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David Madden

Full Professor

School Of Economics
Newman Building
Belfield
Dublin 4

Tel: +353 1 7168396
Email: david.madden@ucd.ie

Biography

I am currently Professor of Economics at University College Dublin. I have worked at UCD since 1991. I previously worked at AIB Investment Managers, Davy Stockbrokers, the Central Bank of Ireland, the Ministry of Health, Kaduna, Nigeria, NUI Maynooth and the ESRI.
 
My research interests have developed over the years but public policy has been a constant theme.  My PhD thesis was in the area of tax reform, including how such reforms are sensitive to concerns about income distribution and inequality.  This then developed into more formal analysis of inequality and poverty in Ireland.  I have had a growing interest in health economics since the early 2000s, looking at smoking first of all and then looking at other public health issues, in particular obesity.  Combining my interests in inequality and public policy I have investigated the socioeconomic gradient of obesity and also have drawn on my tax experience to see how taxation might be used as a public policy with respect to obesity.  More recently I have also begun to investigate inequalities in early stage educational outcomes and also the link between education and health.  
 
Overall, I think my research has shown a coherency in terms of engagement with important public policy issues and specially with respect to the distributional aspect of those issues.  In practically every case I have used Irish data in my analysis as I believe it is important that Irish academics make contributions to Irish policy., and I have been and continue to be a member of a number of advisory committees/boards etc established by Irish policy makers.
 
In addition, I have always attempted to incorporate such issues, curriculum permitting, into my teaching.  I have extensive teaching experience at all levels in UCD with both very large and small classes. 

Professional

Honours and Awards

Year: 2007.
Title: IRCHSS Senior Fellowship
Year: 1997.
Title: Marie Curie Fellowship
Year: 1984.
Title: ESRI Scholarship for Postgraduate Study Abroad
Year: 1981.
Title: Scholarship for result of BA exam in Economics
Year: 1979.
Title: Prize for result of First Arts exam in Economics

Associations

Association: Economic and Social Studies, Function/Role: Chairman
Association: Health Economics Association of Ireland, Function/Role: Vice President
Association: Health Econometrics and Data Group, University of York, Function/Role: External Affiliate
Association: Irish Economics Association, Function/Role: Council Member
Association: Foundation for Fiscal Studies , Function/Role: Research Director
     

Conference Contributions

David Madden; (2005) Held every year at venue in Europe for about 50 invited participants. [Conference Organising Committee Member], 14th European Conference on Econometrics and Health Economics, Dublin , 14-SEP-05 - 17-SEP-05.
David Madden; (2005) Conference to honour Professor Brendan Walsh. [Conference Organising Committee Member], Macroeconomic Perspectives, Dublin , 07-OCT-05 - 07-OCT-05.
Madden, D.; (2002) Getting Value for Money in the Health Service. [N/A], Proceedings of the 17th Annual Conference of the Foundation for Fiscal Studies (ed,. David Madden).2002, * , 01-JAN-02.
Madden, D.; (2001) Movement and Congestion: Transport Options for Ireland,. [N/A], Proceedings of the 16th Annual Conference of the Foundation for Fiscal Studies (ed,. David Madden).2001, * , 01-JAN-01.
Madden, D.; (2000) Fiscal Policy and the Family. [N/A], Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference of the Foundation for Fiscal Studies (ed,. David Madden).2000, * , 01-JAN-00.
Madden, D.; (1999) Irish Corporation Tax: Fair Play or Foul. [N/A], Proceedings of the 14th Annual Conference of the Foundation for Fiscal Studies (ed,. David Madden)1999, * , 01-JAN-99.
Madden, D.; (1998) The Fiscal Treatment of Housing. [N/A], Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference of the Foundation for Fiscal Studies (ed,. David Madden).1998, * , 01-JAN-98.
Madden, D.; (1997) Private and Public Enterprise: Options for Ireland. [N/A], Proceedings of the 12th Annual Conference of the Foundation for Fiscal Studies (ed,. David Madden).1997, * , 01-JAN-97.

Committees

Committee : Dept Health, Health Impact Assessment Group on Taxation of Sugar Sweetened Beverages
Committee : Dept Health Oral Health Academic Review Group
Committee : Irish Government Economic and Evaluation Service Oversight Board
Committee : International Scientific Advisory Committee, EU Joint Action on Nutrition and Activity
Committee : Economic and Social Studies
Committee : UCD Steering Group on Student College Choice
Committee : School of Economics Executive
Committee : School of Economics Graduate Studies
Committee : Health Economics Association of Ireland
Committee : Foundation for Fiscal Studies
Committee : Irish Economics Assocoation
Committee : Research Advisory Committee, Combat Poverty Agency
Committee : Graduate Studies Board, College of Human Sciences

Employment

Employer: Economic and Social Research Institute
Position: Research Assistant
Employer: Maynooth College
Position: Lecturer in Economics
Employer: Ministry of Health
Position: Medical Statistician
Employer: Central Bank of Ireland
Position: Economist
Employer: J and E Davy, Stockbrokers
Position: Economist
Employer: AIB Investment Managers
Position: Senior Economist
Employer: University College Dublin.
Position: Lecturer in Economics

Education

Year 1995 Institution: University College Dublin
Qualification: PhD Subject:
Year 1986 Institution: Oxford University, UK
Qualification: MPhil Subject:
Year 1982 Institution: University College Dublin
Qualification: MA Subject:
Year 1981 Institution: University College Dublin
Qualification: BA Subject:
 

Consultancy

Client: Office of Tobacco Control

Outreach Activities

I was invited, along with a distinguished list of overseas academics, by NUI Galway to provide a Master class in Health Economics (at Masters/PhD level) in March 2016.  This proved to be a very successful event with very positive student feedback.
Organised Department of Finance Essay Competition for UCD undergraduates
Acted as reviewer for UK ESRC
Local Organiser for European Health Econometrics and Health Economics Conference, Dublin, 2005
Organised Annual Conference for Foundation for Fiscal Studies from 1997-2002 on various topics such as health, housing, corporation tax.
External Examiner for University of Birmingham, 2015-2019.
PhD Examiner: University of York, University of Sussex, University of East Anglia, University of Queensland, Dublin University.
Academic referee for many academic journals such as Journal of Health Economics, Economic Journal, Review of Economics and Statistics, British Medical Journal and many more.
Member of Research Advisory Committee of Combat Poverty Agency
Council Member, Irish Economics Association, 2006-2012
Research Associate, Health Econometrics and Data Group, (HEDG), University of York.
Research Director, Foundation for Fiscal Studies, 1997-2002
Advisor to Office of Tobacco Control
Vice President, Health Economics Association of Ireland
Chairman of Economic and Social Studies
Member of the International Scientific Advisory Committee of the EU Joint Action on Nutrition and Physical Activity (EU JANPA). 
Member of the Health Impact Assessment Steering Group appointed to investigate the issue of a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages
Member of Oral Health Policy Academic Research Group, established by Department of Health
Member of Oversight Board, Irish Government Economic and Evaluation Service
 

Other Activities

Administrative duties:
I have taken on numerous administrative duties within the School of Economics, including Head of School from 2009-2012.
Papers presented at numerous conferences/meetings including the European Econometrics Society, Royal Economic Society, European Workshops on Econometrics and Health Economics, HCM Network Meetings, Irish Economics Association, Foundation for Fiscal Studies, Dublin Labour Studies Group, and Dublin Economics Workshop meetings.

Publications

Books

T. Callan, D. Madden and D. McCoy; (2002) Budget Perspectives 2003. Dublin: ESRI Dublin. [Details]

Book Chapters

Madden, David (2014) 'Dominance and the Measurement of Inequality' In: Culyer, Anthony J (eds). Encyclopedia of Health Economics. London: Elsevier. [Details]
Madden, David (2014) 'The Socioeconomic Determinants of Mental Stress' In: Cullinan, J, Lyons, S, Nolan, B (eds). The Economics of Disability: Insights from Irish Research. UK: Manchester University Press. [Details]
O'Hagan, J and Newman, C; (2008) 'Taxation, Debt and the Public Finances' In: O'Hagan, J and Newman, C; (eds). The Economy of Ireland: National and Sectoral Policy Issues. Dublin, Ireland: Gill and McMillan. [Details]
Brian Nolan (ed.), Brenda Gannon, Richard Layte, Pat McGregor, David Madden, Anne Nolan, Ciaran O Neill, Samantha Smith; (2007) 'Health Interventions and Risky Behaviour' In: Brian Nolan (ed.), Brenda Gannon, Richard Layte, Pat McGregor, David Madden, Anne Nolan, Ciaran O Neill, Samantha Smith; (eds). The Provision and use of Health Services, Health Inequalities and Health and Social Gain. Dublin: Economic and Social Research Institute. [Details]
Madden, D.,; (2002) 'Setting the Appropriate Tax on Cigarettes in Ireland' In: T. Callan, D. Madden and D.McCoy (eds). Budget Perspectives 2003. Dublin: ESRI Dublin. [Details]
Madden, D.; (2000) 'Taxation, Debt and the Public Finances' In: (in , ed. John O Hagan. Dublin. Gill and McMillan.) (eds). The Economy of Ireland. [Details]
 

Peer Reviewed Journals

David Madden (2017) 'Childhood Obesity and Maternal Education in Ireland'. Economics and Human Biology, 27 :114-125. [DOI] [Details]
David Madden (2016) 'Do Schooling Reforms Improve Long Term Health'. IZA World of Labor, . [DOI] [Details]
Madden, David (2015) 'Health and Wealth on the Roller-Coaster: Ireland, 2003¿2011'. Social Indicators Research, 121 (2):387-412. [DOI] [Details]
Eibhlin Hudson, David Madden, Irene Mosca (2015) 'A Formal Investigation of Inequalities in Health Behaviours After Age 50 on the Island of Ireland'. Economic and Social Review, 46 (2):233-265. [Details]
Madden D (2015) 'THE POVERTY EFFECTS OF A 'FAT-TAX' IN IRELAND'. Health Economics, 24 :104-121. [DOI] [Details]
Madden, D (2014) 'Winners and Losers on the Roller Coaster: Ireland, 2003-2011'. Economic and Social Review, 45 (3):405-421. [Details]
David Madden (2014) 'The Relationship Between Low Birthweight and Socioeconomic Status in Ireland'. Journal of Biosocial Science, 46 (2):248-265. [Details]
Briggs AD, Mytton OT, Madden D, O Shea D, Rayner M, Scarborough P (2013) 'The potential impact on obesity of a 10% tax on sugar-sweetened beverages in Ireland, an effect assessment modelling study'. Public Health, 13 (1). [DOI] [Details]
Madden, D (2013) 'The Socioeconomic Gradient of Obesity in Ireland'. Economic and Social Review, . [Details]
Madden, D (2013) 'Adjusting the Obesity Thresholds for self-reported BMI in Ireland: a cross-sectional analysis'. Bmj Open, 3 :e002865. [Details]
David Madden (2012) 'A Profile of Obesity in Ireland, 2002-2007'. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A-Statistics in Society, 175 (4):893-914. [Details]
Madden, David (2011) 'The Impact of an Economic Boom on the Level and Distribution of Subjective Well-Being: Ireland, 1994-2001'. Journal of Happiness Studies, 12 (4):667-679. [Details]
David Madden; (2011) 'Health and income poverty in Ireland, 2003-2006'. Journal of Economic Inequality, 9 (1):23-33. [Details]
David Madden; (2010) 'Gender Differencesin Mental Well-Being: a Decomposition Analysis'. Social Indicators Research, 99 :101-114. [Details]
Madden, David; (2010) 'Ordinal and Cardinal Measures of Health Inequality: An Empirical Comparison'. Health Economics, 19 :243-250. [Details]
Madden, D; (2009) 'Mental Stress in Ireland, 1994-2000: A Stochastic Dominance Approach'. Health Economics, 18 :1202-1217. [Details]
Madden, D., , ; (2008) 'Sample selection versus two-part models revisited: The case of female smoking and drinking'. Journal of Health Economics, 27 (2):300-307. [Details]
Madden, D; (2007) 'Tobacco taxes and starting and quitting smoking: does the effect differ by education?'. Applied Economics, 39 :613-627. [Details]
Madden, D.; (2007) 'Doctors' Fees in Ireland Following the Change in Reimbursement: Did They Jump?'. Economic and Social Review, 38 (2):259-274. [Details]
Madden, D; Nolan, A; Nolan, B; ; (2005) 'GP reimbursement and visiting behaviour in Ireland'. Health Economics, 14 (10):1047-1060. [Details]
McDonald, DGM; Najam, Y; Keegan, MB; Whooley, M; Madden, D; McMenamin, JB; ; (2005) 'The use of lamotrigine, vigabatrin and gabapentin as add-on therapy in intractable epilepsy of childhood'. Seizure-European Journal of Epilepsy, 14 (2):112-116. [Details]
Madden, D.,; (2004) 'Labour Market Discrimination on the Basis of Health: An Application to UK Data'. Applied Economics, 36 :421-442. [Details]
McDonald, DGM; Kelehan, P; McMenamin, JB; Gorman, WA; Madden, D; Tobbia, IN; Mooney, EE; ; (2004) 'Placental fetal thrombotic vasculopathy is associated with neonatal encephalopathy'. Human Pathology, 35 (7):875-880. [Details]
Madden, D.; (2002) 'A Review of Recent Research into Trends in Poverty'. Irish Banking Review, :15-30. [Details]
Madden, D.; (2000) 'Relative or Absolute Poverty Lines: A New Approach'. Review of Income and Wealth, 46 (2):181-200. [Details]
Madden, D. with Fiona Smith; (2000) 'Poverty in Ireland, 1987-1994: A Stochastic Dominance Approach'. Economic and Social Review, 31 (3):187-241. [Details]
Madden, D.; (2000) 'Towards a Broader Explanation of Male-Female Wage Differentials'. Applied Economic Letters, 7 :756-770. [Details]
Madden, D.; (1997) 'Conditional Demands and Marginal Tax Reform'. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 59 (2):237-255. [Details]
Madden, D.; (1996) 'Marginal Tax Reform and the Specification of Consumer Demand Systems'. Oxford Ecomonic Papers, 48 :556-567. [Details]
MADDEN, D; (1995) 'OMITTED VARIABLES, DYNAMIC SPECIFICATION AND TESTS FOR HOMOGENEITY'. Applied Economics Letters, 2 :372-374. [Details]
Madden, D.; (1995) 'Labour Supply, Commodity Demand, and Marginal Tax Reform'. Economic Journal, 105 (429):485-497. [Details]
Madden, D.; (1995) 'An Analysis of Indirect Tax Reform in Ireland in the 1980s'. Fiscal Studies, 16 (1):18-37. [Details]
Madden, D.; (1993) 'A New Set of Consumer Demand Estimates for Ireland'. Economic and Social Review, 24 (2):101-123. [Details]
Madden, D.; (1992) 'Can We Infer External Effects from a Study of the Irish Indirect Tax System?'. Economic and Social Review, 24 (1):63-74. [Details]
Madden, David (1989) 'Indirect Tax Reform in Ireland'. Economic and Social Review, 21 (1):27-47. [Details]
 

Conference Publications

Various; (2002) Proceedings of Conference held . In: T. Callan, D. Madden and D. McCoy eds. Budget Perspectives 2003 , 01-OCT-02 [Details]
Madden, D.,; (2002) Getting Value for Money in the Health Service Proceedings of the 17th Annual Conference of the Foundation for Fiscal Studies [Details]
Madden, D.,; (2001) Movement and Congestion: Transport Options for Ireland . In: David Madden eds. Proceedings of the 16th Annual Conference of the Foundation for Fiscal Studies [Details]
Madden, D.,; (2000) Fiscal Policy and the Family . In: David Madden eds. Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference of the Foundation for Fiscal Studies [Details]
Madden, D.,; (1999) Irish Corporation Tax: Fair Play or Foul . In: David Madden eds. Proceedings of the 14th Annual Conference of the Foundation for Fiscal Studies [Details]
Madden, D.,; (1998) The Fiscal Treatment of Housing . In: David Madden eds. Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference of the Foundation for Fiscal Studies [Details]
Madden, D.,; (1997) Private and Public Enterprise: Options for Ireland . In: David Madden eds. Proceedings of the 12th Annual Conference of the Foundation for Fiscal Studies [Details]
                                                                                                                 

Research

Research Interests

My main research interests are in the areas of Public Policy with an emphasis on Health Economics, though I also cover issues in Education, Poverty and Inequality. Within Health Economics I have a particular interest in obesity and I have also researched into the links between health and education.


Research Funding

  • UCD member of European network for HCM Proposal ERB4050PL920292 - Microeconometrics for Public Policy (co-ordinated by Richard Blundell and Ian Walker).
  • Foundation for Fiscal Studies. Grant of £2000, 1992-1994.
  • Awarded European Union Training and Mobility Grant, Marie Curie Fellowship, ERBFMBICT971973, c.18,000ECU, January-July 1998. Awarded 87/100 and placed in "must be funded" category
  • Part of UCD team awarded £18,000 by ISSRC under auspices of Royal Irish Academy for "Growth, Exchange Rates and Competitiveness", 1995.
  • Leader of UCD team awarded funding from Health Research Board for The Provision and Use of Health Services (principal investigator, Brian Nolan), 2002.
  • Awarded IRCHSS Senior Fellowship, 2007-2008.

Research Projects

Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : Heterogeneity in Parental Respiratory Health Reporting Patterns
Start Date / End Date : 17-MAY-10 / 16-NOV-11
Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : Student Decision Making and Course Fees
Start Date / End Date : 03-FEB-14 / 31-AUG-16

Recent Postgraduates

Eibhlin Hudson (PhD) 2011
 
Wasiu Are (PhD)  2012 
 
Michael Savage (PhD) 2016 

Current Postgraduate Students

Fiona Kiernan, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)   -   Thesis Supervisor

Teaching

Teaching Philosophy

Stimulate students to think, provide some guidance in that thinking but don¿t force your own opinion, impart the enthusiasm you have for the subject. Be open to new ideas but do not innovate merely for its own sake. Be aware also of strengths of traditional teaching.

Modules Coordinated

201600   ECON42350     Economics: Health & Welfare Economics
201600   ECON10720     Economics: Business Economics
201600   ECON42020     Economics: Research Skills
201600   ECON50460     Economics: Health & Welfare Econ (PhD)
201600   ECON40090     Economics: Dissertation
201600   ECON30310     Economics: Economics Research Project

Enhancement of Teaching

No formal enhancement in terms of attending courses etc. Just try to improve on what I have been doing so far. In general, course evaluations have been very good, so I try to build upon positives and eliminate negatives. I have also amended my slides/notes as the technology available in the large lecture theatres has gradually improved in terms of reliability.

Review and Enhancement of Curriculum

Achievements: established basic model for MA programme in Economics in UCD. Also contributed to setting up of structured PhD programme Responsible for introduction of module Advanced Economic Analysis for single-honours-major groups based upon problem based learning. As Head of School responsible for introduction of online tutorials and drop in centres. Developed specific module in Microeconomics for Business Students (Econ10720) with one of my colleagues. Developed Economics Research Project module for undergraduates to include the teaching of more specific hands-on research skills. Also regularly contributed to within-School curriculum reviews. In general, I believe that the extent to which courses can and should be enhanced/reviewed depends upon the particular course and the level at which it is being taught. For example, in many courses there may be key material which simply has to be covered and there is little revision from year to year. My philosophy in terms of enhancement is to constantly update a certain portion of the course, as much as possible, so that the best compromise in terms of continuity and freshness can be maintained. In terms of the remaining ¿core¿ portion of the course, since I always provide applied examples from the real world wherever possible, there is always scope for updating in this regard

Developing as a Teacher

My development as a teacher has been partly a function of experience and also of the technology available. Initially I was teaching large undergraduate classes (in excess of 300) and used overhead projectors. I then moved on to teaching slightly smaller advanced undergraduate classes and developed a system of detailed class notes which I made available, first via the Students Union and then via my website. The notes were were not simply reproductions of overheads, they were considerably more substantial. These notes had no impact upon class attendance, in most cases class attendance increased. About 6-7 years ago I started to dispense with the notes. This was partly due to the availability of Powerpoint in theatres and also the general move towards the use of Blackboard in the University. In the last year or so I have started making my Powerpoint slides somewhat less detailed, and to provide more material in the lectures, either via overhead document camera or blackboard. This is in response to the University-wide decline in attendance. Some incentive must be given for attendance - early indications are that attendance has responded.

Innovation & Leadership

Invited to give Masterclass in Health Economics at MA/PhD level at NUIG in March 2016. Appointed External Examiner in University of Birmingham, 2015-2019. Established basic MA structure in School of Economics, contributed to establishment of structured PhD programme. Established module Advanced Economic Analysis for single-honours-major groups based upon problem based learning. As Head of School responsible for introduction of online tutorials and drop-in centres. Incorporated hands-on skills in Economic Research Module for undergraduate students

Collaborators

Internal Collaborators

External Collaborators

Health Econometrics and Data Group, University of York
Vincent O Sullivan, University of Lancaster
Yuan Yuan Ma, The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing, Trinity College Dublin
Michael Savage, Economic and Social Research Institute