Plasmonic Materials for Broadband Solar Harvesting
Nanoscale Tailored Plasmonic Material for Optimum Broadband Solar Harvesting
Publication highlight: Associate Prof. Dominic Zerulla
Journal reference: Advanced Optical Materials, 4, 413 (2016)
Is it possible to design a dedicated nanostructure on which all surface features contribute entirely to energy harvesting within a solar cell? This is an important challenge in the light that the efﬁ ciency of the solar cell technology utilized has a direct impact on the required land use and also on reaching grid parity . Here, a unique approach is used and an analytically derived optimum solution to the problem is presented: a nanoscale metal topography , capable of signiﬁ cantly improving the efﬁ ciency of solid state solar cells via excitation of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs). The presented structure is designed to achieve broadband excitation of SPPs through the highest possible density of desired k -vectors at the interface. This leads to high weighted absorption enhancements ( > 130%) and unprecedented improvements ( > 30%) of solar cell external quantum efﬁ ciencies over the entire harvestable range.