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Researchers at UCD

researcher

Jason Last

Director of Pre-Clinical Studies

School Of Medicine & Medical Science
Health Sciences Centre
Belfield
Dublin 4

Tel: +353 1 7166629
Email: jason.last@ucd.ie

Professional

         

Conference Contributions

O'Connor, JE, Coyle, J, O'Loughlin, A, Ryan, S, Spence, L and Last, J.; (2011) The relationship between skeletal maturation and body weight in Irish males. [Oral Presentation], Annual Meeting of the American Association of Anatomists at Experimental Biology 2011, Washington D.C , 09-APR-11 - 13-APR-11.
O'CONNOR JE, Coyle J, Spence L and Last J; (2010) Age estimation from radiographic assessment of skeletal maturation at the knee. [Oral Presentation], British Association of Clinical Anatomists Summer Scientific Meeting 2010, Laboratory of Human Anatomy, University of Glasgow , 21-JUL-10 - 22-JUL-10.
O'CONNOR JE, Bogue C, Spence L and Last J; (2006) Age of commencement of union of the epiphyses at the knee: an Irish population study. [Oral Presentation], Joint Meeting of the Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland (ASGBI) and the Spanish Anatomical Society, Facultidad de Medicina, University of Complutense, Madrid , 13-SEP-06 - 15-SEP-06.
Whelan, A. and Last, J.; (2005) Finite Element Analysis of the Adult Human Occipital Bone. [Oral Presentation], 6th Annual Meeting of the British Association for Human Identification (BAHID, University College Dublin , 01-APR-05 - 02-APR-05.
O'CONNOR JE, Lewis, ME, Last, J and Spence, L.; (2004) A method to establish chronological age from radiographic assessment of epiphyseal union at the knee. [Poster Presentation (Refereed)], Summer Meeting of the Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland (ASGBI), University College Cork , 06-JUL-04 - 08-JUL-04.
Gapert R, Last J (2004) Endocranial Capacity Correlates with the Size of the Foramen Magnum in Adult Human Crania. [Poster Presentation (Refereed)], 2004 Summer Meeting of the Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland (ASGBI), University College Cork, Ireland , 06-JUL-04 - 08-JUL-04.
Gapert R, Black S, Last J (2003) Measurement Variance of the Adult Human Occipital Bone. [Poster Presentation (Refereed)], 2003 Fifth Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology (BABAO), University of Southampton, UK , 05-SEP-03 - 07-SEP-03.
   

Education

Year 2000 Institution: University College Dublin
Qualification: MSc Subject:
Year 1999 Institution: Royal Coll Surgeons in Ireland
Qualification: FRCSI Subject:
Year 1996 Institution: University College Dublin
Qualification: BAO Subject:
Year 1996 Institution: University College Dublin
Qualification: MB Subject:
Year 2007 Institution:
Qualification: AA Dipl Subject:
         

Publications

     

Peer Reviewed Journals

O'Connor, JE, Coyle, J, O'Loughlin, A, Ryan, S, Spence, L and Last, J.; (2011) 'The relationship between skeletal maturation and body weight in Irish males'. The FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 25 (Meeting Abstracts). Available Online [Details]
O'Connor, JE, Coyle, J, Spence, L, Last, J; (2011) 'Age estimation from radiographic assessment of skeletal maturation at the knee'. Clinical Anatomy, 24 (3):390-391. Available Online [Details]
Gapert, R.,Black, S.,Last, J.; (2009) 'Sex determination from the foramen magnum: discriminant function analysis in an eighteenth and nineteenth century British sample'. Int J Legal Med, 123 (11):25-3325. Available Online [Details]
Pearman, L.,Last, J.,Fitzgerald, O.,Veale, D.,Joyce, M.,Rainford, L.,McEntee, M.,McNulty, J.,Thomas, E.,Ryan, J.,McGee, A.,Toomey, R.,D'Helft, C.,Lowe, J.,Brennan, P. C.; (2009) 'Rheumatoid arthritis: a novel radiographic projection for hand assessment'. Br J Radiol, 82 (979):554-560. Available Online [Details]
Butler, ML,Rainford, L,Last, J,Brennan, PC; (2010) 'Are exposure index values consistent in clinical practice? A multi-manufacturer investigation'. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 139 :371-374. [DOI] [Details]
Gleeson TG, Byrne B, Kenny P, Last J, Fitzpatrick P, O'Gorman P, Eustace SJ; (2010) 'Image Quality in Low-Dose Multidetector Computed Tomography: A Pilot Study to Assess Feasibility and Dose Optimization in Whole-Body Bone Imaging'. Canadian Association of Radiologists journal = Journal l'Association canadienne des radiologistes, . [DOI] [Details]
Gapert, R; Black, S; Last, J (2009) 'Sex determination from the foramen magnum: discriminant function analysis in an eighteenth and nineteenth century British sample'. International journal of legal medicine, 123 (1):25-33. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Pearman L, Last J, Fitzgerald O, Veale D, Joyce M, Rainford L, McEntee M, McNulty J, Thomas E, Ryan J, McGee A, Toomey D'Helft R, Lowe J, Brennan PC.; (2009) 'Rheumatoid arthritis: a novel radiographic projection for hand assessment'. British Journal of Radiology, 82 (979):554-60. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Gapert, R; Black, S; Last, J (2009) 'Sex determination from the occipital condyle: Discriminant function analysis in an Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century British sample'. American journal of physical anthropology, 138 (4):384-394. Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Gapert R, Black S, Last J; (2008) 'Sex determination from the occipital condyle: Discriminant function analysis in an Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century British sample'. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, . Available Online [DOI] [Details]
Joyce M, Brennan PC, Rainford LA, Last J, Ryan JT. ; (2008) 'Impact on image quality when a variety of x-ray source detector distances are considered for the arthritic cervical spine'. Proceedings of SPIE - Optical Society for Optical Engineering, . [Details]
Gapert, R; Last, J (2004) 'P45: Endocranial capacity correlates with the size of the foramen magnum in human adult crania (Abstract)'. Journal of Anatomy, 205 (6):542-543. Available Online [Details]
O'Connor JE, Bogue C, Spence LD, Last, J; (2008) 'A method to establish the relationship between chronological age and stage of union from radiographic assessment of epiphyseal fusion at the knee: an Irish population study'. Journal of anatomy, 2 (NA):198-209. [DOI] [Details]
OConnor, JE, Spence, L, Bogue, C, Last, J, ; (2007) 'Age of commencement of union of the epiphyses at the knee: an Irish population study'. Journal of Anatomy, 210 :617-618. [Details]
Cronin JJ, Zubovic AM, Last J, Moran R; (2007) 'Modified mini-open technique with skin transillumination for decompression fasciotomy in the treatment of chronic externional compartment Syndrome'. Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, 8 (2). [Details]
Egan C, O'Regan A, Last J, Zubovic A, and Moran R; (2006) 'The relationship of the sciatic nerve to the tendons used for ACL reconstruction in the posterior thigh: an anatomical study'. Journal of Bone Joint Surgery, 88-b :94-95. [Details]
O'Connor JE, Lewis ME, Last J and Spence L ; (2004) 'A Method to Establish Chronological Age from Radiographic Assessment of Epiphyseal Union at the Knee'. Journal of Anatomy, 205 (6):519-546. [Details]
Last, J; McGovern, C; Gapert, R (2004) 'Introducing Forensic Anthropology to Ireland: A Case Report on Discovered Skeletal Remains in Kildare'. Medico-Legal Journal of Ireland, 10 (1):5-15. [Details]
Cronin J, Zobovic A, Last J and Moran R; (2004) 'The course of the superficial peroneal nerve in the leg'. Journal of Anatomy, 205 (6):519-546. [Details]
Last J, Bannigan J ; (2003) 'Localisation of Nitric Oxide in the Early Chick Area Vasculosa'. Reproductive Toxicology, 17 (4). [Details]
Abdul Malek M, Last J; (2003) 'The effects of nitric oxide on the development of blood vessels in the area vasculosa of the early chick embryo'. Reproductive Toxicology, 17 (4). [Details]
Last J, Bannigan J; (2001) 'Nitric oxide in chick extraembryonic vasculogenesis'. Reproductive Toxicology, 15 (4). [Details]

Other Journals

Last J, McGovern C, Gapert R; (2005) 'Introducing Forensic Anthropology to Ireland: A Case Report on Discovered Skeletal Remains in Kildare' Medico-Legal Journal of Ireland 10 (1) :5-15. [Details]
Gapert, R; Last, J (2005) 'The Adult Human Occipital Bone: Measurement Variance and Observer Error' British Archaeological Reports (International Series) (1383) :119-122. Available Online [Details]
Ghita, O; Gapert, R; Monks, L; Last, J; Whelan, P.F.; (2006) 'A machine vision system for forensic analysis' IMVIP . [Details]
Gapert, R; Last, J; (2005) 'The Adult Human Occipital Bone: Measurement Variance and Observer Error' British Archaeological Reports (International Series) . [Details]

Conference Publications

O'Connor, JE, Coyle, J, Spence, L, Last, J; (2011) Age estimation from radiographic assessment of skeletal maturation at the knee Summer Meeting of the British Association of Clinical Anatomists , pp.390-391 Available Online [Details]
O'Connor, JE, Coyle, J, O'Loughlin, A, Ryan, S, Spence, L and Last, J; (2011) The relationship between skeletal maturation and body weight in Irish males Annual Meeting of the American Association of Anatomists FASEB Journal, Available Online [Details]
Coyle J, O'Connor JE, Spence L, Last J.; (2010) A Comparative Investigation of Skeletal Maturity at the Knee and Hand-Wrist: Towards a Novel Diagnostic Tool Radiological Society of North America Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting Abstract In: Radiological Society of North America Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting Program, Available Online [Details]
O'CONNOR, JE, Bogue, C, Spence, L and Last, J; (2007) Age of commencement of union of the epiphyses at the knee: an Irish population study Joint Meeting of the Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland (ASGBI) and the Spanish Anatomical Society. Madrid, 2006 Journal of Anatomy, 210, , pp.617-618 [Details]
Ryan J, Joyce M, Last J, Rainford L, Brennan PC; (2007) Enhanced Visualisation of Neck Soft Tissues Using a Software-based, Dual-energy Technique Radiological Society of North America Chicago, USA, [Details]
Gapert R, Last J; (2005) The Adult Human Occipital Bone: Measurement Variance and Observer Error . In: Zakrzewski, S. and Clegg, M eds. Fifth Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology , pp.119-122 [Details]
Ghita, O; Gapert, R; Monks, L; Last, J; Whelan, PF (2005) A machine vision system for forensic analysis Irish Machine Vision & Image Processing Conference (IMVIP 2005) Queen's University, Belfast, Northern Ireland, , 30-AUG-05 - 31-AUG-05 Available Online [Details]
O'CONNOR, JE, Lewis, ME, Last, J and Spence, L; (2004) A method to establish chronological age from radiographic assessment of epiphyseal union at the knee Summer Meeting of the Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland (ASGBI), University College Cork, 2004 Journal of Anatomy, 205, [Details]
Gapert, R; Last, J (2005) The Adult Human Occipital Bone: Measurement Variance and Observer Error 5th Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology [Details]
                       

Abstract

Gapert, R. and Last, J.; (2004) Endocranial Capacity Correlates with the Size of the Foramen Magnum in Adult Human Crania. Abstract [Details]
O'Connor, J. E., Lewis, M. E., Last, J. and Spence, L. ; (2004) A Method to Establish Chronological Age from Radiographic Assessment of Epiphyseal Union at the Knee. Abstract [Details]
Abdul Malek M, Last J; (2003) The effects of nitric oxide on the development of blood vessels in the area vasculosa of the early chick embryo. Abstract [Details]
Last J, Bannigan J; (2003) Localisation of Nitric Oxide in the Early Chick Area Vasculosa. Abstract [Details]
Last J, Bannigan J; (2001) Nitric oxide in chick extraembryonic vasculogenesis. Abstract [Details]
                                                               

Research

Research Interests

My research interests include:

1)Relationship of skeletal maturation to obesity through the assessment of radiographs.
2)Application of human morphology to medicine.
3)Automated analysis of digital, biological and diagnostic images.
4)Medical Education.
     

Teaching

Teaching Philosophy

Beyond my natural constructivist tendencies and belief in inclusivity, there is no single approach to teaching that should be algorithmically applied. Instead, the context of the learner should inform which of the many andragogical approaches are appropriate for any particular programme and its associated learning activities.

Modules Coordinated

201200   MDCS41620     Medicine Clinical Science: Anatomy and Physiology (AP)
201200   ANAT20010     Human Anatomy: Anatomy III
201200   MDSA30090     Medicine Systems One: Disability
201200   MDCS41110     Medicine Clinical Science: Anatomy & Physiology 1 (AP)
201200   MDCS40850     Medicine Clinical Science: Core Anatomy & Physiology (AP)

Enhancement of Teaching

The most influential process on enhancement of teaching is the development of an enhancement cycle. I have developed such a cycle for my own needs and for the wider educational activities of the school that is consistent with the more recent enhancement cycles developed by UCD Teaching & Learning. Within medical education, feedback can be gained most readily from students, patients, contributors, examiners, external examiners and accrediting authorities. The key is to ensure that all of the information that is available to enhance teaching is fed into the cycle, and that enhancements are recorded, actioned and fed forward as appropriate. This has led to many changes over the years from the selection processes for group projects to the availability of course notes in a timely fashion. More explicit learning outcomes have been defined and assessment volume reduced in response to such reflections. My understanding of student learning comes from actively engaging learners no matter the forum. This is a technique that works well for my style of teaching and allows me to gauge the level of understanding of the learning audience in real-time. I also engage in group and one-to-one feedback were practicable, and this often reveals a deficit in my teaching behaviour or helps to consolidate best practice. As most of the learners that I interact with are within professional programmes, I have the added advantage of being able to contextualise their learning through the use of clinical examples that test engagement, application and sometime criticality. I have had my teaching observed by peers on relatively few occasions. Each time, I found myself putting a little more effort into the preparation of the activity although changing relatively little. I have learned that occasionally, I over-sacrifice granular detail and over-prioritise engagement.

Review and Enhancement of Curriculum

I have been involved in curriculum review and enhancement within the medical school, the wider University, nationally and also internationally. I first encountered curriculum review in the context of system based learning in medicine in 2001. At this point, I assisted in the process of adapting my part of the medical programme into a more integrated model of teaching and learning. Later, the wider University adopted the European Credit Transfer System and principles of modularisation. I became responsible for reviewing and enhancing the first year of the medicine programme. What tends to suit medical education in UCD and elsewhere is combined top-down and bottom-up approach. The top-down aspect defines the broad parameters, programme outcomes and structures. It also guides the internal and external consultation. The bottom-up approach, as it is perhaps unkindly known, requires deep and meaningful consultation with those who deliver the curriculum in order to populate the defined structures with meaningful, relevant and appropriately integrated content. Taking the same process from a module coordinators point of view, one must work with the local experts to ensure that the learning outcomes of the module are appropriate, and then focus on ensuring that the teaching, learning and assessment methodologies are sympathetic to those outcomes, the learner cohort and the programme outcomes. In one module for example, the learning outcome relates to the impact of disability on a patient population. The most effective way of exposing students to such an awareness is to invite patients and patient advocates to participate in the module. This has become the most popular and well attending aspect of the module.

Developing as a Teacher

Ensuring my continued development as a teacher has largely involved: - developing a close relationship with UCD Teaching & Learning - availing opportunistically of workshops, webinars and professional development activities - maintaining a heavy involvement in teaching - working with other heads of teaching and learning / associate deans to share knowledge - publishing in the discipline in which I most actively teach to maintain currency - and maintaining a modest clinical footprint to maintain relevance. One additional activity that warrants specific mention is my involvement with the Irish Network of Medical Educators. In partnership with clinical colleagues, I have worked with sequential INMED executives in the development of a series of annual meetings that promote teaching development and educational research. I have authored more than fifteen abstracts and presented or co-presented posters and oral presentations at this national forum. I have also chaired symposia, judged presentations and reviewed hundreds of abstracts in this role. Most recently, I have directed the preparation and organisation of the 2013 INMED in UCD this February. At each annual meeting, I have attended the sessions and workshops specifically aimed at medical educators.

Innovation & Leadership

Although I have listed the various leadership roles, in all cases, successful outcomes have been achieved because of the dedication of other members of the team. The school has increased its NDLR, teaching and learning and module enhancement awards over the last five years. I believe this has happened because I have provided a platform whereby best practice in education and innovation can be shared with the wider community.

Collaborators

Internal Collaborators

Dr Rene Gapert: Anatomy technician and researcher in the field of physical and forensic anthropology

Dr Jean O'Connor: Anatomy lecturer and research in the field of physical and forensic anthropology