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Intellectual Property Guide

In the broadest sense, intellectual property (IP) refers to different types of intangible expressions (such as artistic and literary work, discoveries and inventions, words, symbols and designs) for which specific monopoly rights are recognised under specific laws.

Under such intellectual property laws, the owners of such intangible expressions are granted some exclusive rights that typically exclude others from using them without the owner’s consent. These rights can be used to protect the owner’s commercial interest.

In the case of an academic institution, which cannot directly commercialise its technologies, the intellectual property rights (IPR) can be licensed to industrial partners to enable their commercial deployment and exploitation of the university technology.

The main types of IPR include patents, copyrights, trademarks, industrial design rights and trade secrets. In the context of academic institutions, the most common types of IPR are patents, copyright and, sometimes trade secrets.

If you would like further information talk to a member of the Technology Transfer team.