|Adolph or Ady
||3½ twisting front somersault
||½ twist to front drop (backwards take off)
||The tightness of a shape (tuck or pike) which earns good form
||½ twist into front somersault, ie. backwards take off
|Arabian crash dive
||½ twist into crash dive straight
||From back landing, 1 1/4 front somersault to feet with early
half twist. Different move to barani ball-out, though it involves the same amount of
rotation and twist from the same take off position.
||Double back somersault with 1 twist in 2nd somersault phase
||3/4 back somersault from back landing, usually to feet
||1 1/4 front somersault from back landing to feet
||Front somersault with ½ twist
||1 1/4 front somersault (from back landing) with ½ twist to feet
||Double front somersault with ½ twist (in the first somersault
||Double front somersault with ½ twist (in the second somersault
||Another name for side somersault
||The springy landing surface of a trampoline, usually meshed but
solid beds do exist
||Move where the bed is not seen until very late before landing
||From front drop, 180° backwards rotation with half twist, to
land on front.
||Back pullover from tucked seat drop position
||Occurs when trampoline bed and springs reach maximum stretch,
usually but not always because the bed reaches the floor.
||Front somersault from back landing to back landing
||Sideways travel during a move
||full twist from back landing to back landing (no somersault
|Chair of judging panel
||New term for the superior judge
||Stopping the bounce by bending the knees, ankles and hips
||Any somersault from front landing. Usually 1 1/4 back somersault
from front, to feet; but (3/4) front cody is also seen
||From back landing, 1½ twists to back drop (with 180° forward
rotation); ie. cradle + 1 twist.
||A flat back landing from toes to head
||Frame pads which completely cover the frame and springs for
|Cowboy or cowboying
||Pulling the knees apart during tuck shape to shorten radius of
gyration and gain more rotation
||3/4 front somersault from feet to back landing
||From back landing, ½ twist to back drop (with 180° forward
||When a pair of synchro competitors are out of time with each
other in their landings. Also, the degree of desync or the score awarded by the desync
||Alternative name for the tariff of a routine
||1. The safe technique of getting off a trampoline
2. 10th or last move in a routine
||Bounce roll. Also, front somersault from seat drop position
||Axis from stomach to back, around which the side somersault and
turntable are done. No award form tariff is made for rotation around it.
|Double bounce roll
||Double front somersault (720°) from back landing to back
||(Single) back somersault with 2 twists
||Two people jumping on the same trampoline, usually
|Fliff or fliffus
||Any double somersault with twist.
||2 1/4 front somersault from back with ½ twist in the last
somersault phase. Also known as ½-out ball-out.
||What the judges look for in a routine, ie. good technique,
correct body position, straight arms/legs, body tension, etc.
||Metal parts of the trampoline which support its structure
||Body position that is undefined
||A straight bounce when done in the middle of a routine
||Front somersault from feet or hands & knees; usually from
hands & knees to back or seat. But also, from feet, free body position to back
||(Single) back somersault with 1 twist
||Double back somersault with 1 twist in 1st somersault
||Double back somersault with 1 twist in both 360° phases
||Double front somersault with 1 twist in 1st somersault, ½ twist
in 2nd somersault
||Double back somersault with 1 twist in 2nd somersault
||Travel in the opposite direction to the rotation, eg. travelling
forwards in a back somersault
||Complex mechanical phenomenon where, during rotation around one
axis, if a force is introduced on another axis, a resultant rotation is produced around
the third axis. Can be demonstrated by holding a bicycle wheel's axis, then then turning
it while it is spinning.
||Double front somersault with ½ twist in 1st somersault
||Double back somersault with ½ twist in each somersault phase
||Double back somersault with ½ twist in 1st somersault and 1½
twists in 2nd somersault phase
||Double front somersault with ½ twist in 2nd somersault. (See
||2 1/4 front somersault from back with ½ twist in the last
somersault phase. Also known as fliffus ball-out.
||Somersault from front (or back) landing, where a double contact
is made. The legs hit the trampoline bed momentarily after the body, reversing the
rotation generated from the body.
||Extension of the legs to straight body position after the shape
phase of a somersault is shown
||Little-used German term for miller-plus (a 4 twisting double
||To stop the recoil of the bed throwing the performer up. Done by
the performer, or a coach (opposite of kip).
||Coaching technique to augment the power of the trampoline bed by
it being depressed momentarily before the performer's landing
||Axis going from side-side around which somersaults are done
|Layout or lay
||Alternative term for the straight body position. ie. layout
somersault=straight back somersault
||Good technique where performer neatly places arms beside body on
kick-out of a shaped somersault, or whilst twisting
||Full twist from front drop to front drop, ie. similar to cat
twist but fro the front
||Axis from head through the body (like a skewer) around which
twisting is done
|Lost, losing a move (lost move syndrome)
||Psychological condition where the performer loses the awareness
of body position, or the awareness and technique of a particular move (while probably
still able to do other, more complicated moves)
||Triple-twisting double back somersault.
|Miller-plus (aka killer)
||Four-twisting double back somersault
||Alternative name for the voluntary routine in a competition
||Controlled straight bounce allowed after a competition routine
||1 3/4 front somersault with full twist in the first somersault
||The balance and timing of executing take-off, shape and landing
of a move with good technique.
||Body position where legs are straight, together and the body is
bent at the hips. For competition, minimum angle is 135° but 90° or less is considered
||Move showing the pike shape alone, ie. no rotation or twist
|(pike) straddle (jump)
||As pike (jump), but with legs apart. For competition, minimum is
shoulder width but 90° or more is considered good form.
||When a move (somersault) is done but takes off not under
control, usually travelling and losing height
||Old term for full twist jump
||Little-used alternate name for a bounce roll
||Moves which are a requirement to be mastered before learning
another move, for sound coaching reasons
||Stages in learning a move, usually but not always moves in
themselves. Some progressions are necessary but would never really be considered moves in
their own right.
||Semi-tucked shape (piked tuck) allowable in competition for
multi-twisting multiple somersaults. For competition, the rules require an angle between
the body and thighs, and the thighs and lower legs, of 90°-120°
||Any somersault with twist and 4x 360°=1440° of somersault
|Radius of gyration
||Mathematical term for how 'spread apart' the body is when a
somersault or twist is done around an axis.
||(Single) front somersault with 2½ twists
|Randy ball out
||1 1/4 front somersault from back to feet, with 2½ twists.
Occasionally seen in competition.
||Relative moment of inertia twist, aka mid-air twist. A technique
where twist can be generated in mid air (ie without contact with the trampoline bed), due
to coming out of a shape.
||Full twist from seat landing to seat landing. No rotation
||Sequence of (usually) 10 moves linked together with no straight
|Rudolph, rudi (rudy)
||(Single) front somersault with 1½ twists)
|Rudi ball out
||1 1/4 front somersault from back to feet, with 1½ twists.
||Alternative foreign (German/Russian) term for somersault
||Compulsory routine in competition
||When a somersault has a lack of rotation, usually leads to a bad
||Somersault around the dorso-ventral axis
||Alternative term for a move
||Short for somersault
||Term when the judging panel's marks are split into two different
groups of similar scores.
||1. Landing in the same place as taking off; keeping in the
middle of the trampoline
2. Standing by the side (end) of the trampoline and guarding against falling off
||End deck of a trampoline, attached to the frame
||Push-in mat used by the coach to provide a softer landing while
learning moves; also sometimes seen in competition for use if the competitor needs it
||Overhead rig apparatus with a belt, ropes, pulleys and fittings
allowing the coach to provide remote support for a move whilst learning.
||Those who do 'spotting', ie. stand by the side (end) of the
trampoline guarding against falling off
||See piked straddle jump. Note, in competition, this is not a
body position allowed in moves except the straddle jump.
||Body position where legs are in line with body. For competition,
thighs must be greater than 135° angle to body
||Moves done consecutively as in a routine
||From seat drop, ½ twist to seat drop
||Two people jumping on separate trampolines in time with each
||How well the pair of synchro competitors are in time with each
other, judged by the difference in height of the landing.
||Numerical score given to a move/routine based on the amount of
rotation, twist, shape, etc.
||1. "Having a go" at a move, without practising and
mastering all the progressions. Usually unsafe and leads to bad technique.
2. Poorly executed (somersault) take-off which loses height and control.
||A method of mid-air twist where the body's symmetry is changed
during somersault (lateral) rotation, causing a difference in moments between the left and
right sides, which results in a twist around the longitudinal (twisting) axis.
||Movement along the trampoline bed in the same direction as the
rotation, ie. travelling backwards in a back somersault
||Judging done by the panel, guided by the superior judge, before
a competition starts (usually during competitors warm-up), to set a consistent benchmark
||Alternative, slang, name for 'move'
||Body position with legs bent at the knees and hips. For
competition, both angles must be 135° or less. For good form, legs must be bent 90° or
less and hands must grasp the legs below the knees.
||From front landing, full twist around the dorso-ventral axis to
land on front. Also half-turntable, where rotation is 180° around dorso-ventral axis.
||Any triple somersault with twist
||Generic term for a twisting single somersault, eg. full, rudi,
double full, randy, etc.
||Voluntary routine in competition (the performer's choice of
moves, and is awarded tariff score).
||Drawing the arms in near the body to speed up the twist
||A psychological condition where a competitor, shortly before and
during a competition, can block out all external disturbances to maximise concentration on