Researchers at UCD


Albert Smolenski

Senior Lecturer

School Of Medicine & Medical Science
Conway Institute
Dublin 4

Tel: +353 1 7166746


2008-present Lecturer in Physiology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, UCD
2002-2007 Independent Research Group Leader and Lecturer, Institute for Biochemistry II, University of Frankfurt
1995-2002 Research Fellow, Institute of Clinical Biochemistry and Pathobiochemistry, University of Würzburg
1993-1994 Medical Training, Department of Cardiology and Pulmonology, University Hospital Göttingen
1991-1992 Research student, Institute of Physiological Chemistry, University of Münster
1986-1993 Medical Faculty, University of Münster




Year 1994 Institution: University of Munster (WWilhe), Germany
Qualification: MD Subject:
Year 2004 Institution: University of Wurzburg
Qualification: HABILITATION Subject:



Peer Reviewed Journals

Gegenbauer K, Nagy Z, Smolenski A (2013) 'Cyclic nucleotide dependent dephosphorylation of regulator of G-protein signaling 18 in human platelets'. PLoS ONE, 8 (11). [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
Hampson A, O'Connor A, Smolenski A (2013) 'Synaptotagmin-like protein 4 and rab8 interact and increase dense granule release in platelets'. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 11 :161-168. [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
Tilley DO, Arman M, Smolenski A, Cox D, O'Donnell JS, Douglas CW, Watson SP, Kerrigan SW (2013) 'Glycoprotein Iba and FcgRIIa play key roles in platelet activation by the colonizing bacterium, Streptococcus oralis'. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 11 (5):941-950. [DOI] [Details]
Smolenski A; (2012) 'Novel roles of cAMP/cGMP dependent signaling in platelets'. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 10 (2):167-176. [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
Gegenbauer, K., Elia, G., Blanco-Fernandez, A and Smolenski, A.; (2012) 'Regulator of G-protein signaling protein 18 integrates activating and inhibitory signaling in platelets'. Blood, 119 (16):3799-3807. [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
Watson CJ, Phelan D, Xu M, Collier P, Neary R, Smolenski A, Ledwidge M, McDonald K, Baugh J (2012) 'Mechanical stretch up-regulates the B-type natriuretic peptide system in human cardiac fibroblasts: a possible defense against transforming growth factor-β mediated fibrosis'. Fibrogenesis & Tissue Repair, 5 (1). [DOI] [Details]
Steele BM, Harper MT, Smolenski AP, Alkazemi N, Poole AW, Fitzgerald DJ, Maguire PB. (2012) 'WNT-3a modulates platelet function by regulating small GTPase activity'. FEBS Letters, 586 (16):2267-2272. [Details]
Beyer, S,Lakshmanan, A,Liu, YY,Zhang, XL,Wapnir, I,Smolenski, A,Jhiang, S; (2011) 'KT5823 Differentially Modulates Sodium Iodide Symporter Expression, Activity, and Glycosylation between Thyroid and Breast Cancer Cells'. Endocrinology, 152 :782-792. [DOI] [Details]
Gambaryan, S,Kobsar, A,Rukoyatkina, N,Herterich, S,Geiger, J,Smolenski, A,Lohmann, SM,Walter, U; (2010) 'Thrombin and Collagen Induce a Feedback Inhibitory Signaling Pathway in Platelets Involving Dissociation of the Catalytic Subunit of Protein Kinase A from an NF kappa B-I kappa B Complex'. J BIOL CHEM, 285 :18352-18363. [DOI] [Details]
Keane, C,Tilley, D,Cunningham, A,Smolenski, A,Kadioglu, A,Cox, D,Jenkinson, HF,Kerrigan, SW; (2010) 'Invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae trigger platelet activation via Toll-like receptor 2'. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 8 :2757-2765. [DOI] [Details]
Neumüller O, Hoffmeister M, Babica J, Prelle C, Gegenbauer K, Smolenski AP, ; (2009) 'Synaptotagmin-like protein 1 interacts with the GTPase-activating protein Rap1GAP2 and regulates dense granule secretion in platelets'. Blood, 114 (7):1396-1404. [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
Hoffmeister M, Riha P, Neumüller O, Danielewski O, Schultess J, Smolenski AP,; (2008) 'Cyclic nucleotide-dependent protein kinases inhibit binding of 14-3-3 to the GTPase-activating protein Rap1GAP2 in platelets'. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 283 (4):2297-2306. [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
de Oliveira SK, Smolenski A, ; (2008) 'Phosphodiesterases link the aryl hydrocarbon receptor complex to cyclic nucleotide signaling'. Biochemical Pharmacology, . [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
de Oliveira SK, Hoffmeister M, Gambaryan S, Müller-Esterl W, Guimaraes JA, Smolenski AP, ; (2007) 'Phosphodiesterase 2A forms a complex with the co-chaperone XAP2 and regulates nuclear translocation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor'. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 282 (18):13656-13663. [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
Bryan PM, Smirnov D, Smolenski A, Feil S, Feil R, Hofmann F, Lohmann S, Potter LR, ; (2006) 'A sensitive method for determining the phosphorylation status of natriuretic peptide receptors: cGK-Ialpha does not regulate NPR-A'. Biochemistry, 45 (4):1295-1303. [DOI] [Details]
Das A, Smolenski A, Lohmann SM, Kukreja RC, ; (2006) 'Cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase Ialpha attenuates necrosis and apoptosis following ischemia/reoxygenation in adult cardiomyocyte'. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 281 (50):38644-38652. [DOI] [Details]
Gambaryan S, Butt E, Tas P, Smolenski A, Allolio B, Walter U, ; (2006) 'Regulation of aldosterone production from zona glomerulosa cells by ANG II and cAMP: evidence for PKA-independent activation of CaMK by cAMP'. American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism, 290 (3):1-33. [DOI] [Details]
Galler AB, Garci­a Arguinzonis MI, Baumgartner W, Kuhn M, Smolenski A, Simm A, Reinhard M, ; (2006) 'VASP-dependent regulation of actin cytoskeleton rigidity, cell adhesion, and detachment'. Histochemistry and Cell Biology, 125 (5):457-474. [DOI] [Details]
Fiedler B, Feil R, Hofmann F, Willenbockel C, Drexler H, Smolenski A, Lohmann SM, Wollert KC,; (2006) 'cGMP-dependent protein kinase type I inhibits TAB1-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase apoptosis signaling in cardiac myocytes'. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 281 (43):32831-32840. [DOI] [Details]
Dittrich M, Birschmann I, Pfrang J, Herterich S, Smolenski A, Walter U, Dandekar T,; (2006) 'Analysis of SAGE data in human platelets: features of the transcriptome in an anucleate cell'. Thrombosis and haemostasis, 95 (4):643-651. [Details]
Schultess J, Danielewski O, Smolenski AP, ; (2005) 'Rap1GAP2 is a new GTPase-activating protein of Rap1 expressed in human platelets'. Blood, 105 (8):3185-3192. [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
Cha B, Kim JH, Hut H, Hogema BM, Nadarja J, Zizak M, Cavet M, Lee-Kwon W, Lohmann SM, Smolenski A, Tse CM, Yun C, de Jonge HR, Donowitz M, ; (2005) 'cGMP inhibition of Na+/H+ antiporter 3 (NHE3) requires PDZ domain adapter NHERF2, a broad specificity protein kinase G-anchoring protein'. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 280 (17):16642-16650. [DOI] [Details]
Danielewski O, Schultess J, Smolenski A, ; (2005) 'The NO/cGMP pathway inhibits Rap 1 activation in human platelets via cGMP-dependent protein kinase I'. Thrombosis and haemostasis, 93 (2):319-325. [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
Smolenski A, Schultess J, Danielewski O, Garcia Arguinzonis MI, Thalheimer P, Kneitz S, Walter U, Lohmann SM, ; (2004) 'Quantitative analysis of the cardiac fibroblast transcriptome-implications for NO/cGMP signaling'. Genomics, 83 (4):577-587. [DOI] Link to full text [Details]
Jacob A, Smolenski A, Lohmann SM, Begum N, ; (2004) 'MKP-1 expression and stabilization and cGK Ialpha prevent diabetes- associated abnormalities in VSMC migration'. American Journal of Physiology and Cell Physiology, 287 (4):1-86. [DOI] [Details]
Gambaryan S, Butt E, Marcus K, Glazova M, Palmetshofer A, Guillon G, Smolenski A, ; (2003) 'cGMP-dependent protein kinase type II regulates basal level of aldosterone production by zona glomerulosa cells without increasing expression of the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein gene'. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 278 (32):29640-29648. [DOI] [Details]
Schäfer A, Burkhardt M, Vollkommer T, Bauersachs J, Münzel T, Walter U, Smolenski A, ; (2003) 'Endothelium-dependent and -independent relaxation and VASP serines 157/239 phosphorylation by cyclic nucleotide-elevating vasodilators in rat aorta'. Biochemical Pharmacology, 65 (3):397-405. Link to full text [Details]
Wollert KC, Fiedler B, Gambaryan S, Smolenski A, Heineke J, Butt E, Trautwein C, Lohmann SM, Drexler H, ; (2002) 'Gene transfer of cGMP-dependent protein kinase I enhances the antihypertrophic effects of nitric oxide in cardiomyocytes'. Hypertension, 39 (1):87-92. [Details]
Gambaryan S, Palmetshofer A, Glazova M, Smolenski A, Kristjansson GI, Zimmer M, Lohmann SM, ; (2002) 'Inhibition of cGMP-dependent protein kinase II by its own splice isoform'. Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 293 (5):1438-1444. [DOI] [Details]
Zabel U, Kleinschnitz C, Oh P, Nedvetsky P, Smolenski A, Müller H, Kronich P, Kugler P, Walter U, Schnitzer JE, Schmidt HH, ; (2002) 'Calcium-dependent membrane association sensitizes soluble guanylyl cyclase to nitric oxide'. Nature Cell Biology, 4 (4):307-311. [DOI] [Details]
Jacob A, Molkentin JD, Smolenski A, Lohmann SM, Begum N, ; (2002) 'Insulin inhibits PDGF-directed VSMC migration via NO/ cGMP increase of MKP-1 and its inactivation of MAPKs'. American Journal of Physiology and Cell Physiology, 283 (3):1-13. [DOI] [Details]
Fiedler B, Lohmann SM, Smolenski A, Linnemuller S, Pieske B, Schroder F, Molkentin JD, Drexler H, Wollert KC, ; (2002) 'Inhibition of calcineurin-NFAT hypertrophy signaling by cGMP-dependent protein kinase type I in cardiac myocytes'. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 99 (17):11363-11368. [DOI] [Details]
Begum N, Sandu OA, Ito M, Lohmann SM, Smolenski A, ; (2002) 'Active Rho kinase (ROK-alpha ) associates with insulin receptor substrate-1 and inhibits insulin signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells'. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 277 (8):6214-6222. [DOI] [Details]
Hanada S, Terada Y, Inoshita S, Sasaki S, Lohmann SM, Smolenski A, Marumo F,; (2001) 'Overexpression of protein kinase G using adenovirus inhibits cyclin E transcription and mesangial cell cycle'. American journal of physiology. Renal physiology, 280 (5):1-9. [Details]
Mülsch A, Oelze M, Klöss S, Mollnau H, Töpfer A, Smolenski A, Walter U, Stasch JP, Warnholtz A, Hink U, Meinertz T, Münzel T, ; (2001) 'Effects of in vivo nitroglycerin treatment on activity and expression of the guanylyl cyclase and cGMP-dependent protein kinase and their downstream target vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein in aorta'. Circulation, 103 (17):2188-2194. [Details]
Sauzeau V, Le Jeune H, Cario-Toumaniantz C, Smolenski A, Lohmann SM, Bertoglio J, Chardin P, Pacaud P, Loirand G, ; (2000) 'Cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase signaling pathway inhibits RhoA-induced Ca2+ sensitization of contraction in vascular smooth muscle'. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 275 (28):21722-21729. [DOI] [Details]
Smolenski A, Poller W, Walter U, Lohmann SM, ; (2000) 'Regulation of human endothelial cell focal adhesion sites and migration by cGMP-dependent protein kinase I'. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 275 (33):25723-25732. [DOI] [Details]
Oelze M, Mollnau H, Hoffmann N, Warnholtz A, Bodenschatz M, Smolenski A, Walter U, Skatchkov M, Meinertz T, Münzel T, ; (2000) 'Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein serine 239 phosphorylation as a sensitive monitor of defective nitric oxide/cGMP signaling and endothelial dysfunction'. Circulation Research, 87 (11):999-1005. [Details]
Butt E, Bernhardt M, Smolenski A, Kotsonis P, Fröhlich LG, Sickmann A, Meyer HE, Lohmann SM, Schmidt HH, ; (2000) 'Endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (type III) is activated and becomes calcium independent upon phosphorylation by cyclic nucleotide-dependent protein kinases'. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 275 (7):5179-5187. [Details]
Sporbert A, Mertsch K, Smolenski A, Haseloff RF, Schönfelder G, Paul M, Ruth P, Walter U, Blasig IE, ; (1999) 'Phosphorylation of vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein: a consequence of nitric oxide- and cGMP-mediated signal transduction in brain capillary endothelial cells and astrocytes'. Brain Research, 67 (2):258-266. [Details]
Hoenderop JG, Vaandrager AB, Dijkink L, Smolenski A, Gambaryan S, Lohmann SM, de Jonge HR, Willems PH, Bindels RJ, ; (1999) 'Atrial natriuretic peptide-stimulated Ca2+ reabsorption in rabbit kidney requires membrane-targeted, cGMP-dependent protein kinase type II'. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 96 (11):6084-6089. [Details]
Smolenski A, Bachmann C, Reinhard K, Hönig-Liedl P, Jarchau T, Hoschuetzky H, Walter U, ; (1998) 'Analysis and regulation of vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein serine 239 phosphorylation in vitro and in intact cells using a phosphospecific monoclonal antibody'. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 273 (32):20029-20035. [Details]
Gambaryan S, Wagner C, Smolenski A, Walter U, Poller W, Haase W, Kurtz A, Lohmann SM, ; (1998) 'Endogenous or overexpressed cGMP-dependent protein kinases inhibit cAMP-dependent renin release from rat isolated perfused kidney, microdissected glomeruli, and isolated juxtaglomerular cells'. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 95 (15):9003-9008. [Details]
Smolenski A, Burkhardt AM, Eigenthaler M, Butt E, Gambaryan S, Lohmann SM, Walter U, ; (1998) 'Functional analysis of cGMP-dependent protein kinases I and II as mediators of NO/cGMP effects'. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology, 358 (1):134-139. [Details]
Friebe A, Müllershausen F, Smolenski A, Walter U, Schultz G, Koesling D, ; (1998) 'YC-1 potentiates nitric oxide- and carbon monoxide-induced cyclic GMP effects in human platelets'. Molecular pharmacology, 54 (6):962-967. [Details]
Vaandrager AB, Smolenski A, Tilly BC, Houtsmuller AB, Ehlert EM, Bot AG, Edixhoven M, Boomaars WE, Lohmann SM, de Jonge HR, ; (1998) 'Membrane targeting of cGMP-dependent protein kinase is required for cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator Cl- channel activation'. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 95 (4):1466-1471. [Details]
Lohmann SM, Vaandrager AB, Smolenski A, Walter U, De Jonge HR, ; (1997) 'Distinct and specific functions of cGMP-dependent protein kinases'. Trends in biochemical sciences, 22 (8):307-312. [Details]
Vaandrager AB, Tilly BC, Smolenski A, Schneider-Rasp S, Bot AG, Edixhoven M, Scholte BJ, Jarchau T, Walter U, Lohmann SM, Poller WC, de Jonge HR, ; (1997) 'cGMP stimulation of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator Cl- channels co-expressed with cGMP-dependent protein kinase type II but not type Ibeta'. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 272 (7):4195-4200. [Details]
Stöhr S, Meyer T, Smolenski A, Kreuzer H, Buchwald AB, ; (1995) 'Effects of heparin on aortic versus venous smooth muscle cells: similar binding with different rates of [3H]thymidine incorporation'. Vascular Pharmacology, 25 (5):782-788. [Details]


Research Interests

Blood platelets play an important role in haemostasis and thrombosis leading to myocardial infarction and stroke. Platelet functions are tightly controlled by intracellular signalling networks. We are investigating these signalling networks in order to understand the regulation of thrombus formation and to identify new diagnostic and therapeutic targets in cardiovascular disease.

Platelets contain a potent endogenous inhibitory system that is activated by prostacyclin and nitric oxide which are released by endothelial cells. The inhibition of platelets is mediated by cyclic nucleotides, cAMP and cGMP. We are investigating the mechanisms of cAMP/cGMP action and we have identified new proteins involved in platelet inhibition such as Rap1GAP2 and RGS18. 

We are also studying the control of platelet granule release and we have discovered synaptotagmin-like proteins 1 and 4 as new regulators of dense granule release.


Recent Postgraduates

Kristina Gegenbauer, PhD
Regulator of G-protein signalling 18 (RGS18) integrates activating and inhibitory signalling in platelets

Ashling Hampson, PhD
The Role of synaptotagmin-like protein 4 and Rab8 in platelet granule release

Olga Neumüler, PhD
Rap1GAP2 interacting proteins in platelets

Simone Kobe de Oliveira, PhD
Phosphodiesterase interacting proteins

Oliver Danielewski, PhD
Rap1 signaling in platelets

Pavel Riha, MD
Cyclic nucleotide signaling in platelets

Mick Burckhardt, PhD
Endothelial dysfunction




Modules Coordinated

201400   MDSA20170     Medicine Systems One: Vascular Biology
201400   PHYS30250     Physiology: Haemostasis and Thrombosis


Internal Collaborators

Dr. Patricia Maguire, UCD Conway Institute
Platelet proteomics and signalling

Dr. Orina Belton, UCD Conway Institute
Vascular biology, intravital microscopy

Prof. Denis Shields, UCD CASL (Complex & Adaptive Systems Laboratory)

Dr. John Baugh, UCD Conway Institute
Cyclic nucleotide pathways


External Collaborators

Dr. Stepan Gambaryan, University of Würzburg, Germany
Cyclic nucleotide signalling in platelets

Dr. Steve Kerrigan, RCSI (Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland)
Interactions of platelets and bacteria

Prof. Christophe Dubois, Aix Marseille University
Mouse thrombosis models, intravital microscopy

Prof. Kathleen Freson, University of Leuven
Zebrafish thrombosis model

Dr. Martin Cann, Durham University
Cyclic nucleotide signalling

Dr. Meike Hoffmeister, University of Frankfurt, Germany
14-3-3 binding proteins

Prof. Ulrich Walter, University of Mainz, Germany
Platelet signalling

Dr. Suzanne Lohmann, University of Würzburg, Germany
cGMP-dependent protein kinases

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