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1. MCQ'S START HERE

Q1. Shaded areas " 1 " and " 2 " articulate with :




(Select one answer)

(a) Femoral Condyles
(b) Tibial Cochlea
(c) Tibial Tuberosity
(d) Femoral Trochlea
(e) Menisci

           



Q2. Structure labelled "1" is called




(Select one answer)

(a) Medial Femoral Condyle
(b) Medial Tibial Condyle
(c) Lateral Femoral Condyle
(d) Tibial Trochlea
(e) None of the above

           



Q3. Name the type of articular surface labelled " 1"




(Select one answer)

(a) Glenoid cavity
(b) Cotyloid cavity
(c) Cochlea
(d) Condyle
(e) None of the above

           



Q4. This is an image of the caudal aspect of the stifle joint ----- which one of the following statements is correct ?




(Select one answer)

(a) "A" is a sesamoid bone developed in the tendon of insertion of the Quadriceps Femoris muscle while "B" is a sesamoid bone developed in the tendon of origin of the Popliteus muscle .
(b) "C" is a sesamoid bone located on the caudo-medial aspect of the stifle joint which is developed in the tendon of origin of the Popliteus muscle
(c) "A" and " B" are sesamoid bones developed in the tendons of origin of the Gastrocnemius muscle
(d) "A " and " B " are sesamoid bones developed in the tendons of insertion of the Gastrocnemius muscle

           



Q5. Concerning the two structures labelled "1" and "2" that are located on the Tibial Condyles, which one of the following statements is correct ?




(Select one answer)

(a) They are meniscal shaped pieces of Fibrocartilage with a Perichondrial covering
(b) They are Articular cartilages which give congruence (a better fit ) to the articulation between the Tibial and Femoral Condyles
(c) They are meniscal shaped pieces of Elastic cartilage.
(d) They are meniscal shaped pieces of Fibrocartilage without a Perichondrial covering

           



Q6. Concerning structures labelled "C" and "D" on the caudal aspect of the stifle joint ,which one of the following statements is correct ?




(Select one answer)

(a) They are the two heads of origin of the Popliteus muscle , innervated by the Tibial nerve trunk, which extend the stifle joint
(b) They are the two heads of origin of the Popliteus muscle ,innervated by the Peroneal nerve trunk, which extend the stifle joint
(c) They are the two heads of origin of the Gastrocnemius muscle , innervated by the Peroneal nerve trunk, which extend the stifle joint
(d) They are the two heads of origin of the Gastrocnemius muscle , innervated by the Tibial nerve trunk, which flex the stifle joint
(e) They are the two heads of the Quadriceps Femoris muscle , innervated by the Femoral nerve trunk , which extend the stifle joint

           



Q7. Concerning the structure labelled " 1 " located on the caudal aspect of the stifle joint -----which one of the following statements is correct ?




(Select one answer)

(a) It is the Popliteus muscle , which extends the stifle joint , being innervated by the Tibial nerve trunk and arising from the Medial Femoral Condyle
(b) It is the Popliteus muscle ,which extends the stifle joint ,being innervated by the Peroneal nerve trunk and arising from the Lateral Femoral Condyle
(c) It is the Popliteus muscle ,which extends the stifle joint , being innervated by the Tibial nerve trunk and containing a Sesamoid bone in its tendon of insertion which shows up on radiographs
(d) It is the Popliteus muscle , which rotates the Tibia medially ( inwards ) relative to the Femur, being innervated by theTibial nerve trunk and arising from the Lateral Femoral Condyle by a long tendon which contains a Sesamoid bone which does not show up on stifle radiographs
(e) None of the above

           



Q8. In this image of the caudal aspect of the stifle joint which one of the following statements, concerning the structures labelled "A" and "B", is correct ?




(Select one answer)

(a) "A" is the Medial Femoro-Tibial Collateral Ligament and "B" is the Cranial Cruciate Ligament
(b) "A" is the Lateral Femoro-Tibial Collateral Ligament and "B" is the Caudal Cruciate Ligament
(c) "A" is the Lateral Femoro -Tibial Collateral Ligament and "B" is the Meniscofemoral Ligament
(d) None of the above

           



Q9. In this medial view of the Stifle joint (with the Medial Femoral Condyle removed ) which one of the following statements concerning the structure laballed " 1 " is correct ?




(Select one answer)

(a) It is the Cranial Cruciate Ligament , an extracapsular ligament preventing the Tibia from sliding cranially beneath the Femur when the limb bears weight
(b) It is the Cranial Cruciate Ligament which runs , with two other ligaments, from the Intercondylar Fossa of the Femur to the Popliteal notch of the Tibia
(c) It is the Cranial Cruciate Ligament running from the Intercondylar Fossa of the Femur to the Cranial Intercondylar area of the Tibia
(d) Section of structure labelled "1" allows caudal movement of the Tibia beneath the Femur when the limb bears weight
(e) None of the above

           



Q10. In this side view of the stifle joint which one of the following statements, concerning structure labelled "1", is correct?




(Select one answer)

(a) It is the Lateral Femoro-Tibial Collateral ligament
(b) It is the Medial Femoro- Patellar Collateral ligament
(c) It is the Medial Femoro-Tibial Collateral ligament
(d) It is the Lateral Femoro-Patellar Collateral ligament
(e) None of these statements is correct

           



Q11. Concerning this medial view of the stifle joint ,which statement, concerning structure labelled "1", is correct ?




(Select one answer)

(a) It is called the Patellar Ligament which is basically the tendon of insertion of the Quadriceps Femoris muscle
(b) It attaches to the Tibial Tuberosity
(c) It assists in extension of the Femoro-Tibial joint
(d) It is the tendon of insertion of the Quadriceps Femoris muscle, a muscle innervated by the Femoral Nerve Trunk
(e) All of the above statements are correct

           



Q12. In this side view of the stifle joint ,which one of the following statements is correct ?




(Select one answer)

(a) Structure labelled "1" is the Medial Meniscus
(b) Structure labelled "2" is the Long Digital Flexor whose tendon of origin is completely surrounded and protected by an extension of the synovial membrane of the stifle joint capsule
(c) Structure labelled "3 " is the Caudal Cruciate Ligament
(d) Structure labelled "4" is the Medial Femoro-Tibial Collateral Ligament
(e) All of the above statements are incorrect

           



Q13. In this image of the lateral aspect of the stifle joint point out the location of a gastrocnemial Fabella

(Click on the image to select your answer)



 (a)  (b)  (c)  (d)
       



Q14. In this median section of the stifle joint ,which one of the following statements is correct ?




(Select one answer)

(a) Structure labelled "1" is a Synovial Pouch surrounding the tendon of origin of the Popliteus muscle
(b) Structure labelled "2" is the Femoral Nerve Trunk (in longitudinal section)
(c) Structure labelled "2" is the Femoral Vein (in transverse section)
(d) Structure labelled "2 " is the Popliteal Lymph Node ( in longitudinal section )
(e) All the above statements are incorrect

           



Q15. Following a road accident this lateral radiograph of the stifle joint was taken .Which one of the following statements concerning this radiograph is correct ?




(Select one answer)

(a) Fracture of a Femoral Condyle is present
(b) A chip fracture of the distal Femur is present
(c) The radiograph is normal
(d) The Sesamoid bone within the tendon of insertion of the Quadriceps Femoris muscle has deviated from its normal location
(e) The Popliteal Sesamoid bone is missing

           



Q16. In this lateral radiograph of the canine stifle joint ,which one of the following statements is correct?




(Select one answer)

(a) " A" is the Patella and " E " is the sesamoid bone found within the Gastrocnemius muscle
(b) "D" and " B " are paired sesamoid bones found within the Gastrocnemius muscle
(c) "B " is a sesamoid bone found within the Gastrocnemius muscle and " C " is a fractured segment of bone
(d) "C" is a sesamoid bone found within the Gastrocnemius muscle and "B" is a fractured segment of bone
(e) "D" is a sesamoid bone found within the Gastrocnemius muscle and " E " is a fractured segment of bone

           



Q17. In this lateral radiograph of the canine stifle joint ,which one of the following statements is correct ?




(Select one answer)

(a) The Patella is dislocated proximally
(b) A chip fracture of a Femoral Condyle is present
(c) A fracture of the Head of the Fibula is present
(d) None of the above

           



Q18. With the assistance of this simplified diagram of the caudal aspect of the canine stifle joint ,which one of the following statements is correct ?




(Select one answer)

(a) The Articular Cartilages (coloured green) are thin films (1 mm thick ) of Hyaline Cartilage which diminish the effects of concussion and reduce friction
(b) The horizontally lying Menisci (coloured purple) incompletely divide the two Femoro-Tibial Synovial Sacs into Femoro-Meniscal and Tibio-Meniscal compartments
(c) The Cruciate ligaments (coloured black ) are intracapsular, but extrasynovial, ligaments
(d) The joint capsule's inner layer (coloured red) is vascular and responsible for synovial fluid secretion
(e) All the above statements are correct

           



Q19. Following a road accident this lateral radiograph of the canine stifle joint was taken. What bone has moved from its normal radiographic position?




(Type your answer)

  

           



Q20. Please fill in the gaps-----NOT USING CAPITAL LETTERS.


(Type your answer)





Q21. Which one of the following statements is correct ?

(Select one answer)

(a) Any movement between the Femur and Tibia also occurs between the Patella and Femur
(b) When the Cranial Cruciate Ligament is ruptured and being replaced surgically , before the replacement ligament is " tied off " the Tibia must be rotated laterally.
(c) The Cruciate ligaments are not found in the Femoro-Tibial joint cavities
(d) Lesions of the Articular Cartilages may progress greatly before the dog becomes aware of their existence
(e) All of the above statements are correct

           



Q22. Which one of the following statements is incorrect ?

(Select one answer)

(a) Damage to the Long Digital Extensor muscle may cause inflamation of the stifle joint (gonitis)
(b) Hyperflexion of the stifle joint is a likely contributing cause of rupture of the Cranial Cruciate Ligament
(c) Dislocation of the Patella is prevented by the Trochlear Ridges of the Femur, Parapatellar Fibrocartilages, Femoro-Patellar Collateral Ligaments and Femoral Fascia.
(d) The Menisci can be trapped betwen the Tibial Plateau and the rolling Femoral Condyles resulting in Meniscal tears.
(e) In the dog the three synovial cavities (sacs) of the stifle joint are not in free communication

           




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Copyright 2000 Dept. Vet. Anat. U.C.D.All rights reserved.
Author: Fitzpatrick and Hilton
Last modified: 27 Oct 2000 08:50
Authored in CALnet