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Researchers at UCD

Sandra Scanlon

Lecturer/Assistant Professor

School Of History
Newman Building
Belfield
Dublin 4

Tel: +353 1 7168474
Email: sandra.scanlon@ucd.ie

Biography

Dr Sandra Scanlon is a lecturer in American history in the UCD School of History and Archives. Sandra's research focuses on American political culture and its relationship with US foreign policy during the Cold War. She explores the intersection between political movements, most notably conservative activism, and developments in foreign policy ideologies. In particular, her research considers the extent to which conservative activists succeeded in utilizing American national identity and popular understanding of American exceptionalism to promote support for the Vietnam War and to challenge detente and Realpolitik in US foreign policy. Furthermore, she examines how domestic political cultures can shape policymakers' efforts to sell international initiatives to the American people. 

Her first book, The Pro-War Movement: Domestic Support for the Vietnam War and the Making of Modern American Conservatism, was published by the University of Massachusetts Press in 2013. Her article on this subject, 'The Conservative Lobby and Nixon's "Peace with Honor" in Vietnam,' was published by the Journal of American Studies in August 2009. Sandra is also interested in transatlantic relations during the Cold War and has co-edited a collection of essays, Reform and Renewal: Transatlantic Relations during the 1960s and 1970s (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2009). 

Sandra completed bachelor's and master's degrees at University College Dublin, and received her doctorate from Cambridge University, where she was the recipient of a Gates Cambridge Scholarship. She has since lectured and held fellowships at Oxford University, the University of Sheffield, University College Dublin and, most recently, at the London School of Economics. In 2009, she became the Events Secretary of HOTCUS (Historians of the Twentieth Century United States).
 
Sandra was a 2013 Fulbright Visiting Scholar at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia. 

Professional

Honours and Awards

Year: 2013.
Title: Fulbright Visiting Scholar, Emory University, Atlanta
Year: 2011.
Title: Research Grant, Transatlantic Studies Research Strand
Year: 2007.
Title: Moody Research Grant, Lyndon Baines Johnson Foundation
Year: 2007.
Title: Research Grant, UCD Seed Funding Scheme
Year: 2006.
Title: Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences Post-Doctoral Fellow
Year: 2001.
Title: Gates Cambridge Scholar
Year: 2003.
Title: John D. Lees Prize, British Association for American Studies
Year: 2003.
Title: Sara Norton Bursary Award, Cambridge University
Year: 2001.
Title: Honorary Robert Gardiner Memorial Scholar, Cambridge University
Year: 2000.
Title: University College Dublin Postgraduate Scholar
Year: 1999.
Title: Denis Bethel Prize (Department of History, UCD)
Year: 1999.
Title: Patrick Semple Medal (Faculty of Arts, UCD)
Year: 2002.
Title: Research Grant, Roosevelt Studies Center, Middelburg, the Netherlands
Year: 2002.
Title: Research Grant, Peterhouse, Cambridge
Year: 2007.
Title: Research Grant, John F. Kennedy Foundation
Year: 1999.
Title: Richmond Prize (Classics Department, UCD)
Year: 2008.
Title: Fellow, SHAFR Summer Institute

Associations

Association: Organization of American Historians, Function/Role: Member
Association: Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations (SHAFR), Function/Role: Member
Association: British Association for American Studies, Function/Role: Member
Association: Historians of the Twentieth Century United States, Function/Role: Events Secretary
     

Conference Contributions

Sandra Scanlon (2016) Vietnamization and the Fracturing of Conservatives¿ Foreign Policy Consensus. [Oral Presentation], American Historical Association Annual Meeting, Atlanta, Georgia , 10-JAN-16 - 10-JAN-16.
Sandra Scanlon (2015) Paper: Religion and the History of American Foreign Relations. [Invited Oral Presentation], Religion and American History: A State of the Field, Northumbria University, Newcastle , 26-MAR-15 - 26-MAR-15.
Sandra Scanlon (2014) Snatching Victory: Conservatives¿ Remembering of the Vietnam War. [Oral Presentation], Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations Annual Meeting, Lexington, Kentucky , 19-JUN-14 - 19-JUN-14.
Sandra Scanlon (2013) Domestic Support for the Vietnam War and American National Identity. [Invited Lecture], Vanderbilt University Research Seminar, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee , 05-DEC-13 - 05-DEC-13.
Sandra Scanlon (2013) Vietnam and American National Identity. [Plenary Lecture], C. Mildred Thomas Lecture, Vassar College, Vassar College, New York , 02-OCT-13 - 02-OCT-13.
Sandra Scanlon (2013) Chair of Conference Organising Committee. [Conference Organising Committee Chairperson], Historians of the Twentieth Century United States Annual Meeting, Northumbria University , 05-JUL-13 - 07-JUL-13.
Sandra Scanlon (2013) Teaching the History of United States Foreign Relations to non-Americans. [Invited Oral Presentation], Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations Annual Meeting, Arlington, Virginia , 21-JUN-13 - 21-JUN-13.
Sandra Scanlon (2012) Chair of Conference Organising Committee. [Conference Organising Committee Chairperson], Historians of the Twentieth Century United States Annual Meeting, Oxford University , 07-JUL-11 - 09-JUL-11.
Scanlon, Sandra; (2011) Astronauts and POWS: Grassroots Support for the Vietnam War. [Invited Oral Presentation], UCD Centre for War Studies Research Seminar, Dublin , 10-NOV-11 - 10-NOV-11.
Scanlon, Sandra; (2011) Remembering the Vietnam War from the Right. [Oral Presentation], Historians of the Twentieth Century United States Annual Meeting, University of Oxford , 07-JUL-11 - 09-JUL-11.
Scanlon, Sandra; (2011) Grassroots Support for the Vietnam War and Redefinitions of American Patriotism. [Invited Oral Presentation], University of Cambridge American History Research Seminar, University of Cambridge , 09-MAY-11 - 09-MAY-11.
Sandra Scanlon (2010) Chair of Conference Organising Committee. [Conference Organising Committee Chairperson], Historians of the Twentieth Century United States Annual Meeting, University of Sussex , 01-JUL-10 - 03-JUL-10.
Scanlon, S; (2010) Snatching Victory: The Conservative Movement and Memory of the Vietnam War. [Oral Presentation], Whose Vietnam? The enduring echo of the Vietnam War, Univerity of Amsterdam, The Netherlands , 08-OCT-10 - 08-OCT-10.
Scanlon, S; (2010) American National Identity and the Domestic Politics of Foreign Policy. [Keynote Address], Shaping US Relations with the World, 1763-1980, Rotheremere American Institute, University of Oxford , 19-MAY-10 - 19-MAY-10.
Scanlon, S; (2010) Building Consensus: The Republican Right and American Foreign Policy, 1960-1980. [Invited Oral Presentation], University of Edinburgh American History Workshop, University of Edinburgh, Scotland , 18-MAR-10 - 18-MAR-10.
Scanlon, S; (2010) Building Consensus: The Republican Right and American Foreign Policy, 1960-1980. [Chaired Session], IDEAS Research Workshop, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE , 03-FEB-10 - 03-FEB-10.
Scanlon, S; (2010) Vietnam and the Making of Modern American Conservatism. [Invited Oral Presentation], University of Sussex American Studies Research Seminar, University of Sussex, United Kingdom , 19-JAN-10 - 19-JAN-10.
Scanlon, S; (2009) The Republican Right and Foreign Policy, 1960-1980. [Invited Oral Presentation], Seeking a New Majority: The Republican Party and American Politics, 1960-1980, Institute for the Study of the Americas, University of London , 14-MAY-09 - 15-MAY-09.
Scanlon, S; (2009) Roundtable discussion: The Republican Party and the Rise of the New Right in American Politics since the 1960s. [Invited Oral Presentation], Royal Holloway, University of London, History Research Seminar, Royal Holloway, University of London , 03-NOV-09 - 03-NOV-09.
Scanlon, S; (2009) Paper presented: Vietnam and the Making of Modern American Conservatism. [Invited Oral Presentation], Institute for Historical Research American History Seminar, Institute for Historical Research, London , 03-DEC-09 - 03-DEC-09.
Scanlon, S; (2008) Conference organised under the auspices of the College of Arts and Celtic Studies Transatlantic Research Strand in collaboration with the Clinton Institue for American Studies. [Conference Organising Committee Chairperson], Reform and Renewal: Transatlantic Relations during the 1960s and 1970s, Clinton Institute for American Studies, University College Dublin , 07-JUN-08 - 07-JUN-08.
Sandra Scanlon ; (2008) The Pro-Vietnam War Movement. [Invited Lecture], War Studies Research Seminar, Glasgow University, University of Glasgow, Scotland , 05-FEB-08 - 05-FEB-08.
Scanlon, S; (2008) National Review and the Conservative Response to Détente. [Oral Presentation], Reform and Renewal: Transatlantic Relations during the 1960s and 1970s, Clinton Institute for American Studies, University College Dublin , 07-JUN-08 - 07-JUN-08.
Sandra Scanlon, ; (2007) Snatching Victory: Building a conservative foreign policy consensus after Vietnam. [International Refereed Conference], British Association for American Studies annual conference, Leicester , 19-APR-07.
Scanlon, S.; (2004) The Pro-Victory Movement and the Challenges of Nixon's Policies in Vietnam. [International Refereed Conference], GWU-UCSB Graduate Student Conference on the Cold War, Washington, DC , 30-APR-04 - 01-MAY-04.
Scanlon, S.; (2004) Pro-War military Strategy and Assessments of Vietnamization. [International Refereed Conference], British Association for American Studies annual conference, Manchester , 15-APR-04.
Sandra Scanlon; (2004) Selling peace: Presidential Propaganda and Withdrawal from Vietnam. [Invited Lecture], American History Research Seminar, Rothermere American Institute, Oxford , 10-NOV-04.
Scanlon, S.; (2003) European Historians of the United States. [Other], European Historians of the United States, Roosevelt Studies Center, Middelburg, The Netherlands , 23-APR-03 - 25-APR-03.
Scanlon, S.; (2003) The Conservative Movement and Nixon's 'Peace with Honor' in Vietnam. [International Refereed Conference], The Evolution of Modern American Conservatism, Ashland University, Ohio , 11-OCT-03.
Scanlon, S.; (2002) Pro-War Intellectuals and the Nixon Administration. [International Refereed Conference], Robert McNamara Colloquium, Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge , 01-APR-02.
 

Employment

Employer: Department of International History, London School of Economics
Position: LSE Fellow in International History
Employer: Department of History, University of Sheffield
Position: Lecturer in American History
Employer: School of History & Archives, University College Dublin
Position: Government of Ireland Post-Doctoral Fellow
Employer: Faculty of Modern History & St. Anne¿s College, Oxford University
Position: Lecturer in Twentieth Century United States History
Employer: School of History, Classics & Archaeology, Birkbeck College, London
Position: Lecturer in American History (Part-time)
Employer: Faculty of History, Cambridge University
Position: Undergraduate tutor
Employer: Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Cambridge University
Position: Undergraduate tutor
Employer: Combined Departments of History, University College Dublin
Position: Undergraduate tutor, Modular Degree Programme

Education

Year 2000 Institution: University College Dublin
Qualification: MA Subject:
Year 2001 Institution: University of Cambridge
Qualification: PhD Subject:
Year 1997 Institution: University College Dublin
Qualification: BA Subject:
Year 2005 Institution: Cambridge University
Qualification: Ph.D. Subject: United States History
Year 2001 Institution: University College Dublin
Qualification: MA Subject: History of International Relations
Year 2000 Institution: University College Dublin
Qualification: BA Subject: History and Greek & Roman Civilisation
   

Outreach Activities

Commentator on RTE News, including Visit of President Barack Obama to Ireland, May 2011 and coverage of the 2012 presidential election
Programme contributor, RTE Radio One's The History Show, Today with Pat Kenny, and Drivetime 
Political analyst, United States politics, Newstalk 106-108FM and programme contributor for Talking History

Journals Edited

Cold War History: Reviewer.
Journal Of American Studies: Reviewer.
 

Publications

Books

Sandra Scanlon (2013) The Pro-War Movement: Domestic Support for the Vietnam War and the Making of Modern American Conservatism. Amherst, Massachusetts: University of Massachusetts Press. [Details]

Book Chapters

Sandra Scanlon (2017) 'The End of the Cold War Consensus and the 1968 Presidential Election' In: Andrew Johnston and Andrew Priest (eds). American Foreign Policy and US Presidential Elections. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. [Details]
Scanlon, Sandra; (2014) 'The Conservative Movement and the Reagan Administration' In: Andrew Johns (eds). A Companion to Ronald Reagan. United States: Wiley-Blackwell. [Details]
Max Edling, Vincent Michelot, Jörg Nagler, Sandra Scanlon, and Irmina Wawrzyczek (2014) 'Institutions, Careers, and the Many Paths of U.S. History in Europe' In: Nicolas Barreyre, Michael Heale, Stephen Tuck, and Cécile Vidal (eds). Historians Across Borders: Writing American History in a Global Age. Berkeley: University of California Press. [Details]
Sandra Scanlon; (2013) 'Building Consensus: The Republican Right and Foreign Policy, 1960-1980' In: Robert Mason and Iwan Morgan (eds). Seeking a New Majority: The Republican Party, 1960-1980. Nashville, Tennessee: Vanderbilt University Press. [Details]
Sandra Scanlon; (2009) ''A Dangerous Illusion': The Nixon Administration and the American Conservative Reponse to Detente' In: Sandra Scanlon; (eds). Reform and Renewal: Transatlantic Relations during the 1960s and 1970s. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. [Details]

Edited Books

Sandra Scanlon, Catherine Hynes (Ed.). (2009) Reform and Renewal: Transatlantic Relations during the 1960s and 1970s. Newcaslte: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. [Details]

Peer Reviewed Journals

Sandra Scanlon (2017) 'Determining Cause and Effect: Religion in the Study of United States Foreign Relations'. Journal of American Studies, . [Details]
Nicolas Barreyre; Max Edling; Simon Middleton; Sandra Scanlon; Irmina Wawrzyczek (2014) 'Brokering or Going Native: Professional Structures and Intellectual Trajectories for European Historians of the United States'. American Historical Review, 119 (3):760-770. [DOI] [Details]
Scanlon, S.; (2009) 'The Conservative Lobby and Nixon's 'Peace with Honor' in Vietnam'. Journal of American Studies, . [Details]
Scanlon, S.; (2001) 'Healing a nation? The controversy over the design of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial'. History Review, . [Details]

Other Journals

Sandra Scanlon (2010) 'A View from the Outside: Assessing Obama¿s First Year as President, SHAFR Roundtable' Passport . [Details]
Scanlon, S; (2008) 'Lyndon Johnson and the Vietnam War' History Ireland . [Details]
                                 

Book Reviews

Scanlon, S (2011) Vietnam's second front: domestic politics, the Republican party, and the war. Book Reviews [DOI] [Details]
                                                                               

Research

Research Interests

United States History; International Relations; Modern Conservatism

My research focuses on twentieth century United States political culture and foreign policy.

Research Projects

Sponsor : Irish Research Council (IRC)
Title : Congressional Oversight of the United States Intelligence Community 1974-1989
Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-13 / 30-SEP-14

Recent Postgraduates

Current Postgraduate Students

Matthew O Brien, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)   -   Thesis Supervisor

Teaching

 

Modules Coordinated

201600   HIS31600     History: Debates in History
201600   HIS32150     History: Morning in America
201600   HIS20470     History: Modern America
       

Collaborators

Internal Collaborators

Convenor of the UCD Research Seminar in American History, 2012-
Coordinated with Dr John Thompson of the Clinton Institute for American Studies


UCD Centre for War Studies Member

http://www.ucd.ie/warstudies/members/sandrascanlon/ 
 

Co-ordinator of the Transatlantic Relations Research Seminar in collaboration with the Clinton Institute for American Studies, 2007-2008

Reform and Renewal: Transatlantic Relations during the 1960s and 1970s, 7th June 2008, University College Dublin

Transatlantic relations underwent significant change during the 1960s and 1970s, particularly with regard to the United States and the countries of Western Europe. Post-1945 co-operation, dependence and direction increasingly gave way to resentment, economic competition and division over military and foreign policies. A weakened United States economy, coupled with a focus on détente, led the Nixon administration to adopt policies that directly challenged European economic and security concerns. Yet, this was also the time when transatlantic relations experienced rejuvenation. Domestic political dynamics influenced this evolving US-European order, as shifts in the power balances between liberals and conservatives altered the political landscape. The rise of conservatism in the United States, no less than the debacle in Vietnam, augured new foreign policy priorities for American leaders. Coinciding with the renewed focus on economic liberalism on both sides of the Atlantic, the influence of conservatives in redefining international relations became increasingly prominent. This conference aims to explore the political changes which helped redefine the transatlantic relationship as the Sixties era came to an end, and a new age of conservatism came to prominence.

Collaborators: Richard Aldous (UCD), Maurice Bric (UCD), Robert K. Brigham (Vassar College), Stefan Halper (Cambridge University), Catherine Hynes (UCD), David Ryan (UCC), and Dominic Sandbrook (Oxford University)  

External Collaborators

The War Hawks: Sources of Support for War from the Cold War to the War on Terror
Co-ordinated with: Dr Steven Casey, Department of International History, London School of Economics and Political Science
 

'You, the People: National Location and the Writing of American history: The Example of Europe' 
Network of historians of the United States based in Europe, funded by the Leverhulme Trust. Outputs include an edited collection to be published by the Univeristy of California Press and a special edition of the American Historical Review

http://www.history.ox.ac.uk/youthepeople/?page_id=217