dublin: Irish Taxation Institute. [Details]
Gerardine Doyle (Ed.). (2007) Irish Taxation: Law and Practice 2007/2008. Dublin: The Irish Taxation Institute. [Details]
   

Conference Publications

Doyle, G.A., Eden, R. and Maingot, M.; (2008) Case Studies of ABC Adoption in Hospitals: A comparison across Canada and Ireland Administrative Sciences Association of Canada Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada, , 24-MAY-08 - 27-MAY-08 [Details]
Doyle, G.A and Halgand, N.; (2008) New Public Management in the Health Sectors of Ireland and France 5th International Conference on Accounting, Auditing & Management in Public Sector Reforms0 , 03-SEP-08 - 05-SEP-08 [Details]
Doyle, G.A. and Grampp, C.; (2008) Accreditation as a Quality Tool in Public Sector Reform: The Fourth Stage of Convergence \i 5th International Conference on Accounting, Auditing & Management in Public Sector Reforms 0   Amsterdam, , 03-SEP-08 - 05-SEP-08 [Details]
Doyle, G.A. and Grampp, C.; (2008) Accreditation as a Tool for Quality Improvement: A New Public Management Perspective 25th International Conference of the International Society for Quality in Health Care Copenhagen, Denmark, , 19-OCT-08 - 22-OCT-08 [Details]
Doyle, G. (co-authors Lisa Duffy and Melissa McCahey); (2007) An Empirical Study of Adoption/Non-adoption of Activity Based Costing in Hospitals in Ireland 20th Annual Conference of the Irish Accounting and Finance Association Tralee Institute of Technology, , 10-MAY-07 - 11-MAY-07 [Details]
Doyle, G.; (2006) Innovations in Accounting for Health Care: A Public/Private Comparison Irish Academy of Management 2006 Conference University College Cork, , 06-SEP-06 - 08-SEP-06 [Details]
Doyle, G., Eden, R., Maingot, M.; (2006) Case Studies of ABC Adoption in Hospitals: A comparison across Canada and Ireland 19th Annual Conference of the Irish Accounting and Finance Association Dublcin City University, , 11-MAY-06 - 12-MAY-06 [Details]
Doyle, G.; (2006) The 'fate' of activity based costing: A changing context within and beyond organisational boundaries 29th Annual Congress of the European Accounting Association UCD, , 22-MAR-06 - 24-MAR-06 [Details]
Doyle, G. and Williamson, P.; (2005) Devolved Budgeting for Midwife/Nurse Managers: An Education Needs Assessment 28th Annual Congress of the European Accounting Association Gothenborg University, Sweden, , 18-MAY-05 - 20-MAY-05 [Details]
Doyle, G.; (2004) Clinicians as 'governable persons' and 'calculable persons': The role of the state and the role of accounting innovations 17th Annual Conference of the Irish Accounting and Finance Association Queen's University of Belfast, , 19-APR-04 - 20-APR-04 [Details]
Doyle, G.; (2007) An Institutional Framework Analysis of Management Accounting Innovations: Comparison of for-profit and not-for-profit Health Care Settings 30th Annual Congress of the European Accounting Association Lisbon, , 23-APR-07 - 27-APR-07 [Details]
                                                                                         

Research

Research Interests

Three research areas:
1.       Accounting/Costing for health care:  Gerardine has been engaged in longitudinal field studies of accounting change in the acute care hospital setting, studying accounting as a social and institutional practice. Gerardine has also carried out costing studies and cost/benefit analyses. Gerardine is currently engaged in a study of patient level costing with colleagues across 11 EU member states, which is co-ordinated by Imperial College London.

 2.       Health literacy:  Gerardine was the prinicpal investigator for Ireland on a study of health literacy across eight European countries (HLS-EU) funded by the European Agency for Health and Consumers (2009-2012). Gerardine led the work package 'Valorization activities for stakeholders at the national and regional levels'. On 1 November I 2012 the new FP7 funded project 'Diabetes Literacy' will commence.

 3.       Taxation: Gerardine has extensive professional publications in the area of taxation and has embarked on a qualitative research study surrounding the governance of tax avoidance.

Research Projects

Sponsor : UCD School of Business
Title : New Public Management and Health Sector Reform: A Cross National Study Between Ireland & France
Start Date / End Date : 01-DEC-06 / 30-APR-10
Sponsor : UCD School of Business
Title : A Cost Benefit Analysis of the Implementation of an Education and Quality Programme on Hospital Infection Rates: A Field Study in the National Maternity Hospital of Ireland
Start Date / End Date : 01-MAR-07 / 01-FEB-08
Sponsor : Irish Health Services Accreditation Board (IHSAB)
Title : The cost of implementing hospital accreditation - what are the benefits?
Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-06 / 31-MAR-10
Sponsor : Merck Sharp & Dohme (Ireland)
Title : Health Literacy
Start Date / End Date : 01-SEP-08 / 28-FEB-13
Sponsor : EC - DG Health and Consumers (DG SANCO)
The National Adult Literacy Agency (NALA)
Title : European Health Literacy Survey
Start Date / End Date : 11-MAR-09 / 29-FEB-12
Sponsor : Enterprise Ireland (EI)
Title : Developing Guidelines for costing of in-patient services in the EU
Start Date / End Date : 01-JUN-11 / 30-NOV-11

Recent Postgraduates

  1. Joint supervisor of a PhD study entitled 'Performance Management of Acute Care Hospitals in the HSE South', funded by the European Union (Technological Sector Research Programme - Strand III.) Waterford Institute of Technology. Completion Date: 28 June 2011. The highest award was granted 'Award degree (no corrections required)'. 
  2. Supervisor of a UCD PhD study entitled 'Health Literacy in Ireland'. Completion Date: 14 December 2012. Viva voce date: 15 Februray 2013.

  3.  Supervisor of a UCD PhD study on pateint level costing. Commenced September 2011.  


 

Teaching

Teaching Philosophy

My teaching philosophy centres on teaching as a student centred activity, with students adopting a deep approach to learning. Enthusiasm of the teacher for their subject and their research interests is critical to creating the optimal learning environment. Our teaching should prepare graduates for life and for work.
 

Enhancement of Teaching

Enthusiasm for my subject and enjoyment of teaching are reflected in student evaluations which are consistently in excess of 4.0(80% satisfaction rating). I work hard each semester to maintain this measure of quality without compromising on academic standards. I am in constant communication with my students about their learning. I monitor my evaluations regularly and make changes in the classroom or in my assessment strategies as necessary. At the beginning of each class I set out an 'Agenda for Today', which mirrors the learning outcomes for the session. At the end of each class I summarise what the student should now know or be able to do. This ensures a focus on the learning outcomes for each class. I engage in a continuous cycle of self evaluation in order to refine my teaching practice. Feedback from students comes in a variety of forms, formally through end of semester evaluations and Student Fora and informally during student consultations and chance meetings around the Quinn School, UCD campus and student social events. I enjoy attending Student Fora and engage in reflective practice in order to respond to student concerns and to continuously improve my teaching. My experience and professional development as a teacher has provided me with a greater understanding of how students learn especially within the large lecture theatre. Over time I have become fully confident in such settings and to be as communicative as in small classrooms.

Review and Enhancement of Curriculum

Throughout my career in UCD I have been engaged in curricula review and enhancement at all levels: At programme level, I have been involved in a number of curricula reviews; the MBA Health Services Management with colleagues in the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland programme (2006), the Executive MBA Task Force UCD Smurfit School (2007) and more recently I have been an active member of the Undergraduate Implementation Committee of the UCD School of Business (2010-2011). The remit of this committee was the implementation of new programme aims, curricula and programme outcomes for the B.Comm, B.Comm (International) and Business & Law programmes. This has been implemented with great success. At subject area level, within Accountancy, I have been an active member of a subcommittee (2001) with responsibility for reviewing the undergraduate curriculum and the evolution of accountancy modules from Stage I to final year. In addition, new electives were identified, developed and offered. Since 2009, I have developed three new modules in taxation so that the teaching of tax has evolved broadened significantly within a short timeframe. I designed an additional undergraduate module (ACC30070) to build upon the first module and to link with professional practice, obtaining new exemptions for UCD students from the professional taxation qualification of Chartered Tax Advisor (AITI). Furthermore I designed a new post graduate Summer Taxation Module in 2010/11 (ACC40720) with the professional accounting and taxation bodies, CAI and the ITI. I have also developed a new series of case studies for Masters students, to prepare them for their careers and professional exams. At module level, as part of continually improving my teaching practice and maximising student learning, I annually update my module design, assessment strategies, scholarly material and practical examples for problem based learning.

Developing as a Teacher

Over my 20 years of teaching at UCD I have become an accomplished teacher with a level of self awareness to ensure that I am continually developing as a teacher. As my research activities have evolved and broadened, so also have my teaching skills. A core value that I apply to my teaching is one of continuous improvement. Personal teaching development is an integral part of this continuous cycle of improvement. With this objective throughout my career as a university teacher, I regularly engage in teaching and learning workshops, seminars at School/University level and at international teaching and learning conferences. Given that my areas of expertise, Taxation and Financial Reporting, are constantly changing, my personal development requires that I be technically up to date. I therefore attend seminars, updates and conferences held by Chartered Accountants Ireland and by the Irish Tax Institute, in addition to using their web-based material. My strengths that distinguish me as an excellent teacher include: Enthusiasm for my discipline Excellent communication in all classroom settings Technical and professional expertise in my discipline Principal investigator in a number of large scale research projects which inform my teaching

Innovation & Leadership

I have been a member of the School of Business Teaching and Learning Committee and have held the position of Head of Teaching and Learning in the School of Business. I introduced and evaluated a School of Business teaching award in collaboration with the Centre for Teaching and Learning, UCD.

Collaborators

Internal Collaborators

Dr Brian Caulfield, School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science

Professor Dermot Power, School of Medicine and Medical Science 

Dr Susi Geiger, School of Business

Dr Peter McNamara, School of Business  

External Collaborators

Professor Christpher Chapman and Dr Anja Kern, Imperial College London, UK. 
 
Professor Helmut Brand and Kristine Sorensen, Univeristy of Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Professor Stephan Van den Broucke, Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium. 

Dr Nathalie Halgand, Faculty of Medicine, University of Nantes, France. 

Professor Paola Adinolfi, Univeristy of Salerno, Italy.

Dr Ron Eden, School of Management, University of Ottowa, Canada.