SPIRE 2015-2016 News and Events
SPIRe Seminar Series
For this week's SPIRe seminar will have Dr. Caroline McEvoy (UCD) introducing her new project (see abstract below).
Room G316 Arts (Newman Building) from 12-2pm on Thursday 10/09/2015
Representative, Deliberative or Stealth Democrats: Exploring the Congruence Gap between Citizens' Conceptions of Democracy and the Democratic Experience in Europe.
21st century politics has been marked by a steady decline in public trust for political institutions; a decline in voter turnout at elections; and a collapse in party membership lists, prompting scholars to raise concerns about the ongoing viability of representative democracy. For example, Mair (2005, 2008,2011) argues that citizens and elites have mutually withdrawn from electoral politics resulting in the ‘hollowing out’ of democracy while Flinders (2013, 2) and Stoker (2006, 127) argue that voters have gone from having a healthy skepticism of democratic processes towards a corrosive cynicism towards the regime. Moreover, since the onset of the economic crisis in 2008, debates about democratic reform been mobilized by the public and political elites alike.
This project poses a series of important, but rarely asked questions about why citizens are turning away from democratic politics, namely what do citizens expect from democracy, what democratic values do they prioritize, how well do institutions meet these expectations and does the (in)congruence between expectations and how democracy functions in practice, influence public trust, voter turnout and levels of party membership? Utilizing an innovative dataset from the European Social Survey (2012), the project conducts a cross national quantitative analysis of 29 European states, exploring the gaps between voter expectations of democracy e.g. more participation, greater freedom of the press, protection against poverty etc, and what democracy actually delivers. It explores this congruence as both dependent and independent variable. The findings advance the scholarship’s understanding of voter attitudes and are an important contribution to the literature since they provide empirical support to political theory, which argues that a voters perception of the fairness in the political process is at least as important for generating support for democracy as the tangible benefits that they derive from the system are.
Download the SPIRe Seminars programme (Autumn 2015)
SPIRe one-day workshop on Leadership and Democracy
Monday 8 June 2015
Speakers: Richard Bellamy (UCL/EUI), Cara Nine (UCC), John WIlliam Devine (KCL) and David Archard (QUB)
What are the ethical challenges of leadership in a modern democracy?
Is political leadership inherently at odds with democracy?
Does real world politics require leaders to act in ways that run contrary to moral values and undermine their moral character?
What does it mean for a political leader to be trustworthy?
What is the role of compromise in politics?
These questions concerning the ethics of ‘leadership’ have been neglected within much contemporary liberal democratic theorising. While significant strides have been made in developing an account of liberal values and the shape of liberal institutions, normative questions surrounding the agents responsible for pursuing those values and leading those institutions have received comparatively little attention.
As a result, our understanding of ethics in public office is impoverished. In the practical arena, it is often either conflated with personal morality or reduced to conflict of interest and financial propriety. At the theoretical level, in the absence of a comprehensive theory of leadership, our liberal democratic theory of politics remains incomplete.
This one-day workshop will explore the ethics of leadership in modern liberal democracies. It will examine the tension between leadership and democracy, and the possible conflict between politics and morality, addressing issues of trust, compromise, and character.
Prof. David Archard (Queen’s University Belfast),
Philosophy and the Moral Character of Real World Politics
Dr. John William Devine (King’s College London)
Trust and Political Leadership
Dr. Cara Nine (University College Cork)
Compromise and Original Acquisition
Prof. Richard Bellamy (European University Institute and University College London)
The Paradox of the Democratic Prince: Machiavelli and the Nature of Leadership in Modern Democracy
Participation is free, but places are strictly limited and registration is required.
Organisers: John William Devine (firstname.lastname@example.org) and Iseult Honohan (email@example.com).
Organised with the support of the UCD Schools of Politics and International Relations and Philosophy, and in association with the UCD interdisciplinary research group on 'Ethics, government, and public affairs'
A two-day conference jointly organised by SPIRe and the Jean Beer Blumenfeld Center for Ethics, Georgia State University
Monday 15th and Tuesday 16th June 2015
This two-day conference addresses collective responsibility for the future. In addition to debates over responsibility for past harms and how they should be rectified, there are important questions with respect to preventing potential harms in the future, and what kind of collective responsibility exists in this regard. The conference will discuss both fundamental theoretical issues about the possibility and nature of collective responsibility, and the significant implications in areas including climate change, international security, and humanitarian intervention. In addition to two keynote speakers, Simon Caney and Philip Pettit, almost thirty papers will be presented in parallel sessions.
Registration is required: a few places remain at http://www.eventbrite.ie/e/collective-responsibility-for-the-future-tickets-15592338103
Here are the confirmed speakers and titles:
Simon Caney (Oxford) (keynote)
The Collective Duty to Resist Injustice and to Create Just Institutions
Philip Pettit (Princeton/ANU) (keynote)
Incorporating for Responsibility
Political Science Department, San Diego State University
Realism about Agency and Collective Responsibility for the Future
Department of Philosophy, Georgia State University
Terrorism and International Law: The Problem of Targeted Killing
Department of Philosophy, University of California, San Diego
Collective Responsibility as Outsourced Agency
Department of Philosophy, Bowling Green State University
The Mirage of Collective Moral Responsibility
Sara Rachel Chant
Newcomb College Institute, Tulane University
Minding Collective Responsibility
Stephanie Collins and Holly Lawford?Smith
Politics, University of Manchester
School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of New South Wales, Canberra AUSTRALIA
'Coalitions of the Willing’ and the Shared Responsibility to Protect
Avigail Ferdman and Jasmina Nedevska
School of Public Policy, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Collective Responsibility for the Cultural and Intellectual Environments of Future Generations: Balancing Current and Future Interests
Stephen M. Gardiner
Department of Philosophy, University of Washington
Accepting Collective Responsibility for the Future
Eric S. Godoy
Department of Social Science and Cultural Studies, Pratt Institute
Climate Change and Responsibilizable Collectives
McDonough School of Business, Georgetown University
Should Corporations Have the Right to Vote?: A Paradox in the Theory of Corporate Moral Agency
Department of Leadership, Ethics, Law, United States Naval Academy
Owing It to Us: How Directed Duties to Collectives Can Inform Collective Duties to Future Generations
Department of Politics, Princeton University
Networked Groups, Injustice, and Collective Responsibility
Department of Politics, University of Leicester
Citizen’s Complicity in State Wrongs
School of Government and international Affairs, Durham University
Negative Collectivization Duties and Securing Social Justice
Department of Political and Economic Studies/Social and Moral Philosophy, University of Helsinki
Climate Change and Collective Responsibilities of Unstructured Groups of Emitters
School of Information and Library Studies, University College Dublin
Collective Responsibility in the Digital Age
Justitia Amplificata, Goethe University Frankfurt
Reparations for Caribbean Slavery: Combining Forward-looking and Backward? looking Responsibilities
Sze Yi Pao (Amy Pao)
Department of Politics and Public Administration, The University of Hong Kong
Citizen Liability for State Injustice—the Authorization Model
Avia Pasternak and Emily McTernan
Department of Political Science, University College London
Department of Political Studies, Bar Ilan University
Classifying Collective Responsibilities
Institute for Collaborative Research in the Humanities, Queen’s University Belfast
Unintentional Murder: Individual Freedom, Systemic Risk and Collective Outcome Responsibility
Department of Philosophy, Murdoch University
Collective Beneficence, Perfect and Imperfect Duties
Department of Philosophy, Brandeis University
Collective Responsibility for Remedying Harm
Department of Political Science, Trinity College
Responsibility and the Formation of Joint Intentions
Faculty of Philosophy, University of Groningen
Collective Obligations, Plans, and Individual Agency
St. Anne's College, University of Oxford
National Responsibility And Counter?Terrorism
Department of Philosophy, Bilkent University
Non?Agent Collectives, Forward?Looking Collective Responsibilities, and Climate Change
School of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin
Responsibility, Democracy, and Climate Change
Seminar with Prof. Svallfors, University of Umeå
Wednesday 3rd June 2015
Professor Stefan Svallfors (University of Umeå) will be visiting UCD Geary Institute for Public Policy between 3rd and 7th June. He will give a seminar on Wednesday 3rd June, 1-2pm, in the Geary Seminar Room, on his new comparative research project:
”Power Without Mandate? Policy Professionals in Organized Politics”
This seminar is organized jointly by the 'Building State Capacity' research group in UCD Geary Institute for Public Policy and the research cluster on 'Ethics, Government, and Public Affairs'
The Irish Public Sector In European Perspective
A Round-Table event organized by the Research Programme on Building State Capacity in Ireland, UCD Geary Institute for Public Policy
Phelan Room, National University of Ireland (NUI), 49 Merrion Square
Friday 23 January 2015
9.25 Welcome (Prof Niamh Hardiman, UCD)
9.30-10.45 – Public sector reform: trends in Europe and elsewhere
Chair: Prof Niamh Hardiman, Director of the Public Policy Programme, UCD
Prof Edoardo Ongaro (Professor of International Public Services Management, Northumbria University and President of the European Group for Public Administration)
Robert Watt (Secretary General, Department of Public Expenditure and Reform)
Dr. Muiris MacCarthaigh (Queen’s University, Belfast)
Dr. Richard Boyle (Institute of Public Administration, Dublin)
11.15-12.30 – Delivering public services in new ways
Chair: Prof Philip O’Connell, Director, UCD Geary Institute for Public Policy
Prof Koen Verhoest, (Professorship of Comparative Public Administration and Globalization, University of Antwerp)
Dr. Orlaigh Quinn (Programme Director, Reform and Delivery Office, Department of Public Expenditure and Reform)
Prof Colin Scott (Principal of the College of Human Sciences, UCD)
Prof Tony Fahey (Vice-Principal for Research and Innovation, College of Human Sciences, UCD)
This event is supported by UCD Geary Institute for Public Policy.
Admission is free but places are limited.
Please reserve a place by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org by 5pm on Friday 16 January 2015.
Please indicate clearly whether you wish to attend Session 1, Session 2, or both:
Session 1, 9.30-10.45 – Public sector reform: trends in Europe and elsewhere
Session 2, 11.15-12.30 – Delivering public services in new ways