Taekwondo Techniques are based on the following principles:
- All movement should be designed to produce maximum power in accordance with scientific formulas and the principle of kinetic energy.
- The principles behind the techniques should be clear so that even those ignorant of TKD will be able to distinguish correct from incorrect movement.
- The distance and angle of each movement should be exactly defined in order to achieve more efficient attack and defense.
- The purpose and method of each movement should be clear and simple, in order to facilitate the teaching and learning process.
- Rational teaching methods should be developed so that the benefits of TKD can be enjoyed by everyone, young and old, men and women.
- Correct breathing methods should be devised, enhancing the speed of each movement and reducing fatigue.
- Attack should be possible against any vital spot on the body and it should be possible to defend against all varieties of attack.
- Each attacking movement should be clearly defined and soundly based on the structure of the human body.
- Each movement should be easy to execute, enabling the student to enjoy TKD as a sport and recreation.
- Special consideration should be paid to promoting good health and preventing injuries.
- Each movement should be harmonious and rhythmical so that TKD is aesthetically pleasing.
- Each movement in a pattern must express the personality and spiritual character of the person it is named after.
Adherence to these basic principles is what makes Taekwon-Do a martial art, an aesthetic art, a science and sport.