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Essay Citation Style

Citation Style for UCD History Essays

Citation Style for UCD History Essays contains details about how to reference books, journal articles, book chapters in edited books, newspaper articles, dissertations, archival sources, and website content in your essays using footnotes. The School follows the Chicago system of referencing. It is essential that you familiarise yourself with the Chicago style as referencing underpins academic analysis and argument. First year modules will devote time to teaching and learning referencing.

The following resources will also help you learn the Chicago system of referencing:

1) The style guide:  (opens in a new window)Notes and Bibliography Style (chicagomanualofstyle.org)

2) UCD Library's excellent resources:  (opens in a new window)Introduction - Chicago Style Guide 17th Edition - LibGuides at UCD Library and Chicago Referencing Style


Plagiarism is the inclusion, in any form of assessment, of material without due acknowledgement of its original source. Plagiarism is a form of academic dishonesty and may include, but is not limited to, the following:

  • Presenting in your own name, work authored by a third party, such as other students, friends or family (with or without permission), or work purchased through any source or given to you by a third party1, including organisations such as essay mills. The original source may be in written form or in any other media (for example, audio or video);
  • Presenting ideas, theories, concepts, methodologies or data from the work of another without due acknowledgement;
  • Presenting text, digital work (e.g. computer code or programs), music, video recordings or images copied with only minor changes from sources such as the internet, books, journals or any other media, without due acknowledgement;
  • Paraphrasing (i.e., putting a passage or idea from another source into your own words), without due acknowledgement of the source;
  • Failing to include appropriate citation of all original sources;
  • Representing collaborative work as solely your own;
  • Presenting work for an assignment which has also been submitted (in part or whole) for another assignment at UCD or another institution (i.e. self-plagiarism).

Plagiarism can be either intentional or unintentional. In both instances it is a serious academic offence and may be subject to University disciplinary procedures.

The University sets standards of academic integrity for students and puts in place arrangements to:

  • Enable students to understand and observe academic integrity and avoid plagiarism;
  • Provide arrangements to inform and educate students about the policy for unacceptable practices in academic writing and assessment; and
  • Use electronic and other detection mechanisms, such as text-matching software, to identify instances of potential plagiarism. Any work submitted for assessment may be subject to electronic or other detection procedures.

UCD Library provides education about, and promotes University policy on, academic integrity and has a repository of resources on plagiarism and how to avoid it.

(opens in a new window)Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism

Library Support for Student Learning

There is a great deal of very helpful information on the UCD Library site that you should familiarise yourself, including guides to citation, information skills and the specialist electronic databases which are very useful for study and research. The UCD library has put together a range of videos that offer brief tutorials on accessing both electronic and hard copy versions of academic books and journals which you can access (opens in a new window)here.