UCD Taekwondo Club
The Fightingest Martial Arts Club in UCD

Attacking Techniques:


Purpose of a punch: It is used primarily to cause an internal hemorrhage rather than surface damage by twisting attacking tool.

Purpose of a thurst: It is delivered with the intention of cutting through the vital spot with less twisting of the attacking tool.

Purpose of a strike: It is used to destroy or break the bone or muscles of vital spots with the least twist of the attacking tool.

The basic principles are: Jerk the hip and abdomen throughout the action, slowly at the beginning and sharply at the moment of impact. The hip is jerked slightly before the action in order to concentrate the larger muscles of the hip and abdomen together with the smaller muscles of the extremities against the target simultaneously.

  1. Completely twist the attacking tool, with few exceptions, in order to use full acceleration especially in punching techniques.
  2. Tense the abdomen at the moment of impact by exhaling sharply.
  3. The moment the attacking tool reaches the target, pull it back to allow it to be ready for the next action while preventing a grab by the opponent.
  4. The attacking tool will form a triangle with the shoulders at the moment of impact when attacking the opponent in front.
  5. Hold the breath while attacking or blocking.

Blocking Techniques:


The types of blocks vary according to the position of the blocking tool, facing posture, method of blocking, type of blocking tool, and the purpose of the block.

The basic principles are:

  1. Keep the arm bent 15-45 degrees so you are able to intercept the attacking tool obliquely.
  2. Never extend the blocking tool beyond the point of focus.
  3. At the time of blocking, lower the shoulder of the blocking arm slightly.
  4. The blocking tool is usually withdrawn immediately after contact.
  5. The blocking tool should form a triangle, with few exceptions, from the contact point upwards to the shoulders.

Attacking and Blocking Tools:


Hand Parts


  • Forefist - Ap Joomuk
  • Back Fist - Dung Joomuk
  • Side Punch - Yop Joomuk
  • Under Fist - Mit Joomuk
  • Long Fist - Ghin Joomuk
  • Open Fist - Pyun Joomuk
  • Middle Knuckle Fist - Joongji Joomuk
  • Fore Knuckle Fist - Mu Joomuk
  • Thumb Knuckle Fist - Pimji Joomuk
  • Palm - Sonbadak
  • Knifehand - Sonkal
  • Reverse Knifehand - Sonkal Dung
  • Fingertips - Sonkut
  • Flat Fingertip - Opun Sonkut
  • Finger - Jiap
  • Bear Hand - Gomson
  • Bow Wrist - Sonmok Dung
  • Finger Belly - Garak Badak
  • Thumb Ridge - Umfl Batang
  • Straight Fingertip - Sun Sonkut
  • Upset Fingertip - Dwafjibun Sonkut
  • Angle Fingertip - Homi Sonkut
  • Thumb - Umffi
  • Forefinger - Han Sonkarak
  • Double Fingertip - Doo Sonkarak
  • Arc Hand - Bandal Son
  • Back Hand - Sondung
  • Outer Forearm - Bakat Palmok
  • Inner Forearm - An Palmok
  • Back Forearm - Dung Palmok
  • Under Forearm - Mit Palmok
  • Elbow - Palkup
  • Finger Pincers - Jipge Son
  • Base of Knifehand - Sonkal Batang
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