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Louise Rainford

Associate Professor

School Of Medicine
Health Sciences Centre
Belfield
Dublin 4

Tel: +353 1 7166537
Email: louise.rainford@ucd.ie

Biography

Dr Louise Rainford's background is in the area of medical imaging, training as a radiographer in Manchester, UK. Following a twelve year clinical career in the Mater Misericordiae University Hospital she commenced as a UCD lecturer in 1997, and from 2006 she was appointed as the Head of Teaching for the Radiography Programmes and lead the development of Radiography education at undergraduate and graduate level. In early 2009 she was appointed as the Head of Diagnostic Imaging within the UCD School of Medicine.

Her supervision of research projects to date have incorporated a broad range of imaging modalities including X-ray, computerised tomography, fluoroscopic guided interventional procedures, and mammography, and her findings published in several international peer reviewed journals. Dr Rainford has presented at many international imaging meetings including the annual meetings of the European Congress of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America, UK Radiological Congress, International Society of Optical Engineering and Medical Imaging Perception Society. She has successfully supervised many graduate research students, including 13 PhD projects. She is a distinguished teacher with awards excellence for teaching. Dr Rainford is a current member of the Educational Wing of the European Federation of Radiography Societies and is currently involved in several multi-centred European research studies.


Professional

Honours and Awards

Year: 2004.
Title: UCD School of Medicine and Medical SCience: Excellence in teaching Award 2004
Year: 2008.
Title: College of Life Sciences Teaching Award: Contribution to Curriculum Design

Associations

Association: CORU, Function/Role: Registered to Radiographers Registration Board
Association: European Society of Radiology ESR, Function/Role: Affiliate Member
Association: CORU Healthcare Professions State Regulator, Function/Role: National Radiography Education Representative: Radiographers Registration Board
Association: Irish Institute of Radiography and Radiation Therapists, Function/Role: Member
     

Conference Contributions

Butler ML, Brennan PC , Last J., Rainford, L. (2009) Are exposure index values consistent in clinical practice? A multi-manufacturer investigation. [Oral Presentation], Third Malmö Conference on Medical Imaging -Optimisation in X-ray and molecular imaging Presentation, Sweden , 25-JUN-14 - 27-JUN-14.
Kelly BS, Rainford LA, Kavanagh E, Toomey RJ (2014) The development of diagnostic accuracy and search pattern behaviour in the interpretation of chest radiographs. [Oral Presentation], European Congress of Radiology, Vienna, Austria , 06-MAR-14 - 10-MAR-14.
Darcy S, Rainford LA, Toomey RJ (2014) Decision making and variation in radiation exposure factor selection by radiographers: an eye tracking study. [Oral Presentation], European Congress of Radiology, Vienna, Austria , 06-MAR-14 - 10-MAR-14.
Toomey RJ, Lowe J, Evanoff M, Kavanagh E, Rainford L (2015) Variability in radiologists¿ diagnoses and representation of pathologies. [Poster Presentation], Medical Image Perception Society, Ghent, Belgium , 02-JUN-15 - 05-JUN-15.
Kelly BS, Rainford LA, Kavanagh EC, Darcy S, Toomey RJ (2015) The Development of Expertise in Radiology: In Chest Radiograph Interpretation, ¿Expert¿ Search Pattern Predates ¿Expert¿ Levels of Diagnostic Accuracy for Pneumothorax Identification. [Oral Presentation], Faculty of Radiologists Annual Scientific Meeting, Dublin , 24-SEP-15 - 24-SEP-15.
Toomey RJ, Leong D, Evanoff M, Ryan J, Kavanagh E, Rainford L (2015) Interventional images on the iPad. [Oral Presentation], Medical Image Perception Society, Ghent, Belgium , 02-JUN-15 - 05-JUL-15.

Committees

Committee : CORU Radiographers Registration Board
Committee : Educational Wing European Federation Radiography Society
Committee : UCD School of Medicine and Medical Science PhD /MSc Committee
Committee : UCD Academic Council
Committee : UCD School of Medicine and Medical Science Executive Board
Committee : UCD School of Medicine and Medical Science SSRA Committee
Committee : Programme development team member: Radiography Module for Dental Science students (TCD UCC), Dental Hygienists (TCD) and Dental Nurses (TCD & UCC)
Committee : Teaching and Learning Education Strategy Committee
Committee : School of Medicine Plagiarism Committee
Committee : Programme Board Committee, School of Medicine
Committee : School of Medicine, Graduate Taught Programme Board
 

Education

Year 1985 Institution: College of Radiographers, London, UK
Qualification: Dip Radiography Subject:
Year 1997 Institution: College of Industrial Relations, IRL
Qualification: Dip Management Subject:
Year 1995 Institution: College of Radiographers, London, UK
Qualification: DRI Subject:
Year 1993 Institution: University of East Anglia
Qualification: Cert Clin Tutor Subject:
 

Consultancy

Client: Portuguese Healthcare Professions Regulator
 

Journals Edited

Radiography - Elsevier: Editorial Advisory Board Member.
Radiography - Elsevier: Editorial Board member.

Other Activities

Clinical Teacher, Diagnostic Imaging Programme ( Sept 1992-Aug 1997)

UCD School of Medicine and Medical Science, Head of Teaching and Learning, Diagnostic Imaging Programmes (Sept 2006- Feb 2009)

Lecturer: University College Dublin (Sept 1997-Aug 2006)

Radiographer (2years), Senior Radiographer (4 years), Mater Misericordiae University Hospital (May 1986-Aug 1992)

Radiographer , Royal Preston Hospital, Lancashire UK ( June 1985-April 1986)

*Leave of absence experience during this period in VU Ziekenhuis, Amsterdam and Parc Medical Centre Baghdad.

Diploma Management: College of Industrial Relations, IRL. (1996)

Diploma Radionuclide Imaging: College of Radiographers, London, UK. (1995)

Certificate: Clinical Teaching: University of East Anglia, UK. (1993)

External examiner Sheffield Hallam University (UK) 2005-2009

External Examiner , University of Malta: commencing September 2010

Publications

 

Book Chapters

lRainford (2016) 'Scientific Poster Design' In: P Hogg, C Blakeley, C Bruissink (eds). OPTIMAX 2015. The Netherlands: Hanze University of Applied Science. , pp.40-59 [Details]
Ben Donlon, Douglas Veale, Patrick Brennan, Robin Gibney, Hamish Carr, Louise Rainford, ChinTeck Ng, Eliza Pontifex, Jonathan McNulty, Oliver FitzGerald, and John Ryan; (2012) 'MRI-Based Visualisation and quantification of Rheumatoid and Psoriatic Arthritis of the Knee' In: Lars Linsen, Hans Hagen, Bernd Hamann (eds). Visualisation in Medicine and Life Sciences II. Berlin Heidelberg New York: Springer. , pp.45-61 Available Online [Details]
 

Peer Reviewed Journals

Kelly BS, Rainford LA, Kavanagh EC, Darcy S, Toomey RJ (2016) 'The Development of Expertise in Radiology: In Chest Radiograph Interpretation, Expert Search Pattern May Predate ¿Expert¿ Levels of Diagnostic Accuracy for Pneumothorax Identification'. Radiology, 280 (1):252-260. [DOI] [Details]
Jonathan L. Portelli, Jonathan P. McNulty, Paul Bezzina, Louise Rainford (2016) 'Frequency of paediatric medical imaging examinations performed at a European teaching hospital over a 7-year period'. European Radiology, . Available Online [DOI] [Details]
J. P. McNulty, R. Lonergan, J. Bannigan, R. O¿Laoide, L. A. Rainford, N. Tubridy (2016) 'Visualisation of the medial longitudinal fasciculus using fibre tractography in multiple sclerosis patients with internuclear ophthalmoplegia'. Irish Journal of Medical Science, 185 (2):393-402. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Zarb F, Foley S, Holm S, Toomey R, Evanoff MG, Rainford L (2016) 'An Investigation into CT Radiation Dose Variations for Head Examinations on Matched Equipment'. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, . [DOI] [Details]
Qurashi AA, Rainford LA;Foley SJ (2016) 'Establishment of diagnostic reference levels for CT trunk examinations in the western region of Saudi Arabia'. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 167 (4):569-575. [DOI] [Details]
Santos J, Foley SJ, Paulo G, McEntee M, Rainford LA (2015) 'The impact of pediatric specific dose modulation curves on patient dose and image quality in head Computed Tomography'. Pediatric Radiology, . [DOI] [Details]
Zarb F, Foley S, Holm S, Toomey RJ, Evanoff M, Rainford L (2015) 'An investigation into CT radiation dose variations for head examinations on matched equipment'. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, . [DOI] [Details]
Darcy S, Rainford LA, Kelly BS, Toomey RJ (2015) 'Decision Making and Variation in Radiation Exposure Factor Selection by Radiologic Technologists'. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences, 46 (4):372-379. [DOI] [Details]
Jonathan L. Portelli, Jonathan P. McNulty, Paul Bezzina, Louise Rainford (2015) 'Paediatric imaging radiation dose awareness and use of referral guidelines amongst radiology practitioners and radiographers'. Insights into Imaging, 7 (1):145-153. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
J.P. McNulty, L. Rainford, P. Bezzina, A. Henner, T. Kukkes, D. Pronk-Larive, C. Vandulek (2015) 'A picture of radiography education across Europe'. Radiography, 22 (1):5-11. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Zarb, F. and McEntee, M.F. and Rainford, L. (2015) 'Visual grading characteristics and ordinal regression analysis during optimisation of CT head examinations'. Insights into Imaging, 6 (3):393-401. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Santos J; Maria do Carmo Batista; Shane Foley; Graciano Paulo; Mark F. McEntee; Louise Rainford (2014) 'Paediatric CT optimisation utilising Catphan(R) 600 and age-specific anthropomorphic phantoms'. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, . Available Online [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
Toomey RJ, Rainford LA;Leong DL;Butler ML;Evanoff MG;Kavanagh EC;Ryan JT (2014) 'Is the iPad suitable for image display at American Board of Radiology examinations?'. American Journal of Roentgenology, 203 (5):1028-1033. [DOI] [Details]
Francis Zarb, Louise Rainford (2014) 'Psychophysical evaluation of Catphan®600 CT image quality findings using human observers and software analysis'. Radiography, . [DOI] [Details]
Francis Zarb, Mark F McEntee, Louise Rainford (2014) 'A MULTI-PHASED STUDY OF OPTIMISATION METHODOLOGIES AND RADIATION DOSE SAVINGS FOR HEAD CT EXAMINATIONS'. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, . [DOI] [Details]
David L. Leong, Louise Rainford, Tamara Miner Haygood, Gary J. Whitman, William R. Geiser, Tanya W. Stephens, Paul L. Davis, Patrick C. Brennan (2014) 'Radiologist experience effects on contrast detection'. Journal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision, . [DOI] [Details]
Qurashi, A; Rainford, L; Foley, S (2014) 'Establishment of diagnostic reference levels for CT trunk examinations in the Western region of Saudi Arabia'. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, . Available Online [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
Foley, SJ, Evanoff, M, Rainford, LA (2013) 'A questionnaire survey reviewing Radiologists and Clinical Specialist Radiographers knowledge of CT exposure parameters'. Insights Into Imaging, 4 (5):637-646. [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
David L.Leong, Louise Rainford, Tamara Miner Haygood, Gary J Whitman, William R Geiser, Beatriz e. Adrada, Lumarie Santiago, Patrick C. Brennan (2013) 'Trend of Contrast Detection Threshold with and without localization'. Journal of Digital Imaging, . [DOI] [Details]
Foley SJ, McEntee MF, Rainford LA (2013) 'An evaluation of in-plane shields during thoracic CT'. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 155 (4):439-450. [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
Robinson, JW,Ryan, JT,McEntee, MF,Lewis, SJ,Evanoff, MG,Rainford, LA,Brennan, PC (2013) 'Grey-scale inversion improves detection of lung nodules'. British Journal of Radiology, 86 . [DOI] [Details]
O'Leary, D,Rainford, L (2013) 'A comparison of mean glandular dose diagnostic reference levels within the all-digital Irish national breast screening programme and the Irish symptomatic breast services'. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 153 :300-308. [DOI] [Details]
Santos J, Foley S, Paulo G, McEntee M, Rainford L (2013) 'The establishment of Computed Tomography diagnostic reference levels in Portugal'. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 158 (3):307-317. Available Online [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
O'Leary D, Rainford, L (2012) 'A comparison of mean glandular dose diagnostic reference levels within all-digital Irish national breast screening programme and the Irish symptomatic breast services'. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 153 (3):300-308. [DOI] [Details]
McNulty JP, Ryan JT, Evanoff MG, Rainford LA. (2012) 'Flexible Image Evaluation: iPad versus Secondary-class Monitors for Review of MR Spinal Emergency Cases, A Comparative Study'. Academic Radiology, 19 (8):1023-1028. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Foley S.J, McEntee M.F, Rainford L.A; (2012) 'Establishment of CT diagnostic reference levels in Ireland'. British Journal of Radiology, 85 (1018):1390-1397. [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
Zarb, F.; McEntee, M.; Rainford, L. (2012) 'CT radiation dose and image quality optimization using a porcine model'. Radiologic Technology, . [Details]
Leong, DL,Rainford, L,Haygood, TM,Whitman, GJ,Tchou, PM,Geiser, WR,Carkaci, S,Brennan, PC (2012) 'Verification of DICOM GSDF in Complex Backgrounds'. Journal of Digital Imaging, 25 :662-669. [DOI] [Details]
A. Rutledge, M. F. McEntee, L. A. Rainford, M. J. O¿Grady, K. McCarthy, M. Butler; (2011) 'The impact of clinical indications on visual search behaviour in skeletal radiographs'. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 7966-33 . [Details]
Foley, SJ,McEntee, MF,Achenbach, S,Brennan, PC,Rainford, LS,Dodd, JD; (2011) 'Breast Surface Radiation Dose During Coronary CT Angiography: Reduction by Breast Displacement and Lead Shielding'. American Journal of Roentgenology, 197 :367-373. [DOI] [Details]
Zarb, F.; Rainford, L.; McEntee, M. (2011) 'Frequency of CT examinations in Malta'. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences, 42 (1):4-9. [Details]
Zombori, G. Ryan, J. McAuliffe, F. Rainford, L. Moran, M. Brennan, P. (2010) 'Advanced noise reduction in placental ultrasound imaging using CPU and GPU: a comparative study'. Proceedings of S.P.I.E, 7629 :762908-762909. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Zarb F, Rainford LA, Mc Entee MF; (2010) 'Developing optimized CT scan protocols: Phantom measurements of image quality. Radiography'. Radiography, . [Details]
Zarb, Francis; Rainford, Louise; Mc Entee, Mark; (2010) 'AP diameter shows the strongest correlation to CTDI and DLP in abdominal and chest CT'. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 139 ((4-6)):1-8. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Zarb F, Rainford L, Mc Entee MF; (2010) 'Image quality assessment tools for optimization of CT images'. Radiography, 16 (2):147-153. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Butler, ML,Rainford, L,Last, J,Brennan, PC; (2010) 'Are exposure index values consistent in clinical practice? A multi-manufacturer investigation'. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 139 :371-374. [DOI] [Details]
ML Butler, L Rainford, J Last and PC Brennan; (2009) 'Are exposure index values consistent in clinical practice? A multi-manufacturer investigation'. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, . [Details]
CDHelft, AM Mc Gee, PC Brennan, SL Mc Fadden, CM Hughes, RJ Winder, LA Rainford; (2009) 'Potential Irish Diagnostic Reference Levels for cardiac Interventional Examinations'. British Journal of Radiology, . [DOI] [Details]
Zarb F, Rainford L, Foley S, McEntee MF; (2009) 'Rationale for National and Local Dose Reference Levels and Collective Effective Dose in CT'. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences, 40 (3):109-115. [DOI] [Details]
Pearman, L.,Last, J.,Fitzgerald, O.,Veale, D.,Joyce, M.,Rainford, L.,McEntee, M.,McNulty, J.,Thomas, E.,Ryan, J.,McGee, A.,Toomey, R.,D'Helft, C.,Lowe, J.,Brennan, P. C.; (2009) 'Rheumatoid arthritis: a novel radiographic projection for hand assessment'. Br J Radiol, 82 (979):554-560. Available Online [Details]
D'Helft C, McGee A, Rainford L, Mc Fadden S, Winder J, Hughes C, Brennan PC. ; (2008) 'Potential Irish dose reference levels for cardiac interventional examinations'. British Journal of Radiology, . [Details]
Pearman L, FitzGerald O, Veale D, Joyce M, Rainford L, McNulty J, Thomas E, Ryan J, Toomey, R, Lowe J, Brennan PC. ; (2008) 'Rheumatoid Arthritis: the UCD projection for hand and wrist assessment, a novel technique'. British Journal of Radiology, . [Details]
D'Helft C, McGee A, Rainford L, Mc Fadden S, Winder J, Hughes C, Brennan PC. ; (2008) 'Proposed preliminary diagnostic reference levels for three common interventional cardiology procedures in Ireland'. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, . [DOI] [Details]
D'Helft C, McGee AM, Rainford LA, McFadden SL, Hughes C, Winder RJ, Brennan PC; (2007) 'Proposed diagnostic reference levels for 3 common cardiac interventional procedures in Ireland'. Proceedings of the International Society of Optical Engineering, 6510 . [Details]
L.A. Rainford, E. Al-Quattan, S. Mc Fadden, P.C. Brennan P.C ; (2007) 'CEC Analysis of radiological images produced in Europe and Asia'. Radiography, Vol12 :202-209. [Details]
Rainford LA, Al-Qattan E, McFadden S, Brennan PC. ; (2006) 'CEC analysis of radiological images produced in Europe and Asia'. Radiography, . [DOI] [Details]
C.S. D'Helft, A.M. Mc Gee, L.A. Rainford, S.L. Mc Fadden, C.M. Hughes, J.R. Winder, P.C. Brennan ; (2005) 'Optimisation of Radiation in Interventional Cardiology'. Radiography Ireland, . [Details]
Y Grondin, K Matthews, M McEntee, L Rainford, M. Casey, M Tonra, E Al-Qattan, T McCrudden, PC Brennan ; (2004) 'Dose-reducing strategies in combination offers substantial potential benefits to females of child-bearing age requiring X-ray examination'. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 108 (2):123-132. [Details]
Doolan, P.C. Brennan, L.A. Rainford, J. Healy ; (2004) 'Gonad protection for the antero-posterior projection of the pelvis in Diagnostic Radiography in Dublin Hospitals'. Radiography, 10 :15-21. [Details]
Rainford L; (2004) 'The role of an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) in assessing clinical competence for skull radiography technique'. Radiography Ireland, . [Details]
D'Helft C, McFadden S, McGee A, Rainford L, Hughes C, Winder J & Brennan PC. ; (2004) 'Optimisation of radiation dose in interventional cardiology'. Radiography Ireland, 8 :86-88. [Details]
O Leary D, Rainford LA; (2001) 'A suggested pan-European implementation model for radiopharmaceutical reconstitution practice'. European Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 28 (8):284-284. [Details]
O Leary D, Rainford LA; (2001) 'An investigation into the current Irish Radiopharmaceutical Reconstitution Workstations and Work Practices'. Physica Medica, XVII (N3):196-196. [Details]
A-Quattan E, Rainford L, Brennan PC; (2001) 'Standardisation of Image Quality across countries in Europe and Asia'. Radiography Ireland, . [Details]
Rainford L, Stack J, Brennan PC; (2001) 'Optimisation of X-ray beam filtration as a method of patent dose reduction whilst maintaining image quality'. Radiography Ireland, . [Details]

Other Journals

Borg Grima K, Rainford L, Bezzina P, O'Leary D (2013) 'A survey of the various methods and techniques employed in myocardial stress testing' Radiography 4 (S1) :S382-s382. [Details]
O'Leary D, Rainford, L (2012) 'Differences in mean glandular doses between the national breast screening programme and the symptomatic breast services in Ireland' Diagnostic Imaging Europe :48-50. [Details]

Conference Publications

Alomaim W, O¿Leary D, Ryan J, Rainford L, Foley S. (2016) The impact of breast density on radiologist fixation time in mammography European Congress of Radiology Vienna, Austria, , 02-MAR-16 - 06-DEC-15 [Details]
Foley SJ, Rainford LA, Murphy D (2016) A comparison of paediatric CT protocols and doses across Irish hospitals International Paediatric Radiology Chicago, , 15-MAY-16 - 20-MAY-16 [Details]
A.A. Qurashi, L.A. Rainford, S.J. Foley (2016) Abdominal CT for obese patients: investigating optimal scan parameters European Congress of Radiology Vienna, Austria, , 02-MAR-16 - 06-MAR-16 [Details]
Santos J, Mekis N, Foley S, Stark T, Rainford L (2016) Additional copper filtration for adult chest imaging and it's impact on dose and image quality European Congress of Radiology Vienna, Austria, , 02-MAR-16 - 06-MAR-16 [Details]
Rainford LA, McClaren C, Catania D, Pasquato M, Foley S (2015) A European collaborative research study investigating paediatric cardiac interventional radiation dose levels European Congress of Radiology Vienna, Austria, , 04-MAR-15 - 09-MAR-15 [Details]
Alomaim W, Foley SJ, Ryan J, Evanoff M, Rainford LA, O'Leary D, (2015) Inter-rater variability for breast density classification between American and British radiologists European Congress of Radiology , 04-MAR-15 - 09-MAR-15 [Details]
Qurashi A, Rainford LA, Foley SJ (2015) The impact of obesity on abdominal CT radiation dose and image quality European Congress of Radiology , 04-MAR-15 - 09-MAR-15 [Details]
I. Banerjee, J. McNulty, D. Catania, D. Maccagni, L. Masterson, J.L. Portelli, L.A. Rainford (2015) An investigation into cardiologists' opinion/awareness of radiation risk as part of routine patient consent for cardiac interventional procedures European Congress of Radiology 2015 Vienna, Austria, , 25-FEB-15 - 08-MAR-15 Available Online [Details]
Foley SJ, Masterson L, Rainford LA (2015) A comparison of age and weight groupings for establishing local DRLs in paediatric cardiac catheterisation examinations PiDRL Workshop: European Diagnostic Reference Levels for Paediatric Imaging Lisbon, , 15-OCT-15 - 18-OCT-15 [Details]
Rainford L, Catania D, Masterson L, Dogan A, McLaren C, Foley S (2015) A three centre European study of the feasibility of establishing diagnostic reference levels in paediatric cardiac interventional radiology PiDRL Workshop: European Diagnostic Reference Levels in Paediatric Imaging Lisbon, Portugal, , 15-OCT-15 - 18-OCT-15 [Details]
Rachel Toomey, David Leong, Michael Evanoff, John Ryan, Eoin Kavanagh, Fracis Zarb, Jonathan McNulty, Louise A Rainford (2015) Interventional Images on the iPad Medical Image Perception Society (MIPS) Conference XVI Ghent, Belgium, , 03-JUN-15 - 05-JUN-15 , pp.49-49 Available Online [Details]
Darcy S, Rainford LA, Toomey RJ (2014) Decision making and variation in radiation exposure factor selection by radiographers: an eye tracking study European Congress of Radiology [Details]
D. Catania, L.A. Rainford, M. Pasquato, L. Masterson, S. Foley (2014) A European collaborative research study investigating paediatric cardiac interventional radiation dose levels European Congress of Radiology Vienna, , 06-MAR-14 - 10-FEB-14 [Details]
N. Meki¿, L.A. Rainford, T. Starc, G. Paulo, S. Foley, J. Santos (2014) A European collaborative investigation into the impact of additional copper filtration upon dose and image quality for adult chest examinations European Congress of Radiology Vienna, , 06-MAR-14 - 10-MAR-14 [Details]
J. Santos, S. Foley, G. Paulo, M. McEntee, L.A. Rainford (2014) Optimisation of paediatric head computed tomography examinations: an experimental and clinical approach European Congress of Radiology Vienna, , 06-MAR-14 - 10-MAR-14 [Details]
Santos, J; Foley, SJ, Paulo, G; Rainford LA (2014) Portugese paediatric computed tomography practice. ESR Eurosafe Imaging. Paediatric CT Practice. How safe is imaging in different countries European Congress of Radiology [Details]
A. A. Qurashi, L. Rainford, S. Foley (2014) Establishment of diagnostic reference levels for CT trunk examinations in Saudi Arabia European Congress of Radiology Vienna, , 06-MAR-14 - 10-MAR-14 Available Online [Details]
J. Santos, S. Foley, G. Paulo, M. F. McEntee, L. Rainford (2014) Optimisation of paediatric head computed tomography examinations: an experimental and clinical approach European Congress of Radiology Available Online [Details]
Santos J, Foley S, Paulo G, McEntee MF, Rainford LA (2013) Paediatric CT Diagnostic Reference levels National Congress of the Portugese Paediatric Society [Details]
Santos, J., Foley, S., Paulo, G., Mcentee, M. F., & Rainford, L (2013) Establishment of computed tomography diagnostic reference levels in Portugal and paediatric CT imaging parameter optimisation Conference Proteção Radiológica na Saúde 2013 (Radiation Protection in Health Conference) Lisbon, Portugal, , 18-SEP-13 - 20-SEP-13 Available Online [Details]
Lee SM, Toomey RJ, Rainford LA, Ryan J (2013) An investigation of the relationship between ambient lighting and image manipulation SPIE Medical Imaging Orlando, Florida, USA, , 09-FEB-13 - 12-FEB-13 [Details]
Butler ML, Lowe J, Toomey RJ, Maher M, Evanoff MG, Ryan J, Rainford LA (2013) The effect of viewing distance on observer performance in skeletal radiographs SPIE Medical Imaging Orlando, Florida, USA, , 09-FEB-13 - 12-FEB-13 [Details]
Borg Grima K, Rainford L, Bezzina P, O'Leary D (2013) A survey of the various methods and techniques employed in myocardial stress testing European Congress of Radiologists 2013 [Details]
Toomey RJ, Hodgins S, Evanoff MG, Rainford LA (2013) An initial investigation of radiologist eye movements in vascular imaging SPIE Medical Imaging Orlando, Florida, USA, , 09-FEB-13 - 12-FEB-13 [Details]
J.L. Portelli, J. McNulty, S. Mohan, P. Bezzina, L. Rainford (2013) A review diagnostic imaging frequency to aid research exploring the issue of consent for higher dose paediatric examinations ECR2013 - European Congress of Radiology Vienna, Austria, , 07-MAR-13 - 11-MAR-13 Available Online [Details]
Santos J,Foley S, Paulo G, McEntee MF, Rainford LA (2013) Conducting a national diagnostic reference level survey for computed tomography examinations: the Portuguese experience European Congress of Radiology Vienna, , 06-MAR-13 - 11-MAR-13 [Details]
Zarb F, McEntee MF, Foley S, Rainford L (2013) Evaluation of image quality optimisation using VGC and ordinal regression analysis European Congress of Radiology Vienna, , 06-MAR-13 - 11-MAR-13 [Details]
Santos J, Foley SJ, Paulo G, McEntee MF, Rainford L (2013) Conducting a national diagnostic reference level survey for computed tomography examinations: the Portuguese experience European Congress of Radiology [Details]
Matthews K, Rainford L (2013) Is the Reality of Multiple Graders Inconsistency: our experience in reducing this with Undergraduate Radiography Thesis Work Irish Network of Medical Educators (INMED) Annual Conference [Details]
McEntee MF, Lowe J, Butler ML, Pietrzyk M, Evanoff MG, Brennan P and Rainford L (2012) iPads and LCDs show similar performance in the detection of pulmonary nodules SPIE Medical Imaging [Details]
Foley S.J, McEntee M.F, Rainford L.A; (2012) Proposed CT diagnostic reference levels for Ireland European Congress of Radiology [Details]
S. Naughton, L. A. Rainford, M. F. Mc Entee;; (2011) The effect of clinical indications on the visual search patterns of junior doctors European Congress of Radiology Vienna Austria, [Details]
O'Leary D, Rainford L, Grant T; (2011) Greater links to image quality should be applied to the mean glandular dose diagnostic reference levels . In: Insights into Imaging ECR 2011 Book of Abstracts Volume 2 Supplement 1 eds. European Congress of Radiologists , 03-MAR-11 - 07-MAR-11 , pp.S310 [DOI] [Details]
McNulty JP, Kelly B, Rainford L, McEntee MF; (2011) Can collaboration between radiographers and non-consultant hospital doctors during image interpretation improve the accuracy of diagnostic decisions? European Congress of Radiology 2011 Vienna, Austria, , 03-MAR-11 - 07-MAR-11 Available Online [Details]
O'Leary D, Rainford L; (2011) Optimisation of compression, image quality and radiation dose in mammography in Ireland . In: Insights into Imaging, ECR 2011 Book of Abstracts Volume 2 supplement 1 eds. European Congress of Radiology , 03-MAR-11 - 07-MAR-11 , pp.S129 [DOI] [Details]
Foley, Shane J, McEntee MF, Rainford LA, ; (2011) Proposed diagnostic reference level for combined CT chest, abdomen and pelvis examinations in Ireland European Congress of Radiology [Details]
O'Leary D, Rainford L; (2011) An Objective method for the classification of symptomatic mammography images in clinical audit . In: Insights into Imaging ECR Book of Abstracts Volume 2 Supplement 1 eds. European Congress of Radiologists , 03-MAR-11 - 07-MAR-11 , pp.S310-S311 [DOI] [Details]
O¿Leary D, Grant T, Rainford L; (2011) EPOS: Mean Glandular dose diagnostic reference levels are proposed for Irish Symptomatic Breast Services European Congress of Radiologists [Details]
O¿Leary D, Hammond J , Teape A, Rainford L; (2011) EPOS: Compression force recommendations in mammography must be linked to image quality European Congress of Radiologists [Details]
Brennan PC, Ryan J, Evanoff M, Haygood T, McNulty J, Rainford L; (2011) Multi-scale enhancement of PA chest radiographs Medical Image Perception Society IX Dublin, Ireland, , 09-AUG-11 - 12-AUG-11 Available Online [Details]
Zombori Gergely MSc, McAuliffe F MD, Moran M MA, Rainford L PhD, Brennan PC PhD, Ryan J PhD; (2011) EVALUATION OF OBSERVER PERFORMANCE IN PLACENTAL GRADING Medical Image Perception Conference XIV [Details]
Foley, S, Rainford L, McEntee M, Brennan PC, Dodd JD; (2011) BREAST DISPLACEMENT DURING CARDIAC C.T.: A DOSE REDUCING STRATEGY I-Med and National Capital Diagnostic Imaging CPD event Canberra, Australia, [Details]
Foley, Shane J, McEntee MF, Rainford LA; (2011) Radiation dose variability for CT brain examinations across the Irish population Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) Chicago, , 26-NOV-11 - 02-DEC-11 [Details]
Foley, Shane J, McEntee MF, Rainford LA, ; (2011) CT doses across the Generations. A clinical comparison Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) Chicago, , 26-NOV-11 - 02-DEC-11 [Details]
D O'Leary,L Rainford; (2011) Symptomatic breast services in Ireland: how do they compare to national and international standards? Royal College of Radiologists Breast Group Conference [Details]
D O'Leary, L Rainford; (2011) Can radiation dose in mammography be further reduced by increasing the image quality? Royal College of Radiologists Breast Group Conference [Details]
D O'Leary, T Grant, L Rainford; (2011) Image quality and compression force: the forgotten link in optimisation of digital mammography? Royal College of Radiologists Breast Group Conference [Details]
D O'Leary, A Teape, J Hammond L Rainford; (2011) Objective critical appraisal of mammography images in clinical audit: can we achieve this? Royal College of Radiologists Breast Group Conference [Details]
M.F. Mc Entee, B. Kelly, L. Rainford; Dublin/IE; (2011) Can collaboration between radiographers and non-consultant hospital doctors during image interpretation improve the accuracy of diagnostic decisions? . In: Moderators: B. Bjorkman (Huskvarna/SE), D. Tscholakoff (Vienna/AT) eds. European Congress of Radiology Vienna Austria, [Details]
A Rutledge, M McEntee, L Rainford, M O¿Grady, K McCarthy, ML Butler.; (2011) The impact of clinical indications on visual search behavior in skeletal radiographs International Society for Optical Engineering (Medical Imaging) [Details]
F. Zarb, L.A. Rainford, M.F. McEntee; (2010) Frequency distribution of Maltese CT examinations demonstrates potential for dose reduction European Congress of Radiology Vienna, Austria, Available Online [Details]
Foley S, McEntee M, Brennan P, Rainford LA, Dodd JD; (2010) TLD Measurement of Absorbed Radiation Dose to the Female Breast during 64 Slice Cardiac CT Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) Chicago, , 28-NOV-10 - 03-DEC-10 [Details]
ML Butler, PC Brennan, J Last, L Rainford; (2010) The impact of processing delay on the exposure index value International Society for Optical Engineering (Medical Imaging) [Details]
ML Butler, PC Brennan, J Last, L Rainford. ; (2010) A study of exposure index value fluctuations in computed radiography and direct digital radiography using multiple manufacturers European College of Radiology Conference [Details]
Shane Foley, Mark McEntee, Patrick Brennan, Louise Rainford, Jonathan Dodd; (2010) TLD Measurement of Absorbed Radiation Dose to the Female Breast during 64 Slice Cardiac CT . In: Gary J. Whitman MD | Ting-Yim Lee MSc, PhD eds. RSNA 2010 Mc Cormack Place, Chicago, , 29-NOV-10 - 03-DEC-10 , pp.SSG15-03 Available Online [Details]
G Zombori, MSc; J Ryan, PhD; F McAuliffe, MD; L Rainford, PhD; M Moran, MA; P Brennan, PhD. ; (2010) Advanced noise reduction in placental ultrasound imaging using CPU and GPU: a comparative study . In: Jan D'Hooge, Stephen A McAleavy eds. Medical Imaging 2010: Ultrasonic Imaging, Tomography, and Therapy Santiago, , pp.762908 [Details]
J. P. McNulty, T. Roding, D. Pronk-Larive, P. Bezzina, P. Harris, I. Henderson, J. Hughes, N. Jones, G. Plug, J. L. Portelli, J. Puniene, V. Punys, L. Rainford ; (2010) The Development of the European Masters Programme in Medical Imaging European Society of Radiology Annual Congress, ECR Vienna, Austria, , pp.C-3008 [Details]
F. Zarb, L.A. Rainford, M.F. McEntee;; (2010) Correlation of patients weight and dimensions to CT dose descriptors: CTDI and DLP European Congress of Radiology Vienna Austria, , pp.S229 Available Online [Details]
Ryan J, NG CT, Gibney R, Fitzgerald O, Brennan P, Hefferenan E, Fearon U, McNulty J, Rainford L, Veale D; (2010) Novel PET/MR Fusion Imaging and Quantification of Knee Synovitis in Rheumatoid Arthritis American College of Rheumatology Annual Scientific Meeting Atlanta, USA, Available Online [Details]
Zarb F, Rainford LA, Mc Entee MF; (2010) Dose reduction in CT while maintaining image quality Congresso Internacional de Radiologia ESTES 30 Anos Coimbra Portugal, , 17-NOV-10 - 21-NOV-10 [Details]
ML Butler, PC Brennan, J Last, L Rainford. ; (2010) The clinical efficacy of the exposure index value European Federation of Radiographers Society Conference [Details]
Moran, CM., Rainford, LA., McCaffrey, M. ; (2010) Work related musculoskeletal disorders amongst diagnostic medical sonographers: Implications for diagnostic imaging departments Insights into imaging. ECR 2010 Available Online [Details]
CM Moran , D Brophy, ML Butler, LA Rainford. ; (2010) Impact of X-Ray Technique Training on Radiology Resident Programs: Is there a role for combining modules between radiology and radiographic training? National Academy for Integration of Research, Teaching and Learning Conference [Details]
ML Butler, PC Brennan, LA Rainford, J Last; (2009) Optimisation of exposure index values for antero-posterior knee examination SPIE [Details]
G. Zombori, J. Ryan, F. McAuliffe, L. Rainford, M. Moran, P.Brennan; (2009) Volume-Based Segmentation of the Placenta in Ultrasound Imaging Radiological Society of North America Chicago, [Details]
ML Butler, L Rainford, J Last & PC Brennan. ; (2009) Optimization of Exposure Index Values for the antero-posterior pelvis and antero-posterior knee examinations International Society for Optical Engineering (Medical Imaging) [Details]
ML Butler, L Rainford, J Last and PC Brennan; (2009) An Investigation Into The Use Of The Exposure Index Value In Irish X-ray Departments United Kingdom Radiological Congress [Details]
Foley S, Rainford L, Mc Entee M, Dodd J; (2009) Breast Displacment during cardiac CT. A dose reducing strategy Annual Scientific Meeting, Faculty of Radiologists, RCSI [Details]
D'Helft, C,McGee, A,Rainford, L,McFadden, S,Winder, J,Hughes, C,Brennan, PC (2008) RADIATION PROTECTION DOSIMETRY Proposed preliminary diagnostic reference levels for three common interventional cardiology procedures in Ireland , pp.63-66 [DOI] [Details]
Galvin N, PC Brennan, L Rainford; (2008) Appropriate Employment of Exposure Factors with the Anode Heel Effect (AHE) using Digital Receptors Optimizes X-ray Examinations Radiological Society of North America RSNA [Details]
Ryan J, Joyce M, Last J, Rainford L, Brennan PC; (2007) Enhanced Visualisation of Neck Soft Tissues Using a Software-based, Dual-energy Technique Radiological Society of North America Chicago, USA, [Details]
CS D Helft, AM McGee, LA Rainford, SL McFadden, CM Hughes, JR Winder, PC Brennan; (2006) Proposed Diagnostic Reference Levels for three common cardiac interventional procedures: an all-Ireland investigation Irish Institute of Radiography [Details]
CD Helft, AM McGee, LA Rainford, SL McFadden, CM Hughes, RJ Winder, PC Brennan; (2006) Potential Diagnostic Reference Levels for Cardiac Interventional Examinations in Ireland European Congress of Radiology ECR [Details]
CD Helft, AM McGee, LA Rainford, SL McFadden, CM Hughes, RJ Winder, PC Brennan; (2006) Proposed Diagnostic Reference Levels for three common cardiac interventional procedures: all Ireland investigation United Kingdom Radiological Congress UKRC [Details]
C D Helft, SL Mc Fadden, AM McGee, LA Rainford, CM Hughes, JR Winder, PC Brennan; (2006) Proposed Diagnostic Reference Levels for three common cardiac interventional procedures: all Ireland investigation European Congress of Radiology ECR [Details]
CS D Helft, AM McGee, LA Rainford, SL McFadden, CM Hughes, JR Winder, PC Brennan; (2005) Radiation Dose and Image Optimisation in Interventional Procedures Irish Faculty of Radiologists [Details]
CS D Helft, AM McGee, LA Rainford, SL McFadden, CM Hughes, JR Winder, E Tobin, PC Brennan; (2005) A survey of radiation dose and image optimisation for cardiac interventional procedures in humans Association of Veterinary Teachers and Workers: Irish Veterinary Journal [Details]
C.S. D'Helft, A.M. Mc Gee, L.A. Rainford, S.L. Mc Fadden, C.M. Hughes, J.R. Winder, P.C. Brennan ; (2005) A survey of radiation dose and image optimisation for cardiac interventional procedures European Congress of Radiology ECR  [Details]
C D Helft, SL Mc Fadden, AM McGee, LA Rainford, CM Hughes, JR Winder, PC Brennan; (2005) Radiation Dose and Image Optimisation for Fluoroscopic Cardiac Interventional Procedures United Kingdom Radiological Congress [Details]
CS D Helft, AM McGee, LA Rainford, SL McFadden, CM Hughes, JR Winder, E Tobin, PC Brennan; (2005) A survey of three common cardiac interventional procedures in nine catheterisation centres in Ireland College of Radiographers UK: Northern Ireland Group [Details]
SL Mc Fadden, CS D Helft, AM McGee, LA Rainford, CM Hughes, JR Winder, PC Brennan; (2004) A retrospective survey of radiation dose in paediatric interventional cardiology Radiological Society of North America RSNA [Details]
Hayes E, Rainford L; (2003) Is an anti-scatter grid required when low energy beam radiation is employed for computed radiography skull examinations Radiological Society of North America RSNA [Details]
A-Quattan E, Rainford L, Mc Fadden S, Brennan PC; (2003) Standardisation of Image Quality in Radiology Departments: an international investigation Radiological Society of North America RSNA [Details]
Matthews K, Mc Caffrey M, Mc Entee M, OLeary D, Rainford L, O Carroll-Sullivan E, Brennan PC ; (2003) Examination optimisation in diagnostic paediatric radiography in Ireland United Kingdom Radiological congress UKRC [Details]
K Matthews, M McCaffrey, M McEntee, D O¿Leary, L Rainford, E O'Carroll-Sullivan and PC Brennan; (2003) Examination optimization in diagnostic paediatric radiography in Ireland UK Radiological Congress 2003 , pp.5-6 Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Rainford LA, Stack J, Brennan PC; (2001) Evauation of the diagnostic Efficacy of Erbium Filtration for X-ray examinations European congress of Medical Physics and Clinical Engineering [Details]
Rainford LA, Brennan PC; (2001) Radiologial anatomical evaluation: The influence of X-ray beam filtration Anatomical  Society of the UK and Ireland  [Details]
Rainford LA, Brennan PC; (2001) Evaluation of the diagnostic efficacy and dose-reducing efficiency of erbium filtration for diagnostic investigations United Kingdom Radiological Congress , pp.46-47 [Details]
CS D Helft, AM McGee, LA Rainford, SL McFadden, CM Hughes, JR Winder, PC Brennan; (2001) A survey of radiation dose and image optimisation for cardiac interventional procedures Irish Institute of Radiographers [Details]
Rainford LA, Stack J, Brennan PC; (2000) Evaluation of the diagnostic efficacy and dose reducing efficiency of erbium filtration for commonly performed diagnostic X-ray investigations Irish Medical Conference, College of Physicians [Details]
Rainford LA, Brennan PC; (2000) Objective evaluation of the diagnostic efficacy and dose reducing efficiency of erbium filtration for X-ray examinations IPEM Scientific Meeting [Details]
                       

Abstract

Lee, SM,Toomey, RJ,Ryan, JT,Rainford, LA (2012) HOW AMBIENT LIGHT INFLUENCE IMAGE MANIPULATION BEHAVIOUR. Abstract [Details]
O'Leary, D,Rainford, L (2011) Can radiation dose in mammography be further reduced by increasing the image quality?. Abstract [Details]
Naughton, S,Rainford, LA,McEntee, MF (2011) THE EFFECT OF CLINICAL INDICATIONS ON THE VISUAL SEARCH PATTERNS OF JUNIOR DOCTORS. Abstract [Details]
Rutledge, A,McEntee, M,Rainford, L,O'Grady, M,McCarthy, K,Butler, ML (2011) THE IMPACT OF CLINICAL INDICATIONS ON VISUAL SEARCH BEHAVIOUR IN SKELETAL RADIOGRAPHS. Abstract [Details]
Kelly, BS,Rainford, LA,McEntee, MF (2010) CAN COLLABORATION BETWEEN RADIOGRAPHERS AND NON CONSULTANT HOSPITAL DOCTORS DURING IMAGE INTERPRETATION IMPROVE THE ACCURACY OF DIAGNOSTIC DECISIONS?. Abstract [Details]
O'Leary, D,McCavana, J,Rainford, L (2001) A suggested panEuropean implementation model for radiopharmacies for radiopharmaceutical reconstitution practices. Abstract [Details]
                                                               

Research

Research Interests

13 PhDs supervised to completion

2004: Investigation into the standardisation of work practice and image quality for commonly performed radiographic examinations

2008: Dose and image optimisation for cardiac interventional procedures.

2011: Optimisation of Mammographic Examinations.

2012: MRI -Based Quantification of Rheumatoid and Psoriatic Arthritis of the knee; Development of a Quantification and Visualisation Tool for the Assessment of Foetal Abnormalities

2013: MRI Visualisation and Quantification of HIV Associated ; Radiation Dose optimisation in computed Tomography; An investigation focussed upon the use and optimisation of the EI value; Establishment of Maltese CT DRLs and investigation into the optimisation of CT Protocols

2014: Novel applications of advanced neuro-magnetic resonance imaging; Portuguese Paediatric Radiation Dose Optimisation: CT Examinations; Diffusion-weighted and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography of the Achilles tendon at 3 Tesla: technical issues and clinical applications.

2015: Optimisation of Radiographic Exposure Practice; Calibration standards for DI monitors (pending minor corrections)

Current PhD Research Topics (Primary supervision). Paediatric patient risk/benefit communication for High Dose Paediatric Examinations; Optimisation of Cardiac Stress Imaging protocols; Advanced MR techniques for Knee and Spine examination; Optimisation of MR protocols for abdomen and pelvis examinations; CPD in Ireland; MRI derived indices of cardiac structure and function in cystic fibrosis adults and elastography use in paediatric liver CF.

Current Secondary Supervisor PhD Topics. CT imaging of obese patients; Image perception -image quality verification; IR radiation dose management and risk/benefit communication.

Research Projects

Sponsor : Enterprise Ireland (EI)
Title : A holistic approach to establish effectiveness in paediatric imaging through the development of clinical decision support and guidelines for the entire clinical pathway
Start Date / End Date : 25-AUG-14 / 24-FEB-15
Sponsor : Irish Research Council for Science Engineering and Technology (IRCSET)
Title : An investigation into the dose received by clinicians during common fluoroscopic procedures
Start Date / End Date : 01-DEC-10 / 01-DEC-13
Sponsor : Health Research Board (HRB)
Title : Magnetic Resonance Imaging - derived Indices of Cardiac Structural and Functional Abnormalities in Adults with Cystic Fibrosis and their Significance as Prognostic Indicators for Disease Progression
Start Date / End Date : 01-NOV-09 / 31-OCT-12
Sponsor : University College Dublin (UCD)
Title : Are exposure index values consistent in clinical practice? A multimanufacturer study.
Start Date / End Date : 03-AUG-09 / 31-JAN-11
   

Collaborators

 

External Collaborators

University of Ulster: Joint HRB Funded research project focussing upon Dose Reference levels for Cardiac Interventional Procedures

Universities of Malta, INHOLLAND (NL), Cumbria (UK), South Bank (UK), Vilinus (LT): Funded European Taught Masters Development

University of Malta: PhD CT Dose Optimisation Research.