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researcher

Robert Gerwarth

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Professional

Honours and Awards

Year: 2012.
Title: Member, Royal Irish Academy
Year: 2011.
Title: IRC Support Scheme for ERC Grant Holders
Year: 2007.
Title: IRCHSS Thematic Research Grant
Year: 2009.
Title: European Research Council
Year: 2006.
Title: Major Research Grant, Guggenheim Foundation
Year: 2004.
Title: British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship
Year: 2005.
Title: British Council & Netherlands Royal Academy of Science Award
Year: 2005.
Title: Fellow of the Royal Historical Society
Year: 2004.
Title: Fraenkel Prize in Contemporary History
Year: 2002.
Title: Bryce Research Scholarship Oxford
Year: 2001.
Title: DAAD Doctoral Fellowship
Year: 2000.
Title: Konrad Adenauer Foundation Fellowship

Associations

Association: Royal Historical Society, Function/Role: Fellow
         

Employment

Employer: School of History and Archives, University College Dublin
Position: Lecturer in Modern European History
Employer: Corpus Christi College, Oxford
Position: British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow
Employer: Oxford University
Position: Lecturer in Modern European History
Employer: Harvard University
Position: Visting Fellow

Education

Year 2003 Institution: Oxford University, UK
Qualification: DPhil Subject:
Year 2000 Institution: Humboldt Univ. Berlin, DE
Qualification: MA Subject:

Languages

German:
       

Publications

Books

Gerwarth, R. (2017) Die Besiegten: Das blutige Erbe des Ersten Weltkriegs. Munich, Germany: Siedler. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2017) Porazeni Korica. Belgrade: JP Sluzeni Glasnik. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2017) Les vaincus: violences et guerres civiles sur les décombres des empires, 1917-1923. Paris, France: Le Seuill. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2017) The Vanquished (UK). London: Penguin. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2017) Los vencidos: Por qué la Primera Guerra Mundial no concluyó del todo (1917-1923). Madrid, Spain: Galaxia Guttenberg. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2017) La rabbia dei Vinti. La Guerra dopo la guerra 1917-1923. Rome, Italy: Laterza. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2016) De verslagenen: Waarom de Eerste Wereldoorlog nooit is opgehouden, 1917-1923. Amsterdam: Balans. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2016) The Vanquished (USA). New York, USA: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2015) Călăul lui Hitler: Viata lui Heydrich. Bucharest: Corint. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2014) Hitlers Bøddel: Historien om Reinhard Heydrich. Oslo: Historie & Kultur. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. and Horne, J. (2013) War in Peace: Paramilitary Violence in Europe after the Great War. London: Oxford University Press. [DOI] [Details]
Gerwarth, R. and Horne, J. (2013) Bolshevism as Fantasy: Fear of Revolution and Counter-Revolutionary Violence, 1917-1923. : Oxford University Press. [DOI] [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2013) Fighting the Red Beast: Counter-Revolutionary Violence in the Defeated States of Central Europe. : Oxford University Press. [DOI] [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2013) Heydrich: El Verdugo de Hitler. Madrid: La Esfera de los Libros. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2013) O Carrasco De Hitler: A Vida De Reinhard Heydrich. São Paulo: Cultrix. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2013) Kat Hitlera: Biografia Reinharda Heydricha. Kraków: Esprit. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2012) Reinhard Heydrich: Hitlerův kat. Prague: Paseka. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2012) Hitlers Beul: Leven en dood van Reinhard Heydrich. Amsterdam: Balans. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2011) Reinhard Heydrich: Biographie. Munich: Siedler. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2011) Reinhard Heydrich: A Life. London and New Haven: Yale University Press. [Details]
Bloxham, D. and Gerwarth, R. (2011) Political violence in twentieth-century Europe. : Cambridge University Press. [DOI] [Details]
Gerwarth, R. and Geppert, D. (2008) Wilhelmine Germany and Edwardian Britain: Essays on Cultural Affinity. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [DOI] [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2007) Twisted Paths: Europe 1914-1945. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2007) Der Bismarck Mythos: Die Deutschen und der Eiserne Kanzler. Munich: Siedler. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2005) The Bismarck Myth: Weimar Germany and the Legacy of the Iron Chancellor. Oxford and New York: Oxford Press. [Details]

Book Chapters

Gerwarth, R. (2015) 'The Axis: Germany, Japan and Italy on the Road to War' In: Richard J.B. Bosworth & Joseph Maiolo (eds). The Cambridge History of the Second World War. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2014) 'No End to War' In: Hew Strachan (eds). The Oxford Illustrated History of the First World War. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2014) 'The Continuum of Violence' In: Winter, J (eds). The Cambridge History of the First World War, vol. II. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. , pp.638-662 [DOI] [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2013) 'Rechte Gewaltgemeinschaften und die Stadt nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg' In: Friedrich Lenger (eds). Kollektive Gewalt in der Stadt: Europa 1890-1939. Munich: Oldenbourg. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2013) 'Cold empathy: Perpetrator studies and the challenges in writing a life of reinhard heydrich' In: Daniela Baratieri, Mark Edele and Giuseppe Finaldi (eds). Totalitarian Dictatorship ¿ New Histories: Essays in Honor of RJB Bosworth. London: Taylor and Francis. , pp.21-38 [DOI] [Details]
Gerwarth, R. and Horne, J. (2012) 'Bolshevism as Fantasy: Fear of Revolution and Counter-Revolutionary Violence, 1917-23' In: Gerwarth, R.; Horne, J (eds). War In Peace: Paramilitary Violence in Europe after the Great War. London and New York: Oxford University Press. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. and Conway, M. (2011) 'Revolution and Counterrevolution in Twentieth-Century Europe' In: Bloxham, D. and Gerwarth, R (eds). Political Violence in Twentieth Century Europe. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. , pp.140-175 [DOI] [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2011) 'Sexual and nonsexual violence against politicized women in central Europe After the Great War' In: Heineman, Elizabeth D (eds). Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones: From the Ancient World to the Era of Human Rights. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. , pp.122-136 Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Bloxham, D., Conway, M., Gerwarth, R., Moses, D. and Weinhauer, K. (2011) 'Europe in the world: Systems and cultures of violence' In: Bloxham, D. and Gerwarth, R (eds). Political Violence in Twentieth-Century Europe. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. , pp.11-39 [DOI] [Details]
Gerwarth, R.; and Malinowski, S. (2010) 'Europeanization through Violence? War and the Making of Modern Europe' In: Martin Conway and Kiran Patel (eds). Europeanization in the Twenthieth Century: Historical Approches. London: Routledge. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2010) 'Control and Chaos: Paramilitary violence and the dissolution of the Habsburg empire' In: Wilhelm Heitmeyer, Heinz-Gerhard Haupt, Stefan Malthaner and Andrea Kirschner (eds). Control of Violence. New York: Springer New York. , pp.517-533 [DOI] [Details]
Robert Gerwarth (2009) 'Introduction' In: Robert Gerwarth (eds). Hero Cults and the Politics of the Past: Comparative European Perspective. London: European History Quarterly. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth, Jose Harris and Holger Nehring (2008) 'Constitutions: Civility and Violent Collapse in European History' In: Robert Gerwarth, Jose Harris and Holger Nehring (eds). Special Issue. London: Journal of Modern European History. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth and Dominik Geppert (2008) 'Introduction' In: Robert Gerwarth and Dominik Geppert (eds). Wilhelmine Germany and Edwardian Britain: Essays on Cultural Affinity. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth (2007) 'Introduction' In: Robert Gerwarth (eds). Twisted Paths: Europe 1914-1945. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2007) 'Introduction' In: Robert Gerwarth and Heinz-Gerhard Haupt (eds). Terrorism in Twentieth-Ventury Europe: Transnational and Comparative Perspectives. London: European Review of History. [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2004) 'Republik und Reichsgründung: Bismarcks kleindeutsche Lösung im Meinungsstreit der ersten deutschen Demokratie' In: Heinrich August Winkler (eds). Griff nach der Deutungsmacht. Zur Geschichte der Geschichtspolitik in Deutschland. Göttingen: Wallstein. [Details]

Edited Books

Gerwarth, R.; Kitchen, J (Ed.). (2015) The Crisis of Empire after 1918. Berlin: C.H. Beck. [Details]
Gerwarth, R.; Horne, J (Ed.). (2015) نبرد امپراتوریها. Tehran: Kavir. [Details]
Gerwarth, R.; Horne, J (Ed.). (2015) Háború beke Idején. Budapest: L'Harmattan. [Details]
Gerwarth, R.; Horne, J (Ed.). (2015) يمپيريس ات وار. Beirut: All Prints. [Details]
Gerwarth, R.; Edele, M (Ed.). (2015) The Limits of Demobilization. USA: Sage. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth and Erez Manela (Ed.). (2014) Empires at War, 1911-1923. Oxford and New York: OUP. [Details]
Gerwarth, R.; Manela, E (Ed.). (2014) Imperios en Guerra. Madrid: Biblioteca Nueva. [Details]
Gerwarth, R.; Horne, J (Ed.). (2014) AYTOKPATOPIEΣ ΣE ΠOΛEMO. Athens: Alexandria Publications:. [Details]
Gerwarth, R.; Horne, J (Ed.). (2014) 一战帝国, 1911-1923. Beijing: The People's Press. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth and John Horne (Ed.). (2014) Война во время мира. Moscow: Novoe Literature Obrozrenie. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth and John Horne (Ed.). (2014) Вой нав мирно време. Sofia: KX CRITIQUE AND HUMANISM. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth and Erez Manela (Ed.). (2014) Impérios em Guerra, 1911-1923. Lisbon: LeYa. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth and John Horne (Ed.). (2013) Sodasta Rauhaan: Väkivallan vuodet Euroopassa 1918-1923. Helsinki: Vastapaino. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth and John Horne (Ed.). (2013) Guerra in Pace: Violenza paramilitare dopo la grande guerra. Milan: Bruno Mondadori. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth and John Horne (Ed.). (2013) Krieg im Frieden: Paramilitärische Gewalt nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg. Göttingen: Wallstein. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth and John Horne (Ed.). (2013) ВIЙНА без ФРОНТУ: Громадянськi конфлiкти у Схiднiй Европi. Kiev: Laurus. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth and John Horne (Ed.). (2013) Karas taikos metu: Paramilitarizmas Europoje po Pirmojo pasaulinio karo. Vilnius: Mintis. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth and John Horne (Ed.). (2013) РАТ У МИРУ: паравојно насиље у Европи после Првог светског рата 1918-1923. Belgrade: Arhipelag. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth; John Horne (Ed.). (2012) War in Peace: Paramilitary Violence in Europe after the Great War. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth; Donald Bloxham (Ed.). (2011) Political Violence in Twentieth-Century Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth (Ed.). (2009) Hero Cults in Modern Europe. London: [Details]
Robert Gerwarth; Jose Harris (Ed.). (2008) European Constitutions: Civility and Violent Collapse. Munich: C.H Beck. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth (Ed.). (2008) Wilhelmine Germany and Edwardian Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth (Ed.). (2007) Twisted Paths: Europe 1914-1945. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [Details]
(2007) Terrorism in Twentieth Century Europe. London: Routledge. [Details]

Peer Reviewed Journals

Gerwarth, R; Edele, M. (2015) 'The Limits of Demobilization: Global Perspectives on the Aftermath of the Great War'. Journal of Contemporary History, . [Details]
Gerwarth, R.; Ümit Üngör, U (2015) 'The collapse of the Ottoman and Habsburg Empires and the Brutalization of the Successor States'. Journal of Modern European History, 13 (2):226-248. [DOI] [Details]
Gerwarth, R; Kitchen, J. (2015) 'Transnational approaches to the 'Crisis of Empire' after 1918'. Journal of Modern European History, . [Details]
Gerwarth, R; Manela, E (2014) 'The Great War as a Global War: Imperial Conflict and the Reconfiguration of World Order, 1911-1923'. Diplomatic History, . [Details]
Gerwarth, R. (2014) 'Αυτοκρατορική Αποκάλυψη. Η Κατάρρευση της Οθωμανικής και της Αυστροουγγρικής Αυτοκρατορίας και η κυριαρχία της βίας στα διάδοχα κράτη'. Science and Society, . [Details]
Gerwarth, R.; Horne, J. (2011) 'Vectors of Violence: Paramilitarism in Europe after the Great War, 1917-1923'. Journal of Modern History, 83 :489-512. [DOI] [Details]
Robert Gerwarth and John Horne (2010) 'The Great War and Paramilitarism in Europe, 1917-23'. Contemporary European History, 19 (3). [Details]
Robert Gerwarth and Lucy Riall (2009) 'Fathers of the Nation? Bismarck, Garibaldi and the Cult of Memory in Germany and Italy'. European History Quarterly, 39 :388-413. [DOI] [Details]
Robert Gerwarth and Stephan Malinowski (2009) 'Hannah Arendt's Ghosts: Reflections on the Disputable Path from Windhoek to Auschwitz'. Central European History, 42 :279-300. [DOI] [Details]
Robert Gerwarth (2008) 'The Central European Counterrevolution: Paramilitary Violence in Germany, Austria and Hungary after the Great War'. Past & Present, 200 . [Details]
Gerwarth, R,Malinowski, S; (2008) 'The antechamber of the Holocaust? About the debate on the colonial violences and the Nazi war of extermination'. Vingtieme Siecle, :143. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth and James Bjork (2007) 'The Annaberg as a German-Polish lieu de mémoire'. German History, :372-400. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth (2007) 'Inventing the Iron Chancellor: Bismarck and the German Right'. History Today, 57 :43-49. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth and Heinz-Gerhard Haupt (2007) 'Internationalizing Historical Research on Terrorist Movements in Twentieth-Century Europe'. European Review of History, . [Details]
Robert Gerwarth and Stephan Malinowski (2007) 'Der Holocaust als kolonialer Genozid? Europäische Kolonialgewalt und nationalsozialistischer Vernichtungskrieg'. Geschichte & Gesellschaft, 33 :439-466. [Details]
Robert Gerwarth (2006) 'The Past in Weimar History'. Contemporary European History, 15 :1-22. [Details]
           

Editorial

Gerwarth, R; (2009) Special Issue: HERO CULTS AND THE POLITICS OF THE PAST: COMPARATIVE EUROPE Introduction. Editorial [DOI] [Details]
                                       

Book Reviews

Gerwarth, R (2011) Model Nazi: Arthur Greiser and the Occupation of Western Poland. Book Reviews [DOI] [Details]
Gerwarth, R (2010) Lansquenets on the way in the third empire? To genesis and change of the free corps myth. Book Reviews [DOI] [Details]
Gerwarth, R (2010) FRONTIERS OF VIOLENCE Conflict and identity in Ulster and Upper Silesia 1918-1922. Book Reviews [Details]
Gerwarth, R (2009) The Great War and Medieval Memory: War, Remembrance and Medievalism in Britain and Germany, 1914-1940. Book Reviews [DOI] [Details]
Gerwarth, R (2008) Modern times? War, revolution and violence in the 20th century. Book Reviews [DOI] [Details]
Gerwarth, R (2008) Cultures of violence: Interpersonal violence in historical perspective. Book Reviews [DOI] [Details]
Gerwarth, R (2008) A SHATTERED PEACE Versailles 1919 and the Price We Pay Today. Book Reviews [Details]
Gerwarth, R (2007) The Monarch in scandal: The logic on the mass media and the transformation of the Wilhelmine monarchy. Book Reviews [Details]

Reviews

Gerwarth, R (2008) The Central European counter-revolution: Paramilitary violence in Germany, Austria and Hungary after the Great War. Reviews [DOI] [Details]
                                           

Review Articles

Robert Gerwarth; (2008) Stuart Carroll (ed.), Cultures of Violence. Review Articles [Details]
Hardtwig, W. (ed.); (2008) Ordnungen in der Krise: Zur politischen Kulturgeschichte Deutschlands 1900-1933. Review Articles [Details]
Overy, R.; (2007) The Dictators: Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia. Review Articles [Details]
Gerwarth, R.; (2007) Jörg Baberowski, Moderne Zeiten? Krieg, Revolution und Gewalt im 20. Jahrhundert. Review Articles [Details]
Gerwarth, R.; (2007) Martin Kohlrausch, Der Monarch im Skandal: Die Logik der Massenmedien und die Transformation der wilhelminischen Monarchie. Review Articles [Details]
Gerwarth, R.; (2006) Wilhelmine Germany and Edwardian Britain. Review Articles [Details]
                                   

Research

Research Interests

My research is focused on the history of German and Central European political culture in the period between 1871 and 1945. I am particularly interested in the history of memory and the history of violence in Germany and Europe more generally. I am currently working on a history of paramilitary violence after the Great War and a biography of Reinhard Heydrich.

Research Projects

Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : OBRSS Research Support Scheme
Start Date / End Date : 01-NOV-16 / 31-OCT-19
Sponsor : Irish Research Council (IRC)
Title : Humanitarianism and Conflict Resolution: The Evolution and Impact of Cash and Voucher Assistane in Conflicts
Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-16 / 30-SEP-19
Sponsor : Irish Research Council (IRC)
Title : Surviving, re-adapting and facing the trauma of war: the homecoming of disabled and traumatized WWI Irish ex-servicemen, 1918-1939
Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-16 / 30-NOV-18
Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : Visiting Professorship Berlin
Start Date / End Date : 01-JUN-16 / 30-NOV-17
Sponsor : Irish Research Council (IRC)
Title : Empire Redux: The Falklands and the End of Greater Britain
Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-16 / 30-SEP-17
Sponsor : Gerda Henkel Stiftung
Title : Non-Germans in the Waffen-SS: A Cultural History
Start Date / End Date : 01-DEC-14 / 28-FEB-18
Sponsor : Irish Research Council (IRC)
Title : The use of other conflicts in Northern Ireland¿s `Troubles¿: memory, analogy and appropriation
Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-15 / 30-SEP-17
Sponsor : Irish Research Council (IRC)
Title : Revolution from the Right? Armed movements, social conflicts and the crisis of Liberal regimes in France, Spain and Italy from the 1900s to the early 1920s.
Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-15 / 30-SEP-17
Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : ERC Application Support
Start Date / End Date : 13-OCT-14 / 11-DEC-14
Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : 1916 as a global event: A public lecture series
Start Date / End Date : 20-OCT-14 / 31-DEC-16
Sponsor : Irish Research Council (IRC)
Title : The Global Revolution: Imperial Germany, Europe, and the World, 1890-1918.
Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-14 / 31-MAY-18
Sponsor : Irish Research Council (IRC)
Title : Religions and Nations of Yugoslavia, 1900-1945
Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-14 / 30-SEP-16
Sponsor : Irish Research Council (IRC)
Title : THE AXIS BROTHERHOOD: THE ROLE OF PROPAGANDA AND FET-NSDAP RELATIONS IN SPANISH POLICY DURING WORLD WAR II
Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-14 / 30-SEP-16
Sponsor : Irish Research Council (IRC)
Title : Undemobilized Combatants; Paramilitarism in the Balkans 1917-1924: The Cases of Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and Albania
Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-14 / 30-SEP-16
Sponsor : Enterprise Ireland (EI)
Title : Himmler's Supranational Army: A Transnational History of Collaboration in the SS
Start Date / End Date : 28-JAN-14 / 28-DEC-14
Sponsor : Enterprise Ireland (EI)
Title : The limits of Demobilisation - Proof of Concept
Start Date / End Date : 21-AUG-13 / 20-APR-14
Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : Bridging Funding - UCD Centre for War Studies
Start Date / End Date : 01-APR-13 / 31-AUG-18
Sponsor : Enterprise Ireland (EI)
Title : The End of Empires: A Comparative History of the Decline and Fall of Europe's Blue Water and Land Empires, 1917-1990
Start Date / End Date : 28-NOV-12 / 10-JAN-13
Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : Collaboration as Cultural Encounter (CACE)
Start Date / End Date : 20-SEP-12 / 30-SEP-17
Sponsor : Irish Research Council (IRC)
Title : Violence and German Politics, 1904-1920
Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-12 / 30-SEP-14
Sponsor : Enterprise Ireland (EI)
Title : Perpetrators of Genocide: A Transnational History of the SS
Start Date / End Date : 01-JAN-12 / 31-DEC-12
Sponsor : EC Framework (FP7)
Title : Get ready, workers of Spain!: The Russian Revolution and its influence on the nature of post-world war 1 social conflict in Spain (Russia-in-Spain)
Start Date / End Date : 01-SEP-12 / 31-AUG-14
Sponsor : Enterprise Ireland (EI)
Title : The End of Empires: A Comparative History of the Decline and Fall of Europe's Blue Water and Land Empires, 1917 - 1990
Start Date / End Date : 24-JAN-12 / 01-MAR-12
Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : War Studies / HII International Visitor
Start Date / End Date : 01-MAY-12 / 31-OCT-13
Sponsor : Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences (IRCHSS)
Title : The Limits of Demobilization, 1917-1923: Paramilitary Violence in Europe and the Wider World
Start Date / End Date : 21-DEC-11 / 30-AUG-13
Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : The Limits of Demobilization
Start Date / End Date : 01-MAY-11 / 30-NOV-13
Sponsor : EC Framework (FP7)
Title : The Limits of Demobilization, 1917-1923: Paramilitary Violence in Europe and the Wider World (LIMOD)
Start Date / End Date : 01-SEP-09 / 31-JAN-14
Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : Centre for War Studies - Construction Works
Start Date / End Date : 01-JUL-09 / 01-JUN-10
Sponsor : Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences (IRCHSS)
Title : Paramilitary Violence after the Great War, 1918-1923. Towards a Global History
Start Date / End Date : 01-SEP-08 / 31-AUG-10
   

Collaborators

 

External Collaborators

British Academy funded Research Collaboration on the history of Twentieth-Century Political Violence with the Universities of Oxford, Bielefeld and Edinburgh, the NIOD (Amsterdam) and the European University Institute in Florence

Research Collaboration on the History of Paramilitary Violence after the Great War with Prof. John Horne (Trinity College Dublin)