UCD Taekwondo Club
The Fightingest Martial Arts Club in UCD


The forceful and finer techniques of attack and defense are largely dependant on correct stance since the stance is the starting point of every Taekwondo movement. Stability, agility, balance and flexibility are the controlling factors.

The basic principles for a proper stance are:

  1. Keep the back straight, with a few exceptions
  2. Relax the shoulders
  3. Tense the abdomen
  4. Maintain a correct facing. The stance may be full-facing, half-facing or side-facing the opponent.
  5. Maintain balance
  6. Make use of knee spring properly

Attention Stance - Chariot Sogi

Feet: Heels together; 45 degree angle between them;

Arms: bow foreword 15 degrees; eyes face the front; drop the fists down naturally; slightly clenched.

Parallel Ready Stance - Narani Junbi Sogi

Width: shoulder width from footsword to footsword; feet are parallel;

Arms: body is relaxed; hands are to the front; the distance between the fists is about 5cms and 7cm away from the abdomen; the distance between the elbows and the floating ribs is about 10cm; do not extend the elbow to the side more than is necessary; hold the upper arms forward 30 degrees while bending the forearms 40 degrees upward;

Sine Wave: generated by coming up onto the balls of the feet and dropping the body's weight;

Weight distribution: 50/50

Walking Stance - Gunnun Sogi

Length: one and a half shoulder from big toe to big toe;

Width: shoulder wide from center of foot to center of foot;

Knees: extend the front knee outward until the knee cap forms a vertical line with the heel;

Legs: front leg is the primary leg; back foot is pointing off at an angle of 25 degrees;

Weight distribution: 50/50

Sitting Stance - Annun Sogi

Width: One and a half shoulder from reverse footsword to reverse footsword;

Knees: both knees are bent evenly; extend the knees outward, bending until the knee caps come over the front sole; feet are parallel;

Sine Wave: generated by almost straightening the knees, then bending them;

Weight distribution: 50/50 (no obverse or reverse)

L-Stance - Niunja Sogi

Length: one and a half shoulder width from big toe of front foot to foot-sword of back foot;

Width: 2.5 centimeters from heel to heel;

Legs: both feet turned in by 15 degrees; bend the rear leg until the knee cap forms a vertical line with the toes, bending the front leg proportionally; back leg is the primary leg; the toes of both feet point inwards slightly;

Weight distribution: 70 percent of the weight is on the rear leg

Fixed Stance - Gojung Sogi

Legs: similar to a lengthened L-stance, except that the weight distribution is even and both legs are equally bent; whether it is a left or right stance is therefore determined by the forward leg;

Weight distribution: 50/50

Bending Ready Stance - Guburyo Junbi Sogi

Standing leg is bent; footsword of the lifted leg is brought in towards the opposite knee; standing leg is the primary leg; it is principally used as a preparatory position of side piercing and thrusting kicks.

Close Ready Stance - Moa Junbi Sogi

Feet together; left hand over right.

A: The distance between the philtrum and the fists is approximately 30cm.

B: The distance between the fists and the navel is approximately 15cm.

C: The distance between the hands (open hands) and the abdomen is approximately 10cm.

X-Stance - Kyocha Sogi

Cross one foot over or behind the other, touching the ground slightly with the front sole; place the body weight on the stationary foot; stationary leg is the primary leg.

Rear Foot Stance - Dwitbal Sogi

Length: one and a half shoulder from footsword of back foot to big toe of front foot;

Knees: most of the weight is on the rear foot; front toes point in by 25 degrees; toes of rear foot point in by 15 degrees; front knee is bent; front sole is slightly on the ground with heel about 2.5cm off ground;

Legs: bend the rear leg until the knee comes over the toes; rear leg is primary leg;

Weight distribution: most of the weight is on the rear foot;

Low Stance - Nachuo Sogi

Same as the walking stance except it is longer by one foot.

Vertical Stance - Soojik Sogi

Length: one shoulder width from big toe of front foot to reverse footsword of rear foot;

Legs: the toes of both feet are pointing in by 15 degrees; legs are straight;

Weight distribution: 60% of weight is on rear leg; rear leg is the primary leg;