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Researchers at UCD

researcher

William Smith

Lecturer

School Of Mechanical & Materials Eng
Engineering Building
Belfield
Dublin 4

Tel: +353 1 7161902
Email: william.smith@ucd.ie

Biography

ESB Newman Scholar 1992-1994
Director of UCD Formula Student Programme since 2000
School representative on Engineering & Architecture Marketing Committee

Professional

         

Conference Contributions

William J Smith (2013) PM Emissions from GDI Engines during Cold Start. [Invited Oral Presentation], Advanced Emission Control Concepts for Gasoline Engines 2013, Bonn, germany , 13-MAY-13 - 14-MAY-13.
               

Publications

 

Book Chapters

Timoney, D.J. and Smith, W.J.; (1996) 'Influences of Fuel Injection and Air Motion Energy Sources on Fuel-Air Mixing Rates in a D.I. Diesel Combustion System' In: SAE International (eds). Investigations into Diesel Engine Combustion Processes (SAE Special Publication SP1159). Detroit, USA: SAE International. , pp.89-101 [Details]
Timoney, D.J. and Smith, W.J., ; (1992) 'Estimation of Radiative Heat Transfer for Heat Release Analysis in Direct Injection Diesel Engines' In: B. Sunden & A. Zukauskas (eds). Transport Processes in Engineering, 2 - Recent Advances in Heat Transfer. The Netherlands: Elsevier. , pp.442-452 [Details]
 

Peer Reviewed Journals

Smith WJ, Morrin S, and Timoney DJ; (2011) 'Effect of operating condition on the particulate matter emission factor for a domestic biomass boiler'. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, 225 (5):614-618. [DOI] [Details]
Ó Cléirigh, C.T. and Smith, W.J. (2014) 'Can CFD accurately predict the heat-transfer and pressure-drop performance of finned-tube bundles?'. Applied Thermal Engineering, 73 (1):679-688. Available Online Link to full text [Details]
McGovern, R and Smith, W; (2012) 'Optimal concentration and temperatures of solar thermal power plants'. Energy Conversion and Management, 60 (August 2012):226-232. [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
Smith, William J (2013) 'Projecting EU demand for natural gas to 2030: A meta-analysis'. Energy Policy, 58 :163-176. [DOI] [Details]
Whelan, I., Timoney, D., Smith, W. and Samuel, S. (2013) 'SAE Int. J. Engines: The Effect of a Three-Way Catalytic Converter on Particulate Matter from a Gasoline Direct-Injection Engine During Cold-Start'. SAE International Journal of Fuels and Lubricants, 6 (2):1035-1045. [DOI] [Details]
McGovern, R and Smith, W; (2012) 'Optimal concentration and temperatures of solar thermal power plants'. Energy Conversion and Management, 60 (August 2012):226-232. [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
Smith WJ, Morrin S, and Timoney DJ; (2011) 'Effect of operating condition on the particulate matter emission factor for a domestic biomass boiler'. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, 225 (5):614-618. [DOI] [Details]
Smith, WJ; (2010) 'Can EV (electric vehicles) address Ireland's CO2 emissions from transport?'. Energy, 35 :4514-4521. [DOI] [Details]
Smith, WJ; (2010) 'Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles: a low-carbon solution for Ireland?'. Energy Policy, 38 (3):1485-1499. [DOI] [Details]
Drew, AN, Timoney, DJ, Smith, WJ; (2007) 'A simulation and design tool for hydrogen SI engine systems - Validation of the intake hydrogen flow model'. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 32 :3084-3092. [DOI] [Details]
Smith, WJ, Timoney, DJ, ; (1997) 'On the relative roles of fuel spray kinetic energy and engine speed in determining mixing rates in DI diesel engines'. JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 119 (1):212-217. [Details]
Timoney, D.J. and Smith, W.J., ; (1996) 'Correlation of Injection Rate Shapes with D.I. Diesel Exhaust Emissions'. SAE Transactions Journal of Fuels and Lubricants, 104 :162-170. [Details]
 

Conference Publications

Whelan, I; Timoney, D; Smith, W; Samuel, S (2013) The Effect of a Three-Way Catalytic Converter on Particulate Matter from a Gasoline Direct-Injection Engine During Cold- Start SAE 2013 World Congress and Exhibition Detroit, Michigan, USA, , 16-APR-13 - 18-APR-13 [DOI] [Details]
Whelan, I; Smith, W; Timoney, D; Samuel, S (2012) The Effect of Engine Operating Conditions on Engine-out Particulate Matter from a Gasoline Direct-injection Engine during Cold-start. (SAE 2012-01-1711) SAE 2012 International Powertrains, Fuels & Lubricants Meeting Malmo, Sweden, , 18-SEP-12 - 20-SEP-12 [Details]
McGovern, R. and Smith, W. (2011) Optimal Concentration and Temperatures of Solar Thermal Power Plants ECOS2011: 24th International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems (ECOS2011) July 4-7, 2011, Novi Sad, Serbia, , 04-JUL-11 - 07-JUL-11 [Details]
Smith, WJ; (2009) Can Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles address Ireland's transport emissions? . In: Olabi AG, Naher S, and Dassissti A eds. 3rd International Conference on Sustainable Energy & Environmental Protection (SEEP) , 11-AUG-09 - 15-AUG-09 , pp.131-136 [Details]
Casey, E. J., Smith, W. J. and Timoney, D. J.; (2009) Examination of low-cost systems for the determination of kinematic driving cycles and engine operating conditions in Dublin, Ireland Link to full text [Details]
Casey, E. J., Smith, W. J. and Timoney, D. J.; (2009) A low cost system for monitoring on-road vehicle and engine operation . In: Charon, A eds. 3rd Environment and Transport and 17th Transport and Air Pollution Symposium Toulouse, France, , 01-JUN-09 - 03-JUN-09 [Details]
Timoney, David and Smith, William; (2008) Electric & Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Design & Fuel Efficiency Issues Engineers Ireland Energy & Environment Division, Evening Lecture [Details]
Tallon, M. and Smith, W.J.; (2006) A comparison of 1-D and coupled 1-D/3-D simulations of engine performance VAFSEP DCU, Dublin, , 22-AUG-06 - 25-AUG-06 [Details]
Clarke, D. and Smith, W.J.; (1997) The simulation, implementation, and analysis of the Miller cycle using an inlet-control rotary valve SAE International Congress & Exposition, 1997 Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Smith, W.J., Timoney, D.J., and Lynch, D.P.; (1997) Emissions and Efficiency Comparison of Gasoline and LPG Fuels in a 1.4 Litre Passenger Car Engine SAE International Fuels & Lubricants Meeting & Exposition, October 1997 Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Lynch, D. and Smith, W.J.; (1997) Comparison of AFR calculation methods using gas analysis and mass flow measurement SAE International Congress & Exposition, 1997 Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Timoney, D., Brophy, B., and Smith, W.; (1997) Heat Release and Emissions Results from a D.I.Diesel with Special Shrouded Intake Valves SAE International Congress & Exposition, 1997 Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Smith, W.J.; (1996) Estimation of air motion kinetic energy dissipation rates in a D.I. diesel combusiton system SAE International Congress & Exposition, 1996 Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Timoney, D.J. and Smith, W.J.; (1996) Influences of fuel injection and air motion energy sources on fuel-air mixing rates in a D.I. diesel combustion system SAE International Congress & Exposition, 1996 Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Smith, W.J. and Timoney, D.J.; (1995) On the relative roles of fuel spray kinetic energy and engine speed in determining mixing rates in D.I. diesel engines ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference, 1995 [Details]
McGovern, R. and Smith, W. (2011) Optimal Concentration and Temperatures of Solar Thermal Power Plants ECOS2011: 24th International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems (ECOS2011) July 4-7, 2011, Novi Sad, Serbia, , 04-JUL-11 - 07-JUL-11 [Details]
Timoney, D.J. and Smith, W.J.; (1995) Correlation of injection rate shapes with D.I. diesel exhaust emissions SAE International Congress & Exposition, 1995 Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Timoney, D.J. and Smith, W.J.; (1993) Relationships between instantaneous fuel injection rate and exhaust emissions from a D.I. diesel combustion system 20th International Congress on Combustion Engines [Details]
Smith, W.J. and Timoney, D.J.; (1992) Fuel Injection Rate Analysis - A New Diagnostic Tool for Combustion Research SAE International Fuels & Lubricants Meeting & Exposition, October 1992 Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Smith, W.J. and Timoney, D.J.; (1991) Fuel injection rate analysis using measured data IMechE International Conference on Computers in Technology, 1991 , pp.283-287 [Details]
Timoney, D.J. and Smith, W.J.; (1991) The Relative Importance of Radiative Heat Transfer to Heat Release Analysis in Direct Injection Diesel Engines EUROTHERM Seminar No. 15 on Heat Transfer in Internal Combustion Engines Institut de Mecanique des Fluides de Toulouse, France, , pp.225-234 [Details]
Timoney, D.J. and Smith, W.J; (1990) Influence of Turbulence in a D.I. Diesel NATO Advanced Study Institute on Combusting Flow Diagnostics Montechoro, Portugal, [Details]
                     

Presented Papers

Timoney, David and Smith, William; (2008) Electric & Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Design & Fuel Efficiency Issues. Presented Papers [Details]
 

Invited Lectures

Timoney, DJ and Smith, WJ; (2009) Electric & Hybrid Electric Vehicles- Design & Fuel Efficiency Issues. Invited Lectures Available Online [Details]
Smith, WJ; (2009) Plug-in hybrids - panacea or placebo?. Invited Lectures Available Online [Details]
       

Research Seminars

Smith, WJ; (2009) Electric vehicles: how much can they offer - and when?. Research Seminars [Details]
Casey, Edward, Timoney, D., Smith, W.; (2008) Towards a suitable model for prediction of pollution emission and dispersion in Dublin. University of Limerick: Research Seminars [Details]
 

Presentation

Casey EJ, Smith WJ and Timoney DJ; (2009) A low cost system for monitoring on-road vehicle and engine operation. Presentation [Details]

Working Paper

Casey EJ, Lennon D, Smith WJ and Timoney DJ; (2008) Description of the Development of the LabVIEW Instantaneous Emissions Estimation Software for use in the Urban Environment Project Air Quality Work Package. Working Paper Available Online [Details]
Casey, E., Smith, W. and Timoney, D.; (2008) Vehicle Pollutant Formation & Adverse Health Implications. Dublin, Ireland: Working Paper Available Online [Details]
                                             

Research

Research Interests

* Energy and emissions of road transport, particularly private cars - CO2, CO, NOx, HC, PM,
* Emissions from small and distributed combustion installations - CO2, CO, NOx, HC, PM
* Coupled thermo-mechanical analysis of steam generation plant
* Exploitation of low-grade thermal energy sources for space-heating applications

* Applications of the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics
* Energy, environment, and climate

Research Projects

Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : EPA PI Time Internal Award
Start Date / End Date : 01-JUL-14 / 30-JUN-27
Sponsor : Enterprise Ireland (EI)
Title : Assessment of Potential Prime Movers for Micro-CHP
Start Date / End Date : 01-JUN-08 / 31-DEC-08
Sponsor : Enterprise Ireland (EI)
Synergen Power Ltd
Title : Reduction of in-service failures in CCPP heat recovery steam generators
Start Date / End Date : 01-OCT-09 / 30-SEP-12
Sponsor : Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Title : Emission factors for Domestic Solid-Fuel Appliances (EFDOSOF)
Start Date / End Date : 01-JAN-12 / 30-APR-17
Sponsor : Enterprise Ireland (EI)
Title : Building Response Toolbox
Start Date / End Date : 09-MAR-15 / 08-MAR-16

Recent Postgraduates

 

Teaching

Teaching Philosophy

Seek student engagement with the material. Distinguish clearly between core concepts and restricted applications. Emphasise the former in both delivery and assessment. Build student confidence in these core concepts. Encourage a sceptical and holistic approach to the material presented, and creative solutions to the challenges posed.

Modules Coordinated

201500   MEEN30100     Mechanical Engineering: Engineering Thermodynamics II
201500   MEEN40090     Mechanical Engineering: Energy Systems & ClimateChange
201500   MEEN10070     Mechanical Engineering: Energy Challenges
201500   MEEN40900     Mechanical Engineering: Energy Systems & Climate Chang

Enhancement of Teaching

I coordinate modules at introductory (MEEN10070), intermediate (MEEN30100), and advanced (MEEN40090) levels. The specific techniques I use reflect this diversity, but are driven by the same underlying philosophy: encourage student engagement. The techniques could be broadly grouped as follows: Contextualising knowledge: The subject area being explored is always contextualised. The relevance of the material to addressing specific technical problems, or to the broader social context is highlighted. Wherever possible, interesting, amusing, or topical examples of its application are presented. Active learning: Although the bulk of material is delivered through lectures, additional ¿ active ¿ assignments are incorporated in all modules. Partially-complete lecture slides are uploaded to Blackboard, reducing students¿ manual workload but encouraging them to remain focused. Worked examples are used to reinforce learning of, and build confidence in, core concepts. Critical thinking and reflection: In each module, students must undertake incependent assignments, designed to foster critical thinking and reflection. In MEEN10070, guest lectures from industry experts provide alternative perspectives on relevant material. Student feedback: Feedback is bi-directional. Students are offered both formal and informal feedback during each module. Feedback from students is requested both during and at the end of each module, and is used to inform the delivery for the following class. Use of technology: Technology can help create a more interesting and dynamic learning environment. Blackboard provides a useful framework in many respects; animated slides, graphical images, movie clips, and physical components encourage student engagement. Care is taken to clarify, rather than obscure, the concept being explored.

Review and Enhancement of Curriculum

All three of the modules I coordinate have been newly developed, or very heavily revised, over the last five years. MEEN10070 was first delivered in 2008. Its purpose is to provide students with an introduction to the challenges - and some of the possible solutions - that are associated with a continuously increasing global demand for energy. The module is open to students both inside and outside Engineering. A range of internal and external experts are introduced to address specific topics or technologies and provide a professional perspective. Independent and creative thinking, teamwork, and communication skills are fostered via a Group Poster assignment. MEEN30100 was completely reconfigured following modularisation, to incorporate most of the learning previously associated with two separate modules MEEN2003 and MEEN3001. This restructuring was part of a revision, with my academic colleagues, of the entire Energy- and Fluids-related material in the undergraduate and Master's programmes, to ensure coherence and continuity throughout. This module is of central importance for many students: to assist their learning, they are assessed in week 4 and week 8, and feedback at both individual and class level is promptly delivered. Relevant laboratory sessions demand active participation, and develop teamwork and problem-solving skills while reinforcing learning. MEEN40090 was developed in 2007, and evolves annually. It provides a system-based perspective on energy and climate change, and aims to provide an overview of the complex interconnections between what is technically possible and what is financially, politically, or socially acceptable. All four of these constraints evolve rapidly at regional and global scales, requiring the students and the content and emphasis of this module may change during course delivery, as well as from year to year. I also founded and directed the UCD Formula Student programme from 2000-2008 (see Innovation & Leadership).

Developing as a Teacher

I continuously seek to refine the content, and improve the delivery, of each module so that the appropriate learning outcomes can be achieved. This is helped by reviewing a wide range of relevant text books and online materials each year. My research activities, and relevant academic and professional literature, also inform module structure and content. I make full use of IT and other teaching aids to enhance delivery, and strive to contextualise and clarify core concepts and key points. I have (eventually) learned to continuously emphasise the material that I consider to be most critical, and to reflect the importance of that material in my assessment process. I deliver more feedback to students, and do so more rapidly, than in the past, and am always keen to find ways in which additional feedback can be delivered within the practical constraints on my time and resources. I encourage feedback from students both during and after module delivery, and use that feedback to inform subsequent planning. I have been continuously seeking to improve my teaching since I was appointed by UCD in 1994, and am a wiser and better teacher as a result.

Innovation & Leadership

In 2000 I founded the UCD Formula Student programme, acting as Programme Director until 2008. Throughout that period, I championed the programme both within UCD and to the outside world. The programme provided students with a unique, immersive, and highly-rewarding learning experience; it offered a focus and context for academic material; it drew academic staff together, motivated technical staff, and strengthened links with the engineering profession. I am proud to have played my part.