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Gerald Mills

Senior Lecturer

School Of Geography
Newman Building
Belfield
Dublin 4

Tel: +353 1 7168229
Email: gerald.mills@ucd.ie

Biography

I received my BA in Geography and History at University College Dublin in 1980 and completed a research Master's degree at UCD between 1981 and 1983. This research examined the synoptic origins of precipitation in Ireland during the period 1970 to 1980. This work was supervised by Stuart Daultrey. After working for one year as research assistant on census atlases of Ireland, I moved to the US in 1984 to pursue a PhD. From 1984-1989 I attended The Ohio State University as a PhD student concentrating on the areas of climatology and cartography. I completed a PhD dissertation on the energy budget of urban streets (or canyons) using modeling and field observations. From 1989 to 1997 I taught in the US, first in Bowling Green State University, Ohio (1989-1990) and then at University of California at Los Angeles (1991-1997). Since 1997 I have been employed in Geography at UCD.

Professional

 

Associations

Association: International Association for Urban Climates, Function/Role: President
Association: International Association for Urban Climate, Function/Role: Treasurer
Association: Geographical Society of Ireland, Function/Role: President
     

Conference Contributions

Mills, G. (2008) Urban Climatology and its Relevance to Urban Design. [Chaired Session], AAG 2008, Boston Ma , 15-APR-08 - 19-NOV-08.
Mills G. (2010) Cities and climate. [Invited Lecture], Royal Met. Soc.: Aapting our cities for future climates, London , 17-FEB-10 - 17-FEB-10.
Mills G. (2011) Climate change and the geography of cities. [Invited Lecture], Croucher Advanced Study Institute 2011-2012 Urban Climatology for Tropical & Sub-tropical Regions, Hong Kong , 05-DEC-11 - 10-DEC-11.
Mills G. (2011) Cubes and Canyons: The value of simplifying urban form in studying urban climates. [Invited Lecture], City weathers workshop, Manchester UK , 23-JUN-11 - 24-JUN-12.
Alexander P and Mills G (2011) Local Climate Zones and the Dublin urban heat island. [Chaired Session], AAG 2011, Seattle, OR. USA , 12-APR-11 - 16-APR-12.
Mills, G. (2013) A global database suitable for urban-scale climate studies. [Chaired Session], AAG 2013, Los Angeles, CA , 09-APR-13 - 13-APR-13.
Mills, G. (2015) Addressing global climate change at city scales. [Invited Lecture], RESCUE ¿ Sustainability & Climate in Urban Environments, Lecce Italy , 09-FEB-15 - 19-FEB-15.
Mills, G. (2015) City Climates, human comfort and urban design. [Invited Lecture], ECOBUILD 2015, London , 02-MAR-15 - 06-MAR-15.
Mills G., Foley M. and Alexander P. (2015) Developing a global urban database for climate studies. [Oral Presentation], CIG 2015, Belfast , 21-MAY-15 - 24-MAY-15.
Mills G. (2015) [Invited Lecture], Climate Justice: Understanding Differential Exposures to Environmental Hazards, Disparities in Climate-Health Outcomes, and Improving Equity in Planning and Design, Harvard, Cambridge MA, US , 19-JAN-15 - 22-JAN-15.
Mills G, Foley M., Bechtel B. & Alexander P. (2015) The Physical Geography of Cities: A global census. [Oral Presentation], IGU Urban commission: Urban challenges in a complex world, UCD Dublin , 09-AUG-15 - 16-AUG-15.
Mills G., Alexander P. and Foley M (2014) A global census of the physical geography of cities. [Chaired Session], Conference of Irish Geographers CIG14, Dublin Ireland , 22-MAY-14 - 24-MAY-14.
Mills G. (2014) Cities and climate change. [Keynote Address], Climate change and variability, Curitiba, Brazil , 14-OCT-14 - 17-OCT-14.
Gerald Mills; (2010) The International Association for Urban Climates. [Invited Lecture], First Global Meeting of the International Forum of Meteorological Societies (IFMS), Atlanta Georgia US , 19-JAN-10 - 21-JAN-10.
Gerald Mills; (2009) Climate and sustainable cities: The needs of urban planners & designers. [Invited Lecture], PROFESSIONAL GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL Symposium on Urban Climate & Urban Greenery 2009, Hong Kong , 26-SEP-09 - 26-SEP-09.
Gerald Mills; (2009) THE RELEVANCE OF URBAN CLIMATOLOGY TO URBAN DESIGN & PLANNING. [Published Abstract], 7th International Conference on Urban Climate, Yokohama Japan , 29-JUN-09 - 03-JUL-09.
Gerald Mills; (2009) Like Howard, Tim Oke and the study of urban climates. [Invited Lecture], American Meteorological Society: Oke Symposium, Phoenix, Arizona US , 10-JAN-09 - 15-JAN-09.
Gerald Mills; (2009) Climate and More Sustainable Cities: User Needs. [Invited Oral Presentation], World Climate Conference (WCC3), Geneva, Switzerland , 31-AUG-09 - 04-SEP-09.
Gerald Mills; (2008) Urban Climatology and its relevance to urban design. [National Refereed Conference Paper], Passive and Low Energy Architecture (PLEA) 2008, Dublin , 22-OCT-08 - 24-OCT-08.
Gerald Mills; (2008) Physical Geography and the 2006 Irish Census. [Oral Presentation], Conference of Irish Geographers, Liverpool, UK , 09-MAY-08 - 09-MAY-08.
Gerald Mills; (2006) Luke Howard and the Climate of London. [Oral Presentation], Conference of Irish Geographers, Dublin , 03-MAY-06.
Gerald Mills; (2006) Cities, climate and climate change. [Invited Lecture], For the Right to the City, Athens, Greece , 02-MAY-06.
Gerald Mills; (2006) Cities as agents of global change. [Keynote Address], 6th International Conference on Urban Climate, Gothenburg, Sweden , 07-JUN-06.
Gerald Mills; (2006) What makes a climate-friendly built environment. [Keynote Address], Living with Climate Variability and Change: Understanding the Uncertainties and Managing the Risks, Espoo, Finalnd , 05-JUL-06.
Gerald Mills; (2006) Urban Climatology and its Relevance to Urban Design. [Invited Lecture], Meeting of the Expert Team on Urban Climatology, Geneva , 22-MAY-06.
Gerald Mills; (2006) Transferring Urban Climatology into Urban Planning & Design Practice. [Invited Lecture], Urban Climatology and it Applications, Cambridge , 22-MAY-06.
Gerald Mills; (2005) Transferring Urban Climatology into Urban Planning & Design Practice. [Invited Lecture], Urban Climatology and its Applications, Cambridge, UK , 05-JUL-05.
Gerald Mills; (2005) An examination of a severe pollution episode. [Non Refereed Paper/Abstract Presented at Conference], Conference of Irish Geography, Galway , 06-MAY-05.
Gerald Mills; (2004) Urban Environments: Ideal cities and real cities. [Invited Lecture], Conference on Public Space, Lund, Sweden , 03-FEB-04.
Gerald Mills; (2004) Urban form, function and climate. [Oral Presentation], Annual Conference of the Association of American Geographers, Philadelphia, US , 10-MAR-04.
Gerald Mills; (2003) Urban Climate, Weather and Sustainability. [Invited Lecture], State of the Planet: Frontiers and Challenges (IUGG), Sapporo, Japan , 03-JUN-03.
Gerald Mills; (2000) The use of climate knowledge in designing the sustainable city. [Invited Lecture], Cities of Tomorrow: India-EU meet on Sustainable Urban Development, New Dehli, India , 04-OCT-00.

Committees

Committee : Geographical Society of Ireland
Committee : Geographical Society of Ireland
Committee : International Association for Urban Climates
Committee : International Association for Urban Climates
Committee : International Association for Urban Climate
Committee : RIA Committee for Climate Change
Committee : World Meteorological Organisation - Expert Team for Urban Climate

Employment

Employer: Bowling Green state University, Ohio US
Position: Assistant Professor
Employer: University of California at Los Angeles
Position: Adjunct Assistant Professor

Education

Year 1983 Institution: University College Dublin
Qualification: MA Subject:
Year 1980 Institution: University College Dublin
Qualification: BA Subject:
Year 1989 Institution: Ohio State University
Qualification: PhD Subject:
   

Outreach Activities

Background paper for Fingal County Council as part of the process for its Development Plan 2017-2023 on climate change. (with Rowan Fealy, Maynooth University). 
http://www.fingalcoco.ie/dpdev/media/Climate_Change_Final_18032015.pdf
St. Pius X Girl's National School young scientist project. St Pius X have provided myself and a colleague with a location for meteorological instruments to measure the urban atmosphere. We provided a weather station for use in the school that was used as the basis for their entry into the 2010 Young Scientist exhibition.

Journals Edited

Urban Climate: Reviewer.
Irish Geography: Reviewer.
International Journal Of Climatology: Editor.
Bulletin Of The American Meteorological Society: Reviewer.
Theoretical And Applied Climatology: Reviewer.
International Journal Of Climatology: Reviewer.
Journal Of The Atmospheric Sciences: Reviewer.
International Journal Of Biometeorology: Reviewer.
Meteorology And Atmospheric Physics: Reviewer.
Journal Of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres: Reviewer.
Building And Environment: Reviewer.
 

Publications

Books

Grimmond, C.S.B. and Best, M. and Barlow, J. and Arnfield, A.J. and Baik, J.-J. and Baklanov, A. and Belcher, S. and Bruse, M. and Calmet, I. and Chen, F. and Clark, P. and Dandou, A. and Erell, E. and Fortuniak, K. and Hamdi, R. and Kanda, M. and Kawai, T. and Kondo, H. and Krayenhoff, S. and Lee, S.H. and Limor, S.-B. and Martilli, A. and Masson, V. and Miao, S. and Mills, G. and Moriwaki, R. and Oleson, K. and Porson, A. and Sievers, U. and Tombrou, M. and Voogt, J. and Williamson, T. (2009) Urban surface energy balance models: Model characteristics and methodology for a comparison study. : Springer Berlin Heidelberg. [DOI] [Details]
Mills, G. (2014) Mills G. (2014) Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Urban Climates. www.urban-climate.org: IAUC. [Details]
Luke Howard; (2007) The Climate of London vols 2&3. United States: International Association for Urban Climate. Available Online [Details]
Luke Howard; (2007) The Climate of London, Vol. 1. United States: International Association for Urban Climate. Available Online [Details]

Book Chapters

Mills, G. (2015) 'The urban heat island and low carbon cities' In: Lehmann, S (eds). Low Carbon Cities: Transforming urban systems. New York: Routledge. [Details]
Mills G. (2012) 'Foreword' In: Mills G (eds). Urban Climatic Map: An Information Tool for Sustainable Urban Planning. China: The China Architecture & Building Press. [Details]
Gerald Mills; (2007) 'Foreword' In: Gerald Mills (eds). The Climate of London, Vol. 1. United States: International Association for Urban Climate. , pp.1-10 Available Online [Details]
Mills, G; (2005) 'Radiation Climatology' In: Mills, G; (eds). Encyclopedia of World Climatology. Netherlands: Springer. [Details]
 

Peer Reviewed Journals

Futcher, J. A., & Mills, G. (2013) 'The role of urban form as an energy management parameter'. Energy Policy, 53 :218-228. [Details]
Sunderland, K., Mills G., and Conlon M. (2013) 'Estimating the wind resource in an urban area: A case study of micro-wind generation potential in Dublin, Ireland'. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 118 :44-53. [Details]
Chrysoulakis, N,Lopes, M,San Jose, R,Grimmond, CSB,Jones, MB,Magliulo, V,Klostermann, JEM,Synnefa, A,Mitraka, Z,Castro, EA,Gonzalez, A,Vogt, R,Vesala, T,Spano, D,Pigeon, G,Freer-Smith, P,Staszewski, T,Hodges, N,Mills, G,Cartalis, C (2013) 'Sustainable urban metabolism as a link between bio-physical sciences and urban planning: The BRIDGE project'. Landscape and Urban Planning, 112 :100-117. [DOI] [Details]
Mills G., DiSabatino S., Errell E. and Martilli A. (2014) 'Introduction to Special Issue: 8th International Conference on Urban Climates'. Urban Climate, 10 :201-203. [Details]
Mills G. (2014) 'Urban Climatology: History, status and prospects'. Urban Climate, 10 :479-489. [Details]
Alexander P. and Mills G. (2014) 'Local climate classification and Dublin's urban heat island'. Atmosphere, 5 (4):755-777. [Details]
Alexander, P.J. and Mills, G. and Fealy, R. (2015) 'Using LCZ data to run an urban energy balance model'. Urban Climate, 13 :14-37. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Bechtel B., Alexander P.J., Böhner J., Ching J., Conrad O., Feddema J, Mills G., See L. and Stewart I. (2015) 'Mapping Local Climate Zones for a Worldwide Database of the Form and Function of Cities'. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 4 (1):199-219. [Details]
Futcher, J. A., Kershaw, T., & Mills, G. (213) 'Urban form and function as building performance parameters'. International Journal of Building and Environment, 62 :112-123. [Details]
Sinnott, R., Mills, G.M., Kavanagh, A.; (2005) 'The Geography of Irish Voter Turnout: A Case Study of the 2002 General Election'. Irish Geography, 37 (2):177-186. [Details]
Mills, G; (2008) 'Luke Howard and The Climate of London'. Weather, 63 :153-157. [DOI] [Details]
Mills, G; (2009) 'Micro- and mesoclimatology'. Progress in Physical Geography, 33 :711-717. [DOI] [Details]
Ningal, T., Mills, G. and Smithwick, P.; (2010) 'An inventory of trees in Dublin city centre'. Irish Geography, 43 (2):161-176. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Connor, D., Mills, G., Moore-Cherry, N.; (2011) 'The 1911 Census and Dublin city: A spatial analysis'. Irish Geography, 44 (2). [DOI] [Details]
Keogh S., Mills G. and Fealy R. (2011) 'The energy budget of the urban surface: two locations in Dublin'. Irish Geography, . [DOI] [Details]
Gerald Mills; (2008) 'Micro- and Meso-climatology'. Progress in Physical Geography, 33 (5):711-717. [Details]
Gerald Mills; (2007) 'Cities as agents of global change'. International Journal of Climatology, 27 :1849-1857. [Details]
Mills, G.; (2006) 'Progress towards sustainable settlements: A role for urban climatology'. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 38 :43-49. [Details]
Mills, G.; (2004) 'Geography in Ireland in transition'. Irish Geography, 37 :129-131. [Details]
Kavanagh A., Mills G. and Sinnott R.; (2004) 'The geography of Irish voter turnout: A case study of the 2002 General Election'. Irish Geography, 37 :177-186. [Details]
Mills, G.; (1997) 'Building density and internal building temperatures: A physical modeling experiment'. Physical Geography, . [Details]
Mills, G.; (1997) 'An urban canopy-layer climate model'. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, . [Details]
Raphael, M. and Mills, G. ; (1996) 'The role of mid-latitude Pacific cyclones in the winter precipitation of California'. Professional Geographer, . [Details]
Arnfield, A.J. and Mills, G.M.; (1994) 'An analysis of the circulation characteristics and energy budget of a dry, asymmetric, east-west urban canyon. I. Circulation characteristics'. International Journal of Climatology, . [Details]
Arnfield, A.J. and Mills, G.M. ; (1994) 'An analysis of the circulation characteristics and energy budget of a dry, asymmetric, east-west urban canyon. II. Energy budget'. International Journal of Climatology, . [Details]
Gerald Mills; (2001) 'Irelands Water BudgetModel Validation and a Greenhouse Experiment'. Irish Geography, 34 (No. 2):124-134. [Details]
Mills, G.; (2000) 'Modelling the water budget of Ireland - evapotranspiration and soil moisture'. IRISH GEOGRAPHY, . [Details]
Mills, G.; (1997) 'The radiative effects of building groups on single structures'. ENERGY AND BUILDINGS, . [Details]
Mills, G.M. ; (1993) 'Simulation of the energy budget of an urban canyon. I. Model structure and sensitivity test'. ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT, . [Details]
Mills, G.M. and Arnfield, A.J. ; (1993) 'Simulation of the energy budget of an urban canyon. II. Comparison of model with measurements'. ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT, . [Details]

Other Journals

Sunderland, K., Woolmington T., Mills G., Blackledge J., Conlon M. (2013) 'The Small Wind Energy Estimation Tool (SWEET)¿a practical application for a complicated resource' Journal of Sustainable Engineering Design 1 (4) . [Details]
Mills G. and Futcher J. (2013) 'No building is an energy island: The cautionary tale of the fryscraper' Urban Climate News :15-17. [Details]
Futcher J., Mills G., Korolija I. and Zhang Y. (2014) 'Shadowlands' CIBSE Journal . [Details]
Futcher J. and Mills G. (2014) 'The selfish giant' CIBSE Journal :26-26. [Details]
Futcher J., Mills G. and Korolija I. (2015) 'Good neighbours' RICS Building Control Journal . [Details]
Futcher J. and Mills G. (2015) 'Walking among giants' CIBSE Journal . Available Online [Details]
Gerald Mills; (2006) 'Cities and international environmental change' Elelef :169-181. [Details]
Gerald Mills; (2005) 'Urban air quality: A case study' Geographical Viewpoint 33 :19-25. [Details]
Gerald Mills; (2004) 'Air quality and urban sustainability' Geographical Viewpoint 32 :6-17. [Details]

Conference Publications

Sunderland, K., Conlon, M. F., Mills, G., & Fealy, R. (2011) Observations of the Wind Resource Across the Dublin Urban Area Universities' Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), Proceedings of 2011 46th International (pp. 1-6). VDE [Details]
Sunderland, K. and Mills G. (2014) Mills, G., Sunderland, K. : The Application of Boundary Layer Climatology and Urban Wind Power Potential in Smarter Electricity Networks, American Meteorological Society: 21st Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence (9-13 June 2014, Leeds, United Kingdom) 21st Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, American Meteorological Society (9-13 June 2014, Leeds, United Kingdom) [Details]
Mills, G., Ching, J., See, L., Bechtel, B., Feddema, J., Masson, V. (2015) An Introduction to the WUDAPT project ICUC9. Meteo France, Toulouse, France Available Online [Details]
Ching, J., Mills, G., See, L., Bechtel, B., Feddema, J., Hanna, A., Milcinski, G., Masson, V., Neophytou, M., Mitra, C., O¿Connor, M., Pereira, N., Steeneveld, G.-J., Stewart, I., Wang, X., Alexander, P., Foley, M., Gál, T (2015) The Portal Component, Strategic Perspectives and Review of Tactical plans for Full Implementation of WUDAPT ICUC9 Toulouse France Available Online [Details]
Feddema, J., Mills, G. and Ching, J (2015) Demonstrating the Added Value of WUDAPT for Urban Climate Modelling ICUC9 Toulouse France Available Online [Details]
Bechtel, B., Foley, M., Mills, G., Ching, J., See, L., Alexander, P., O¿Connor, M., Albuquerque, T., de Fatima Andrade, M., Brovelli, M., Das, D., Fonte, C., Petit, G., Hanif, U., Jimenez, J., Lackner, S., Liu, W., Pereira, N., Rosni, N.A., Theeuwes, N., Gal, T (2015) CENSUS of Cities: LCZ Classification of Cities (Level 0) Workflow and Initial Results from Various Cities ICUC9, Meteo France, Toulouse, France Available Online [Details]
Cleugh H., Emmanuel R., Endlicher W., Erell E., McGranahan G., Mills G., Ng E., Nickson A., Rosenthal J. and Steemer K. ; (2009) Climate Information for Improved Planning and Management of Mega Cities World Climate Conference: Session on Climate and more sustainable cities Available Online [Details]
Gerald Mills; (2009) LUKE HOWARD, TIM OKE AND THE STUDY OF URBAN CLIMATES American Meteorological Society, Annual Meeting Available Online [Details]
Gerald Mills; (2008) Urban climatology and its relevance to urban design Passive and Low Energy Architecture (PLEA) 2008 Available Online [Details]
Mills G.; (2006) Cities as agents of global change International Conference on Urban Climate Gothenburg, [Details]
Mills, G.; (2000) Urban climatology and urban design International Conference on Urban Climate, Sydney Australia [Details]
Mills, G.; (1998) Building design and urban canopy layer temperatures International Geographical Union Commission on Climatology [Details]
Mills, G. ; (1996) The impact of building groups on individual structures Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Atlanta [Details]
                                                                                         

Research

Research Interests

Boundary layer climates, environmental design and microclimate; regional scale water and energy budgets.

My primary research interests are in climates, particularly the processes that operate in the lowest layer of the atmosphere. I am especially interested in the climates that are generated by urban areas and potential for planning and design to create comfortable and healthy outdoor environments. I have a secondary interest in Irish climate and in the regional scale processes that control aspects of the water budget. In addition, I am interested in the spatial data analyses and geographic information systems. 

Research Projects

Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : Dublin climate change consortium
Start Date / End Date : 03-AUG-09 / 31-JAN-11
   

Teaching

Teaching Philosophy

Modules Coordinated

201500   GEOG40360     Geography: Geographic Analysis
201500   GEOG40440     Geography: Physical Geog of Cities
201500   GEOG20060     Geography: Climatology
       

Collaborators

 

External Collaborators

I collaborate with a number of individuals on different projects:
  1. Tim Oke & Andreas Christen at UBC, Canada and Jamie Voogt at Waterloo, Canada on an urban climate text.
  2. Jason Ching (UNC, US), Johan Feddema (Victoria, Canada), Linda See (IIASA, Austria) and Benhamin Bechtel (Hamburg) on developing a global urban database
  3. Rowan Fealy (Maynooth) on the climate(s) of Ireland.